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in length, with a metal head, into which the shaft was inserted and fixed with nails. The head was of bronze or irou, sometimes very large, and usually with a double edge. But the Egyptian spear does not appear to have been furnished with a metal point at the other extremity, as among the ancient Greeks and modern Orientals. The same people had several kinds of javelins. The most common is that represented in our wood-cut. The brazen knob, surmounted by a ball, to which are attached two thongs or tassels, served both as an ornament and a counterpoise to the weight of the point. It was, as in the instance which our cut exhibits, sometimes used as a spear for thrusting, being held either with one or both hands. See further in Wilkinson, i. 312-316. The ancient javelins were not always discharged entirely by the hand, the projection being in some instances assisted by a strap girt around the middle. There was also in use a sort of harpoon- that is, a dart to the head of which was fastened a long strap, which the warrior retained, when he discharged the dart, in order to draw it back again.
10.· Ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.'— It is clear that three classes of persons are described here, and this would have been clearer had 'ye that' been supplied to the last clause. First, there are those that ride on white asses, which we may take to denote nobles, princes, magnates; for of the sons of Jair who judged Israel, and of the sons and nephews of Abdon who also judged Israel, it is expressly stated, seemingly as a circumstance of their condition in life, that they rode on asses' colts (x. 4; xii. 14). That a second class is denoted by those who sit in judgment,'
seems less clear in our version than in the original. In ANCIENT EGYPTIAN JAVELIX.
fact this translation of the clause, although the general The particulars given concerning the spears and javelins one, seems very doubtful, and is not obtained by a process of the Romans will be found to illustrate the subject gene- natural to the Hebrew language. It has been suggested to rally; since they confessedly derived their weapons of this
have the word translated in judgment,' as a proper name, sort from the Greeks, through whom we may trace them and read • Ye that rest at Middin,' there being a place of to Egypt and Western Asia. We know that among the that name in the tribe of Judah (Josh. xv. 61); nor is this Egyptians, the spear was of wood, between five and six feet proposition unworthy of notice; for at this place some in
cident may have occurred with which we are unacquainted, state of oppression from which the Hebrews had now been and to such incidents there are several allusions in the delivered, it had been dangerous for them to go to a little chapter. But this interpretation does not agree with the distance from their towns, in order to obtain water at the obvious intention of the text to designate classes. There wells and springs. Certainly they were in some way or fore, although rather for the want of a better alternative other molested by their oppressors at the places from which than from entire conviction, we are disposed to acquiesce they obtained their water, whether we understand it of the
for the present in the interpretation adopted by Cocceius, villagers and towns-people, or of the shepherds who were | Schnurrer, Herder, Dathe, Gesenius, Robinson, and abroad with the flocks. In the opeu, unprotected lands of
others, who consider that the word translated judgment the East, the watering places are at this day the scenes of may be traced to a verb which signifies to extend'or continual conflict and oppression. To such places the
to stretch out,' and that the substantive here denotes necessity for water conducts different people, who cannot something extended or spread out to sit or lie upon, as anywhere meet in peace. These parties of hostile tribes carpets or coverings, and also of the large outer garments fall in with each other, and quarrel and fight; and thither of the Hebrews which they used also to sleep upon at the natives of the wilds resort to plunder the parties of tranight. It is difficult to convey by one word the full scope vellers and merchants who come in search of water. In of this explanation; but perhaps, with reference to the the deserts of Syria and Arabia, natives and strangers are fact that the Arabians, Persians, etc. sit upon a piece of thus equally annoyed near the wells. The former, in the carpet like a hearth rug, the cost and value of which is seasons when water is easily procured, are continually on proportioned to the means of the person to whom it be- the move, and their enemies scarcely kuow where they are : longs, the word suggested by the above authorities is less but in summer, they are obliged to encamp near the wells strange than it seems, namely, “Ye that sit on splendid for a considerable time, and it soon becomes known where carpets,' that is the opulent, as distinguished from the they are encamped (near such and such a well,' is a suffinobles who are mentioned in the preceding clause, and the cient indication of locality), and their enemies hasten to *poor, who come in the next. The remaining clause, those attack them. This therefore is the principal reason of war, that walk by the way,' as designating the poor, distin- -the neighbourhoods of wells being the principal seats of guished from the nobles who ride, and from the opulent who war and depredation in those countries. "Travellers also, sit at ease, is a very graphic intimation. The effect of the knowing that such tribes are encamped near, or are likely whole verse then is, the noble, the wealthy, and the poor, to visit the wells, often dread to approach them, in the fear poetically designated by circumstances peculiar to their of being plundered, if not also killed. For this reason, we condition, are invoked to join with the prophetess to have known parties of travellers, that were reduced to almost praise Jehovah for the great deliverance he had wrought the last extremity from want of water in the parched deserts, in Israel.
