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of Great Britain. This he considered as favourable to the spread of divine truth, which God will send there by his Missionaries. At a late meeting of the Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society letters were read, which had been received from their Agent in South America, in which he stated, that some Spanish Officers had pur. chased Spanish Testaments, which books they had not seen before. They read ther with delight, and entreated the Agent to permit them to purchase others for distribution among their companions in arms, in that part of the world. He would only advert to another circumstance; we met there not as an insulated Society, not as pretending to engross the whole of Christianity or of Missionary zeal to ourselves. We rejoiced that other communions were uniting heart and hand; and it was with great satisfaction that he saw that the Noble President of the Church Missionary Society had honoured us with his presence. Some of the members of the Baptist Missionary Society, which had done so much in the East, had also favoured us with their attendance; and a friend from the London Missionary Society would likewise address the meeting. He trusted that they all should rejoice together in the common LORD, and the common Saviour.
The Report was then read. It took a rapid review of the Missions supported by the Society in France, Gibraltar, Ceylon and Continental India, New South Wales, New Zealand, Western and Southern Africa, the West Indies, British North America, &c.; from all of which the accounts are generally very satisfactory. The number of Missionaries now employed, including several Native Assistant Preachers, but exclusive of mere Catechists and Schoolmasters, was stated to be 149; who occupy 105 Stations. The number sent out during the last year was eleven, of whom five are married. The number of Members in the Foreign Missionary Stations, was, when the last year's returns were made up, 28,699; and the returns of the current year, as far as they have yet been received, indicate a very considerable increase, especially in some of the Islands of the West Indies. The receipts of the year ending Dec. 31, 1821, were £26,883. 0s. Id. The expenditure was £30,925. 2s. ld. ; to which must be added the Balance due to the Treasurers, Dec. 31, 1820, viz. £3526.3s. 10d. ; so that when the last account was made up, the Treasurers were in advance for the Society to the large amount of £7568. 5s. 10d. This Balance, however, we understand, has since been somewhat reduced ; and the Committee express their perfect confidence, that a work so important to the common cause of Christianity, and to the eternal interests of the human race, will not be suffered to appeal in vain to the benevolence of the Religious Public.
The First Resolution,-" That the Report now read be adopted, and printed under the direction of the General Committee,' -was moved by the Right Honourable Admiral LORD GAMBIER. His Lordship said, he had received the honour of a kind invitation to take a part in the proceedings of this day, and it was with great pleasure and gratification to his own feelings that he accepted it. To say that his heart was deeply interested in the blessed work in which we were engaged, was too feeble an expression of what he felt, and what he thought he ought to feel, on the occasion. If there were a work of God, a labour of love and charity, which surpassed all others, it was the blessed cause for which they were that day assembled. He had the honour to hold an office, upon the staff, as he might say, of a similar institution; and he should, at all times, feel the greatest pleasure in adding his feeble aid to the important work in which this Society was engaged. The Report was so full of animating and encouraging matter, and so fraught with numerous passages deserving attention and remark, that it was unnecessary for him to make any observation to recommend the resolution for its adoption. It was truly gratifying; and he had felt the highest pleasure in receiving and reading the accounts from the pious and zealous Missionaries of the Society in different parts of the world, where the work of God was greatly prospering in their bands. One or two communications in the last Report had impressed him very much, and he would beg to be allowed to bring them again under the notice of the meeting, as a proof of what they owed to the mercy and goodness of God, in thus blessing their labours.-[His Lordship then read some passages out of the last Report respecting the Ceylon Mission; and then proceeded to observe-] What abundant encouragement was this for the Society to persevere in its labours. Schools were certainly of great importance, as with the young we might expect to make the greatest progress, and they laid the foundation of future success. "It appeared, from various circumstances in the Report, that the Society's labours in this respect had been wonderfully blessed. Another instance which he would bring under their recollection, from the last Report, was to him very remarkable and very encouraging. The account, to which he referred, gave some interesting particulars of the conversion of an aged Malabar in Ceylon, and, though it might be rery well re
collected, he wished to bring it again before the Meeting. It stated that lie was then employed as the head schoolmaster at Trincomalee.-- [ His Lordship here read the account as it stands in page 57 of the last Report.j--His Lordship said, he apologized for taking up so much of their time, but this account had appeared to him very interesting. it was very remarkable that a man who had carried his prejudices so many years, should, at an advanced age, he brought to Christ. Here was sufficient encouragement to persevere in this great and glorious work. “Let us remember," said his Lordship, “that this is the cause for which the Son of God took upon him our nature, went through all the sufferings of his life in the flesh, and sealed his great work by his blood. What then ought Christians to do for him? They ought to use every energy of mind, and every power of the soul, to promote his glory. You have abundant reason to be grateful, in the highest degree, to ALMIGHTY GOD, for the blessing he has bestowed on the work of your hands. Go on, and may the LORD abundantly bless your labours, and give you the reward which shall finally be bestowed on his children."
