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as possible, that we may turn to those who are less repugnant to our feelings. but who cannot need our kindness more. Should we not at such times remember that our gracious Saviour, “who went about doing good," came especially to succour the most wretched and undone; and may we not well question our willingness to follow his footsteps, if we cannot bear to hold intercourse with "publicans and sinners ?”

I might say much more on this subject—much, not only on the temptations to which we are personally exposed, but also on the difficulties with which all must have to contend in their attempts to do good amongst the poorer classes, but I shall now only add one more caution. Remember, dear young friends, how deceitful are our own hearts, and beware that you do not neglect their government whilst engaged in active exertion for the good of others; and that you do not forget that he who has commanded us to "work whilst it is called day," has said no less emphatically, "keep thine heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life." Whilst seeking to enlighten others, let us not forget to look watchfully on ourselves, and let us entreat of Him who rules all hearts by his almighty will, that he would "search them, and try them, and lead them in the way everlasting."

Yours, dear young friends, very truly,



THE Antarctic expedition, fitted out by the British Government in 1839, has just returned, having penetrated nearly four degrees farther to the southward than any previous adventurers. A continent, with many high mountains, several of them originally volcanic, and some islands apparently of igneous origin, have been discovered in these high latitudes. An active volcano, rising 12,400 feet above the level of the sea was observed in lat: 77, 32 S. long: 167 E. on the 28th January, 1841. It ejected a volume of smoke in sudden jets to the height of 2,000 feet; the diameter at the crater's mouth was about 300 feet, and it gradually assumed the shape of an inverted cone, till it was 500 or 600 feet wide at its highest elevation. The smoke then

gradually dispersed and left the crater quite clear, filled with intensely bright flame flashing even in the face of the meridian The permanent snow extends to the very edge of the crater. It could be seen distinctly at the distance of 130 miles.



"IMPRUDENTLY going over the ferry to Portsmouth," says Whitefield, "I caught cold, immediately relapsed, and was taken, as every one thought, with death, in my dear friend Mr. Sherbourne's house. What gave me most concern was that notice had been given of my going to preach. Whilst the doctor was preparing medicines, feeling my pains abated, I on a sudden cried, 'Doctor, my pains are suspended; by the help of God I will go and preach, and then come home and die.' In my own apprehension, and in all appearance to others, I was a dying man. I preached the people heard me as such-the invisible realities of another world lay open to my view. Expecting to stretch into eternity, and to be with my Master before the morning, I spoke with peculiar energy. Such effects followed the word, I thought it was worth dying for a thousand times. Though wonderfully comforted within, at my return home I thought I was dying indeed. I was laid on a bed upon the ground near the fire, and I heard my friends say, 'He's gone!' But God was pleased to order it otherwise. I gradually recovered, and soon after a poor negro woman would see me. She came, sat down on the ground, and looked earnestly in my face, and then said in broken language-" Master, you just go to heaven's gate; but Jesus Christ said, 'Get you down, get you down, you must not come here yet; but go first and call some more poor negroes.' I prayed to the Lord, that if I was to live, this might be the event."-- Gillies.


THE late Hugh Boyd, Esq. was walking alone one day across Kilburn-fields, on his way from Kenton-green to Hampstead, when he was stopped by a footpad, with a crape over his face. The manner in which the footpad accosted him, induced Mr. Boyd to suppose it his first offence; and instead of being disconcerted or alarmed at the pistol which he had presented at his breast, he harangued him in gentle but strong terms on th Ll

impropriety of his conduct, till the man, sensibly touched with his language, withdrew the pistol. Mr. Boyd then gave him his money, but endeavored to dissuade the man from taking his watch, as it was a present from a particular friend, which would be of little value to him, and by which he would run the risk of being detected. The footpad, however, pleaded the extreme poverty of his family, and Boyd at last gave him the watch, together with a solemn injunction regarding his future conduct. Some days afterwards Mr. Boyd found the man was a new offender, as he had conjectured; notwithstanding which, he soon forgot the advice that he had given him, committed other robberies, and was at last taken up, tried, and condemned, as Mr. Boyd had foretold, by the evidence of the pawnbroker with whom he had pawned the very watch in question.


THE Caraite Jews, in Jerusalem, communicated their liturgy to the Rev. Joseph Wolff, whose name and labors are so familiar to our readers. It is interesting, not only as exhibiting a picture of the outcasts of Israel under their present conflict of hopes and fears, lamentation and anticipation; but as illustrating the responsive singing which was certainly adopted in many of the Psalms used in their brighter days; the cantor or singer leading, and the people answering, as in this chaunt copied from an interesting little work before us, entitled, "Jerusalem as it was and as it is."

