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We are going to sup with a ious man. Voltaire is vexed that most charming Marquise de Du- the French will see how he has offants, who, being blind and up- ten stolen from Shakspeare. I wards of four score, is polite and could have sent you some very gay, and I suppose we shall stay pretty verses that were made on till after midnight with her.

I your humble

servant and Miss hope to contrive to get a peep at G-; but I think satire is alyou in my journey through Kent. ways more poignant than praise,

Miss G desires her best and the verses on us were high compliments. I have sent you a panegyrick. copy of Voltaire's saucy letter on I am, Dear Madam, a translator of Shakspeare's ap- Your affectionate Sister and pearing at Paris : he was very

Friend, wrath. Mr. Le Tourneur, whom and faithful humble Servant, he abuses, is a very modest ingen


For the Anthology.


In the decease of the aged we world. He was young, and he had see nothing peculiarly alarming. all the ardour,enterprize, and hope, It awakens indeed a sentiment of which the young naturally possess. melancholy, and induces a train of He had wit, which made him terriserious meditations. We deplore ble to dunces ; but as it was selthe vanity of our nature at its best dom barbed with the severity of estate, and the rapidity with which ridicule, and as it never was indisits glory declines, though shining criminately hurled, it endeared to the age of fourscore years. him to the lovers of humour. He When idleness, dulness, and ig. had fancy and taste, of which his norance are carried to the place poem, entitled Boston,' is no unwhere there is no work, device, nor favourable specimen : it was pubknowledge, we submit without a lished in 1803, when he left the sigh. Or when ambition and vice, University, and has received the those scourges and scorpions of commendation of respectable critthe earth, are palsied by the cold- icks. He had learning ; and his ness of death, we exult in the de- habits of diligence promised richly crees of a righteous God. But re- to increase his stock.

He had signation to the will of heaven is travelled, not to partake of the cormixed with far different sensations, ruptions of foreign countries, or when youth, and beauty, and tal-imitate their follies, but to improve ents, and virtue are consigned to the health as well of his mind, as the tomb. It is, therefore, with no of his body, and to render himself common regrets, that we here a more enlightened and useful berecord the death of Winthrop ing in his native community. He SARGENT, A.B. which happened on had morals, without which the the 11. inst. in the 25th year of strongest intellects and the most his age. He had those advantages splendid acquisitions, instead of of person and education, which diffusing light and comfort around were suited to attract the notice them, cause nothing but darkness and conciliate the kindness of the and distress. He had benevolence,

and it was in an overplied exertion ture of tranquil and painful reflecof generous sympathy that he laid tions. We reflect with gratitude the foundation of that disease, that he lived not in vain ; that he which long wasted and finally con- gave somewhat to the illumination sumed him. He was, lastly, hap- of the publick and the refinement py in the midst of affluent friends, of his age, more to the emulation and on the eve of an union with what and improvement of his coevals, ever can impart a charm to pros- and most of all to the joy and satperity and consolation in sorrow. isfaction of those, with whom he

In penning this tribute to the was connected by bands of conworth of an amiable young man, sanguinity and love. But the and in expressing the various grief scholar laments, that such a porwhich his loss occasions, we are tion of mind, in such a friend of impelled by something more than the Muses, is thus early extinmotives of ordinary justice. For guished. Fraternal affection has nearly two years past, the deceased received a wound, not easily to be was an associate in the literary toil staunched. A parent mourns the of maintaining this publication. loss of much filial tenderness, and Previously, indeed, to this period, a thousand blasted expectations. he had not unfrequently contribut- And more afflicted than these is ed to its support, and his spright- the widowed heart, which, with ly and elegant aids were the more unutterable anguish, though with valuable, as they were always un pious submission, remonstrates to dertaken without apology, and fur- its Maker, · Lover and friend hast nished without delay.

thou put far from me, and mine We bid him adieu with a mix acquaintance into darkness.'

From Fawcett's Poems. Pursue me not from spray to spray :

How shall I teach my tongue

Some sound that may to thee convey,

I did not do thee wrong? Whose nest had been taken out of the author's gar

den, where it had been accustomed to build. Oh, that I knew, sweet innocent, Spare thy reproach, thou more than

The language of thy kind ; tongue,

Or could some lucid sign invent,
That little, lively eye!

Fitting thy feeble mind!
It was not I that stole thy young ; This spot indignant do not quit :
Indeed it was not I.

Thy confidence replace ;
With pleasure equal to thine own,

And here with generous trust commit, I've watch'd thy tender brood ; Once more, thy tender race. And mark'd how fondly thou hast flown

For here thy young have oft before
To bear them daily food.

Securely spread the wing ;
Nor e'en than thine with less delight, Oh grant my shades one trial more,
I look'd and long'd to see

Here pass one other spring.
The first attempts of infant flight,

Meanwhile this comfort I will take, With patience taught by thee.