JAMES STEPHEN, JUN., ESQ., Barrister at Law, in seconding the Resolution, addressed the Meeting nearly as follows:-"I beg to second the motion proposed by the Noble Lord. Although I differ with respect to some minor points of discipline from the great body of Christians whom I have now the happiness to see before me, I confess I could not without self-reproach have absented myself, on such an occasion, from this Society's great annual jubilee,-from this season of mutual consolation and mutual exhortation,-from this day when we meet to commemorate those triumphis which God by our efforts has permitted to be gained in this fallen world :-I say, Sir, that I could not without self-reproach have been absent; for that Church to which I belong, has taught me to say, “I believe in the communion of saints," and it is here I see that communion, and stand among a branch of the “ holy Catholic Church ;” and much as, from circumstances of early education and early prepossession, my mind is disposed rather to incline its attention to the institutions of that church of which I was bred a member, yet I must confess there is in the operations of this Society something which is peculiarly touching to the heart of every one who has learned to value the Gospel of his REDEEMER. There are Societies of men,-God bless them all! who are engaged in visiting the shores of the Mediterranean by their agents, or in attacking Pagans in their strong holds and sumptuous palaces; but if I ask, where are the chief operations of the Wesleyan Missionary Society, the answer is, they are there where there is nothing to excite sympathy,—they are there where there is much to disgust fastidious taste,- they are there where there is nothing of adventitious circumstance lo attract the mind,-they are in the midst of the squalidness and wretchedness of our species,-in the cabins of Ireland, and in the huts of the West Indies. This last circumstance, had there been no other, would have impelled me, as by irresistible necessity, to contribute my support, feeble as it is, to its operations. It is known to you, Sir, and to those around me, that I have soine hereditary claim to take an interest in what concerns the improvement of the African. It is well and beautifully observed in that Report which has been read to you, that not merely the direct effect of your West India Missions is most blessed and delightful, but that the incidental benefits, which are continually springing up from the instruction of the negro population of our colonies, are scarcely less gratifying. And, Sir, allow me to say, that one of these great incidental effects, to which no christian in heart among all those professing christianity, can be insensible, is, that'I see in the operations of this Society, the surest, the best pledge of the consummation of those efforts, which good, and virtuous, and holy men, have been making for the universal abolition of that “abomination of desolation,” the slave-trade. Missionary labours promote this by their collateral effects, because their tendency is to raise the tone of moral sentiment throughout society. Give me a white population in our Islands, deeply imbued with sentiments of true christianity; give me a coloured population, worshipping at the same altar; and give me a slave population, imbibing the spirit of the Gospel of Jesus CHRIST;—and then there will not be one who will dare to violate so far his allegiance to his God and Saviour, as to engage in what I would call in strong terms, but not too strong, this accursed trade. There is one passage in the Report which no man can be reminded of without feeling his heart leap within him ; I refer to the description of the state of the negro slaves in one of the islands, to whom christian instruction had not till lately been imparted,—those poor, degraded, ignorant creatures, so ignorant that even your Missionary could have almost persuaded himself he was dealing with brutes instead of men, and would have despaired of their recovery, had it not been for the
Vol. I, Third Series, JUNE, 1822.
