Page images



forded of the high temperature endured. , a knot which would have secured the ac-
Some eggs and a beefsteak were placed complishment of his purpose, if he had
on a tin frame near the thermometer, once got it over my friend's head."-
but further from the entrance than from (Page 80).
the wall of the room : in the space of Dr. Abercrombie, in his treatise on
twenty minutes, the eggs were roasted the Intellectual Powers, has done good
quite hard, and in forty-seven minutes service in the cause of humanity, by
the steak was almost dry. Another placing mental alienation in its true
beef-steak, in a similar place, was rather light; and we hail the accession (to this
over-done in thirty-three minutes." noble cause) of another writer, also dis-

There are some beautiful engravingsin tinguished by a scientific acquaintance the volume, which is altogether a really with the subject, by the practical skill superior and delightful work for our induced by long experience, and by enyoung people.

lightened Christian principle. The

medical treatment of the disease is very OBSERVATIONS ON

DE- lightly (though judiciously) touched LUSIONS OF Insane Persons; and on upon; the moral treatment being the the Practicability, Safety, and Expe- principal topic contemplated. The first diency of imparting to them Christian chapter is occupied with introductory instruction. By NATHANIEL BINGHAM, remarks ; in which common objections Member of the Royal College of to the religious instruction of insane Surgeons, &c.

persons are considered, and their past Hatchard and Son, 187, Piccadilly. and present condition contrasted. The One of the most gratifying changes second chapter is devoted to the produced by the advancing prevalence extensive subject of the nature of of enlightened views, iu modern days, Insanity, and its various species and is the improved method of treating in- varieties; including its seat, its definisane persons. No longer regarded as tion, its prevalence, and its uncertain beings less than human, for whom character. The (more strictly speaking) chains, whips, cold and neglect, were moral treatment of the insane, is disappropriate modes of treatment, they cussed in the third chapter; in which are recognised as patients suffering the author strongly advocates the plan under one of “the numerous ills” to of making the medical and moral treatwhich “flesh is heir;" and differing from ment go hand in hand. The capabilities other patients only in the part of the and non-capabilities of the insane, are body affected,--the brain,--tħe organ of examined in the fourth chapter; and the mind. The parliamentary investiga- chapter the fifth insists ou the safety and tions into the state of asylums, public and propriety with which insane persons may private, which this century has witnessed, be addressed on religious subjects. The have been productive of most salutary author here points out two kinds of rereforms ; and even the lingering degree ligious insanity; shows that the causes of coercion, which has hitherto, in certain of insanity are often obscure; and gives cases, been considered necessary, bids it as his opinion, that insane persons, fair to be wholly done away. We can- under treatment, are not peculiarly liable not leave this point, however, without to be excited by religion. He also inculcating the greatest caution. Other- enters on the consideration of melancholy wise, in case of patients at once mis- monomania (madness in reference to one chievous and cunning, very serious con- subject only) assuming a religious chasequences will result. Our author notices racter. In the sixth chapter, he offers this point, and gives a striking case in suggestions, as to the best mode of conillustration :

ducting the religious instruction of the " A friend of mine had a very narrow

insane; and the religious advantages of escape from a gentleman, who had been the latter occupy the seventh chapter, dining with himself and wife ; and who, and conclude the work. on being defeated in his plan, affected to Many interesting anecdotes, relating be only in a playful mood. His play, to insane persons,-particularly those however, was to strangle my friend with suffering under what has been called a piece of rope, which he had artfully religious madness," scattered procured and concealed ; after contriving through the work. In cases of this de


care :


scription, it has been too much the cus-, to all medical men; and to all the friends tom to forbid all religious exercises. of persons afflicted with mental derangeSuch instances as the following, there- ment; to whom, we trust, it will be fore, are peculiarly welcome :

productive of the greatest advantage, in “As to the inference that religion the way of kind and judicious treatment, must always be injurious to such patients, --medical, moral, and social. nothing can be more inconclusive. It reminds me of a request I heard made The SCIENTIFIC AND Literary Treato a superintendent, by one under his SURY ; a New and Popular Encyclo

- May I attend chapel with the pædia of the Belles Lettres. rest? My own keeper will be with me; SAMUEL MAUNDER. and I am not likely to become too re- Longman and Co., Paternoster Row. ligious, or anything of that sort.' He In this thick volume, containing 830 was allowed to attend from that time; pages, closely printed with small type, and I'never heard that he was the worse we have a vasi amount of information for it." -(Page 121).