obliged to avoid the places where their wants might be - White asses.'- Commentators have been rather per- satisfied, from having heard that parties of Arabs were enplexed by this, from not being able to understand that there camped in the neighbourhood; and we have heard of others were asses that could be described as positively white. who, from the same cause, were obliged to go one or two Some have therefore chosen to refer the whiteness not to days' journey out of their way, to one watering-place, in the asses, but to their trappings or furniture; while others, preference to another that lay directly in their road. No taking the Arabic sense of the word 19¥ tzáchor, render it travellers, unless in great force, dare encamp near a well, streaked' or parti-coloured asses,' and understand it to
however pleasant and desirable it might be, from the fear mean a sort of zebra. We think we can explain this. In
of disagreeable visiters. They water their cattle and rethe first place, asses perfectly white are by no means un
plenish their water-skins in all haste, and then go and common in Western Asia. "They are usually in every
encamp at a distance from any roads leading to the well. respect the finest of their species, and their owners cer- Dr. Shaw mentions a beautiful rill in Barbary which is | tainly take more pride in them than in any other of their
received into a large basin, called Shrub we krub; that is, asses. They also sell at a much higher price; and those
Drink and away, from the great danger of meeting therc hackney ass-men, who make a livelihood by hiring out
with robbers and assassins. With equal propriety, and for their asses to persons who want a ride, always expect better
the same reason, almost every Oriental watering-place pay for the white ass than for any of the others. The
might be called Shrub we krub. higher estimation in which they are held is indicated by
12. • Awake, awake, Deborah!-Having invited the the superior style of their furniture and decorations; and in whole nation to join the song of victory, the prophetess passing through thestreets, the traveller will not fail to notice now turns to herself and Barak, the leaders and heroes of the conspicuous appearance which they make in the line of the triumph, in a tone of vivid appeal and excitation. asses which stand waiting to be hired. The worsted trap
She calls upon herself to dictate a strain descriptive of the pings are of gayer colours, the beads and small shells are preparation and the conflict—that strain to which the inore abundant and fine, and the ornaments of metal more
nation shall respond; and on Barak to lead forth his capbright. But, above all, their white hides are fantastically
tives and display them in triumph before his countrymen. streaked and spotted with the red stains of the henna plant
If we assume this to be the proper interpretation, then -a barbarous kind of ornament, which the western Asiatics the remainder of the poem is the song which Deborah
thus indites. are also fond of applying to their own beards, and to the tails and manes of their white horses. Here then we have 14, ; Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against an account of both senses of the word. If we take the Amalek.'—
—Řoot' is here a firmly established seat, dwellHebrew meaning. that of " white,' then we have here the ing; compare the similar use of the verb Isa. xxvii. 6; white asses; but if we take the Arabic meaning, then we Ps. 1xxx. 10; Job v. 3. But how could Ephraim be said have that also here; for tzachor, the word in question, is to dwell by Amalek, when this people, as is well known, that which the Arabs apply to such white asses when spotted inbabited the country to the south of Palestine, between and striped with the henna dye-not to every parti-colour, Mount Seir and the Egyptian borders? The answer is but to this parti-colour of white and red. As we are un- rendered easy by a notice in Judg. xii. 15, where it is said willing to suppose that the Hebrews disfigured these beau- that Abdon was buried in the land of Ephraim in the tiful animals in this style, we certainly prefer the simple mount of the Amalekites. It is hence probable, that colosense of white.' These white asses being less common nies of this people had formerly rated into the country than others, and being, so far as we have had opportunities of the Canaanites, and that one of these at least had of observing, usually larger and finer than most others of maintained itself among the Israelites of the tribe of their species, we can easily understand why it should be a Ephraim. It is the Ephraimites who dwelt near them, sort of distinction to ride them, in a country where horses who thus come out to war. Schnurrer supposes Amalek were not employed.
