Page images

to them through a different channel than | author objects upon sufficient evidence. that from which they are accustomed to Color, he says, is an uncertain mark of receive it, we are indebted to that science origin and descent. The offspring of for the correction of some false interpre- European and Hindoo parents may be tations of Scripture, and the illustration of either white or colored; and if the childsome important subjects of philosophical ren be white the grand-children may be colinquiry. No other science could have de-ored--a fact as unaccountable as the asmonstrated the Scriptural account of the serted appearance of gout in alternate creation of the universe, the antiquity of generations. And although the world the earth, the origin of animal and vege was re-peopled by the descendants of one table life, the existence of the sun antece- man, there were three fathers of the race, dent to the fiat, “ Let there be light,” and and they, or their wives, may bave posthe presence of death in the world before sessed some of those marked features the fall of man; no other science could which dis:inguish their descendants-Ham have suggested the important doctrine of of the African, Japhet of the European, specific centers of creation, or have so well Shem of the Asiatic. National characmet the difficulty of explaining a universal teristics of form and feature must, theredeluge.

fore, be traced to a period antecedent to Science was at fault in the discussion of the Deluge. the origin of nations and languages, but The origin of the diversity of language, its conclusions came into agreement with is a question apparently connected with Scripture when it discovered its own error. that of the origin of the races. The narSacred writers affirm positively that “Eve rative of the confusion of tongues has was the mother of all living,” and that been rudely attacked by some daring dis“God hath made of one blood all nations puters, but many eminent philologists beof men for to dwell on all the face of the lieve all languages to have had a common earth.” In opposition to this doctrine it was origin, and trace in them evidences of a affirmed by science that “there were an violent separation. In the six thousand indefinite number of separate creations." lauguages or dialects now spoken by man, This assumption was founded on analogy, there is said to be such a relation in and the error was scientifically answered by structure and in their radicals, as can not Dr. Pritchard. “ All the diversities which be explained without assuming a common exist are variable,” says that eminent origin. We are not among those who writer, and

pass into each other by in-believe the Bible narrative of the confusensible gradations, and there is, more. sion of tongues to be much interested in over, scarcely an instance in which the the question whether all human languages actual transition can not be proved to are traceable to a common source. The have taken place.” The controversy still language of Noah, which became the exists among the ethnologists, and a dif- common tongue of all his children, was ference of opinion will probably continue confounded that the people might not among them; but believing, as we do, understand it, and that they might be that science has in this instance corrected “scattered abroad over the earth.” Why its error, we acknowledge a perfect agree- a relic of the old should have remained in ment between its conclusions and the the new, and why that relic should now teaching of Scripture.

be discoverable by us in all, we do not Archdeacon Pratt satisfactorily meets | understand. It is not necessary that we an objection to the unity of the human should find a common stock for all human race, founded on the representation of the tongues, as a proof of the unity of the specific forms and complexions of the Ne- human race. gro, Egyptian, and Asiatic, in certain The second part of Archdeacon Pratt's Egyptian paintings, supposed to have been book is a short essay on "The Historical executed in the time of Moses, about 850 Character, Plenary Inspiration, and Suryears after the Deluge. Such national di- passing Importance of the First Eleven versities of form, could not, say the ob- Chapters of Genesis.” The author mainjectors, have been produced in the short tains the credibility of the history they interval of time which elapsed between contain, by reference to the numerous inthe Deluge and the Exodus of the Israel- stances in which the facts are re-stated, ites, if all the races had their origin from frequently in the same words, by our Lord one man-Noah. To this conclusion our and his disciples. The credibility of the


history being thus established, the inspira- | filled

the coming of the seed of the wotion follows of necessity, for in no other man to bruise the serpent's head, and a way could the facts have been communi- declaration of the future condition of the cated to the narrator. The importance sons of Noah. of the history can not be over-estimated, We do not claim for Archdeacon Pratt's for it is the only record of the creation of book any marked originality of thought, the world, and of the condition of the an- but it is a clear and concise record of tediluvian people. It announces the insti- some former controversies between human tution of marriage, of sacrifice, and of the research and Divine revelation; and as Sabbath; and it more overcontains two such, we recommend it to our readers. prophecies, both of which have been ful

[blocks in formation]

THE NEW-YORK PULPIT IN THE REVIVAL OF 1858. are not literary discourses. They are plain, direct,

A MEMORIAL VOLUME OF SERMONS. Pp. 394. and highly colloquial in style, and doubtless for this New-York: Sheldon, Blakeman & Co. Richmond: reason they have been far more attractive and useful, Wortham & Cothell. 1858.