Not long thy woes shall last :
And now that restless thou dost rove, All hearts but man's soon cease to ache :
And with sad note repine,

Thy griefs shall soon be past
Think not, lorn mourner, that I prove
A pang less keen than thine.

For him, whose hand hath broke thy

rest, Ah, base were he, whose hand could Be this his curse through life ; Fair hospitality,

(stain A mind, by the mild muse unblest, With act so foul as thus to pain

Base care and vulgar strife. An harmless guest like thee.


JANUARY, 1808.

Librum tuum legi & quanı diligentissime potui annotavi, quæ commutanda, quæ

eximenda, arbitrarer. Nam ego dicere verum assuevi. Neque ulli patientius reprehenduntur, quam qui maxime laudari merentur. Plin.

ART. 1.

we shall be glad to attend to their

future commissions, and tender Collections of the Massachusetts His

them the customary salutations. torical Society. Vol. IX. Bos: To them, as applies to their future ton, Munroe & Francis. 8vo. productions, and to all our literary pp. 284. 1804.

customers, we cordially wish' that

the new year'-- felix faustum The close of one year, and com

que futurum.' mencement of another should re- The first article of the Collecmind us of all omissions and de- tions, now under review, is a con. linquencies, as well in fulfilling our tinuation of the · Ecclesiastical hisdues, as in performing our duties. tory of Massachusetts.' This most The enforcing of those moral ob- interesting subject is here pursued ligations, which the season sug- with great candour, with much gests to us, as immortals, or of deep attention to facts and princithose pecuniary adjustinents, which ples, and the inferences are just it recommends to us in the relative and useful. The manner has an concerns of business, belong not to originality, peculiarly apposite to this depariment of our miscellany. the narrative of such times, and As reviewers we may just remark, the biography of such men. Mathat it was our purpose to have ter- ny passages are interspersed of minated the last volume of our la- truly classick elegance. A more bours with clearing off all arrear. methodical arrangement, and ages, to have balanced all accounts stricter attention to chronological current, and to have commenced order, would help the memory, a new series of articles, with a new and make it more convenient for a ledger. This we now effect with book of reference. A copious inthe society, whose publication is dex will remedy the inconvenience, under review. In the progress of if any arise to readers in general, our four years' business, we have from a too desultory collocation, disposed of eight parts of their The period, embraced in this sec.. consignment, in some good mea- tion of our ecclesiastical history, sure to the approbation of our own may be stated as about twenty consciences for integrity, however years, say from 1629 to 1648 or 50. we may have dissatisfied them, Within this space were included for a want of punctuality, or a too the settlement of churches at Dormoderate estimate of their com- chester,Boston, Charlestown, Newmodities. We can only add, that town, Salem, Watertown, Glouces


ter, and Woburn; the famous con- tion kept a fast,* (says governour Wintroversies with Roger Williams throp,) and chose Mr. Wilson teacher, and Mrs. Hutchinson ; and the Mr. Nowel elder, Mr. Gager and Mr.

Aspin wall deacons. We used impositwo first synods. These, together tion of hands, but with this protestawith incidental difficulties and oc- tion by all, that it was only as a sign of currences, form the ground-work election and confirmation, not of any inof this paper; and the curious in- tent that Mr. Wilson should renounce quirer will find in most of them, Mr. Neal of London, who is another

his ministry he received in England." satisfactory information, and on

of our historians, says, that Mr. White all, the best and completest which preached the sermon at Mr. Wilson's can be obtained, from any one pub- ordination ; that Mr. Wilson was then lication. A few extracts will at chosen pastor, who, though ordained once afford a sample of the enter- mitted to a re-ordination by the imposi

minister of the church of England, subtain went to be found here, and we

tion of hands, such as the church invit. doubt not excite an eager desire ed to pray for a blessing on his labours.' and quick relish for a full repast.


• The church of Charlestown divided * The fathers of Massachusetts, the latter part of this year, and a part Winthrop, Dudley, Johnson, and others, settled Shawmut. Particularly Mr. who came over in the Arabella, will Isaac Johnson, who built a house on a not be denominated very rigid puritans spot, which is now considered as a most by those, who read their address upon eligible situation, and then was called leaving their native country. In this Tremontaine, from three hills approxithey show their affection and esteem mating each other. It retains the for the Church of England. We must name of Tremont-street, and is an elesuppose they were upright ; and that vation which commands very beautiful they did not contemplate making such surrounding prospects. Mr. Johnson a separation, as took place when they was the husband of the lady Arabella, reached these shores, and joined their who died at Salem, and was doubtless brethren, who had been laying out the one of the most amiable of women. He settlement. The words of their letter was a very popular character, of a gen. evidently mark their resolution never erous, noble spirit, much interested in more to be under the galling yoke of the settlement of the country, and, on Episcopacy ; still they had a great res- his death-bed, rejoiced that his eyes had pect for the doctrines of the church, nor seen the promised land. He was buri. did they make particular exceptions to ed in the ground, since called the Chatheir manner of worship.' p. 10. pel burial-place; and as others died,