to be, both here and in xii. 15, only the name of a mouu11. • Delivered from the noise of archers in the places of tain; but the other supposition seems more probable. drawing water.:--From this it would seem as if, in the Other explanations it would be a loss of time to recount;
suffice it to say that they are mostly not more intelligible the Jordan, remote from their settlements, could not affect than our English version.
deeply their separate interests; and although there seems • After thee, Benjamin.'--It would seem that Ben- to have been at first a general impulse among them to pass jamin was so small as not to form a distinct corps, but over the river to the assistance of their brethren, the paunited itself to Ephraim. It should be remembered triotic intention soon subsided, and they concluded that the that the dreadful havoc which all but annihilated this peaceful bleatings of their flocks were far preferable to the tribe (as recorded in the 20th chapter) seems to have harsh clangours of war. There is much poetical beauty taken place before this time.
in the passage relating to Reuben which cannot be exi Out of Machir came down governors.'—Machir, hibited in a translation, and which it would take too much who was the son of Manasseh and father of Gilead (Gen.
space to indicate. 1. 23; Num. xxvii. 1), is here put for the tribe of Ma- 17. • Gilead.' - This was the name of a son of Issachar, nasseh.
v. 11, and also the name of the mountainous country east • They that handle the pen of the writer.'-A common of the Jordan, inhabited by the tribe of Gad and half tribe interpretation of this is, that Zebulun being a commercial of Manasseh. It may therefore either mean in this place, tribe, contained of course a great number of clerks, whose either that half tribe of Manasseh (the other half having patriotism led them on this occasion to lay aside the pen gone to the battle, v. 11), or the tribe of Gad, or, as we for the sword. To this there are several objections. One think most probable, both together. It would therefore is, that there is no evidence that Zebulun was a commer- appear that none of the Israelites beyond Jordan took part cial tribe. Another is, that waw shebet, here rendered
in this enterprise.
- breaches.'—Havens' would be better; for although pen,' never has that meaning anywhere else, and is not
the word primarily denotes rents or fissures, it signifies likely to have it here. It has the meanings of a rod; the
bays or harbours, as indentations of the shore, when apstaff of a ruler-a sceptre; in 2 Sam. xviii. 14, a dart; and
plied to the sea-coast, and this is very accurate; for the elsewhere, a measuring rod. Any one of these senses is
celebrated barbour of Accho or Acre lay in the territory of better than that of our version. But having rendered the
this tribe, and Achzib and Tyre are mentioned as falling following word 70 sopher, by writer,' it became neces- within its borders. Josh. xix. 29. sary to make shebet a pen. Sopher means “a scribe,' cer- 18. • Zebulun and Naphtali.'—These two tribes are here tainly, in a general sense; but scribes had many functions particularly celebrated. They are the only tribes men. besides handling the pen. Thus the officer was called a tioned in chap. iv. Jabin avd Sisera dwelt in their terrisopher who had charge of the muster rolls, and selected tories; and the oppression would therefore naturally fall from the mass of the adult males the number required to most heavily on these tribes. We may conclude, therefore, be levied for particular service. This appears to have that they were more eager to throw off the yoke of bondbeen done by means of a rod, in the same way that cattle age; that they indeed would rise in greater numbers, and were tithed, as described in the note to Levit. xxvii. 32. exhibit a more determined valour. Hence they are said That is to say, it being ascertained that one out of such to have despised their lives even unto death, i. e. to have and such a number would be required, the sopher counted rushed fearlessly upon danger and death. The Arabian them as they passed, and touched out for the service, poets use similar expressions. with his rod, the men on whom the proportioned num
19. • The kings came and fought.'-— We now come to the ber recurred. This process excluded partiality in the description of the battle. "From the circumstance that sopher. It might be well therefore to read the rod of kings are here mentioned, we may with probability infer the musterer,' and the sense would be that the men on
that other allied kings took the field along with the army whom the duty devolved, in the tribe of Zebulun, came
of Jabin. forward readily, on this important occasion, to raise the • They took no gain of money.'--We prefer Robinson's required levy. If this be a doubtful interpretation, we may translation, They took no spoil of silver.' The enemy had take the rod simply to be an ensign of office, which office been accustomed to carry off much booty; but now they we cannot doubt was connected importantly with the dis
obtained none. cipline and efficiency of the army. In the kingly period 20 • The stars in their courses fought.'— The stars here there is much mention of such personages, who seem to stand for the host of heaven.' 'It is the same as if we have held a most dignified station, being, perhaps, to the were to say the heavens fought,' etc. Josephus says whole kingdom, what the inferior sopherim were in their (Antiq. v. 5, 4) that a tempest of hail, rain, and wind disrespective tribes. See, for instance, 2 Kings xxv. 19, “The comfited the Canaanites. If this was not a historical fact principal scribe (sopher) of the host which mustered the handed down by tradition, we must at least regard it as people of the land."
