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A. 1 Kings 5.
B. 2 Chron. 2. (Continued.)
(Continued.) 10 So Hiram gave Solomon timber
of cedar and timber of fir accord11 ing to all his desire. And Solo
mon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures e of wheat for food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil : thus gave
Solomon to Hiram year by year. 12 [And the LORD gave Solomon
wisdom, as he promised him ;
Now therefore the wheat and the barley, the oil and the wine, which
my lord hath spoken of, let him 16 send unto his servants : and we
will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as thou shalt need': and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa ; and thou shalt
carry it up to Jerusalem. 13 And king Solomon raised a 17 And Solomon numbered all the
levy out of all Israel ; and the strangers that were in the land
levy was thirty thousand men 8. of Israel, after the numbering 14 And he sent them to Lebanon, wherewith David his father had
ten thousand a month by courses : numbered them; and they were a month they were in Lebanon, found hundred and fifty and two months at home: and thousand and three thousand
Adoniram was over the levy. and six hundred h. 1.5 And Solomon had threescore and 18 And he set threescore and ten thousand
that bare ten thousand (of them] to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand burdens, and fourscore thousand
that were hewers in the moun- that were hewers in the moun16 tains; besides Solomon's chief tains, and three thousand and
officersi that were over the work, six hundred overseers to set the three thousand and three hundred, people awork.
• A gives the yearly grant for Hiram's household, 20,000 measures of whes and twenty measures of pure oil. B. gives the grant for the workmen, 20,000 measures of wheat, barley, wine, and oil. The word 73 is only in these Books, and Ezek. 45. 14. A. has it for the measures of oil as well as for the wheat. In each case A. uses the singular form and B. the plural. a peculiar word, here only. The same is the case with the word translated · floats. & A. gives 30,000 Lebanon workers (whom B. does not refer to). The burden bearers and hewers answer in the two accounts. The foremen are 300 less in A. than in B. Josephus follows A.
h See above, v. 2. i For officers Dias, B. has Din3200, which looks like a var. lect. The word is only used in late books, and in the titles to Psalms, where it is translated 'chief musician.' It signifies to overlook or set forward any work, whether mechanical or musical, and is applied to chief harpers 1 Chron. 15. 21. Cf. Hab. 3. 19.
A. 1 Kings 6.
(Continuous.) [And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt,] in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in [the month Ziv, which is] the second month, that he built the house of the LORD.
(Continuous.) Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD [at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, which he made ready in the place that David had appointed, in the threshing.floor of 2 Ornan the Jebusite). And he
began to build [in the second] of the second month, in the fourth
year of his reign. 3 Now these are the foundations
which Solomon laid for the building of the house of God. The length . [by cubits after the first measure
threescore cubits, and the breadth twenty (cubits). 4. the porch sthat was] before
the length of it, according to the breadth of the house, was twenty
2 And the house which king
Solomon built for the LORD, the length (thereof]
was threescore cubits, and the breadth (thereof] twenty,
[and the height 3 thereof thirty cubits.] And the porch
before the temple of the house], twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the
§ 18.—NOTE.-B. only gives an outline, but it agrees in the main with A. a This important parenthesis seems to imply that the length of the cubit had been reduced in later times, but that the measurements are here given according to the original or longer cubit.
B. 2 Chron. 3.
A. 1 Kings 6.
(Continued.) house ; (ten cubits
the breadth thereof before the house.]
cubits, (and the height an hundred and twenty.]
(Structural details added by A.,
vv. 4-3) So Solomon built the house, 15 and finished it. And he built
the walls of the house within with boards of cedar ; from the floor of the house unto the walls of the cieling, he covered them on the inside with wood : and he
ered the floor of the house 16 with boards of fir. And he built
twenty cubits on the hinder part of the house with boards of cedar from the floor unto the walls : he even built them for it within, for
an oracle, even for the most holy 17 place. And the house, that is,
the temple before it, was forty 18 cubits. And there was cedar on
the house within, carved with knops and open flowers : all was cedar;
there was no stone seen. 19 And he prepared an oracle in the
midst of the house within, to set
there the ark of the covenant of 20 the LORD. And within the oracle
was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof; and he overlaid it with pure gold : and he covered the altar
with cedar. 21 So Solomon overlaid the house
within with pure gold : and he drew chains of gold across before
the oracle ; and he overlaid it 22 with gold. And the whole house
And he overlaid it within with 5 pure gold. And the greater house
he cieled with fir tree, which he overlaid with fine gold, and wrought thereon palm trees and 6 chains. And he garnished the
house with precious stones for
beauty: and the gold was gold of 7 Parvaim b. He overlaid also the house, the beams, the thresholds, and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and graved cherubim on the walls. 8 And he made the most holy
house ; the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house,
he overlaid with gold, until all the house was finished : also the whole altar that belonged to the oracle he overlaid with gold.
b Parvaim here only.