cheering and delightful changes he had witnessed in other Islands. Think of those poor ignorant bondmen, think of them meeting in calin and attentive silence to worship before that God whom your agents have been permitted to teach them to know :think of these poor black and once barbarous idolaters, singing sweet music in the ears of Him, who has none of that fastidious taste by which we so often debase our intellect.---0, Sir, when you hear of such beings uniting in prayer to that same God and that same Saviour whom you serve, it must give fervour to your prayers, and warmth to your devotions, and energy to all the efforts you are making, to be told, that in distant Islands, on the other sirle of the Atlantic, they are offering similar prayers, and worshipping the God whom you have taught them to revere.-Looking, Sir, to the vast operations of Missionary Societies, to that sacred circumnavigation of benevolence which their Reports describe, I think there are no terms which human thought can suggest, in which such triumplis can be properly celebrated. Were it my duty to engage yon in the celebration of them, I should feel joy own incompetency to the task. But I will select the language of the sweet Singer of Israel. I will select that beautiful anthem chosen by our Church for the celebration of its daily worship; and I will say, “God, be merciful unto us, and bless us, and shew us the light of his countenance, and be merciful unto us ; that thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations. Let the people praise thee, O God; yea, let all the people praise thee. () let the nations rejoice, and be glad: for thou shalt judge the folk righteously, and govern the nations upon earth. Let the people praise thee, O God; yca, let all the people praise thee. Then shall the earth bring forth her increase ; and God, even our own Gov, sball give us his blessing. GoD shall bless us; and all the ends of the world shall fear him."
The Second Resolution,-" That this Meeting, deeply affected with the moral wretchedness of a great part of mankind, and encouraged by the clocts produced wherever Christianity has been faithfully preached, and its institutions of piety and mercy established; and especially considering the extensive access to the heathen world which is afforded in the present day, and that in many places even Pagans themselves are antiously desirous of instruction by Christian Missionaries ; solemnly pledges itself to renew ils exertions in providing the means of a more extensive ministration of the Gospel of Christ to the religious wants of their fellow men,"--was moved by EDWARD PHILLIPS, ESQ., High Sheriff of Wiltshire. MR. P. observed, that when he saw himself surrounded by so many persons eminent for religion and piety; among whom was a Nobleman, highly honoured by his Sovereign, eminent for his services to his country, and pre-eminent for his love to religion and the Gospel ; he hailed the day, and blessed the hour which brought them to unite in this holy cause. When we looked at the state of the world, when we considered the immense number of its inhabitants, lost in guilt, and sin, and misery, and when we contemplated the obstacles to the diffusion of Christianity, our hearts, if relying on human wisdom, would fail us, and we must give up the cause in despair ; but on the other hand, when we looked to the power and mercy of God, and to the blessed influences of his Sririt, we must be resolved, in the strength of the LORD, to persevere, undiscouraged by any ditficulties which might arise, in this good, this pious cause. Great difficulties, no doubt, awaited those who devoted themselves to Missionary labours. The difference of climate,--the state of the heathen,-disagreements among the natives,-ibe obstacle of caste,-ignorance of their language,--there were enough to appal a man who looked to his own strength alone ; but if there were a Missionary going out, now present, and if he needed to be reminded of an example to encourage him in his exertions, he would say to him, " Recollect the man who now nearly a century ago, with half a dozen pious friends in the University of Oxford, set out in his religious career, and incessantly persevered in it to the end of bis life :-see him travelling in every direction, and, while on his journeys, unceasingly writing for the good of his fellow-creatures, and preaching the Gospel of his REDEEMER in every place to which he came ; see him perserering amidst the ignorance and irreligion of the vulgar, and amidst every species of opposition :- ---sce this, and let the sight animate the hearts and qnicken the zeal of all those who have the work of a Missionary before them. I need scarcely name the apostolic, the venerable JOHN WESLEY."--It was imposa sible to look at what was passing in the world around us, and in which this king dom had been the happy instrument of doing so much, without the most lively gratitude to God, and without being excited to form the highest hopes of future and greater success. He would exhort all to determine from that day to set out with new vigour and alacrity; for means would not fail us, nor should we want good and laborious men willing to go forth to diffuse the Gospel to the utinost parts of
the earth, and to execute the Mission of their great REDEEMER, who said, “ Go and teach all nations, and, lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the world." He trusted that all would inquire what they could do more efficiently to promote the great cause, and determine from that happy day, to unite their various means,their various Societies,—their various energies, in the cause of God and of universal nian; and never relax, till the knowledge of the Lord should cover the earth as the waters cover the deep, and till the great and eternal hallelujah shall be raised,“ Blessing, and honour, and power, be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the LAMB, for ever and ever."