brought within very concise and conThe following testimony to the good venient limits ;-being, as very truly qualities of deranged persons, (quoted stated, “ condensed in form, familiar in by Mr. Bingham from another writer,) style, and copious in information ; emis also very pleasing

bracing an extensive range of subjects "I cannot here avoid giving my most in literature, science, and art.” The decided testimony to the moral qualities number of terms introduced, from all of maniacs. I have no where met, ex- these sources, is truly astonishing; while cept in romances, with fonder husbands, the alphabetical order in which they are more affectionate parents, more impas- arranged, renders it easy to refer to any sioned lovers, more pure and exalted particular subject of which we may be patriots, than in a lunatic asylum, during in quest. In order that no space may the intervals of calmness and reason. be lost, the ornamental border surroundA man of sensibility may go there every ing each page, is furnished with “Notes, day of his life, and witness scenes of in- containing concise facts with appropriate describable tenderness, associated with observations.' These notes refer to most estimable virtue.”-(Page 115). some word or subject discussed in the

We are not to suppose that all mad page to which they are appended; but, persons are idiots ;-the latter constitut- when separated from their connection, ing only one class-hopelessly incu- they present a very miscellaneous cha

racter; relating to subjects “ wide as “ An aged female has been known to the poles asunder;" but all conveying set a learned man right, as to the mean- knowledge, of a useful kind, in a portable ing of the last chapter of Ecclesiastes; form ;-quite a "multum in parvo.” We and what shall we say of the capacity of shall copy a few as a specimen :another, who could give the following “ The famous temple of Ephesus was account of herself?—You do not look built upon wooden piles, which had been well to day,' said the superintendent; charred on the outside, to preserve them. 'you are not merry; what makes you The beams of the theatre at Herculaneum so dull ?'_I often think of my sins!'- were converted into charcoal, by the "Why, what sins can you have been lava which overflowed that city. Charles guilty of? did you ever commit mur- XII. of Sweden, played at chess, when der? — Yes, I think I have; for I have he was closely beseiged in the house often been out of temper, and angry with near Bender, by the Turks. Flower of persons; and I have sometimes wished sulphur, thrown into the grate when a to do them an injury; and that is com-chimney is on fire, extinguishes the mitting murder in my heart! This was latter, by decomposing the atmospheric pretty well for a madwoman, considered air. Religious feuds, with regard to the one of the incurables !"-(Page 112). Divinity of Christ, commenced in the

We recommend this work to all per- second century, and led to proscripsons connected with lunatic asylums, tions and persecutions. The first history public and private ; whether as governors, of the Christian Church was written by proprietors, visitors, physicians, surgeons,

Eusebius. The patriarch at Constantisuperintendents, keepers, or nurses ;- nople is the head of the Greek Church;

rable :

as the


is the head, or chief, of the In the introductory chapters there are Church of Rome.”

some passages, that are particularly Let no one expect from this work, striking; we have marked three of them what it does not profess, and what it was for extract, but from want of room this obviously impossible to give ;--full and month, we must reserve them for succomplete details of every subject intro- cessive spare corners in future numbers. duced. General principles and accurate They will strongly commend the work explanations, are all it aims at; and are to the reader. It will, no doubt, howwhat is generally required. Particular ever, from the nature of the subject and details must be sought in larger volumes. the repute of the author, have a very An octavo edition, with a few thousand wide circulation; and we think it well wood cuts, would be a more expensive, deserves it. but a still more valuable work.

The Seed. pp. 32. The Hannahs; or Maternal Influence The Honey Bee. pp. 32. on Sons. By Robert Philip. Cloth

The Leaf. pp. 32. boards, pp. 308.

Religions Tract Society.
Virtue, Ivy Lane.