Cantor. We beseech Thee, have mercy on Sion.
People.-Gather the children of Jerusalem.

C. Make haste, the Redeemer of Sion.

P.-Speak to the heart of Jerusalem.

(This is a more literal

rendering of Isaiah xl. 1. “Speak ye comfortably, &c.")

C.—May beauty and majesty surround Sion.

P.-And turn thy mercy to Jerusalem.
C.-Remember the slain of Sion.

P.-Make new again the ruins of Jerusalem.

C.-May the royal government shine again over Sion.

P.-Comfort those who mourn at Jerusalem.

C.—May joy and gladness be found upon Sion.

P.-A branch shall spring forth at Jerusalem.

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The difficulty explained in your last number (page 351,) is not unfrequently a source of great perplexity to sincere believers in the Deity of Christ. It is however-and that without subterfuge or quibble-susceptible of perfect explanation. The only thing required is a distinct notion of the import of the title " Son of God," and then all is clear.

Nothing is more common in popular language, than to speak of individuals "knowing" or "not knowing," when official, not personal, knowledge is intended. For example, “A judge ought to know neither friend nor enemy." The meaning of this is obvious. As a man, the Judge, like other men has his private friendships and personal animosities. But, as a Judge, he cannot take cognizance of these. In the discharge of judicial duty, they must neither sway his feelings, nor influence his conduct.

The office is thus, in a manner, personified. The person is beheld in one capacity alone. In that capacity, thoughts, emotions, and actions are attributed to him, which, under another aspect of his character or circumstances, would be altogether inappropriate. Thus we may say of the same man that he is affectionate as a father, careless as a friend, relentless as an enemy-that he is an imbecile leader, but a powerful ally, an intelligent companion, though a comparatively ignorant astronomer. But it is needless to multiply instances. A little reflection will thus show how constantly we exercise this kind of abstraction in the affairs of every-day life.

Now the appellation Son of God is official.

It expresses the

* Though we conceive the question to which this paper relates to have been satisfactorily answered in our last number, we cheerfully give insertion to our young friend's communication, which certainly throws additional light upon the subject. Had we not been aware of the amazing tenacity with which the Socinian clings to his opinions-no matter where he gets them-we might have supposed him to have been convinced but we fear the case is almost hopeless, which requires a new translation,- not of this or that passage only, but of the whole New Testament. For no alteration short of this can satisfy those who deny the perfect Godhead of Christ. Indeed, the Old Testament must go also ; and both can well be spared IF (but what a wonderful word is that)-if they transform the Mighty God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, into a mere


character and relation which Christ sustains as the Being commissioned to accomplish the work of redemption. In this capacity, the "day and hour" of the event he here foretells concerned him not. He took no cognizance of them. They did not influence his work. That work would have been the same whether the city of God were destined to immediate overthrow, or to a lingering continuance for years to come. That Jerusalem was to fall, and that the Jewish dispensation should end, was indeed a most essential part of the revelation he had to make. This accordingly he both " knew” and taught. But of the exact time, though, as God, fully acquainted with it, as Son, he knew nothing. That belonged to the Father's especial cognizance. It was in the secret purpose of Him who has revealed his part in the economy of the Redemption to be that of arranging and predetermining all. In these hidden counsels, indeed, he who dwelt from all eternity in the bosom of the Father, possessed a share. But now he was speaking, not as the great Partaker of the thoughts of God, but as the Being chosen and sent to carry them into fulfilment. In this capacity they belonged neither to his sphere of cognizance or action. And thus the "Son of God" knew neither the day nor hour when these things should come to pass.

In conclusion, I would invite Zappa, and all persons who may be similarly perplexed, carefully to examine all the passages where Christ is termed the Son of God, bearing in mind that this is the official title of the Redeemer. I am much mistaken if this simple rule does not clear up many a difficulty-remove many grounds of cavil, from the opponents of our faith- and display in beautiful harmony the words, actions, and character of Him, whose name is "Emmanuel, God with us"-"the God-the man Christ Jesus.”


Yours, &c.

S. G.G.


"A nation out-spread and polished: a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation that meteth out and treadeth down, whose land the rivers despise."

Isaiah xviii. 2.

The preceding verse offers one out of many instances, of the superiority of the marginal readings in our version of the Bible, to the authorised text, the words printed in italics being adopted from the former. It seems pretty certain that the country referred

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