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eth in you both to will and to do worlds, all his creatures and all of his good pleasure. Another their actions. His power must apostle says, Every good gift, ever be present to uphold his creaand every perfect gift is from a- tures, his wisdom to direct them, bove, and cometh down from the and his goodness to supply their Father of lights; with whom is no wants. variableness, neither shadow of God's work of redemption comturning." Another apostle says, prehends all he does in saving sin• Angels, and authorities, and pow- ners of the buman race. It began ers, are made subject unto him.' in the covenant of redemption Paul says of Christians, including formed between the three Persons himself, “ Io whom also we have of the sacred Trinity, In this obtaiued an inheritance, being pre-covenant, the Word agreed to be. destinated according to the pur- come incarnate, to inake atonepose of hin, who worketh all things ment for the sins of the world, and after the counsel of his own will. to publish the gospel of reconciliaDavid says, “ God is judge; he tion. The Father agreed to give putteth down one and setteth up the Son a certain number of the another." Daniel says,

• He human race, as the reward of his changeth the times and seasons; sufferings, and to grant him all he removeth kings and setteth up needed assistance in his work as kings; he giveth wisdom to the Mediator. The Holy Ghost agreed wise, and knowledge to them that to renew, to sanctify and fit for know understanding. I form the salvation, all that the Father had light and create darkness: I make given to the Son. In this work, peace and create evil. I the Lord God raised up, many prophets to do all these things."

foretel the coming of the Messiah. From these passages, selected And when the fulness of time was from many, it is strikingly evident, come, God sent his Son into the that the providence of God is uni-world, to be the propitiation, and versal and very particular. He to make atonement for sin. It holds, not only the planets in their was the work of God to choose out orbits, but fixes the stations of the heirs of salvation. The aposmen, and the bounds of their hab- tle Peter calls tem the “ elect itation. He uses men, both good according to the fore-knowledge and bad, as his instruments to ful- of God the Father, through sancti

of his providence. fication of the Spirit unto obediHe directs their steps, and dis- ence, and sprinkling of the blood poses of their lots, the most casual of Jesus Christ.” It is the work of events. He raises monarchs to the God to renew the hearts of his throne and sinks thern to the dust. chosen. “ To as many as receivlle builds up individuals and king-ed him to them gave


power to doms and pulls them down. He become the sons of God, even to makes war, and he makes peace.

them who believe on his name. lle sends blessings, and he sends which were born, not of blood, judgments. He wounds, and he nor of the will of the flesh, nor of heals: he kills and he makes alive. the will of man; but of God." He controls the winds and the The sanctification of the saints is

He even orders the light also the work of God. The aposing of a sparrow and the falling of tle directs Christians to " work a hair, "There is no action or out their salvation with fear and eret, but what is directed by his trembling; for it is God who works providence. He governs all his in them both to will and to do of


his good pleasure.” God works imperfect. If God does not foreall the holiness in the hearts of know all things; then he is daily saints, and causes them to perse-growing in knowledge. This would vere in every step of their Christ- be inconsistent with his immuta ian course. Hence the apostle bility. If God is continually inexpresses his confidence, that creasing in knowledge, he is conwherever God has begun a good tinually changing;

is ever muwork, he will carry it on to the table. Hence, if we conceive of day of the Lord Jesus. And if God as being absolutely perfect, the scriptures are true, it is the we must believe him possessed of work of God to harden impenitent perfect, or unlimited knowledge. sinners. The apostle says, “. He 2. The fore-knowledge of God hath mercy on whom he will have is evident from his foretelling fumercy, and hardeneth whom he ture events. Certainly to foretel will." It is also the work of God future events is a prerogative, to raise the dead and judge the which belongs to God only, and world in righteousness by Jesus which he claims to himself. He Christ. “ The hour is coining, says, “ I am the Lord, that is my in the which all that are in their name: and my glory will I not graves shall hear his voice, and give to another, neither my praise shall come forth; they that have to graven images. Behold, the done good, unto the resurrection of former things are come to pass, life; and they that have done evil, and new things do I declare: beunto the resurrection of damnation.? | fore they spring forth, I will tell In the judgment of the great day, you of them. I have declared the it will be a work of God, in the former things from the beginning; person of Jesus Christ, to say to and they went forth out of my those on his right hand,“ Come, mouth, and I showed them; and ye blessed of my Father, inherit did them suddenly, and they came the kingdom prepared for you from to pass. Remember the former the foundation of the world;" and things of old: for I am God, and to those on his left, “ Depart, ye there is none else; I am God, and cursed, into everlasting fire, pre- there is none like me; declaring pared for the devil and his an- the end from the beginning, and gels."