These three little books are the comThe author of "The Marys,” The mencement of a series of works, of a Marthas,” and “The Lydias," has a somewhat similar class to the more exdelightful subject here; and he writes pensive scientific treatises published by like one who is at home upon it. His this Society; differing, however, in this

, difficulty seems to have been, to select –that they are issued at a price which from an abundant store, and we own we places them within reach of all. They are a little disappointed, that he has are got up with equal care and exhibit confined himself to a comment upon equal talent, and they deserve equal enScripture instances of maternal influ- couragement. We are promised, in the ence-taking successively, the cases of same style,

" The Feather,

“ The Eve, and of Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Flower, " The Ant,” “The Fruit," Moses, Samuel, David, Solomon, John "The Spider,” &c. The success of tethe Baptist, and the Saviour, in a series undertaking cannot be doubted; and of chapters, which we might call ser- its success is only justice. Science, mons; we should have liked a little more broken up into fragments, suits the of reference to modern habits and man- young mind, before it has strength to ners ; but what we have is good and grasp a large subject; and for this valuable, and the book is not one to purpose, books like these three are infind fault with, but to admire.


Beligious Intelligence.

PARLIAMENTARY. to pay to the Christian religion, by adOn the eleventh of June, the Bill for mitting to a voice in its councils none admitting Jews to municipal offices came but professing Christians. The House on for third reading in the House of divided : Lords. The Bishop of St. David's (Dr. For the Bill

64 Thirlwall) supported the Bill, on the Against it

98 ground, that belief in the Old Testament The House of Commons having, by a afforded sufficient guarantee of probity majority of one, resolved “that her and integrity, to entitle Jews to this pri- Majesty's Ministers did not sufficiently vilege. The Bishop of LONDON main- possess the confidence of the House, io tained, that the Bill would take from that enable them to carry through it measures homage, which a Christian country ought 'which they deemed of essential impor

tance to the public welfare, and that from the Ecclesiastical Court, commandtheir continuance in office under such ing the parishioners to make a rate. circumstances was at variance with the [See ante page 216, for explanation of spirit of the constitution :" Parliament this process.]

An amendment was was, under their advice, dissolved on the carried, refusing a Rate, as "unjust to twenty-third of June.

Dissenters and unchristian.” The Chair

man then announced, that he should CHURCH OF ENGLAND. consider all votes in support of that proAt a Special General Meeting of the position as beside the question and Church Missionary Society, on the six- ihrown away; and addressing those who teenth of July, it was resolved—" That were willing to obey the monition, he all questions relating to matters of requested to know if any one objected to ecclesiastical order and discipline, re- the amount of the rate proposed; and no specting which a difference shall arise one objecting to the amount, he declared between any Colonial Bishop and any it carried. Committees of this Society, shall be re- At Norwich, the Vestry assembled ferred to the Archbishops and Bishops of under similar circumstances, but the the united Church of England and Ire- opponents of the rate were more inland, whose decision thereupon shall be genious. Understanding that the names final.” The Bishop of London has since of voters against it would be returned to given in his adhesion to the Society; and the Ecclesiastical Court, they carried a the Archbishop of Canterbury, it is un- resolution that the vote be taken by derstood, will also now countenance its ballot. The result of the ballot was proceedings.

against the rate.


And Church Extension.—Lord Morpeth, Church Rates.—On the twenty-third | (whose sentiments are the more imporof June, Mr. Baines was liberated from tant from his being a Cabinet Minister,) Leicester gaol, the rate and costs having being applied to at the recent Election been paid by some person anonymously. for West Yorkshire to state his views re

The sums received by Church wardens specting the Church questions, addressed in England and Wales, from Easter a letter to the Rev. J. E. Giles of Leeds 1840, to Easter 1841, were £446,247 on the 31st of May last, in which he de12s. in Church rates; £51,919 1s., from clared himself “ ready to support a meaestates; £18,216 from mortuary, or sure” for “charging the maintenance burial fees; £41,489 17s. poor rates; of the fabrics of the existing parochial £39,382 12s. pews and sittings ; and Churches upon the improved property of from other sources not stated, £66,559 the Church.” His Lordship then pro16s.; total, £663,814 18s.; of which ceeded as follows: was expended in repairs of churches, “ Believing that the extension of re&c., £248,125 16s.; organs, bells, &c., ligious instruction and worship, whether £41,710 15s.; books, wine, &c., £46,337 among Dissenters or among Churchmen, 198.; salaries to clerks, sextons, &c., is a more paramount '

want of the age £126,185 178.; other purposes, princi- than almost any other, I am yet, in the pally visitation fees and travelling ex- present circumstances of the country, penses, £183,5232s. ; total, £645,883 9s. opposed to the scheme of carrying out

A pew rent has been substituted for the extension upon a compulsory printhe Church Rate in some places; Lime- ciple. I should be nearly as willing to house and Tiverton are among them. tax Churchmen for new Baptist places We proceed with our list of contested of worship, as Baptists for new Churches ;

but as I should not expect to effect one Kenilworth

Rate carried. object, I am willing to abstain from the Mydrim, Wales

Rate refused, other." St. George's, Norwich Ditto.