A. 1 Kings 6.
B. 2 Chron. 3. (Continued.)
(Continued.) was twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits : and he overlaid it with fine gold, amounting to six hundred talents. 9 And the weight of the nails was
fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid the upper chambers with
gold. 23 And in the oraclec he made 10 And in the most holy house he made
two cherubim of olive wood d, each two cherubim of image work; and 24 ten cubits high. And five cubits they overlaid them with gold.
was the one wing of the cherub, 11 And the wings of the cherubim and five cubits the other wing of were twenty cubits long: the the cherub: from the uttermost wing of the one was five cubits, part of the one wing unto the reaching to the wall of the house;
uttermost part of the other were and the other wing was five 25 ten cubits. And the other cherub cubits, reaching to the wing of
was ten cubits : both the cheru- 12 the other cherub. And the wing
bim were of one measure and one of the other cherub was five 26 form. The height of the one cubits, reaching to the wall of the
cherub was ten cubits, and so was house : and the other wing was 27 it of the other cherub. And he five cubits, joining to the wing of
set the cherubim within the inner 13 the other cherub. The wings of house: and the wings of the these cherubim spread themselves cherubim were stretched forth, so forth twenty cubits : and they that the wing of the one touched stood on their feet, and their the one wall, and the wing of the faces were toward the house. other cherub touched the other wall ; and their wings touched
one another in the midst of the 28 house. And he overlaid the cheru29 bim with gold. And he carved all
the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim
and palm trees and open flowers, 30 within and without. And the
floor of the house he overlaid with 31 gold, within and without. And
for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive wood : the
lintel . . door posts were a fifth 32 part. So .. two doors of olive
wood ; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold; and he spread the gold upon the cheru
bim, and upon the palm trees. 33 So also made he for the entering
of the temple door posts of olive wood, out of a fourth part ...;
© B. uses 727 elsewhere of the Most Holy Place, e.g. v. 16. In other Books it is only used in Ps. 28. 2. d Below A. has yoursy (oil trees), whilst B. has D'yyyy, which is here only.
A. 1 Kings 6, 7.
B. 2 Chron. 3. (Continued.)
(Continued.) 34 and two doors of fir wood; the
two leaves of the one door were
folding, and the two leaves of the 35 other door were folding. And he
carved cherubim and palm trees and open flowers : and he over
laid them with gold fitted upon 36 the graven work. And he 14 [And he made the veil of blue,
built the inner court with three and purple, and crimson, and fine rows of hewn stone, and a row of linen, and wrought cherubim cedar beams.
thereon.] 37 In the fourth year was the
foundation of the house of the
LORD laid, in the month Ziv. 38 And in the eleventh year, in the
month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.
(Here follow the dimensions of the
House of Judgement and of the courts.)
7 13 And king Solomon sent and 14 fetched Hiram out of Tyre. He
was the son of a widow woman of the tribe of Naphtalie, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in . brass; ... and he was filled with wisdom and understanding and cunning, to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all
his work. 15 For he fashioned the two 15 Also he made before the house
pillars [of brass], of eighteen two pillars of thirty and five cubits high apiece : [and a line of cubits high,
twelve cubits compassed either of 16 them about.] And he made two
and the chapiter chapiters of molten brass, to set that was on the top of each of upon the tops of the pillars : the 16 them was five cubits. And he height of the one chapiter was five made chains (in the oracle), and cubits, and the height of the put them on the tops of the
e The widow's husband was possibly of the tribe of Naphtali, though the woman herself was of the tribe of Dan. See § 16, B. 14.
f The difference not easily accounted for. Jer. 52, 21 agrees with A. The height in B. is nearly twice as much, while the number of pomegranates in B. is only half those in A. The word used by B. for chapiter (i.e. capital) in this verse is nay, which is used nowhere else. In chap. 4. 12, 13 the ordinary word non is used, as also by Jeremiah.