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Anscharius, St., anecdote of, i. 401
Antichrist, laid open and exposed in the
Revelation of St. John, iii. 429-the
Pope, or church of Rome, is the
Antichrist foretold in the scriptures,
431-circumstances which tended to
bring the Protestants' views on this
subject into disrepute, 432-the Pa-
pists themselves are obliged to own
that the prophecies of St. John refer
to the church of Rome, 434-differ-
ence of opinion between Protestants
and Catholics on the antichristian
power, 435-arguments to prove that
Antichrist was not a civil power, but
a spiritual, 441
Antoninus, emperor, motives on which
he was desirous of initiation in the
Eleusinian mysteries, i. 198-obser-
vations on his reflections on the Chris-
tians, 369-his reflections on death,
456-his notion of the human soul,

Apis, the symbol of the Egyptian god
Osiris, ii. 225

Apollo, explanation of those oracles of
his which were quoted by Eusebius
from Porphyry, i. 212


Pythian, his oracles paralleled
with the prophecies of scripture, by
Middleton, iii. 204-Dr. Middleton's
opinion exposed, 204

Apologue, or Fable, its use in oratory, ii.
187-its analogy to hieroglyphic writ-
ing, 188-its improvement and con-
traction in simile and metaphor, 189
-its change to parable, 210
Apotheosis, civil, the origin of, i. 170—
when bestowed on deceased heroes
among the Egyptians, ii. 241
Apuleius, general intention of his Meta-
morphosis, i. 284-his personal cha-
racter, 288-inquiry into his preju-
dices against Christianity, 290-his
motives for defending paganism and
mysteries, 293- foundation of his
allegory of the Golden Ass, 294-story
of his allegory of the Golden Ass, 295
-moral of his story, 303-the corrupt
state of the Mysteries in his time, 306
Arbitrary will, Zeno the patron of, i.


Areopagus, practice of that court, i. 82
-remarks on the nature of that juris-
diction, 346-conjectures on the first
founding of that court, 371
Argument, internal, defined, ii. 513
Aristophanes, review of the dispute be-

tween him and Socrates, i. 85
Aristotle, character of him and his phi-
losophy, i. 454-his opinion of the
human soul, 485-his distinction be-
tween mind and intellect, 486
Ark, the fatal effects of, amongst the
Philistines, ii. 456

Arthur, king, and William the Con-

queror, the similar outlines of their
characters, ii. 252

Article VII. of the church of England,
an exposition of, iii. 169-directed
against the Manichean error, 169
Ars, the inventors of, where placed in
Elysium, by Virgil, i. 275
Ass carries mysteries, origin of that pro-
verb, i. 248
Astronomy, Jewish, observations on, iii.

Atheism, examination of Bayle's argu-
ments for, i. 129-an examination of
Plutarch's account of the origin of, ii.
8-Plutarch's parallel between it and
superstition, 8-lord Bacon's parallel
between it and superstition, 20
Atheists, whether capable of distin
guishing the moral difference of good
and evil, i. 129-whether deserving
of punishment from the hand of God,
142 the effect of his principles on
his conduct compared with the fatalist,
149 their moral conduct accounted
for, 150-summary of their dispute
with the divines, 164-their opinion
of the human soul, 479
Athenians, the most religious people of
Greece, i. 196-200-copy of their test
oath, 356-law relating to the intro-
duction of foreign worship, 371—their
behaviour in prosperity and adversity,
iii. 104

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Bacon, Lord Chancellor, examination of |
his parallel between atheism and su-
perstition, ii. 20

Balaam, his prophecy, Num. xxiv. 17,
expounded, ii. 214— observation on
the story of his ass, 378 his wish to
die the death of the righteous ex-
plained, iii. 140
Banishment, how far a punishment for
offences committed against society, i.


