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don for what he had done, and confessed that he had acted very wickedly, and was guilty of every thing that he had been accused of, and lamented that disorder of his mind, and distraction which his love to a woman, he said, had brought him to. So when Archelaus had brought Pheroras to accuse and bear witness against himself, he then made an excuse for him, and mitigated Herod's anger towards him, and this by using certain domestical examples; “ for that “ when he had suffered much greater mischiefs from a bro6. ther of his own, he preferred the obligations of nature, be“ fore the passions of revenge; because it is in kingdoms as “ it is in gross bodies, where some member or other is ever “ swelled by the body's weight, in which case it is not pro5 per to cut off such member, but to heal it by a gentler 4 method of cure.”
5. Upon Archelaus' saying this, and much more to the same purpose, Herod's displeasure against Pheroras was mollified; yet did he persevere in his own indignation against Alexander, and said, he would have his daughter divorced, and taken away from him, and this till he had brought Herod to that pass, that, contrary to his former behaviour to him, he petitioned Archelaus for the young man, and that he would let his daughter continue espoused to him: but Archelaus made him strongly believe that he would permit her to be married to any one else, but not to Alexander, because he looked upon it as a very valuable advantage, that the relation they had contracted by that affinity, and the privileges that went along with it might be preserved. And when the king said, that his son would take it for a great favour to him if he would not dissolve that marriage, espe. cially since they had already children between the young man and her, and since that wife of his was so well beloved by him, and that as while she remains his wife she would be a great preservative to him, and keep him from offending, as he had formerly done ; so if she should be once torn Away from him, she would be the cause of his falling into despair; because such young men's attempts are best mollified, when they are diverted from them by setting their affections at home. So Archelaus complied with what Herod desired, but not without difficulty, and was both himself reconciled to the young man, and reconciled his father to him also. However, he said he must by all means, be sent to Rome to discourse with Cæsar, because he had already written a full account to him of this whole matter.
6. Thus a period was put to Archelaus' stratagem, whereby he delivered his son-in-law, out of the dangers he was in : but when these reconciliations were over, they spent their time in feastings and agreeable entertainments. And when Archelaus was going away, Herod made him a present of seventy talents, with a golden throne set with precious stones, and some eunuclis, and a concubine who was called Pannychis. He also paid due honours to every one of his friends according to their dignity, in like manner did all the king's kindred, by his command, make glorious presents to Archelaus; and so he was conducted on his way by Ilerod and his uobility, as far as Antioch. CHAP. XXVI. .
, How * Eurycles calumniated the sons of Marianne : and how E!
aratus of Cos's apology for them had no effect. $ 1. Now a little afterward there came into Judea a man that was much superior to Archelaus' stratagems, who did not only overturn that reconciliation that had been so wisely made with Alexander, but proved the occasion of his ruin. He was a Lacedemonian, and his name was Eurycles. He was so corrupt a man, that, out of the desire of getting money, he chose to live under a king, for Greece could not suffice his luxury. He presentesi Herod with Splendid gifts, as a bait which he laid in order to compass his ends, and quickly receiv. ed them back again manifold; yet did he esteem bare gifts as nothing, unless he embrucd the kingdom in blood by bis purchases. Accordingly he imposed upon the king by flattering him, and by talking subtilely to him, as also by the ly. ing encomiums which he made upon him; for as he soon perceived Herod’s blind side, so he said and did every thing that
• This vile fellow, Eurycles the Lacedemonian, seems to have been the same who is mentioned by Plutarch, as 25 years before a companion to Mark Antony, and as living with Herod: whence he might easily insinuate himself into the acquaintance of Herod's sons, Antipater and Alexander, as Usher, Hudson, and Spanheim justly suppose. The reason why his being a Spartan rendered him accepi. able to the Jews, as we here sce he was, is visible from the public re. cords, of the Jews and Spartans, owning those Spartans to be of kin to the Jews, and derived from their common ancestor Abraham, the first patriarch of the Jewish nation. Antiq. B. xii. chap. iv. § 10. B. xiii. chap. v. S 8. vol. iij. and 1 Macc. B. xii chap. yii.
might please him, and thereby became one of his most intimate friends; for both the king and all that were about him, had a great regard for this *Spartan, on account of his country.