The REV. GEORGE COLLISON, of Hackney, followed. Though he tras of a different religious denomination, he felt the greatest pleasure in cordially seconding the motion. He viewed every Christian Missionary Society as forming one of the strongest bonds of union which the present day presented, and it was delightful to learn that the various Missionary Societies were one in their communion and counsels of fellowship. It was equally delightful to learn, that when their Missionaries met in distant lands, they hailed and embraced as brethren. This is a union without compromise, for the Noble Lord had compromised nothing by appearing here to-tlay,
;-an esteemed gentleinan who seconded the motion had compromised nothing by so doing. No compromise either of principle or discipline was asked; but without that compromise we can feel that we are one in Christ JESUS, and can together promote the common salvation. One would almost think that the Psalinist, the sweet Singer of Isrrel, wrapt into future times, and anticipating by three thousand years the formation of Missionary and Bible Societies, had composed for such occasions that beautiful anthem, “ Behold, how good and how pleasant a thing it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." The success of all Societies was a matter of deep congratulation. He, as a member of the London Missionary Society, accepted most gratefully the congratulations of the Meeting, for the measure of success wbich God has been pleased to confer upon that Institution. And when they turned to the West Indies, and saw the labours of the Methodist Missionaries, all descriptions of Christians looked with the highest gratitude to that high measure of success with which God had crowned the Wesleyan Society. Who could hear of twenty-eight thousand negroes now living in Christian Society, but must thank God for such labours, and hope that they would be crowned with still larger success ? He had called that morning on a friend, who informed him that he had recentiy received property as a residuary legatee, and on wooking over the account he found to his great regret that a part of it arose from the sale of slares in the Bay of Honduras. “ He is too deeply imbued, Sir,” said MR. COLLISON, “ with the principles of the Gospel, to receive the price of blood, and he said to me, • I am shocked at the sight of it, what shall I do with it?' I said, 'I will tell you what you may do with part of it. I am going to the Wesleyan Missionary Society; their labourers are greatly occupied among the slaves. -Since I have been here, I have heard with much pleasure from the Secretary, that you have determined on a Mission to the very spot, the Bay of Honduras, and I have now the pleasure of presenting the sumn, so received by my friend, to forward that desirable purpose. It is upwards of Serenteen Pounds : I wish it were Seventeen Hundred!"
The Third Resolution --" That the most respectful thanks of the Society are especially due to his E.rcellency, MAJOR-GENERAL Sır EDWARD BARNES, K.C. B., late LieutenantGovernor of Ceylon, for the kind encouragement given by him to our Mission in that island, and for the facilities afforded by him to the introduction of Christianity into the Kandian Territory, by the establishment of a Mission at Kornegalle , ;-to MAJOR-GENERAL LACULAN MACQUARRIE, lote Governor of New South Wales, for his constant countenance of sner Mission there since its cominencenent, and for several acts of liberality in the grant of innd for the erection of Chapels ;---10 MAJOR-GENERAL SIR SAMFORD WHITTINGHAM, K.C.B., late Governor of Dominica, for the special interest taken by him in the extension of religimus instruction to the negroes of that colony ;-10 MAJOR-GENERAL Sir Rufan DONKIN, K.C.B., late Lieutenant-Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, for the liberty grated by him for the instruction, by our 11issionaries, of the slaves in Cape-Town, and for other facilities given 10 the spread of Christianity in South Africa ;-to his Ercellency BRIGADIER-GENERAL SIR CHARLES M'Carthy, Governor of Sierra Leone, the steady friend of the moral and religious improvement of Western Africa ;-and to all mit Coventrymen, who, in varinus official and influential situations abroad, have afforded encou. ragement to our Missionaries, and forwarded their benevolent designs by their adrice and patronage," :-was moved by the REV. DR. CLARKE, who observed, after descanting on the great obligations of the Society to the distinguished persons mentioned in the Motion, that Bibles and Missionaries could not be separated. There had been two extreme opinions on which he would make some remarks. The one was old, and the other new. The former was, that the Scriptures should be kept from the people. The Priest, said the advocates of this opinion, is the representative of the LORD ; let him catechise and instruct the people, let him dispense divine ordinances, let him excite the people