from ancient times the things that We have now taken a concise are not yet done, saying My counview of the works of God. They sel shall stand, and I will do all are complicated and immense. my pleasure.” God not only But we are assured, by our text, claims it as his prerogative to forethat they were all known to God tel future events, but he has, in from the beginning of the world. numerous instances, by his proThis leads us,

phets, declared events which took II. To show that all the works place hundreds and thousands of of God are foreknown to him. years after they were foretold, and

1. The fore knowledge of God which depended upon the free acis evident from his perfection. tions of an innumerable multitude Reason teaches us to consider God of intelligent creaturesHence as being perfect in all his attri- he must have known not only butes. And the Bible confirms his own works, but the works of this sentiment beyond dispute. his creatures, all this time. But if all things are not known to prophecies of the Bible, which God from eternity; then this attri- have been fulfilled, and which are bute of his must be limited, and I fulfilling at the present day, are

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by far too numerous to mention in minate counsel and fore-knowledge this place. Two or three of them of God, ye have taken, and with I will name.

wicked hands have crucified and The character and state of the slain.” Unless God hath perfect Ishmaelites were in a most aston- knowledge of all his works, from ishing manner foretold to Hagar. the beginning of the world, it It was said to her, concerning her would be impossible for him cersón Ishmael, He shall be a wild taivly to foretel what events would man ; his hand will be against take place at any future period. every man, and every man's hand 3. The fore-knowledge of Gud against himn; and he shall dwell in is certain from express passages of the presence of his brethren.”- scripture.

Our text is as expresThis prophecy has been fulfilling sive as it can possibly be. It does for thousands of years, and is ful- not assert that God perfectly unfilling at the present day. The derstands and knows his works Arabians, who descended from as he performs them, but that he Ishmael, still remain an uncon

knew them, and had perfect quered poeple. They have ever knowledge of them, from the credwelt in the midst of surrounding ation of the world. It does not nations. They have been remark- assert, that God knew some of his able for their fierceness and plun-works, but that he knew all his der, and have, to this day, been works, from the creation of the unconquerable.

world. He had perfect knowlThe state and circumstances of edge of every particle of matter, the Jews, from time to time, from which he would create, and what Abraham to this time, and from end he would answer by it. He this time to their return to their had perfect knowledge of every own land, were all predicted.- creature, which he would create, They long have been, and now are, and what he would do for and dispersed among all nations, with with every creature. out any government of their own; sages express, or imply, the same and yet they remain a distinct truth. Elihu says, "He that is people. This is exactly as God perfect in knowledge is with thee.” foretold that it should be,

Job says to God, “I know that no The coming, the character, the thought can be withholden from work the sufferings, the death, the thee.” David says,

Great is our resurrection and the kingdom of Lord, and of great power: his unthe Messiah, were all foretold, derstanding is infinite. These with great particularity and with passages, as well as others like great accuracy. His crucifixion the text, plainly teach us the peris declared to have taken place ac- fect, unlimited

unlimited knowledge of cording to the determinate coun- God. sel and fore-knowledge of God.

[To be concluded.) "Him being delivered by the deter

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than the other apostles. He was a long time a most violent enemy to sovereign grace.

He heard it

plainly preached by Stephen and Paul insists more upon the grace other teachers of divine truth. But of God in the salvation of sinners, it only served to awaken the en

