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Dialects, French, 59.

Egyptian language, family to which
Modern Greek, 58.

it is referable, 282.
Friesian, 59.

Elder, origin of the word, 226
English, 60.

Elements, constituent, of language,
the feeders rather than the 250.

channels of a literary lan- English language, changes in the,
guage, 60, 70.

since the translation of the
Grimm on the origin of dialects Bible in 1611, 46.
in general, 60.

richness of the vocabulary of
difficulty in tracing the history the dialects of, 60.
of dialects, 61.

real sources of the English lan-
American dialects, 63.

guage, 69.
Burmese, 63.

Prince L. Bonaparte's collection
of the Ostiakes, 63.

of English dialects, 70.
Mongolian, 64.

the English language Teutonic,
Southern Africa, 64.

class dialects, 66.

full of words derived from the
unbounded resources of dialects, most distant sources, 84.

proportion of Saxon to Norman
dialectical growth beyond the words, 84.
control of individuals, 74.

tests proving the Teutonic or-
Dictionary, Comparative, of Cath- igin of the English language,
erine the Great of Russia, 143.

Did, origin of, as a preterite, 233. genitives in English, 117.
Diez, Professor, his “ Comparative nominatives and accusatives,

Grammar of the Six Romance 119.
Dialects," 196.

origin of grammatical forms in
Dionysius Thrax, the author of the the English language, 120.

first practical Greek grammar, 100. number of words in the English
Dionysius of Halicarnassus, on the language, 266 note.
Pelasgi, 125 note.

number of words in Milton,
Discussion, etymology of, 52.

Shakspeare, and the Old Tes-
Dorpat dialect of Esthonian, 318.

tament, 267.
Du, origin of the French, 74. Ennius, 105.
Dual, the, first recognized by Zeno- his translations from Greek into
dotus, 99.

Latin, 105.
Dumaresq, Rev. Daniel, his “Com- Eos, original meaning of the name,

parative Vocabulary of Eastern 21.
Languages,” 143.

Ephraem Syrus, 276 note.
Duret, Claude, his work on lan- Epicharmus, his philosophy trans-
guage, 132 note.

lated into Latin by Ennius, 105.
Dutch language, work of Goropius Epicurus, doctrines of, embraced, in

written to prove that it was Rome, 107.
the language spoken in Para- · Erin, Pictet's derivation of the
dise, 135.

name, 245.
age of Dutch, 178.

Mr. Whitley Stokes's remarks

on the word Erin, 245 note.
Espiègle, origin of the word, 260.

Esths, or Esthonians, their language,
Earl, origin of the title, 226.

Earth, guess of Philolaus as to its dialects of, 318.

motion round the sun, 29. Estienne, Henry, his grammatical
Eddas, the two, 191.

labors anticipated by the
the name Edda, 194 note.

Brahmans, 500 B. C. 88.
Egypt, number of words in the his work on language, 131
ancient vocabulary of, 266.



Ethiopic, or Abyssinian, origin of French, origin of grammatical termi-
the, 281.

nations in French, 229.
Eudemos, on the Aryan race, 241. origin of the French future in
Euhemerus, of Messene, his neolo-

rai, 229.
gian work translated into Latin, Friesian, multitude of the dialects
by Ennius, 105.

of, 59.
Eulalia, Song of, age of the, 196. language and literature, 178.
Euripides, first translated into Latin, Fromage, origin of the French word,
by Ennius. 105.

Ewald, on the relation of the Tura- Future, the, in French, 229.

nian to the Aryan languages, 338. in Latin, 230.
Ezour-Veda, the, 156 note.

in Greek, 230.
Ezra, Chaldee fragnients in the Book in Chinese, 388.
of, 276.

in other languages, 231.

Fabius Pictor, his history of GALATIA, foundation and language
Rome in Greek, 104.

of, 199.
Fa-hian, the Chinese pilgrim to In- Galla language of Africa, family to
dia, his travels, 149.

which it belongs, 282.
Families of languages, tests for re- Ganas, the, or lists of remarkable

ducing the principal dialects of words in Sanskrit, 116.
Europe and Asia to certain, 172. Garo, formation of adjectives in, 113
Fatum, original meaning of the note.
name, 21.

Gâthâs, or songs of Zoroaster, 209.
Feeble, origin of the word, 123. Gebelin, Court de, his

Feizi and the Brahman, story of, 152. Primitif," 140.
Feu, origin of the French word, 123. compared with Hervas, 140.
Finnic class of languages, 315. Gees language, 281.

branches of Finnic, 316. Genitive case, the term used in In-
the “Kalewala, the “Iliad'

dia, 111.
of the Finns, 318.

terminations of the genitire in
tribes, original seat of the, most cases, identical with the

derivative suffixes by which
their language and literature, substantives are changed into

adjectives, 112.
national feeling lately arisen, mode of forming the genitive

in Chinese, 118 note.
Finnish, peculiarity of its grammar, formation of genitives in Latin,

Firdusi, language in which he wrote Geometry, origin of the word, 15.
his “Shahnameh," 210.