the traditional interpretation of the text in the age of Jo15. Was sent on foot into the valley:- This should be re- sephus ; and it is a very probable one, agreeing as it does ferred to the tribes enumerated above rather than to Barak, with 19, 15. that they went down at his feet,' or followed him into the 21. •The river Kishon.'—This river, after traversing valley,--that is from Mount Tabor into the plain or valley the plain of Acre, enters the bay of the same name at its below in which the enemy lay. Thus far we have had an south-east corner, It has been usual to trace its source enumeration of the tribes who took part in the great enter- to Mount Tabor; but Dr. Shaw affirms that in travelling prise, being Ephraim, Benjamin, Manasseh, Zebulun, and along the south-eastern brow of Mount Carmel, he had an Issachar. Of these only Zebulun is recorded in chap. iv., opportunity of seeing the sources of the river Kishon, while Naphtali, who is there mentioned, is here first spoken three or four of which lie within less than a furlong of of in v. 18 below; where both Zebulun and Naphtali are each other, and are called Ras el-Kishon, or the head of particularly celebrated. Probably they constituted the the Kishon. These alone, without the lesser contributions chief portion of the troops and bore the brunt of the battle, near the sea, discharge water enough to form a river half dwelling as they did in the more immediate vicinities of as large as the Isis. During the rainy season all the Jabin. Thus they are naturally the only tribes mentioned waters which fall upon the eastern side of Carmel, or in the brief notices of history; while on a triumphal oc. upon the rising grounds to the southward, empty themcasion like the present, the deeds of all who were con- selves into it in a number of torrents, at which time it cerned in the battle would doubtless be placed in the overflows its banks, acquires a wonderful rapidity, and strongest light.
carries all before it. It was doubtless in such a season For the divisions of Reuben,' etc.—Here commences that the host of Sisera was swept away, in attempting to a reproachful notice of the tribes which failed to obey the ford it. But such inundations are only occasional, and of summons of Deborah; and here v. 16 should properly short duration, as is indeed implied in the destruction in begin. Reuben, it will be remembered, dwelt beyond the its waters of the fugitives, who doubtless expected to pass Jordan and Dead Sea, in a country well watered and it safely. The course of the stream, as estimated from abounding in rich pastures. The war on the west of the sources thus indicated, is not more than seven miles. It runs very briskly till within half a league of the sea; his view since confirmed by Dr. Robinson, who adds that but when not augmented by rains, it never falls into the . not improbably, in ancient times, when the country was sea in a full stream, but insensibly percolates through a perhaps more wooded, there may have been permanent bank of sand, which the north winds have thrown up at streams throughout the whole plain.' its mouth. It was in this state that Shaw himself found it in the month of April, 1722, when it was crossed by abruptly to curse the inhabitants of Meroz. Of the history
23. • Curse ye Meroz,' etc.—The prophetess here turns him. Notwithstanding Shaw's contradiction, the assertion
or site of this city no trace exists. We may suppose it to that the Kishon derives its source from Mount Tabor has been repeated by modern travellers as confidently as by
have lain on the borders of Issachar and Naphtali; and their ancient predecessors. Buckingham's statement, being
that its inhabitants having an opportunity of destroying
the flying Canaanites neglected to improve it. made with reference to the view from Mount Tabor itself, deserves attention. He says that near the foot of the
25. • Butter.'—This was probably curdled milk, as mountain on the south-west are the springs of the Ain
butter would be out of place here, and the parallelism as esh-Sherrar, which send a perceptible stream through the
well as the context requires something liquid. Sour or centre of the plain of Esdraelon, and form the brook
thick milk is a favourite beverage among the Arabs, and Kishon of antiquity.' Further on, the same traveller, on
Josephus is probably right in affirming that it was what reaching the hills which divide the plain of Esdraelon Jael brought for the refreshment of Sisera. It is said to be from that of Acre, saw the pass through which the river
very refreshing; but we are unable to speak from our own makes its way from one plain to the other (Travels in Pa
experience, never having been able to conquer our repuglestine, i. 168, 177). We have had opportunities of seeing