to religious rites and ceremonies, and then the community needs not the Bible, all the good is extracted from it by the Priest, and he conveys is to the people. This language has been held in the present century. A pamphlet against the Bible Society had been written by a Catholic Priest, in which the writer says, “ Take your Bibles, give them as you please to the people, but I will pledge myself that in two hours I will impart to them more important truths than you, with your Bibles, shall impart in two years.” This broad blasphemy had been published in the British dominions. But there was an extreme on the other side, though it was comparatively modern. It was thought hy some that the Bible alone is sufficient for the conversion of the world, and that there no need of sending men, at the hazard of their lives, to preach the Gospel. But “is not my Word a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces, saith the Lord.” Now we have the hammer, it is true; but we need the vigorous and divinely nerved arm to lift it, in order to dash the sinful obdurate rock in pieces. The Bible and Missionaries must ever go hand in hand, and, if we send both, we have the world at our command. God has opened all its great roads and passages before us. On ordinary occasions we might see the finger of the Lord; on occasions a little more extraordinary, his hand;—but on occasions like these, we might see, if he might so express himself, the arm of the Lord, in the sending forth of his word. What an engine was the British and Foreign Bible Society! His soul was filled with gratitude to God, when he thought of its formation, its organization, and its progress. This was the foundation of all Missionary Societies. It might be objected, that the Bible might be sent to different nations of the world, where it could not be read. But this was now provided for. What had not the Baptist Missionary Society done to put Bibles into the hands of the heathen in all the languages of India ? Many, it is true, were not able to read at all; and hence arose another great branch of this work, the institution of Christian Schools, where persons converted to God themselves, were made the teachers of others, and gave lessons of instruction to the children of the heathen and idolaters. See the Christian Missionary going with his life in his hand,-he corrected that, with his Jife and soul in the hands of his God,-to proclaim his salvation to the heathen ; see the Holy Scriptures diligently circulated; and see the Christian Schoolmaster teaching the children and their parents, out of them, the lessons of grace; all thus combining to lay a foundation for the perpetuity of the Church of God, the establishment of christianity, and an interminable succession of christian teachers. To be engaged in such a work was an honour to any man,-to help forward such a work was an honour to any man. “I once thought,” observed Dr. C. “ how shall the world be converted. When I first felt a concern for immortal spirits, I felt a concern for all human spirits ; no nation contined my wishes, my feelings, my desires, my prayers : but it seemed to be beyond the power of calculation, how the word of God could be sent to the different nations of the earth. I saw that the languages of the earth were so different, so numerous, so intricate, that I thought it scarcely possible. I read orer Bishop Wilkins with great attention, and felt great interest in his attempts to form an viiversal language ; but I saw that his plan was calculated only to form a philosophical language. I afterwards met with an attempt by another person. I took that up with interest, and read to my disappointment as before. But when I saw that God had inspired many modern Missionaries with a pecnliar aptitude for learning languages, and sent them to the East, I felt that Pentecostal times were about to be realized. I prayed for the life of Carey, and MARSHMAN, and Wald, as for the life of a father, and was afraid lest every arrival should inform us that these great men ha:l died in their work; but they are alive still. I saw a most promising Mission at Ceylon rise exactly in the same way: the gift of tongues, in this sense, is given also there, and now the word of God is widely circulated, and the kingdom of God is coming with rapidity and power. Whilst we are working in this canse, we are working for the Saviour; he could do it without us, but he will save men by the means of men. This is God's way; therefore send forth your Bibles, your Missionaries, your Schoolmasters, and appoint Christian Teachers to instruct and discipline the people, and the work of the Lord will go forward, and we shall live to see and to hear even greater things than thesc."- Dr. CLARKE concluded by presenting to the Treasurers the sum of Fifty Pounds, put into his hands for that purpose by a Friend, on the preceding Friday, after he had been preaching before the Society in Grent-Queen- Street Chapel,