Baptism, the importance of, established,
iii. 74

Baucis and Philemon, whence that fable
derived, i. 438

Bayle, his character as a writer, i. 128—
examination of his arguments to prove
atheism not destructive to society, 129

-his reflections on toleration, ii. 431
Bembine Table, a description of it con-
tained in Ezekiel's visions, ii. 308
Bennet, secretary, how brought into
disgrace, i. 86

Bentley, the real existence of Zaleucus,
and the authenticity of his remains,
defended against him, i. 180
Bible, how differently represented by
Freethinkers, i. 97-summary view of,
iii. 11. See Scriptures.
Bolingbroke, lord, vindication of divines
from his charge of confederating with
atheists, i. 161-examination of some
of the principles of his first philoso-
phy, 312 Montesquieu's letter re-
specting him, ii. 67-his observation
on the insufficiency of the Mosaic law
to restrain the people, answered, 457
-consequences of a law upon his
principles, 458-examination of his
notion concerning the omission of the
doctrine of a future state in the Mo-
saic dispensation, iii. 267
Bond, humorous anecdote of a forged
one, i. 499

Brute worship, its symbolical nature ex-
plained, ii. 224-opinions of the an-
cients on the origin of it in Egypt, 230
Bryant, his opinion of the origin of hu-

man sacrifices exploded, iii. 449
Buffoonery, observation on the tendency
of it, illustrated in the instances of
Socrates and lord chancellor Hyde, i.
86, 87

Buller, ill effects resulting from his sa-
tire against fanaticism, i. 86

Cadmus, whence he obtained his alpha-
bet, ii. 207

Cæsar, Julius, his disavowal of the be-
lief of a future state in the senate, i.
426-his account of the religion of
ancient Gaul, ii. 411—of ancient Ger-
many, 412
Calf, golden, what divinity represented
by it, ii. 303


Calves, of Dan and Bethel, why the
Jews were so invincibly attached to
them, ii. 305-why two of them
erected by Jeroboam, 308
Canaanites, why ordered to be extermi-
nated, ii. 299

Canadians, remarks on their religion, i.


Cardan, his argument to prove the doc-
trine of the iminortality of the soul
destructive to society, i. 127
Casaubon, his account of the translation
of the pagan mysteries into the Chris-
tian religion, ii. 234

Cato, mentioned in the Eneis, inquiry
whether the Censor or of Utica, i. 284
-his reply to Cæsar's disavowal of
the belief of a future state in the
senate, 426

Cavalry, the situations proper and im-

proper for the use of, ii. 283
Caylus, count, his opinions relating to

the Egyptian characters, ii. 373
Celsus, his character compared with that

of Origen, i. 194 his remark on
Plato's doctrine of a future state, 453
Cerberus, in the Eneis, explained, i.


Ceres, Eleusinian, her temple described,
i. 281-her story, 281
Cervantes, ill consequence resulting from
his satire against knight-errantry, i.


Chaos, a description of, from Berosus, i.
Charlevoix, F., his sentiments respecting
the civilisation of the North-Ameri-
can Indians, i. 406
Charon, exposition of the character of,
in the Æneis, i. 260

Cheops, king of Egypt, how he raised

money for the erection of his pyra-
mids, explained, ii. 400
Children, the punishment of, for the

crimes of their parents, on what prin-
ciple only to be vindicated, ii. 98
Chinese language, an improvement of
the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, ii.
178 improvement of, to its present
state, 178-its opposite progress from
that of the Egyptian hieroglyphical
writing, to what owing, 180-to
what the different accounts we have
received of it are owing, 181-account
of, by M. Freret, 181; by P. Paren-
nin, 182; by M. Gaubil, 182; by P.
Magaillans, 183-why not further
improved, 184-hieroglyphical marks
not for words, but things, 193-Du
Halde's observations on, 216-the re-
verence of the natives for their ancient
characters, 220-the ancient characters
of, greatly venerated by the natives,