nance to it sufficiently to test its qualities. much of streams similarly constituted ; and it does not 28. • The mother of Sisera.'-By a prosopopeia no less seem to ns difficult to reconcile the seemingly conflicting abrupt than beautiful, the mother of Sisera is now introstatements with reference to the Kishon. On further in. duced as looking through her lattice in anxious expectation quiry, and more extensive comparison of observations of the return of her lingering son. The first sentences, made at different times of the year, it will probably be says Bishop Lowth, 'exhibit a striking picture of maternal found that the remoter source of the river is really in solicitude, and of a mind suspended and agitated between Mount Tabor; but that the supply from this source is cut hope and fear. Immediately, impatient of delay, she anoff in early summer, when it ceases to be maintained by ticipates the consolations of her friends; and, her mind rains or contributory torrents; whereas the copious supply being somewhat elevated, she boasts with all the levity of from the nearer springs at Ras el-Kishon, with other a fond female, springs lower down, keep it up from that point, as a per- “Vast in her hopes and giddy with success." ennial stream, even during the drought of summer. Thus during one part of the year the source of the river
Let us here observe how well adapted every sentiment, may appear to be in Mount Tabor, while during another every word, is to the character of the speaker. She makes part the source of the diminished stream is at Ras el- no account of the slaughter of the enemy, of the valour Kishon. In this view of the case we should expect that and conduct of the conqueror, of the multitude of the travellers crossing the plain in or shortly after the season captives, but of rain, would have encountered the temporary stream “ Burns with a female thirst of prey and spoils.” from Mount Tabor before the point where it meets the perennial streams from Carmel. The fact is, however, "Nothing is omitted which is calculated to attract and enthat the route has been little travelled in that season; but
gage the passions of a vain and trifling woman; slaves, the required evidence is by no means wanting. Mariti
gold, and rich apparel. Nor is she satisfied with the bare
enumeration of them-she repeats, she amplifies, she i. 12) mentions the case of the English dragoman who was drowned, and his horse with him, in the attempt to
heightens every circumstance; she seems to have the very cross such a stream in February, 1761. During the battle
plunder in her immediate possession; she pauses and conof Mount Tabor, between the French and Arabs, April
templates every particular. To add to the beauty of this 16, 1799, many of the latter were drowned in their at
passage, there is also an uncommon neatness in the versitempt to cross a stream coming from Deburieh, which
fication ; great force, accuracy, and perspicuity in the dictheu inundated the plain (Burckhardt, Syria, p. 339).
tion; and the utmost elegance in the repetitions, which, Monro, who crossed the river early in April (in its lower
notwithstanding their apparent redundancy, are conducted or perennial part), in order to ascend Mount Carmel, de
with the most perfect brevity. In the end, the fatal disapscribes it as traversing the plain of Esdraelon : which he
pointment of female hope and credulity, tacitly insinuated could not have done if he had not seen a stream flowing in
by the unexpected apostrophe,that direction uniting with the river below Mount Carmel. “So let thine enemies perish, O Jehovah!” The river, where he crossed it, in a boat, was then thirty yards wide. Afterwards, in crossing an arm of it, in the
is expressed more forcibly by this very silence of the perplain from Solam to Nazareth, he incidentally furnishes
son who was just speaking, than it could possibly have been
by all the powers of language.' ground for his former view by stating that he crossed . a
.. Through the lattice.' – The original word 27 considerable brook, and afterwards some others, which flow into a small lake on the northern side of the plain, eshnab occurs only here and in Prov. vii. 6. It comes from and eventually contribute to swell the Kishon' (Ramble, i. 55, 281). Dr. Robinson says that this account corresponds with channels that he observed (Bibl. Researches, iii. 230). Prokesch also, in April, 1829, when travelling directly from Ramleh to Nazareth, entered the plain of Esdraelon at or near Lejjun, where he came upon the Kishon, flowing in a deep bed through marshy ground; and after wandering about for some time to find his way through the morass, he was at last set right by an Arab, who pointed out the proper ford (Reise ins H. Land, p. 129).