German language, history of the,
Fire-worshippers. See Parsis.

Firoz Shah, translations from San- Gipsies, language of the, 211.

skrit into Persian, made by order Glass, painted, before and since the
of, 150.

Reformation, 20.
Flaminius, his knowledge of Greek, Gordon, Captain, on the dialects of

Burmese, 63.
Flemish language and literature, Goropius, his work written to prove

that Dutch was the language
French dialects, number of, 58. spoken in Paradise, 135.

laws of change in the French Gospel, origin of the word, 122.
language, 73.

Gothic, a modern language, 122.
nominatives and accusatives, similarity between Gothic and

Latin, 127.



Gothic, class of languages to which Greek, earnestness with which Greek
Gothic belongs, 189.

grammar was taken up at
number of roots in it, 265 Rome, 103, 110.

principles which governed the
Goths, the, and Bishop Ulfilas, 187. formation of adjectives and
Grammar, the criterion of relation- genitives, 113 noie.
ship in almost all languages, spread of the Greek grammar,

English grammar unmistakably genitives in Greek, 117.
of Teutonic origin, 85.

the principle of classification
no trace of grammar in ancient never applied to speech by
Chinese, 86.

the Greeks, 124.
early achievements of the Brah- Greeks and Barbarians, 125.
mans in grammar, 88.

Plato's notion of the origin of
and the Greeks, 89.

the Greek language, 126.
origin of grammar, 90.

similarity between Greek and
causes of the earnestness with Sanskrit, 142.
which Greek grammar was affinity between Sanskrit and
taken up at Roine, 108.

Greek, 159.
the Hindú science of grammar,

formation of the dative in

Greek, 221.
origin and history of Sanskrit the future in Greek, 230.
grammar, 116.

number of forms each verb in
origin of grammatical forms, Greek yields, if conjugated

through all its voices, tenses,
historical evidence, 121.

&c., 272 note.
collateral evidence, 122.

modern, number of the dialects
genealogical classification, 124. of, 58.
comparative value of grammar Greeks, their speculations on lan-
in the classification of lan-

guages, 89.
guages, 170.

the Grammarians, 90.
comparative grammar, 214.

reasons why the ancient Greeks
Bopp's Comparative Gram-

never thought of learning a
mar," 214.



foreign language, 92.
origin of grammatical forms, first encouragement given by

trade to interpreters, 93.
mode of tracing back the gram- imaginary travels of Greek
matical framework of the philosophers, 94 note.
Aryan languages to original the Greek use of the term Bar-
independent words, 231-234.

barian, 127.
result of Bopp's “Comparative Gregory of Nyssa, St., his defence
Grammar,' 234.

of St. Basil, 40 note.
Aryan grammar, 234.

Grimm, on the origin of dialects in
Turkish grammar, 308.

general, quoted, 60.
Turkic grammar, 309.

on the idiom of nomads, quoted,
Grammatici, the, at Rome, 103.

Greek language, the, studied and his " Teutonic Grammar," 167.

cultivated by the barbarians, Growth of language, 47, 66.
Berosus, Menander, and Ma- examination of the idea that
netho, 94, 95.

man can change or improve
critical study of ancient Greek language, 48.
at Alexandria, 97.

causes of the growth of lan-
the first practical Greek gram-
mar, 100.

Guichard, Estienne, his work on lan-
generally spoken at Rome,

guage, 132 note.

Guebres. See Parsis.

guage, 50.

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HALHEAD, his remarks on the af- Hickes, on the proportion of Saxon

finity between Greek and San- to Norman words in the English
skrit, quoted, 159.

language, 84.
his Code of Gentoo Laws," Himvaritic, inscriptions in, 281.
159 note.

Hindústání, real origin of, 70.
Hamilton, Sir W., on the origin of the genitive and adjective in,
the general and particular in lan-

113 note.
guage, 377 note.

Urdu-zeban, the proper name
Harald Haarfagr, King of Norway, of Hindústání, 316.

his despotic rule and its conse- Hiouen-thsang, the Chinese pilgrim,
quences, 192

his travels into India, 149.
Haru-spex, origin of the name, Hiram, fleet of, 202.

History and language, connection
Harun-al-Rashid, translations made between, 76.

from Sanskrit works at his court, Hliod, or quida, of Norway, 193.

Saemund's collection of, 193.
Haug, his labors in Zend, 209. Hoei-seng, the Chinese pilgrim to
Haussa language of Africa, family India, his travels, 149.
to which it belongs, 282.