with whatever of faults and imperfections they may

possess, than if they abounded with the erudition of This volume, comprising twenty-five Discourses the schools. That preaching and that sermon is the from twenty-five able ministers and pastors of most truly eloquent which, by the power of the twenty-five large and influential churches of New Spirit, most effectually secures the great end in view York and Brooklyn, of seven different denomina- --the renovation and salvation of souls. It is a tions, is an eloquent and fitting memorial of the significant and an encouraging fact, if the enterprisgreat religious Revival

, which will form a most im- ing publishers find an adequate demand for these portant and interesting chapter in the history of the continuous issues from the lips of this modern time. Talent, learning, long experience and tried Whitefield. fidelity in the ministerial office, are here collected and combined in one harmonious and brotherly volume, GLIMPSES OF JESUS; OR, CHRIST EXALTED IN THE of different and differing denominations. How good AFFECTIONS OF His PEOPLE. By W. P. BALFERN. and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together “Ho shall be exalted and extolled, and be very in one volume of Unity!

high.” (Isaiah 53 : 18.) From the Second Loui

don Edition. Pp. 259. New York: Sheldon, SELECT DISCOURSES. By ADOLPHE MONOD, KRUM- Blakeman & Co. Boston: Gould & Lincoln.

MACHER, THOLUCK, AND JULIUS MÜLLER: Trans- Richmond: Wortham & Cothell. 1858.
lated from the French and German. With Bio-
graphical Notices and Dr. Monod's celebrated

THE title of this choice volume in its obvious Lecture on the Delivery of Sermons. By Rev. meaning breathes through all its pages and pervades H. C. Fish and D. W. Poor, D.D. With a fine all its language. It seems to have been written steel portrait of Dr. Monod. Pp. 408. New-York: from the overflowings of a pious mind in love with Sheldon, Blakeman & Company. Boston : Gould its theme, more than with any ambition of literary & Lincoln. 1858.

excellence. It is enough to announce the publication of these WOMAN: HER MISSION AND Life: By ADOLPHE eloquent discourses, from the pens of the eminent MONOD, D.D., OF Paris. Translated from the men who are their authors. Their reputation is French: with a Biographical Sketch of the Author, world-wide. Their learning, piety, and wisdom and a Portrait. “They who rock the cradle, rule commend their writings to all who cau appreciate the world.” Pp. 82. Now-York: Sheldon, Blakehuman excellence. The translators have done man & Co. Boston: Gould & Lincoln. 1858, a good service to the cause of sacred literature in clothing these twenty Discourses in a neat English

It would naturally be expected that a man of so dress. The letter-press is very creditable to the much mental and moral worth, and of talents so enterprising publishers.

eminent, would utter thoughts in regard to Woman's

Mission worthy of his theme, and so the reader of SERMONS OF THE REV. C. H. SPURGEON, Of London. this little volume will find enough amply to repay

Fourth Series. Pp. 445. New-York: Sheldon, perusal.
Blakeman & Co. Washington: William Ballan.
tyne. 1858.


ham has now been stowed away on board the two This volume comprises twenty-seven discourses, vessels with which last year's attempt was made. which were reported from the lips of their author The total length of cable with which the attempt and published. They are not learned sermons; they I was made last year was rather uvder than over 2400


[ocr errors]

miles, which was so near the quantity actually re- rary of St. Petersburg, and in the Library of Copenquired to span the distance that the first loss of 300 hagen. Jakout's Dictionary was compiled with the miles proved fatal to the whole attempt, for that time greatest care, and forms a perfect summary of the at least. Now, however, the length of cable on state of geographical science in his country and age. board both vessels is precisely 3012 miles, exclusive Amongst other curious things it contains an account of the shore ends, of much greater weight and of an embassy sent to Bouskara by the Emperor of thickness, and which amount to about thirty miles China, as far back as 942, and one of a mission to