The Scriptural account of the overthrow of Sisera's host manifestly shews that the stream crossed the plain, and must have been of considerable size. The above arguments, to shew that it did so, and still does so, notwithstanding Dr. Shaw's account, were, in substance, given several years ago in the Pictorial History of Palestine,
EASTERN LATTICE. i. 191; and the writer has had the satisfaction of seeing
a root signifying to be cool,' hence a lattice or blind of meaning; but the literal rendering is still more expressive : open wood-work to admit the cool air, while they exclude Why is his chariot ashamed to come?' the view from without. The windows of all female apart- 30. • Prey .... of needlework”—The original word 7??? ments are in the East to this day furnished with the same rikmah is from a root, which, both in Hebrew and Arabic, kind of lattices, which are usually provided with small signifies “to diversify,'' to variegate,' particularly in colour, frames opening upon hinges.
and is not necessarily applied to needlework, though it - Why is his chariot so long in coming ?? — This is the does not exclude it. See the note on Gen. xxxvii. 3,
in whose land ye dwell : but ye have not
obeyed my voice. 1 The Israelites for their sin are oppressed by Midian. 11 And there came an angel of the
8 A prophet rebuketh them. 11 An angel sendeth Gideon for their deliverance.
Lorn, and sat under an oak which was in
17 Gideon's present is consumed with fire. 24 Gideon destroyeth Baal's Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abialtar, and offereth a sacrifice upon the ultar ezrite : and his son 'Gideon threshed wheat by Jehovah-shalom. 28 Joash defendeth his son, and the winepress, "to hide it from the Midiancalleth him Jerubbaal. 33 Gideon's army. 36 Gi
ites. deon's signs.
12 And the angel of the Lord appeared And the children of Israel did evil in the unto him, and said unto him, The LORD is sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered with thee, thou mighty man of valour. them into the hand of Midian seven years.
13 And Gideon said unto him, Oh my 2 And the hand of Midian prevailed Lord, if the Lord be with us, why then is all against Israel : and because of the Midianites this befallen us? and where be all his miracles the children of Israel made them the dens which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not which are in the mountains, and caves, and the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now
the Lord hath forsaken us, and delivered us 3 And so it was, when Israel had sown, into the hands of the Midianites. that the Midianites came up, and the Amale- 14 And the Lord looked upon him, and kites, and the children of the east, even they said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save came up against them;
Israel from the hand of the Midianites : have 4 And they encamped against them, and not I sent thee? destroyed the increase of the earth, till thou 15 And he said unto him, O my Lord, come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for wherewith shall I save Israel ? behold, Piny Israel, neither "sheep, nor ox, nor ass.
family is poor in Manasseh, and I am the 5 For they came up with their cattle and least in my father's house. their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for 16 And the LORD said unto him, Surely I multitude; for both they and their camels will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the were without number: and they entered into Midianites as one man. the land to destroy it.
17 And he said unto him, If now I have 6 And Israel was greatly impoverished found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign because of the Midianites; and the children that thou talkest with me. of Israel cried unto the LORD.
18 Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I 7 9 And it came to pass, when the children come unto thee, and bring forth my 'present, of Israel cried unto the LORD because of the and set it before thee.
and set it before thee. And he said, I will Midianites,
tarry until thou come again. 8 That the Lord sent 'a prophet unto the 19 And Gideon went in, and made ready children of Israel, which said unto them, Thus a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought you flour : the flesh he put in a basket, and he up from Egypt, and brought you forth out of put the broth in a pot, and brought it out unto the house of bondage ;
him under the oak, and presented it. 9 And I delivered you out of the hand of 20 And the angel of God said unto him, the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and oppressed you, and drave them out from be- lay them upon this rock, and pour out the fore you, and gave you their land ;
broth. And he did so. 10 And I said unto you, I am the LORD 21 Then the angel of the LORD put forth your God; 'fear not the gods of the Amorites, the end of the staff that was in his hand, and i Heb. iras strong.
3 Heb. a man a prophet. * 2 Kings 17. 35, 38. Jerem. 10. 2. 6 Heb, to cause it to fiec.
8 Or, mcat offering. 9 Heb. a kid of the gats.
2 Or, goat.
5 Heb. 11. 32. called Gedeon.
7 Hleb, my thousand is the meanest.