2. Now as soon as this fellow perceived the rotten parts of the family, and what quarrels the brothers had one with another, and in what disposition the father was towards each of them, he chose to take his lodging at the first in the house of Antipater, but deluded Alexander with a pretence of friendship to him, and falsely claimed to be an old acquain. tance of Archelaus ; for which reason he was presently admitted into Alexander's familiarity as a faithful friend. He also soon recommended himself to his brother Aristobu. lus. And when he had thus made trial of these several per. sons, he imposed on one of them by one method, and on another by another. But he was principally hired by Antipater, and so betrayed Alexander, and this by reproaching Antipater, because while he was the eldest son, he overlooked the intrigues of those who stood in the way of his expectations ; and by reproaching Alexander, because he who was born of a queen, and was married to a king's daughter, permitted one that was born of a mean woman to lay claim to the suc · cession, and this when he had Archelaus to support him in the most complete manner. Nor was his advice thought to be other than faithful by the young man, because of his pre. tended friendship with Archelaus : on which account it was that Alexander lamented to him Antipater's behaviour with regard to himself, and this without concealing any thing from him; and how it was no wonder if Herod, after he had killed their mother, should deprive them of her kingdom. Upon this Eurycles pretended to commiserate his condition, and to grieve with him. He also, by a bait that he laid for him, procurest Aristobulus to say the same things. Thus did he inveigle both the brothers to make complaints of their father, and then went to Aotipater, and carried these grand secrets to him. He also added a fiction of his own, as if his bruibers had laid a plot against him, and were almost ready to come upon him with their drawn swords. For this intelligence he Teceived a great sum of money, and on that account he commended Autipater before his father, and at length undertook the work of bringing Alexander and Aristobulus to their graves, and accused them before their father. So he came to Herod and told him, that “ he would save his life, as a re
• See the preceding note.
* quita) ful the favours he had received from him, and would * preserve his light [of life] by way of retribution for his « kind entertainpient: for that a sword had been long whetted, " and Alexander's right hand had been long stretched out
against him ; but that he had laid impediments in his way, * prevented his speed, and that by pretending to assist him " in his design: how Alexander said, that Herod was not
contented to reign in a kingdom that belonged to others,
and to make dilapidations in their mother's government, *** after he had killed her ; but besides all this, that he intros dced a spurious successor, and proposed to give the king“ dom of their ancestors to that pestilent fellow Antipater : 6 that he would now appease the ghosts of Hyrcanus and “ Mariamne by taking vengeance on bim ; for that it was not o fit for him to take the succession to the government from s such a father without bloodshed : that many things happen s every day to provoke him so to do, insomuch, that he can
say nothing at all, but it affords occasion for calumny < against him ; for that, if any mention be made of nobility of
birth, even in other cases, he is abused unjustly, while his - father would say, that nobody, to be sure, is of noble birth ** but Alexander, and that his father was inglorious for want * of such nobility. If they be at any time hunting, and he * says nothing, he gives offence ; and if he comniends ary s body, they take it in way of jest : that they always find their * father unmercifully severe, and to have vo natural affection 56 for any of them but for Antipater; on which accounts, if * his plot does not take he is very willing to die; but that in ** case he kill his father, he hath sufficient opportunities for "saving himself. In the first place, he hath Archelaus bis * father in-law, to whom he can easily fly; and, in the next “ place, he hath Cæsar, who hath never known Herod's
character to this day; for that he shall not appear then be* fore him with that dread he used to do, when his father was " there to terrify him ; and that he will not thien produce the $6 accusations that concerned himself alone, but would, in the to first place openly insist on the calamities of their nation, 166 and how they are taxed to death, and in what ways of lux*** ury and wicked practices that wealth is spent, wbich was 66 gotten by bloodshed; what sort of persons they are that
“ get our riches, and to whom those cities belong, upon whom ***** he bestows his favours: that he would have inquiry made " what became of his grandfather (Hyrcanus,] and his motli“ er [Mariamne ; ] and would openly proclaim the gross 66 wickedness that was in the kingdom; on which accounts 6 he should not be deemed a parricide.”
3. When Eurycles had made this portentous speech, he greatly commended Antipater, as the only child that had an affection for his father, and on that account was an impediment to the others' plot agaiust him. Hereupon the king, who had hardly repressed his anger upon the former accusations, was exasperated to an incurable degrec. At which time Antipater took another occasion to send in other persons to his father to accuse his brethren and to tell him, that they had privately discoursed with Jucundus and Tyrannus, who had once been masters of the horse to the king, but for some offences had been put out of that honourable employment. Herod was in a very great rage at these informations, and presently ordered those men to be tortured: yet did not they confess any thing of what the king had been informed; but a certain letter was produced, as written by Alexander to the governor of the castle, to desire him to receive him and Aristobulus into the castle when he had killed his father, and to give them weapons and what other assistance he could upon that occasion. Alexander said, that this letter was a forgery of Diophantus. This Diophantus was the king's secretary, a bold man, and cunning in counterfeiting any one's hand; and after he had counterfeited a great number, he was at last put to death for it. Herod did also order the gover. nor of the castle to be tortured, but got nothing out of him of what the accusations suggested.
4. However, although Herod found the proofs too weak, he gave order to have his sons kept in custody; for till now they had been at liberty. He also called that pest of his family and forger of all this vile accusation, Eurycles, bis Saviour, and his Benefactor, and gave him a reward of fifty talents. Upon which he prevented any accurate accounts that could come of, what he had done, by going immediately into Cappadocia, and there he got money of Archelaus, having the impudence to pretend, that he had reconciled Herod to Alexander. He thence passed over into Greece, and used what he had thus wickedly gotten to the like wicked purposes. Accordingly he was twice accused before Cæsar, that he had filled Achaia with sedition, and had plundered its cities; and so he was sent into banishment. And thus was he punish