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Christ, remarks on the use he made of
his twofold credentials, scripture and
miracles, iii. 174-made no
use of
traditions, 174-important argument
drawn from his conversation with two
disciples in their journey to Emmaus
after his resurrection, 194-an expo-
sition of his prophecy of his first and
second coming, 208-the use to be
made of miracles and prophecies in
proof of his being the Messiah, 318-
the light in which he was held by
Pilate, 325-redemption by, had a re-
trospect from the fall, 365-an act of
grace, not of debt, 366-the means
employed in that great work inquired
into, 368-his sacrifice on the cross
considered, 380-the Socinian's opi-
nion of the death of Christ examined,
390 his account of the last judgment
examined, 401-the miracle of his
resurrection considered, 411-his mi-
racles of casting out devils or evil spi-
rits, considered, 413-his miracles of
healing natural diseases, considered,
415-his temptation considered, 416
Christian religion, how esteemed by the
ancient Pagans, i. 291-how the evils
of persecution arose in it, 366-first
received with complacency by the
pagans, 367-first incurred hatred by
claiming to be the only true religion,
368-occasion of its being persecuted,
368-character of, by Tacitus, 368-
persecuted both by good and bad
princes, 402-the views and conse-
quences of bringing in Pagan antiqui-
ty to assist in defending it, 508-their
nocturnal assemblies vindicated from
the misrepresentations of Dr. Taylor,
chancellor of Lincoln, ii. 107-first
occasion of the nocturnal assemblies
of Christians, 113-Pliny's doubts of
the manner of proceeding against the
Christians, 116-an inquiry into the
methods taken by Providence to pro-
pagate it, 322-the ignorance of the
propagators, the means of advancing
it, 322-its doctrine shadowed under
the rites of the Mosaic law, iii. 76-
its evidences, why not all disclosed by
Providence, 195 and Judaism inse-
parable, 196-the ultimate end of Ju-
daism, 202-its nature and genius
explained, 323
Chronology, Egyptian, mistake of Sir

Isaac Newton, illustrated by a case
stated in similar circumstances, ii. 251
Church, its inducements for accepting an
alliance with the state, i. 347-what it
receives from the state, 350-what it
communicates to the state, 351
Cicero, his opinion of the end of the
law, i. 190-his exposition of the
pagan theology, 208-his testimony
in favour of the Eleusinian mysteries,

223 his reply to Cæsar's disavowment
of a belief of a future state, in the
senate, 426-his opinion of Academics,
439 his remark on the Phædo of
Plato, 450-the difficulties in coming
to the knowledge of his real senti
ments of a future state of rewards and
punishments, 458-the various cha-
racters he sustained in his life and
writings, 460-where his true senti-
ments are to be expected, 462-his
idea of the human soul, 462—his opi
nion of the obligation of an oath,
under the belief of the immutability
of the divine nature, 468—his account
of the first advancer of the notion of
To ev, 493-accused by Lactantius of
duplicity, ii. 69-remarks on Middle-
ton's Life of, 75-his account of the
origin of brute worship, controverted,

Circumcision, a patriarchal institution,
ii. 313-why appointed, 334-when
Srst enjoined, iii. 176
Citizen, how man ought to be educated
to make a good one, i. 379

Claim of right and free gift, the differ-
ence, iii. 367

Clemens Alexandrinus, his account of a
remarkable symbolical message sent
to Darius, ii. 187-his account of the
Egyptian characters and writing, com-
pared with that of Porphyry, 191
Clerc, Le, his notions of the Pythagorean
metempsychosis proved erroneous, i.
46 his opinion of the theocratic go-
vernment of the Jews confuted, ii.

Clergy, abused by the Freethinkers, i.
87-the abuse of, an insult upon civil
society, 90-the abuse of, an evi-
dence of a weak cause, 91-vindicated
against Lord Bolingbroke, 161-their
hard luck amongst modern Free-
thinkers, 315

Collins, his ill treatment of his friend
Locke, i. 88-inconsistencies in his
writings, 95-the validity of his as-
sertions, that new religions are always
grafted on old ones, &c., examined
into, ii. 440-characterized as a writer,
iii. 199-an examination of his dis
course on the grounds and reasons of the
Christian religion, 199-his observa-
tions on the allegorical writings of the
ancients, 232-these observations
shown to refute his objections against
Christianity, 293

Comets, their theory known by the an-

cient Egyptians, i. 491

Commentators on scripture, points re-
commended to their attention, iii. 149
Condamine, his remarks on the Indians
of America, i. 378
Controversy, the arts of Freethinkers in,
i. 80-the mischief arising from car-

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Critias of Athens, some account of, and
a translation of his iambics, ii. 3
Crocodile, why worshipped by the Egyp-
tians, ii. 224

Cromwell, his character contrasted with
those of his associates, Fleetwood,
Lambert, and Vane, ii. 24
Cudworth, his testimony as to the an-
cient opinion of the soul's immortality,
i. 480 corrected as to his observation
on Plutarch, 488-the history of his
Intellectual System, ii. 106
Cupid and Psyche, exposition of the
fable of, i. 305

Custom, remarkable instance from anti-
quity, of its power to erase the strong-
est impressions of nature, i. 143
Customs, a similarity of, observable
among distant nations, no argument
of an actual communication between
them, ii. 372-traductive, an inquiry
into, 359


Dacier, his notion of the Pythagorean
metempsychosis erroneous, i. 445
Darius, Cyrus's dream respecting him,
ii. 221

Dark sayings, what that expression im-
ports in scripture, ii. 211

David, why appointed to succeed Saul,
ii. 319-his title of "man after God's
own heart," explained, 320-the chro-
nology of facts relating to his intro-
duction to Saul, rectified, 407
Dead men, origin of the worship of,
traced, ii. 27

tutelary, their worship always main-
tained even by sojourners and con-
querors, 447

Democritus and Epicurus, their doctrine
of matter compared, ii. 78
Demoniacs, the miracles of casting out
devils or evil spirits, considered, iii.
413-various opinions concerning
them, examined, 471

Demons, whence the doctrine of the Py-
thagoreans and Platonists so full of,
i. 475-Apuleius's account of, 476
Des Cartes, not the inventor of the ato-
mic philosophy, i. 492, 510
Devoted, the command that "none de-
voted shall be redeemed," examined,
iii. 454
Diagoras, consequence of his revealing
the Orpheic and Eleusinian mysteries,

i. 219

Death, citations from the Stoics, show-

ing their notions concerning it, i. 456
Debtors, ancient and modern treatment

of, compared, i. 260-funeral rites
denied to the ancient, whilst the mo-
dern are buried alive, i. 260
Dedication, of the second edition of
Books i. ii. iii. of the Divine Lega-
tion, to the Earl of Hardwicke, i. 76
-to the Freethinkers, 77-of Books
iv. v. vi. to Lord Mansfield, ii. 84—
of Books iv. v. vi. to the Jews, 93
Dedications, absurdity of addressing
them unsuitably, i. 77
Deification, when bestowed on any hero
of the Egyptians, ii. 238
Deities, pagan, whence derived, ii. 35—
form of the ancient statues of, ac-
counted for, 35-their spurious off-
spring accounted for, 274-local and

Dido, remarks on her character in the
neis, i. 240

Dionysius Halicarnasseus, his distinction
between established and tolerated reli-
gions among the ancients, i. 374
Drama, its obligation to conform to na-
ture in the delineation of characters,
ii. 82
Dramatic writing, remarks on, with refer
ence to the book of Job, iii. 81-84
Dreams, Artemidorus's division of, into
speculative and allegorical, ii. 220-
superstitious interpretation of, 220-
grounds of this species of divination,


Earthquakes, said by Pythagoras to be
occasioned by a synod of ghosts, i.
424-predicted by the taste of well-
water, 424-on the predicting of, ii.

Egypt, the Mysteries first instituted
there, i. 231-by whom carried abroad,
232—a religious war in, and the occa-
sion of it, 362-original of animal
worship in, 363-the place whence
the Grecian legislators, naturalists,
and philosophers derived their know-
ledge, 422-an inquiry into the state
of the learning and superstition of, in
the time of Moses, ii. 145-why enti-
tled to priority among civilized na-
tions, 150-scripture account of, 151
-the antiquity and power of, as deli-
vered in the Grecian writers, con-
firmed by scripture, 153-civil arts
of, 157-a critical inquiry into the
military usages of, at the time of the
Trojan war, 279-abounding in horses
before the conquest of Libya, 280—
why the Israelites were prohibited
carrying horses from, 281-the laws
of Moses, why accommodated to the
prejudices of the Jews, in favour of,
310-the ancient school of legislation,

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physicians, confined to distinct
branches of the medical art, ii. 157,
161-their preventive method of prac-
tice, 158 their number accounted
for, 158-proved to compose an order
of the priesthood, 164


priesthood, account of, from
Diodorus Siculus, ii. 153-confirmed
by Moses, 154-their rites, 156
writing, the four kinds of, ii.
Egyptians, a people most celebrated for
the cultivation of religion, i. 168—
celebrated for religion in the most
early times; their priests, also their
judges and magistrates, 420-exami-
nation into the degree of their scien-
tific knowledge, 491-in what their
wisdom more especially consisted, 492
-among the first who taught the im-
mortality of the soul, 495-why sub-
ject to incurable diseases, ii. 160—
their funeral rites, 170-their sacred
dialect, 209_origin of animal worship
among, 223-worshippers of plants,
223 of chimerical beings, 224-local
animal deities among, 224-their
charge against the Grecians of stealing
their gods, with their mutual recrimi-
nations, 196
Eleusinian Mysteries, the general pur-
pose of their institution, 196-re-
quisites for initiation into them, 197

initiation into, deemed as neces-
sary among the pagans, as baptism
among Christians, 199-why kept
secret, 200-the greater and the less,
201-inquiry into the doctrines taught

in the greater, 202; negatively, 202;
positively, 203—why aspired to, by con-
siderable personages, 205-a detection
of polytheism, 205-why the unity of
Deity concealed in them, 206-the
history narrated in them, what, 216—
the hymn sung at, 217-how they be
came corrupted, 225-why abused by
the fathers, 228-under the inspection
of the civil magistrate, 229-trans-
ferred into the Christian religion, 230
-of the Egyptians and Grecians, the
same, 231 where invented, 232 —
by whom, 232-offices in the cele-
bration of, 232-taught a future state
of rewards and punishments, 235-
initiation into, represented by poets
allegorically by descent into hell, 245—
initiation into, compared with death,
278 alluded to by Solomon, in Ecclus.
iv. 17, 18, 278-the celebration of,
a drama of the history of Ceres, 281
-the rites of, contained in the Golden
Ass of Apuleius, 300-magic rites in
the corrupt state of, 306

Elias, the sense in which he was pre-
dicted to come before the day of the
Messiah, ascertained, iii. 221
Elihu, why distinguished from the other
friends of Job, iii. 118-his character,

Elijah, the difference of the account of
his translation and Enoch's accounted
for, iii. 4
Elisha, exposition of the adventure
between him and Joash, iii. 312
Eloquence, defined by Milton, ii. 84
Elysium, the description of, in Virgil,
preferred to that in Homer, i. 74-the
several stations allotted to the happy
by Virgil, i. 275
Embalming, the Egyptian method of, ii.
161, 170 this operation performed by
the physicians, and the reason, 162—
the antiquity of the general practice of,
proved, 171

Enigmas, required in the nature of God's
dispensation to the Jews, ii. 211
Enoch, the difference between the account
of his translation and that of Elijah
accounted for, iii. 4
Enthusiasm and fraud, the union of,
accounted for, ii. 23

Epic poetry, Homer, Virgil, and Milton,
the triumvirate of, i. 245
Epictetus, his notion of death, i. 456
Epicurus, his doctrine of matter compared
with that of Democritus, ii. 79
Epistolic writing, account of the origin
of, ii. 200

Error, ridicule the proper means of
detecting, i. 102

Essential differences, Aristotle the patron
of, i. 134

Establishments in religion, advantages
of, ii. 89

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