Rev. Dr. Pye Smith.-- TheWatchman South Hackney

Ditto. having recently charged Dr. Pye Smith Braintree

Ditto. with declaring, that "to require religion Haworth

Ditto. in a Parliamentary candidate would be At Braintree a Vestry was held on the just as reasonable, as to decline employ15th of July, in pursuance of a monitioning a medical practitioner because he

cases :


he «

happened to be ignorant of law;" the

Rights" AND “ Duties' Doctor has denied, in a Letter to The PERTY.- Earl Brownlow, in refusing to Patriot, dated the 26th of June, that let a piece of land for building a Wesley

ever had such a thought or uttered an Chapel at Torksey in Lincolnshire, such a sentiment,' adding that this sen- has stated that “ with every sentiment of timent is utterly contrary to the habitual goodwill and of perfect toleration towards character of his conversation, preaching, the Wesleyan Methodists, it is not conwriting, or any other mode of giving sistent with his principles of attachment utterance to thought;" and for proof of to the Established Church, to contribute this he appeals to his sermon, entitled to the propagation of Dissent from her “Religion essential to the well-being of discipline and worship.” Earl Fitzwila nation," and says that “ the senti- liam, however, having endeavourments maintained in that sermon are, ed by a suit in Chancery to stop and he is persuaded ever will be, his fixed the erection of a school house in an conviction.

Irish parish, intended for a strictly As this notion is often attributed to Protestant education, Sir Michael Dr. Pye Smith, it may be well to explain, O'Loghlen (a Romanist and Master of that the words are those of The Times the Rolls) observed in giving judgment, newspaper of August 1, 1837, where that the noble Lord being owner of alí the Editor, commenting on a speech of most all the land there, it was an odithe Doctor's in support of Mr. Hume ous tyranny to attempt to debar the Pro(then candidate for Middlesex), alleges testants from obtaining education for the that this is its meaning and effect. In the children of their brethren among the speech in question, Dr. Smith had con- poor, unless at the violation of their tended, “that religious character could religious scruples." not atone for political incompetence,

PROJECTS OF THE Papists. On the eve while doubts with respect to the genuine of Lord John Russell's election for the piety of a candidate ought not to prevent City of London, a Romanist Deputation the election of a man, who possessed those waited on him to endeavour to obtain a qualifications which are peculiarly requi- pledge to vote for their equal participasite in a member of Parliament"-(we tion in educational grants and Colonial quote from The Patriot). The Doctor religious endowments, and also appears to have said—“Suppose that “ The repeal of the disqualifying and I see a man whom I have the pain of penal clauses in the Catholic Relief apprehending to fall short of what I deem Bill."* important views in religion, but a man The main object of this demand, it is of honourable character, in domestic said, is to legalise the establishment of life exemplary, a firm supporter of the the order of the Jesuits in England ; but rights of conscience--the great Protest- we suspect, that Jesuits care very little ant principle that a man must judge for for such penal laws, in the present state himself in matters of religion, &c.--1 of society and public feeling here. Lord feel myself obliged, upon every ground John Russell refused to pledge himself of reason and religion, to do all that I to “any specific vote,” but referred to can, by fair and candid argument, to his parliamentary conduct in proof of promote his return to Parliament. Such his determination to maintain " the a man I believe Mr. Hume to be. He equality of civil rights without dishas, I fear, at different times, given ut- qualification on the ground of religious terance to rash and very painful expres- faith." sions, the unhappy effect of which has


6. There been aggravated by their being misun- is something greater in this age than its derstood and misreported.” &c.

greatest men. It is the appearance of a We will only add, that every one must new power in the world ; the appearance admit the “ubiquity of religion”: the le- of the multitude on that stage, where as gislator, it has been well observed, can- yet the few have acted their parts alone.' not take a step in politics, without Channing's Address on 'The Present stumbling on some question or other, Age,May 11, 1841. which involves for its satisfactory settlemeni a right perception of important moral and religious principles.


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