« PreviousContinue »
• The situation of these works is on an elevated plain, above the present “ bank of the Muskingum, on the east side and about half a mile from its “ junction with the Ohio. They consist of walls and mounds of earth in di“rect lines and in square and circular forms.
“ The largest square fort, by some called the town, contains forty acres, en" compassed by a wall of earth from six to ten feet high, and from twenty five to " thirty six feet in breadth at the base. On each side are three openings, at equal " distances, resembling twelve gateways. The entrances at the middle are the “ largest, particularly that on the side next to the Muskingum. From this « outlet is a covert way, formed of two parallel walls of earth, two hundred " and thirty one feet distant from each other, ineasuring from centre to centre. “ The walls at the most elevated part on the inside are twenty one feet in " height, and forty two in breadth at the base, but on the outside average on. ki ly five feet high. This forms a passage of about three hundred and sixty feet " in length, leading by a gradual descent to the low grounds, where it pro“bably at the time of its construction reached the margin of the river. “ Its « walls commence at sixty feet from the ramparts of the fort, and increase in s elevation as the way descends toward the river; and the bottom is crowned « in the centre, in the manner of a well formed turnpike road.
« Within the walls of the fort at the northwest corner is an oblong, elevated “ square one hundred and eighty eight feet long, one hundred and thirty two “ broad, and nine feet high; level on the summit, and nearly perpendicular " at the sides. At the centre of each of the sides the earth is projected, form" ing gradual ascents to the top, equally regular, and about six feet in width.
“ Near the south wall is another elevated square, one hundred and fifty feet: “ by one hundred and twenty, and eight feet high ; similar to the other, ex« cepting that instead of an ascent to go up on the side next the wall, there " is a hollow way ten feet wide leading twenty feet towards the centre, and <i then rising with a gradual slope to the top.
“ At the southeast corner is a third elevated square, one hundred and eight «s by fifty four feet, with ascents at the ends; but not so high nor perfect as " the two others.
“ A little to the southwest of the centre of the foot is a circular mound, « about thirty feet in diameter and five in height; near which are four small “ excavations at equal distances, and opposite each other.
“ At the southwest corner of the fort is a semicircular parapet, crowned " with a mound, which guards the opening in the wall.
“ Towards the south east is a smaller fort, containing twenty acres, with a « gateway in the centre of each side and at each corner. These openings are 56 defended with circular mounds.
“ On the outside of the snaller fort is a mound, in the form of a sugar« loaf, of a magnitude and height, which strike the beholder with astonishis ment. Its base is a regular circle one hundred and fifteen feet in diameter ; 6 and its perpendicular altitude is thirty feet. It is surrounded with a ditch “ four feet deep and fifteen wide, and defended by a parapet four feet high, “through which is an opening or gateway towards the fort twenty feet « wide."
“ These works,” Mr. H. remarks, « are not comparable “ either in height or extent to some others, that have been “ discovered in the same territory.”
Concerning his conjectures relative to the peopling of America, founded on the resemblance which many Aşiatic.
mounds bear to those at Marietta &c. we make no remarks. They appear to him perfectly satisfactory. He quotes Herodotus for an account of the tumuli of the Southern kings, and traces many similar works, which are found in Northern Europe, to the same Scythian source.
Mr. Harris concludes this part of his work with some historical remarks on the purchase, cession, &c. of the territory, and a sketch of the wars and treaties with the Indians.
In the appendix are preserved some “ judicious observations” on the navigation of the Ohio, addressed to the earl of Hillsborough in the year 1770; several acts of Congress and papers of the Ohio company relative to the territory; a treaty of peace between government and the Wyandots, Delawares, &c.; an act, enabling the people of the Eastern division of the territory N. W. of the Ohio to form a constitution, and to be admitted into the Union ; the constitution of the State, &c.
The maps and views, at the end of the volume, add somephing to its price, and a little to its value.
An abridgement of the history of New England for the use of
young persons, by HANNAH ADAMS. Printed for the author, and for sale by B. & 7. Homans, and John West. A. Newell, printer, Devonshire street, Boston, July 1805. 12mo. Pp. 185:
THE schools of New England have, for several years, been supplied with books of almost every description. The public has been inundated with spelling books, exercises in reading and in speaking, catechisms, abridgments of grammar, geography, and arithmetic, all of which profess to be improvements upon their predecessors.
Many of these have conduced to useful purposes. But one evil has resulted from them to an alarming degree ;. which is the almost total exclusion of the Bible from our
schools. With pleasure we observe, that this rage for innovation is gradually subsiding ; and that this holy book is regaining some degree of attention.
While other subjects have been exhausted, the History of New England was suffered to pass almost wholly neglected, till the industrious author of the work before us arrested public attention,
“ Her original design,” as she informs us, was to prepare a “summary history of New England for the use of schools. “But the difficulty of reading ancient records, of decipher“ ing the chirography of former amanuenses, and of selecting “ from cumbrous files of papers as well, as from numerous “ large printed works, original facts, and historical documents, “ exercised her eyes so severely, as almost to deprive her of " the use of them Fearful from this circumstance, whether. ” she should be able to proceed any further, and unwilling “ to disappoint the expectation, she had raised in those, who “ had patronised her labors by subscribing, she sent the “ compilation to the press in a form less condensed, than she “ had intended.” The consequence was, that her book, being a large octavo, was not adapted, either from its size or price, to the end proposed.
She was hence encouraged to make the abridgment now before the public.
From her established reputation in this kind of learned labor much was expected. It is but just to say, that she has fully answered every reasonable expectation,
A work of this nature to be useful should be written in a simple style ; it should be authentic, chronological, general, and impartial.
It is authentic. The faithful compiler has ranged the whole field of New England history. No nook, nor corner is left unexplored. The dear bought fruits of her industry eminently appear in her larger edition. She has however exhibited ample documents of the first authority in the present work. Chronology is, in like manner, indispensable to a good history, No one has read Millot's elements of gene. ral history without perceiving a lamentable deficiency in this respect.
But the work under review is liable to no such imputation, Events are mentioned in their natural order. To preclude the possibility of mistake, dates are placed in the margin of almost every page.
This history is also general. It begins with the discovery of America by Columbus, and concludes with the adoption of the federal constitution. This closing period is sufficiently modern; and it is judicious. It is sufficiently mo, dern ; for schoolboys may recollect the most important events, which have since transpired. It is judicious ; for, had she descended to the politics of the day, she could hard, ly have done justice, without exciting party feelings.
After perusing this abridgment with great care, we can recollect no important circumstance relating to the subject, to which the author has not assigned a due degree of attention.
She mentions the leading particulars respecting the discovery of this country. She assigns the causes, which led to the settlement of New England. She recounts the hardships, which the early settlers endured from the severity of the cli. mate, their slender means of subsistence, the opposition of the parent country, and the hostilities of the aboriginals. She exhibits a concise view of their religion, government, and character.
The origin and progress of the settlement of the various New England states are briefly, though faithfully detailed. Their early attention to lezning as well, as religion, is specified and commended. Even their intolerance is not unnoted, nor their religious controversies and defects concealed. Their efforts to spread christianity among the natives and to promote religious union among themselves are represented. A short and rational account is given of the supposed witchcraft. The various wars with the French and Indians are particularized, and the long series of difficulties with the governors, appointed by the king.
We have next an impartial statement of the causes, which led to the late American Revolution. Its leading events, its adverse and prosperous fortunes, from its commencement to its happy termination under the auspices of the immortal WASHINGTON, are related with historical fidelity. In short, we must confess, that we closed the book with admiration, to find so much comprised within such narrow limits. • The work is divided into twenty chapters with the contents at the head of each chapter. These are judiciously subdivided into sections, which will be found of great convenience in schools.
The last recommendation to be mentioned of this valuable book is its strict impartiality. While it inculcates the purest sentiments, it betrays no sectarian virulence in religion, no party zeal in politics. This circumstance by no means arises from the indifference of the author on either of these subjects. Her best friends do not hesitate to declare, that she is a firm christian and a correct politician. But a person, who could write “ A View of Religions," without suffering it to be known, to which sect she belongs, is certainly well qualified in point of impartiality to compose a his tory of New England for general use.
The principal errors, we have been able to discover, are orthographical, such as Hazzard for Hazard, sat* for set, and a few others, which have not been corrected among the errata. But these are of trivial consequence; and may be easily amended in a subsequent edition.
The pertinent reflections, with which she closes each chapter, are happily adapted to please and to profit the young. In page 44, she remarks, “ The intolerance of the first set“ tlers of Massachusetts shews the imperfections of even the “ best of men.” She concludes her account of the persecution of the quakers, p. 71, with this just observation. “A « review of the distressing scenes, which persecution has oc* casioned both in Europe and America, ought to inspire our “minds with the most lively gratitude to divine providence Es for the entire liberty of conscience, which is at present en
* Page 3, line 5: