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He that is surety for a stranger shall smart Faith, I have been a truant in the law, for it.

And never yet could frame my will to it; Proverbs. XI. 15.

And therefore frame the law unto my will. 2

Henry VI. Pt. I. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 7. That very law which moulds a tear, And bids it trickle from its source,

But in these nice sharp quillets of the law, That law preserves the earth a sphere,

Good faith, I am no wiser than a daw. And guides the planets in their course.

Henry VI. Pt. I. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 11. SAM'L ROGERS-On a Tear. St. 6.

The first thing we do, let's kill all the lawyers. La loi permet souvent ce que défend l'honneur. Henry VI. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 84.

The law often allows what honor forbids.
SAURIN—Spartacus. III. 3.

Press not a falling man too far! 'tis virtue:

His faults lie open to the laws; let them,
Si judicas, cognosce; si regnas, jube.

Not you, correct him.
If you judge, investigate; if you reign, Henry VIII. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 333.

When law can do no right,

Let it be lawful that law bar no wrong. 5 Qui statuit aliquid, parte inaudita altera,

King John. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 185. &quum licet statuerit, haud æquus fuerit. He who decides a case without hearing the

'Tis like the breath of an unfee'd lawyer; you other side, though he decide justly, cannot be gave me nothing for 't. considered just.

King Lear. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 142. SENECA-Medea. CXCIX.


Bold of your worthiness, we single you Inertis est nescire, quid liceat sibi.

As our best-moving fair solicitor. Id facere, laus est, quod decet; non, quod licet. Love's Labour's Lost. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 28.

It is the act of the indolent not to know what he may lawfully do. It is praiseworthy to do We have strict statutes and most biting laws. what is becoming, and not merely what is Measure for Measure. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 19. lawful.


We must not make a scarecrow of the law,

Setting it up to fear the birds of prey, There is a higher law than the Constitution. And let it keep one shape, till custom make it W. H. SEWARD-Speech. March 11, 1850. Their perch and not their terror.

Measure for Measure. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 1. 8

You who wear out a good wholesome forenoon in hearing a cause between an orange-wife and To offend, and judge, are distinct offices a fosset-seller; and then rejourn the controversy

And of opposed natures. of three pence to a second day of audience. Merchant of Venice. Act II. Sc. 9. L. 61, Coriolanus. Act II, Sc. 1. L. 77.

In law, what plea so tainted and corrupt
He hath resisted law, But, being season'd with a gracious voice,
And therefore law shall scorn him further trial Obscures the show of evil?
Than the severity of the public power.

Merchant of Venice. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 75. Coriolanus. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 267. 10

It must not be; there is no power in Venice In the corrupted currents of this world,

Can alter a decree established: Offence's gilded hand may shove by justice;

'Twill be recorded for a precedent; And oft 'tis seen the wicked prize itself

And many an error by the same example Buys out the law: but 'tis not so above;

Will rush into the state. There is no shuffling, there the action lies

Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 218. In his true nature; and we ourselves compellid, Even to the teeth and forehead of our faults,

The bloody book of law To give in evidence.

You shall yourself read in the bitter letter Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 57.

After your own sense.

Othello. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 67. 11 But is this law?


I am a subject,
Ay, marry is 't; crowner's quest law.
Hamlet. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 23.

And I challenge law: attorneys are denied me;
And therefore

personally I lay my claim

To my inheritance of free descent. But, I prithee, sweet wag, shall there be gal

Richard II. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 133. lows standing in England when thou art king? and resolution thus fobbed as it is with the rusty Before I be convict by course of law, curb of old father antic the law?

To threaten me with death is most unlawful. Henry IV. Pt. I. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 65. Richard III. Act I, Sc. 4. L. 192.







Do as adversaries do in law,
Strive mightily, but eat and drink as friends.

Taming of the Shrew. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 278.

Worthy Communicant. Chap. IV. Sect. IV.
Quoted from SCHOTT — Adagia. P. 351.
Prov. E, Suida. Cent. II. 17.





We are for law; he dies.

Timon of Athens. Act III. Sc. 5. L. 86. They have been grand-jurymen since before Noah was a sailor.

Twelfth Night. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 16. Still you keep o' the windy side of the law.

Twelfth Night. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 181.

Laws are generally found to be nets of such a texture, as the little creep through, the great break through, and the middle-sized alone are entangled in. SHENSTONE-On Politics.


Quod vos jus cogit, id voluntate impetret.
What the law insists upon, let it have of your

own free will.
TERENCE-Adelphi. III. 4. 44.
Jus summum sæpe summa est malitia.

The strictest law sometimes becomes the
severest injustice.

TERENCE-Heauton timoroumenos. IV. 5. 48.
The law is good, if a man use it lawfully.

I Timothy. I. 8.




No man e'er felt the halter draw,
With good opinion of the law.




When to raise the wind some lawyer tries,
Mysterious skins of parchment meet our eyes;
On speeds the smiling suit-

The Law: It has honored us, may we honor it.
DANIEL WEBSTER—T'oast at the Charleston Bar

Dinner. May 10, 1847.






Till stript—nonsuited-he is doomed to toss

The glorious uncertainty of law, In legal shipwreck, and redeemless loss,

Toast of WILBRAHAM at a dinner of judges and Lucky, if like Ulysses, he can keep

counsel at Serjeants' Inn Hall, 1756. Quoted His head above the waters of the deep.

by MR. SHERIDAN in 1802. HORACE AND JAMES SMITH-Rejected Addresses. Architectural Atoms. Trans. by Dr. B. T.

And he that gives us in these days

New Lords may give us new laws. Men keep their engagements when it is an ad

GEORGE WITHER—Contented Man's Morrice. vantage to both parties not to break them. SOLON—Answer to Anacharsis. In PLUTARCH

And through the heat of conflict keeps the law Life of Solon.

In calmness made, and sees what he foresaw. (See also ANACHARSIS)

WORDSWORTH-Character of a Happy Warrior.

L. 53.

23 Laws are like cobwebs, which may catch small flies, but let wasps and hornets break through.

He it was that first gave to the law the air of SWIFT-Essay on the Faculties of the Mind.

a science. He found it a skeleton, and clothed it (See also ANACHARSIS)

with life, colour, and complexion; he embraced

the cold statue, and by his touch it grew into Bonis nocet quisquis pepercerit malis.

youth, health, and beauty. He hurts the good who spares the bad.

BARRY YELVERTON (Lord Avonmore)-On SYRUS-Maxims.


(See also WEBSTER under CREDIT) 10 Judex damnatur cum nocens absolvitur. The judge is condemned when the guilty is

LEARNING acquitted SYRUS-Maxims.

Much learning doth make thee mad.

Acts. XXVI. 24. Corruptissima republica, plurimæ leges.

(See also BURTON) The more corrupt the state, the more laws. TACITUS—Annales. III. 27.

It is always in season for old men to learn.

ÆSCHYLUS-Agamemnon. Rebus cunctis inest quidam velut orbis.

The green retreats In all things there is a kind of law of cycles Of Academus. TACITUS-Annales. III. 55.

AKENSIDE- Pleasures of the Imagination.

Canto I. L. 591. Initia magistratum nostrorum meliora, ferme finis inclinat.

Learning hath his infancy, when it is but be Our magistrates discharge their duties best ginning and almost childish; then his youth, at the beginning; and fall off toward the end. when it is luxuriant and juvenile; then his TACITUS Annales. XV. 31.

strength of years, when it is solid and reduced;

and lastly his old age, when it waxeth dry and A man must not go to law because the mu exhaust. sician keeps false time with his foot.

BACON-Essays Civil and Moral. Of VicisJEREMY TAYLOR—Vol. VIII. P. 145. The situde of Things.

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Reading maketh a full man; conference a Next these learn'd Jonson in this list I bring ready man; and writing an exact man.

Who had drunk deep of the Pierian Spring. BACON-Essays. Of Studies.

DRAYTON-Of Poets and Poesie.

(See also POPE) The king to Oxford sent a troop of horse, For Tories own no argument but force;

Consider that I laboured not for myself only, With equal care, to Cambridge books he sent,

but for all them that seek learning. For Whigs allow no force but argument.

Ecclesiasticus. XXXIII. 17.
SIR WILLIAM BROWNE—Epigram. In reply to 16
Dr. Trapp.

Extremæ est dementiæ discere dediscenda.
(See also TRAPP)

It is the worst of madness to learn what has

to be unlearnt. Learning will be cast into the mire and trodden ERASMUS-De Ratione Studii. down under the hoofs of a swinish multitude. BURKE-Reflections on the Revolution in France.

There is no other Royal path which leads to

geometry. Out of too much learning become mad.

EUCLID to PTOLEMY I. See Proclus' CommenBURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Pt. III. taries on Euclid's Elements. Bk. II. Ch. IV. Sec. 4. Memb. 1. Subsec. 2.

18 (See also Acts)

Learning by study must be won; 5

'Twas ne'er entail'd from son to son. In mathematics he was greater

GAYThe Pack Horse and Carrier. L. 41. Than Tycho Brahe, or Erra Pater; For he, by geometric scale,

Whence is thy learning? Hath thy toil Could take the size of pots of ale.

O'er books consum'd the midnight oil? BUTLER—Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 119.

GAY-Shepherd and Philosopher. L. 15. And wisely tell what hour o'th' day

Walkers at leisure learning's flowers may spoil The clock does strike by Algebra.

Nor watch the wasting of the midnight oil. BUTLERHudibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 125.

GAYTrivia. Bk. II. L. 558. 7

(See also SHENSTONE) The languages, especially the dead,

The sciences, and most of all the abstruse, I've studied now Philosophy
The arts, at least all such as could be said

And Jurisprudence, Medicine
To be the most remote from common use, And even, alas, Theology
In all these he was much and deeply read. From end to end with labor keen;
BYRONDon Juan. Canto I. Št. 40. And here, poor fool; with all my lore

I stand no wiser than before.
And gladly wolde he lerne and gladly teche. GOETHE-Faust. I. Night. BAYARD TAYLOR'S
CHAUCER-Canterbury Tales. Prologue. L. trans.

Yet, he was kind, or, if severe in aught, Doctrina est ingenii naturale quoddam pabulum.

The love he bore to learning was in fault; Learning is a kind of natural food for the mind. The village all declar'd how much he knew, CICERO_Adapted from Acad. Quaest. 4. 41, 'Twas certain he could write and cipher too. and De Sen. 14.

GOLDSMITH-The Deserted Village. L. 205. (See also CICERO under MIND)

23 10

While words of learned length and thundering When Honor's sun declines, and Wealth takes sound wings,

Amaz'd the gazing rustics rang'd around. Then Learning shines, the best of precious GOLDSMITH-The Deserted Village. L. 211.

things. COCKER-Urania. (1670)

And still they gazed, and still the wonder grew,

That one small head should carry all it knew. Learning without thought is labor lost; GOLDSMITH-The Deserted Village. L. 215. thought without learning is perilous.

Ed. 1822, printed for John Sharp. Other CONFUCIUS-Analects. Bk. II. Ch. XV. editions give "could” for “should, "brain"

for "head.” There is the love of knowing without the love of learning; the beclouding here leads to dissipa- Men of polite learning and a liberal education. tion of mind.

MATTHEW HENRY-Commentaries. The Acts. CONFUCIUS—Analects. Bk. XVII. Ch. VIII. Ch. X.

26 13 Here the heart

Deign on the passing world to turn thine eyes May give a useful lesson to the head,

And pause awhile from Learning to be wise; And learning wiser grow without

his books. Yet think what ills the scholar's life assail, COWPER—The Task. Bk. VI. Winter Walk at Toil, envy, want, the patron, and the goal. Noon. L. 85.

See nations, slowly wise and meanly just,










full of mony.








To buried merit raise the tardy bust.
SAMUEL JOHNSON-Vanity of Human Wishes. Delle belle eruditissima, delle erudite bellissima.

L. 157. Imitation of Juvenal. Satire X. Most learned of the fair, most fair of the
"Garret” instead of "patron" in 4th Ed. learned.
See BOSWELL'SLife. (1754)


MARCHESIA in an edition of the latter's Nosse velint omnes, mercedem solvere nemo.

poems. See GRESWELL-Memoirs of PoliAll wish to be learned, but no one is willing tian. (See also MACAULAY) to pay the price.

13 JUVENAL—Satires. VII. 157.

Few men make themselves Masters of the

things they write or speak.
The Lord of Learning who upraised mankind JOHN SELDENTable Talk. Learning.
From being silent brutes to singing men.
LELANDThe Music-lesson of Confucius. No man is the wiser for his Learning

Wit and Wisdom are born with a man.
Thou art an heyre to fayre lyving, that is JOHN SELDENTable Talk. Learning.
nothing, if thou be disherited of learning, for
better were it to thee to inherite righteousnesse Homines, dum docent, discunt.
then riches, and far more seemly were it for thee Men learn while they teach.
to haue thy Studie full of bookes, then thy pursse SENECA-Epistolæ Ad Lucilium. VII.
LYLY-Euphues. Letters to a Young Gentleman Learning is but an adjunct to ourself
in Naples named Alcius.

And where we are our learning likewise is.

Love's Labour's Lost. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 314. He [Steele) was a rake among scholars, and a scholar among rakes.

Well, for your favour, sir, why, give God MACAULAY-Review of Aikin's Life of Addison. thanks, and make no boast of it; and for your (See also SANNAZARIUS)

writing and reading, let that appear when there

is no need of such vanity. He (Temple) was a man of the world among Much Ado About Nothing. Act III. Sc. 3. L. men of letters, a man of letters among me of 17. the world. MACAULAY-Review of Life and Writings of this learning, what a thing it is! Sir William Temple.

Taming of the Shrew. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 160. Il ne l'en fault pas arrouser, il l'en fault teindre. I trimmed my lamp, consumed themidnight oil.

Not merely giving the mind a slight tincture SHENSTONE-Elegies. XI. St. 7. but a thorough and perfect dye.

(See also Gay; also PLUTARCH under ARGUMENT) MONTAIGNE. (See also POPE)

I would by no means wish a daughter of mine

to be a progeny of learning. Ils n'ont rien appris, ni rien oublie.

R. B. SHERIDAN-The Rivals. Act I. Sc. 2. They have learned nothing, and forgotten nothing.

Learn to live, and live to learn, CHEVALIER DE PANET to MALLET DU PAN. Ignorance like a fire doth burn,

Jan., 1796. (Of the Bourbons.) Attributed Little tasks make large return. also to TALLEYRAND.

A little learning is a dangerous thing;

Wearing his wisdom lightly.
Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring; TENNYSONA Dedication.
Their shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,
And drinking largely sobers us again.

Wearing all that weight
POPE—Essays on Criticism. L. 215.

Of learning lightly like a flower. (See also DRAYTON, MONTAIGNE)

TENNYSON-In Memoriam. Conclusion. St.

Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield;
Learn from the beasts the physic of the field; The King, observing with judicious eyes,
The arts of building from the bee receive;

The state of both his universities,
Learn of the mole to plough, the worm to weave. To one he sent a regiment, for why?
POPEEssay on Man. Ep. III. L. 173.

That learned body wanted loyalty;

To the other he sent books, as well discerning, Ask of the Learn'd the way? The Learn'd are How much that loyal body wanted learning. blind;

JOSEPH TRAPP_Epigram. On George I.'s This bids to serve, and that to shun mankind; Donation of Bishop Ely's Library to Some place the bliss in action, some in ease,

Cambridge University. Those call it Pleasure, and Contentment these.

(See also BROWNE) POPE--Essay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 19.

Our gracious monarch viewed with equal eye Ein Gelehrter hat keine Langweile.

The wants of either university; A scholar knows no ennui.

Troops he to Oxford sent, well knowing why, JEAN PAUL RICHTERHesperus. 8.

That learned body wanted loyalty;












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But books to Cambridge sent, as well discerning That that right loyal body wanted learning.

Another version of TRAPP.

1 Our royal master saw with heedful eyes The state of his two universities; To one he sends a regiment, for why? That learned body wanted loyalty. To the other books he gave, as well discerning, How much that loyal body wanted learning. Version attributed to Thos. WARTON.

(See also BROWNE for answer.) 2 Ab uno disce omnes.

From one learn all.

VERGIL-Æneid. II. 65. Disce, puer, virtutem ex me, verumque laborem; Fortunam ex aliis.

Learn, O youth, virtue from me and true labor; fortune from others. VERGIL-Æneid. XII. 435.




On Leven's banks, while free to rove,
And tune the rural pipe to love,
I envied not the happiest swain
That ever trod the Arcadian plain.
Pure stream! in whose transparent wave
My youthful limbs I wont to lave;
No torrents stain thy limpid source,
No rocks impede thy dimpling course,
That sweetly warbles o'er its bed,
With white, round, polish'd pebbles spread.


He that's liberal To all alike, may do a good by chance, But never out of judgment. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHERThe Spanish

Curate. Act I. Sc. 1.


Aut disce, aut discede; manet sors tertia, cædi.

Either learn, or depart; a third course is open to you, and that is, submit to be flogged. Winchester College. Motto of the Schoolroom.

5 Much learning shows how little mortals know, Much wealth, how little worldings can enjoy.

YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night VI. L. 519. Were man to live coeval with the sun, The patriarch-pupil would be learning still.

YOUNG—Night Thoughts. Night VII. L. 86.



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Then gently scan your brother man,

Still gentler sister woman;
Tho' they may gang a kennin' wrang,

To step aside is human.
BURNS—Address to the Unco Guid.

It is better to believe that a man does possess good qualities than to assert that he does not. Chinese Moral Maxims. Compiled by JOHN

FRANCIS DAVIS, F. R. S. China, 1823. 18 The liberal soul shall be made fat.

Proverbs. XI. 25.


Shall I say to Cæsar What you require of him? for he partly begs To be desir'd to give. It much would please him, That of his fortunes you should make a staff To lean upon.

Antony and Cleopatra. Act III. Sc. 13. L. 67.




And leave us leisure to be good.

GRAY-Hymn. Adversity. Sc. 3.
No blessed leisure for Love or Hope,
But only time for Grief.
HoonThe Song of the Shirt

Retired Leisure, That in trim gardens takes his pleasure.

MILTON-Il Penseroso. L. 49.

LIBERTY A day, an hour, of virtuous liberty Is worth a whole eternity in bondage.

ADDISON—Cato. Act II. Sc. 1.



L'arbre de la liberté ne croit qu'arrosé par le sang des tyrans.

The tree of liberty grows only when watered by the blood of tyrants. BARÉRE—Speech in the Convention Nationale.


Mend when thou canst; be better at thy leisure.

King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 232.



Leisure is pain; take off our chariot wheels,
How heavily we drag the load of life!
Blest leisure is our curse; like that of Cain,
It makes us wander, wander earth around
To fly that tyrant, thought.

YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night II. L. 125.

But what is liberty without wisdom, and without virtue? It is the greatest of all possible evils; for it is folly, vice, and madness, without tuition or restraint. BURKE-Reflections on the Revolution in


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