There is therefore in round numbers 3050 the King of the Bulgarians, sent by the Caliph Mokmiles of cable to submerge between two points only hadin Billah, in 921. 1950 statute miles apart, so that 1100 miles, or about forty per cent, is allowed for accidents and We learn with regret from Paris three new in. slack in paying out. This immense cable, which stances of the extreme rigor of the present Governweighs about one ton per mile, will be equally di- ment of France towards literature and the press. A vided between the Agamemnon and Niagara. All work, in three large volumes, entitled, "De la Justhe ships of the squadron will leave Plymouth about tice dans la Revolution et dans l'Eglise," by P. J. the twenty-fourth or twenty-fifth of this month Proudhon, the well-known writer on politics and (May) on their experimental trip, which will occupy political economy, published within the last few days, from six to ten days. The squadron then returns to has been seized by the police; and the author and Queenstown, and starts for the great attempt about publisher of it are to be prosecuted. The peculiar the tenth June. Both ships, with the accompanying doctrines of M. Proudhon are far from obtaining frigates, make all speed to the Atlantic, or rather to general assent; but considering that he is universally the center of the space to be traversed by the cable, allowed to be one of the most original thinkers and which is about 32 degs. west of Greenwich. Here one of the most brilliant writers of his country in the splice between the two halves will be made these days, it is hard that he should be rudely without loss of time. There are 1500 fathoms water silenced. The second instance of rigor is the supwhere this join must be made, and both vessels will pression of an old-established daily newspaper, by · remain stationary until the splice has well settled name the Estafette, for having been twice conon the bottom, when the Niagara will at once steer demned on the prosecution of the Government; and for the New World, and the Agamemnon return to the third is the exclusion from circulation in France the Old. The depths to which the Niagara will of the Belgian daily newspaper, the Indépendance, have to sink her portion vary quickly and irregularly for having publislied Paris letters of which the tone from 1500 to 2500 fathoms, or from 14 to about 31 was displeasing to people in high places at Paris. miles; and this is the case also with the Agamemnon's portion of the distance. But on the American side On Wednesday evening the sixty-ninth annual the water shoals easily and gradually towards New- festival of the Royal Literary Fund was celebrated foundland, whereas on the British portion of the at the Freemasons' Tavern. Lord Palmerston preoccan the Agamemnon will have to surmount asided, and proposed the toast of the evening. We tremendous ridge, which may be called the Andes observe that he took credit to her present Majesty of those vast submarine plains of the Atlantic. It for being the first sovereign of this country who had commences at about 50 west longitude, and in the acknowledged literary attainments "as a claim to course of a few miles the water suddenly shoals the distinctions which it was her peculiar prerogative from 1750 fathoms to 550. Up this vast rocky pre- to bestow.” This is, of course, a fiction. * Iler cipice-almost as steep as the side of Mount Blanc Majesty” means “ Her Majesty's Prime Minister," -the cable must be laid with extreme care. This Lord Palmerston himself, who advised the elevation difficulty once overcome, the way thence to Valentia of Lord Macaulay to the peerage. But the statebecomes comparatively of no account. In case of ment needs modification. Literary merit was cer. dangerous weather arising, the first consideration in tainly not Lord Macaulay's sole qualification. Ito all cases will be, of course, the safety of the cable. was a politician before he was an historian; and Each vessel is provided with reels of strong wire even as an historian, the claims of party are obvious. rope which can be attached to buoys made in the ly, in his mind, paramount to the claims of historical inanner of ordinary fishing floats, though, of course, impartiality. We must be thankful for Lord capable of sustaining a weight of several tons. Macaulay's liberality, such as it is; but his history Provided with this apparatus, the cable may be cut | is, after all, a gigantic Whig pamplet. Wo much without reluctance, if ever the weather threatens, doubt whether the present reign is the first epoch and the end of it (firmly secured to the rope and in our history, when the claims of literature to high buoy) allowed to rest almost upon the bed of the honor in the tate were acknowledged. Putting ocean, to be hauled up directly the storm has passed. our early sovereigns, Edward III., Richard II., and -London paper, May 18.

Henry IV., out of the question, surely, Addison and
Steele owed their honors to literature rather than

politics. At any rate, literature has always been a
The Imperial Library at Paris has just oblained passport in the Church to preferments, which it is the
a copy of the “Geographical Dictionary" of Jakout, peculiar prerogative of the Crown to bestow. How-
one of the most learned Oriental writers of the ever, Lord Palmerston's allusion answered the pur-
thirteenth century. It consists of six folio volumes, pose of the moment. M. Van de Weyer, in return.
and has been taken partly from the portion of the ing thanks for the health of the " Foreign Ministers,"
original manuscript of Jakout, which is in the pos- dwelt upon the interest takon in English literature
session of Kupruly Pacha, at Constantinople-partly abroad, and stated that a congress of literary men
from a copy of the remainder of that manuscript was about shortly to be held in Belgium, to consult
which belongs to Achi Effendi, of the same city. on matters relating to their common interests. The
Only four complete copies of Jakout's Dictionary subscriptions and donations announced in the course
havo hitherto been made, and they are in the British of the evening, amounted to about 9002., of which
Museum, in the University of Oxford, in the Lib. one bundred guineas were subscribed by the Queen.


[graphic][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »