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and does not the Lord say, “ I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones."

Thus the lower we sink in humility before the Lord, the more we may hope to enjoy his presence in the soul; and we may add to this, that if there be any thing in our temporal circumstances capable of affording enjoyment, a lowly mind will be most likely to taste it. For as the excellent Gurnal remarks, a truly humble man looks upon small mercies as great mercies, and great afflictions as small afflictions, and small afflictions as no afflictions, for he feels every thing to be a mercy short of the eternal wrath and vengeance of God which he has deserved.”

The humility we recommend is also intimately connected with the usefulness of a Christian, nor can there be a greater mistake than to suppose that it necessarily unfits a man to engage in any efforts of a public nature for the promotion of the cause of Christ. It is quite consistent with the utmost zeal and devotedness. He who was the lowliest of men, was at the same time the most active in the cause of truth and benevolence. Humility will indeed restrain zeal within due bounds, and check any thing like intrusion or impudence; but it will, more than any thing, enable a person to bear with patience and forbearance the unkind rebuffs, which those who undertake to labour in any part of the Lord's vineyard must expect in some degree to meet with.

Once more, hụmility is indispensable to promote the peace of the church. When humility is deficient, the best bond of social and sanctified order is loosened. Learners of yesterday, become wiser than their teachers, and many wish to have the pre-emia

Private interests are sought at the expence of the general good, and there is confusion and every evil work. Imagination, however, cannot picture a more pleasing object than that of a Christian society actuated, to a man, by this lowly spirit. "Like a field of corn before the sudden breezes of autumn, they bend together and so retain their form and beauty. If there be a strife among them, it is which of them shall stoop the lowest in the Saviour's cause. One spirit of true humility pervades the whole, and the happy community exhibits all the modest loveliness of : the spouse of Jesus.

R. P.




Most willingly, my dear friend, do I reply to your request that I would give you my sentiments upon some of the prineipal Doctrines of Christianity, and as you named the Deity of our Lord and Saviour, I shall devote this epistle to that important subject.

“ The Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ,”-says the Rev. James Hervey, “ is the most important article of Christianity. It is, if I may so speak, the staple truth of our Bible, and the great foundation which supports the whole structure of our holy religion. It is the root which nourishes all the doctrines of Scripture, and all the hopes of a Christian. Take this away, and the whole institution of Christianity falls at once. When Samson tore away the supporting pillars, the whole roof fell in, and the whole house became a ruinous heap; just so will it be with the Christian Religion, if this grand main article be struck away;but when His supreme Divinity is believed, then it stamps a grandeur upon


person and example; it puts an infinite value upon

His atonement and righteousness, and a glorious perfection upon all that He did and said."

If you examine the sacred Scripture, you will perceive that it ascribes to our Saviour the ATTRIBUTES of the Godhead.

ETERNITY is one of those Attributes peculiar to God, and yet we find it applied to Christ, in Micah v. 2.

« Whose goings forth have been from of old from everlasting;" Prov. viii. 23. “I was set up from everlasting.” “ The word rendered - set up' is, by some, translated anointed, and by others obtained the dominion.' It is used in the second Psalm, concerning the Messiah." *

The words of the Apostle, Heb. vii. 3. are striking, speaking of Melchisedec, he says, that being “made like unto the Son of God, he abideth a priest continually”-that same glorious Redeemer of whom he speaks, Heb. xii. 8. “ Jesus Christ the same, yesterday, and to-day, and for ever."

OMNIPRESENCE is ascribed to Christ, He says of himself Matt. viii. 20. “Where two or three are gathered together, in my nume, there am I in the midst of them.” And in John iii. 13. “No and who was,

* Rev. T. Scott in loco.

man hath ascended up into heaven, but He that came down from heaven, even the Son of Man who is in heaven."

OMNISCIENCE is attributed to the Saviour, in John ii. 24, 25. it is said, “He knew all man- -heknew what was in man. Rev. ii. 23. "I am He that searcheth the hearts and reins.” Elsewhere it is said repeatedly, “ Jesus knew their thoughts;" He knew the designs of Satan upon Peter, and who would betray him.

Jesus is declared to be OMNIPOTENT, Rev. i. 8. “ I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, sạith the Lord, who is,

and who is to come—the Almighty; Matt. xxviii. 18. “All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” « The gift of all power," says an excellent writer, “in heaven and in earth, either means, in the sense of our opponents, the gift of an empire to govern, or the gift of ability to govern it. The first alone is impracticable, the last is impossible. The gift of empire without the gift of ability, is the putting of a sceptre into the hand of an infant. The gift of ability is impossible; for the exercise of aĻL power in heaven and in earth requires an infinity of perfections: the Governor of all worlds must be in all worlds at the same time. He must maintain the order of His empire by a universal, all-pervading action, by an ubiquity proper to God and incommunicable to creatures."*

We are further confirmed in the Deity of Christ; for the same names, titles, and works which are ascribed to the FATHER are also given to the Son. He is called God, 1 Tim. iii. 16. “ God was manifest in the flesh.” Titus ii. 13. “ Looking for that blessed hope and the appearance of the Great God even our Saviour Jesus Christ.” 1 John v. 20. “ This is the true God and Eternal life.” He iş declared to be the Creator. John i. 1, 2. Col. i. 16. Preserver of the Universe. Heb. i. 3. Miracles were wrought by Him and in His own name. He raised the dead-enlightened the blind---communicated hearing to the deaf-caused the dumb to speak, and the lame to walk. He subdued the power of the tempest; hushed it into peace; appeased the fury of the waves, and produced a death-like stillness. The spectators of this great event acknowledge His power-Him that had been sleeping in the hinder part of the vessel, seemingly

. Robinson's Plea for the Divinity of Christ. - A masterly performance.

unconscious and apparently unconcerned, whilst his disciples are in the greatest trepidation, asleep like a 'man! Him they see advancing; and, with majestic power and sovereign-authority, they hear Him whisper to the winds, and waves, and tempests peace be still instantly the waves retire, the tempest is hushed, the wind is still. The spectators, astonished and filled with admiration, exclaim-“What manner of Man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?”.

I might proceed, my dear friend, and, from the word of God, exhibit Jesus as receiving Divine Honours, Heb. i. 6.-As conferring Forgiveness of sin, Matt. ix. 2.-As the Object of Faith, John xiv. 1.-- John viii. 24. and as the Judge of all men. I might lead you to His sepulchre, and shew him triumphing over principalities and powers; but what has been said will, I trust, lead you to consider the proofs that abound throughout the * Scriptures, to compare them together, and particularly to attend to the different declarations of the Prophets, and examine how far they apply to our Lord and Saviour.

Before I conclude, suffer me to advert to the attestation borne to the Character of Christ as God by John the Baptist; by His disciples and by various others.

The testimony of John is striking-John i. 32, 34._“I saw and bare record that this is the Son of God.” The Apostles in their discourses and writings bore the same witness; they preached in His name, repentance and remission of sins through His blood. Indeed if Jesus Christ were not God, it must be admitted, (and I speak with reverence) that His mode of speaking concerning Himself was most incautious as well as obscure, and that His apostles were culpable in using such language as that which appears in their writings. Read as specimens Col. i. 15, and Hebrews i. 3.

Pliny, who was governor of Bithynia, under the Emperor Trajan, A. D. 103. writing to that Emperor, says that the Christians met on a certain day, before it was light, and addressed themselves in a prayer to Christ as to a God. His words are these, “Solent stato die, ante lucem convenire; carmenque CHRISTO, quasi Deo, dicere secum invicem.”

Justin Martyr, who flourished A. D. 155, had been a heathen philosopher; after his conversion to Christianity, he published

66 The

two Apologies in its favour. In one of them he says, Pagans tax us with Atheism-if they mean a refusal to worship any God, we disown the charge-The true God, the Father, the Son, and the Spirit, we worship and adore.”

The doctrine of our Lord's Deity is important in every part of the Christian system.-It renders His atonement infinitely valuable and efficacious, and His Intercession powerful and availing. Oh how firm is the hope that is built upon Him! how solid the friendship that is formed with Him. Let him have your entire confidence, and seek your joy in Him. May I beg your attention to the subject, and that you will consider me always,

Your most affectionate friend, Jan. 1829.

R. C, W.


Various are the materials on which mankind, in different ages and countries have contrived to write their sentiments, as on stones, bricks, leaves of herbs and trees, thin rinds or barks; also on tables of wood, wax, and ivory; to which may be added plates of lead, linen rolls, &c. At length the Egyptian papyrus was invented, then parchment, afterwards cotton paper, and lastly, the common or linen paper. The Egyptian paper, which was principally used, according to the ancients, was made of a rush called papyrus, growing principally about the banks of the Nile, from whence the word paper is derived.

The honour of the invention of parchment is usually ascribed to Eumenes, king of Pergamus, who reigned about 245 A. C. though in reality that prince appears only to have improved the manner of preparing parchment, for the Persians are said to have used parchment, upwards of 300 before Christ. Paper from cotton rags, is a sort of paper that has been in use upwards of 800 years, as is shewn by Montfaucon, from several authorities.

In the French king's library are MSS in this paper, which, by the character and other circumstances, appear to be of the 10th century. Rees Cyclo. Britt.

This agrees with Guthrie, who says it was invented about the year 1000. Vide Tables.


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