Homer, critical study of, at Alex-
Hebrew, idea of the fathers of the andria, 97.
church that it was the prim-

influence of the critical study
itive language of mankind, of, on the development of

grammatical terminology, 98.
amount of learning and inge- Horace, on the changes Latin had
nuity wasted on this ques- undergone in his time, 67.
tion, 133.

Hors, origin of the French word,
Leibniz, the first who really 123.

conquered this prejudice, 135. House, name for in Sanskrit, and
number of roots in, 265.

other Aryan languages, 236, and
ancient form of the, 280.

Aramean modifications of, 280. Humanity, the word not to be found

swept away by Arabic, 281. in Plato or Aristotle, 128.
Hekate, an old name of the moon, Humboldt, Alex. von, on the limits

of exact knowledge, quoted, 29.
“Heljand," the, of the Low Ger- Humboldt, William von, his patron-
mans, 178.

age of Comparative Philology,
Hellenic branch of the Indo-Euro- 167.

pean family of languages, 198. Hungarians, ancestors of the, 320.
Herat, origin of the name, 247.

- language of the, 320, 321.
Hermippus, his translation of the its affinity to the Ugro-Finnic

works of Zoroaster into Greek, dialects, 321.

Huron Indians, rapid changes in the
Herodotus, his travels, 94.

dialects of the, 62.
on the Pelasgi, 125 note. Hyades, origin of the word, 17.
Hervas, his reduction of the multi-

tude of American dialects to

eleven families, 63.
- his list of works published dur- Ibn-WAHSHIYYAH, the Chaldean,

ing the 16th century, on the his Arabic translation of "the
science of language, 131 note. Nabatean Agriculture," 279.
account of him and of his account of him and his works,
labors, 139.

279 note.
compared with Gebelin, 140. Iceland, foundation of an aristocratic
his discovery of the Malay and republic in, 192.
Polynesian family of speech, - intellectual and literary activity

of the people of, 192.


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Iceland, later history of, 193. Jews, and from the fourth to the
Icelandic language, 190.

tenth centuries, 277.
Iconium, Turkish, sultans of, 307.

their adoption of Arabic, 277.
Illumination of Manuscripts, lost art their return to a kind of mod-
of, 20.

ernized Hebrew, 277.
Illyrians, Greek and Roman writers Jones, Sir William, his remarks on

on the race and language of the, the affinity between Sanskrit and
126 note.

Greek, 159.
Illyrian language, the ancient, 196 Julien, M. Stanislas, his notes on the

Chinese language, 118 note.
Myrian languages, 200.

Justinian, the Emperor, sends an
India, the Mulla Abdu-l-Kadir Ma embassy to the Turks, 302.

luk's general history of, 151

origin of the name of India,

“KALEWALA," the, the “Iliad"
Indian Philosophers, difficulty of ad of the Finns, 318.

mitting the intluence of, on Greek Kalmuks, the, 296, 300.
philosophers, 94 note.

Kapchakian empire, the, 297.
Inities, East and West, historical Kara-Kalpak tribes near Aral-Lake,
meaning of the names, 227.

Indo-European family of languages. Karelian dialect of Finnic, 318.
See Aryan.

Karians, Greek authors on the, 125
Inflectional stage of language, 324. note.
Instrumental, formation of the, in Kempe, André, his notion of the
Chinese, 119 note, 218.

languages spoken in Paradise,
Interjectional theory of roots, 367. 135 nuote.
Interpreters, first encouragement Kepler, quoted, 129 note.
given to, by trade, 93.

Khi-nie, the Chinese pilgrim, his
Irán, modern name of Persia, origin travels into India, 149.
of the, 242.

Kirgis tribe, the, 305.
Iranic class of languages, 205. Kirgis Hordes, the three, 305.
Iron, name for, in Sanskrit and Kirgis-Kasak, tribe of the, 305.
Gothic, 236.

Kumüks, tribe of the, in the Cau-
Iron, the Os of the Caucasus calling

casus, 303.
themselves, 213.

Kuthami, the Nabatean, his work on
Italian dialects, number of, 58, 197.

“Nabatean Agriculture," 280.
natural growth of, 67.

period in which he lived, 280
real sources of, 69.

Italians, the, indebted to the Greeks

for the very rudiments of civiliza-

tion, 101.
Italic class of languages, 196. Laban, language of, 278.
Italy, dialects spoken in, before the Language, science of, one of the
rise of Rome, 197.

physical sciences, 11, 31.
Its, as a possessive pronoun, intro modern date of the science of,
duction of, 46.

names of the science of, 14.
meaning of the science of, 14.

little it offers to the utilitarian
JEROME, St., his opinion that He spirit of our age, 20.

brew was the primitive language modern importance of the sci-
of mankind, 132.

ence of, in political and social
Jews, literary' idiom of the, in the questions, 22.

century preceding and following the barrier between man and
the Christian era, 277.

beast, 23.

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