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The Corresponding Secretaries of the Board are Rev. SELAH B. TREAT, Res GEORGE W. Wood, and Rev. N. G. CLARK. Letters relating to the Missions and General Concerns of the Board, may be addressed
SECRETARIES OF THE A. B. C. F. M.,
Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Bosion. Letters for the Corresponding Secretary resident in New York, may be addressed
Rev. GEORGE W. WOOD, Bible House, Astor Place, New York city. Donations and letters relating to the Pecuniary Concerns of the Board, (except letters on the subject of the Missionary Herald,) should be addressed LANGDON $. WARD, Treasurer of the A. B. C. F. M.,
Missionary Tlouse, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. Letters for the Editor of the Missionary Herald, should be addressed
Rev. ISAAC R. WORCESTER, Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. Letters relating to the business department of the Herald, subscriptions and remittances for the same, should be addressed
CHARLES IIUTCUINS, Mis iomary House, 83 Pemberton Square, Boston
Letters for Rev. Rufus Anderson, D. D., may still be addressed to the Missionary Louse.
GENERAL AGENCIES. The following arrangement has been made in the system of Gçneral Agencies, by the Prudential Committee, with a view to efficiency in the raising of funds.
Maine, New llampshire, and Vermont,
Rov. Wm. Warren, Gorhan, Me.
Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, . Rev. John P. Skeelo, Hartford, Conn. New York city, Long Island, Eastern New York, , This district is in charge of Rev. Geo. W. word East Jersey,
Wood, Bible House, Astor Place, Y. Y. city. Central and Western New York, including St.
Lawrence, Lewis, Oneida, Otsego, and Dela
ware Counties, as an eastern boundary, . Rov. Charles P. Bush, Rochester, N. Y. Pennsylvania, West Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and District of Columbia,
Rev John MoLood, Philadelphin. Ohio, Indiana, and Southern Illinois,
Rev. Wm. M. Cheovor, Terre Ulaule, Ind. Michigan, Northern Illinois, Wiscorsin, Vinne- , Rev. S. J. Humphrey, 84 Irashington Street
sula, Iowa, dissouri, Kansas, and Nebraska, Chicago, Illinois.
HONORARY MEMBERS. The payment of $50 at one time constitutes a minister, and the payment of $100 at one tior constitutes any other person, an Honorary Member of the Board.
LEGACIES. In making devises and legacies to the Board, the entire corporato dame - "The American Board of Commissioner for Foreiga Missions " - should be need; othorwise the intent of the testator may be defeated.
Vol. LXIV. - DECEMBER, 1868. — No. XII.
LEBANON AND THE ABEIH SEMINARY.
By Rev. S. H. CALHOUN AND REV. H. H. JESSUP.
The prominent object in the engraving is the Mission Seminary at Abeih on Mount Lebanon. It consists of a series of rooms, seven in number, arranged in the form of an L, all on the ground floor, with a portico in front. The building is of yellowish, compact limestone, one story high, and was erected for seminary purposes, about the year 1849. The view is northward.
The building to the left, with a gambrel roof, is on the mission premises, and is occupied by Mr. Calhoun. The building at the base of the picture, of which the upper part only is seen, is a hired house, occupied by Mr. Bird. The cypress grove, below the seminary, to the left, was set out by the missionaries, and under its shade rest some of the little dead. To the extreme right, and quite above the seminary, are two well-built houses, owned and occupied by Druze Sheiks. Two or three peasants' houses are also seen above the seminary, in one of which is kept our common school, for boys and girls of the village. To the extreme left, and in the distance, is seen the new Druze high school.
The reader will observe, from the various ascents by steps, that our houses are built on sloping ground. The village of Abeih, which contains about 200 houses, is mostly below the mission premises. The perpendicular height of the village above the sea is 2,400 feet. The highest peak, seen in the engraving above the seminary, is not far from 2,800 feet. The air-line distance to Beirut, nearly due north, is about ten miles. Our shortest distance to the sea, westerly, is about five miles. The mountains just behind the seminary are rocky, with no trees, and terraced with walls, for wheat fields. Those in the distance are utterly bare and yellow.
The view from the roof of the seminary is extensive and beautiful. We have a semicircle of sea (the Mediterranean) to the west and north; and behind us, the lower ridges of Lebanon, intersected by well-cultivated valleys. A walk of fifteen or twenty minutes takes us to the height above the village, from which
we have a magnificent prospect of the higher ranges and peaks of the goodly mountain. To the south and southwest, the vision stretches away into the territory of the old tribes of Naphtali and Asher, and reaches Tyre and Sidon and Sarepta, on the coast. We have often seen the mountains on the island of Cyprus, more than one hundred miles distant.
“ The Lebanon,” as it is usually called, is a range of mountains, stretching on towards the north from the borders of Galilee, seventy-five or eighty miles. It is eminently a “goodly mountain.” The number of inhabitants is about 300,000, more than half of whom are of the Papal church. The Druzes number about 55,000; the remainder are adherents of the Greek Church and Mohammedans, of both the Turkish and Persian sects. The universal language is Arabic.
The lands on Lebanon are held in fee-simple, which accounts for the spirit of enterprise and industry found among its population, as compared with the people in other parts of Syria, where the lands are owned by the government, and farmed out. The houses, even of the peasants, are always of stone; usually but one story high, with flat roofs of earth, and without glass or chimneys. The principal productions are silk and olives. The grape, too, is abundant.
The Lebanon has been at times subject to great disorders, but the people soon recover from the effects of their civil wars. Under the government of His Excellency Daoud Pasha, there has been a profounder peace than is enjoyed in most other countries. The building of better houses, the enlargement of vineyards, the breaking up of long-neglected grounds, for new mulberry and olive orchards, are signs of felt security and tranquillity.
Our seminary has been in operation about twenty years. Its course of study has been chiefly confined, hitherto, to the Arabic language, and has embraced the Arabic Grammar, Logic, Rhetoric, and Prosody; Arithmetic, Geography, Algebra, and Geometry; with instruction, to a limited extent, in Astronomy and Natural Philosophy. But the Bible has been the chief text-book. The Old and New Testaments are studied thoroughly, through the entire four years' course. The pupils enter the seminary from all the various sects of the country, many of them strongly prejudiced against the Bible and evangelical religion, and yet few of them leave it without becoming, intellectually at least, Protestant Christians.
The graduates are scattered throughout the East. They are in Lebanon, in the seaport and interior cities, in Palestine, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Babylonia. Some are preachers and pastors; one is a tutor in the Beirut College; three have been at the head of the Druze College in Lebanon ; one is conducting an independent high school in Alexandria, Egypt; several are engaged in mission work in Cairo, Egypt; one is a missionary at Ramoth Gilead, across the Jordan ; one is a missionary at Nazareth ; and many others are connected with the high and common schools, of various grades, throughout Syria, and connected with various societies. Some are merchants, others dragomen of travelers, and the great majority, even when not professedly pious, yet cast their influence on the side of morality, education, and religion. Until within a short time the institution was free to all, but now a fixed sum is charged for board and tuition, yet so great is the number of applicants that many have to be rejected every year, for want of room. We believe the school has been an important instrumentality in the diffusion of light and truth. Our design is to