mity of his carnal mind against salvation of the elect. And he the way of salvation by Christ and plainly teaches, that it is the purall who heartily embraced it. But pose of God to destroy the nonat length he was made a signal elect, in order to display the richsubject of that special grace, which es of his grace towards the elect. he had opposed. This change of That God means to destroy the heart produced as great a change non-elect is plainly taught in the in sentiment, He became the scriptures. We are expressly told, most zealous and able advocate of that Judas was a reprobate; that the doctrines of grace. To explain he was the son of perdition; that and inculcate these doctrines is it had been good for him if he had the capital point in his epistles. never been born; and that he went He dwells upon grace in his epis- to his own place; the place to tles to the Galatians, Ephesians which he was originally appointed. and Colossians, but especially in The unbelieving Jews in Christ's his epistle to the Romans. He day were such, as God had reprotraces grace from step to step to bated and meant to destroy.its original and eternal source. Hence we read in the twelfth He begins the epistle with a lively chapter of John's gospel, “ Thereand just description of human nat- fore they could not believe, beure in its present fallen state. cause Esaias said, He hath blindHe proves both Jews and Gentiles ed their eyes and hardened their to be totally depraved and justly heart, that they should not see condemned. He brings into view with their eyes nor understand the great atonement of Christ. He with their heart and be converted points out the way, by which sin- and I should heal them." Peter, ners become interested in it. He speaking of believers and unbeshows their renovation of heart and lievers, represents certain unbejustification before God to be of lievers as appointed to destrucgrace, and finally he traces their tion. “Unto you, therefore, who fall and recovery to the grace of believe, he is precious; but unto God in his original, eternal pur- them, who be disobedient, the pose of election. These doctrines stone, which the builders disallowhe fairly states and clearly illus- ed; the same is made the head trates. He mentions instances of of the corner and a stone of stumelection and reprobation. And by bling and a rock of offence, even these instances he makes it appear, to them who stumble at the word, that God fits some for destruction being disobedient; whereunto also and others for heaven for the same they were appointed.” Jude menbenevolent and important purpose: tions certain ungodly men, " who that is, to display the riches of his were of old ordained to condemgrace. He says, “What if God nation.” But Paul, in his epistle willing to show his wrath and to to the Romans, more fully proves, make his power known, endured that God means to destroy the with much long-suffering the ves- non-elect. In the ninth chapter sels of wrath fitted to destruction; of this epistle he treats of election and that he might make known thé and reprobation. Of Esau and riches of his glory on the vessels Jacob he says, “ For the children of

mercy, which he had afore pre- being not yet born, neither having pared unto glory?" Here the apos- done any good or evil, that the tle, at one view, exhibits, in the purpose of God according to elecmost affecting contrast, the des- tion might stand, not of works, truction of the non-elect and the but of him that calleth; it was

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said unto her, the elder shall serve serious question to every conthe younger; as it is written, Ja- science, What, if God willing to cob bave I loved, but Esau have I show his wrath and make his powhated. What shall we say then? er known, endured with much Is there unrighteousness with God: long-suffering the vessels of wrath God forbid. For he saith to Mo-fitted to destruction; and that he ses, I will have mercy on whom I might make known the riches of will have mercy, and I will have, bis glory on the vessels of mercy compassion on whom I will have which he had afore prepared unto compassion. So then it is not of glory?” As if he had said, “ Tho him that willeth, nor of him that God does fit some men for desrunneth, but of God that showeth truction who were originally demercy. For the scripture saith signed to be vessels of wrath; yet unto Pharaoh, even for this same even in fitting them for destrucpurpose have I raised thee up, that tion he displays great love, grace, I might show my power in thee, patience and long-suffering toand that my name might be declar-wards them, in giving them a fair ed throughout all the earth.” Here opportunity to be saved; and beare two instances of personal re- sides all this, he finally destross probation; Esau and Pharaoh were them to answer a most gracious appointed to destruction. The and merciful design, even to disapostle then proceeds and opposes play his own glory and the riches these two instances to God's gen- of his grace in the salvation of eral conduct and purpose respects those, who are ordained to eternal ing all the elect and non-elect. life.” This same sentiment he exTherefore bath he mercy on bibits in the strongest terms in whom he will have mercy, and the eleventh chapter of the same whom he will he hardeneth.Here epistle: "What then? Israel hath he starts an objection, in order to not obtained that which he seeketh set the doctrine of reprobation in for; but the election hath obtaina more clear and convincing light. ed it, and the rest were blinded; * You will say then unto me, why according as it is written, God doth he yet find fault? for who hath given them the spirit of hath resisted his will? Nay, but slumber, eyes that they should O man, who art thou, that repliest not see and ears that they should against God? Shall the thing forin-not hear unto this day.” Thus it ed say to him that formed it, why appears that God has reprobated hast thou made me thus? Hath not some of mankind and that accordthe potter power over the clay, of ing to an original and avowed purthe same lump to make one vessel pose, he hardens their hearts and unto honour and another unto dis- by the influence of divine truth honour?" Here the apostle illus- fits them for destruction; the end trates God's sovereign right to re- to which they were appointed. probate, harden and destroy whom But why should God design to he pleases of the fallen, guilty race destroy any of the human race? of men.

But he would not have He is as able to save all as a part. men imagine, that God's sover- He has the hearts of all in his eignty in dooining sinners to ruin, hand, as the clay is in the hand of was arbitrary and capricious, but the potter. He can form a vessel wise and benevolent; aiming at of mercy as easily as a vessel of the most amiable and desirable wrath. He can as easily soften as end, even the display of the riches harden the human heart. And he of divine grace:

For he puts the has actually softened the hearts of

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