Our fathers were the offspring of they desired their bodies might be laid the old pon-conformists, such as did not near him. It is natural to wish that deny the Church of England to be the the kindred dust may mingle, though true church; but that they retained the many think it a weakness, who are essentials of faith and order ; yet they very rational and cold in their concepcould not content themselves to live un- tions ; but it is something like a senti. der the wing of the Episcopal govern- ment of the heart, and must certainly ment. When they came to America influence where there is a glow of the they only complained of the ceremonies ; social affections.' but very soon after they cherished pre- • Many of the present generation judices against the discipline and gove with justice smile at the absurd account ernment thereof; and attempted to of Mrs. Hutchinson, related in Winform churches according to their ideas throp's Journal ; but the report at the of the primitive method, or the pattern time obtained general credit. It came described in the word of God, and from a distance, and there were none practised by the apostles, evangelists, to contradict it. The prodigies and pastors, and teachers, mentioned in the strange events, mentioned by ancient sacred history. Their intentions were historians of the first name, do not desgood, though they might be mistaken in some points. « We of the congrega. * August 27, 1630.

p. 19.

troy the general belief of their writ. and Mr. Davenport, both of Connecti.
ings. In the pages of Livy and Plu- cut, were joined with him ; but did
tarch the grossest absurdities are not receive the invitation with the same
mingled with that luminous narration lively and impressive force. One sup-
of truths, which constitutes the excel. posed it unnecessary to go so far upon
lency of their history. Is it any won- a business of this nature, and the other
der that grave and pious men, in this could not feel it his duty to leave his
secluded part of the world, should church, where he certainly was very
mention as facts in their narrative, what useful. These gentlemen had all writ.
men of a wiser age cannot receive, ten upon church government ; they
and know to be absurd ? But it does differed in some opinions of discipline,
not deprive them of their reputation but were all sound in the faith of what
even for judgment, when we make were then called the doctrines of the
proper allowance for the times in which Reformation. p. 39.
they lived, and the prejudices of peo- In the year 1646 was the second sy.
ple in the early state of society. We nod at Cambridge. This year also was
may consider likewise what passed in a body of laws composed ; and that
the old countries of Europe, at this they might be agreeable to the scrip-
very period. There were men in Eng- tures, there were appointed in every
land, and other places in that civilized county two magistrates, two ministers,
part of the globe, as much the slaves and two able persons among the people ;
of a credulous imagination, as the peo- these were confirmed by the General
ple who settled these plantations. No Court in 1648.' p. 49.
exception is made to the abilities and
character of chief justice Hale, who In page 32, the first synod is
lived years after Mr. Winthrop, yet, in said to have been in 1677. Such
certain parts of his writings, he discovers mistakes, in writing or printing,
as much imbecility of mind, as we see
in the pages of the New-England Jour. ought to be avoided with extrem-
nal.' p. 30.

est care in the volumes of a learn-
"Asynod of our Congregational ed society.
churches is a religious assembly, called Art. 2. Memoir and poem of
on special occasions, for giving advice Stephen Parmenius of Buda.' p.49.
and counsel in case of difficulty. It This is a Latin composition, cele-
consists of the ministers and lay mes.
sengers, such as each religious society brating the voyage of Sir Hum-
chooses to send, who debate upon the phrey Gilbert, in 319 hexameter
subject before them, and present the verses. Though many of the lines
result for the approbation of the brethren

run with ease, and some few rise of the several churches. No synod is allowed to pass censures, or to exert

to elegance, yet we cannot but inauthority, jurisdiction, or discipline ;

fer a 'plentiful lack' of materials, but the weight of their opinion is very

when such a poem, and still more considerable, and had no small influ. such a translation, are imposed on ence in the early settlement of Mas. the purchasers of Historical Colsachusetts.' p. 32.

lections.' Of the latter, if the reaIn the same year, three very eminent divines of this country were invite der can find any ten lines, which ed to the famous assembly of Westmin. have either the sense we expect in ster. The letter, which was sent to prose, or the sound we seek in them, is preserved in Hutchinson's poetry, he will be more successful History, signed by several of the nobi- than we have been. The memoir lity and members of the lower house, as well as the ministers, who then prefixed is a neatly written and made a figure in England, and had in. satisfactory morceau ; as is that fluence among the members of that of the Moheagan Indians,' which ecclesiastical body. Mr. Cotton, min. forms the succeeding article of this ister of Boston, was first of the three, volume. p. 75. to whom probably the letter was directed, and who thought it a call of God, On the authenticity and correctness which he ought to obey. Mr. Hooker of this account you may entirely rely ;

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