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has spread over seventy of your pages concerning me. The four corners of his superstructure have been now tested, and every one can judge of what materials they were constructed. *
* Mr. C. adds a few sentences commending his “Millenial Harbinger” to our readers as containing “a more full, pointed, and spirited review,” also, administering some personal advice to Mr. Landis, and then closes his communication “with sentiments of benevolence for all mankind," and friendly salutations to ourselves. These passages we omit, for reasons before stated. They have no bearing upon Mr. Campbell's defence; and our sole object in having admitted this article, is that he may no longer have any occasion to complain of injustice from us. We trust that both he and our readers will be satisfied with the manner in which we have presented his communication, and that we shall be excused, under the circumstances of the case, for having occupied so large a space with a defence so generally personal. We trust we shall not often have occasion thus to tax the patience of our readers.--EDITOR.
1.-Notes: Critical, Explanatory, and Practical, on the Book
of the Prophet Isaiah ; with a New Translation, by Albert Barnes. In three volumes. 8vo. Boston, Crocker & Brewster; New-York, Jonathan Leavitt. 1840, pp.
517, 438, 770. “Probably no book of the Bible has occupied so much the attention of critics, commentators, and private Christians, as Isaiah.” Numerous authors have contributed to its illustration. Among these, the acute Calvin, the learned Vitringa, the elaborate Lowth, the glossarial Rosenmueller, the linguistic Gesenius, have each in their turn set forth the evangelical prophet with a copious furniture of translation and commentary. In later times a host of oriental travellers have shed their illustrative light, upon the obscurities of this book; and now Mr. Barnes comes forward with the fruits of his untiring industry, gleaned from over the whole harvest field of his predecessors.
This is, doubtless, the greatest work of Mr. Barnes' pon. It has been wrought amid the labors of a large parochial charge, and with a diligence rarely equalled, during a period of more than four years. It now comes to us in three stately octavos, constituting, we believe, the largest mass of commentary on the 'Fifth Evangelist,' to be found in our language.
The author's excellencies, if not his defects, are strongly marked through the work. The style is plain, simple, and direct, and though his pages teem with the materiel of deep scholarship, yet he is, for the most part, eminently happy in making himself intelligible and interesting to every class; while the rich practical remarks, every now and then grafted upon the critical details, transfuse the devotional spirit of the writer into the bosom of his reader.
The chief abatement from Mr. Barnes' general merit, in this work, as perhaps also in his others, is the frequent recurrence of what may be termed gratuitous annotation. Hundreds of single phrases, of perfectly obvious import, which barely admit of equipollent terms, and do not need even them; are paragraphed, and paraded, in the style of formal exegesis, though the effect upon the mind is often little else than that of diluted paraphrase. One consequence, of serious import, of this feature of the work, is, that it has unnecessarily swollen its bulk. We admit that in many cases a bright gleam of light is thrown upon a word or passage by a slight variation of the phrase, but quite as often the reader is forced to ask himself, whether he really does need to be remanded back to his rudiments quite so frequently as Mr. Barnes' notes would imply.
The general principles of interpretation, adopted by Mr. Barnes, are in accordance with the most generally approved results of Biblical study in modern times. He balances with commendable fairness between the cocceianism of Vitringa, and the Grotianism of Gesenius. He gives full scope to the principle of the Messianic interpretation, at the same time that he sets his face as a flint against being led away by any merely fanciful analogies or forced adaptations. În spite, however, of this large and willing concession, we have been conscious of a certain unsatisfied feeling-an impression of meagerness and jejuneness—in following his annotations on some of the sublimest Messianic predictions. He does not give us, as fully as we could wish, the particular applications. Åpparently adopting Hengstenberg's very questionable position, that the prophets beheld the glories of the Messiah's kingdom in space and not in time, that is, without a definite distinction of
eras, he affords us comparatively little aid in weaving together into one harmonious tissue, the golden threads of the Old and New Testament oracles. On this score it may still be questioned, whether Vitringa does not bear away the palm from all later commentators. The light which to the eyes of German expositors merely floats in a brilliant halo around the summit of the delectable mountains of the vision, Vitringa concentrates through the Apocalyptic lens, and makes it glow in a luminous focus upon distinct points of the great prophetic vista that Isaiah opens before us. In this respect Mr. Barnes' work does not fully meet our wishes. As a philological and exegetical digest, however, on the prince of the ancient prophets, it is a work of great value. It is a storehouse of rich illustrations of the letter of his author, and one from which the theological student may largely replenish his critical adversaria.
We do not especially admire the taste with which the text of the Old and New version has been arranged. But as this is a matter of mere mechanical moment, and as the work will receive its character from the Notes, we are not disposed to dwell upon it. We think, indeed, as every necessary emendation of the present translation could have been suggested in the Notes, the new one might have been entirely dispensed with. If this retrenchment could have been made, together with a considerable subduction of superfluous comments, the work might have been compressed into a much smaller size, and thus the greatest objection to it, its inordinate dimensions, have been obviated. Voluminous as it is, however, its faults are few in comparison with its excellencies, and those who properly appreciate its value, will not long consent to dispense with its possession.
2.-Manual of Classical Literature, from the German of J. J.
Eschenburg, Professor in the Carolinum, at Brunswick, with additions, by N. W. Fiske, Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy (formerly of the Latin and Greek Languages) in Amherst College. Philadelphia : Frederick W. Greenough. 1839, pp. 753.
Our readers will recollect that the Second Edition of this valuable work was reviewed in the Biblical Repository of April, 1837. The high terms, in which it was spoken of by the able and accomplished reviewer, have doubtless been responded to by every student, who has had access to the work. Of its due appreciation there is no better evidence, than the speedy demand which has been made for another Edition. The value of the present Edition is much enhanced by a new translation of the part of Eschenburg, relating to Roman authors, together with a large amount of original matter. Many valuable additions have also been made to other portions of the work. It has the additional value of being embellished with several hundred cuts, illustrative of the Literature and Art of the Greeks and Romans. We should judge, that the present Edition contains at least one fourth more of matter than the preceding one, and yet is printed so compactly as to be but very
little increased in size. This manual is a thesaurus to the student. There is scarcely a topic pertaining to Greek and Roman Archaeology, which cannot be found in it, with pertinent remarks and illustrations. It combines a luminous and well digested view of Archaeology, of Literature and Art; history of Ancient Literature, Greek and Roman ; Mythology of the Greeks and Romans; Greek and Roman Antiquities; Classical Geography and Chronology. We know of no work, which can be compared with it, in the amount and value of the classical information it communicates. It is a substantial aid, which we most heartily commend to every teacher, and student, as a table companion to lie beside his Lexicons and Grammars. A familiarity with such a work, through an academic and collegiate course, cannot fail to enrich the mind with a fund of classical knowledge, and impart additional zest to the study of the Greek and Roman authors. A long time has not elapsed, since a student would have been compelled to spend whole days, in a large and well selected library, to obtain the information, that is now presented to him, in one well arranged volume. Prof. Fiske deserves the thanks of every one, who is interested in the advancement of classical learning. The external appearance of the work is neat and attractive.
3.-Aids to Reflection, by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, with a
Preliminary Essay, by James Marsh, D. D. From the
octavo. Aids to Reflection, by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, with the Au
thor's Last Corrections. Edited by Henry Nelson Coleridge, Esq. M. A.; to which is prefixed a Preliminary Essay, by John McVickar, D. D., Professor of Moral Philosophy, in Columbia College, New York. London, William Pickering ; New York, Swords, Stanford & Co. 1839, 12 mo. pp.
These two editions of Coleridge's “ Aids to Reflection" are before the public with conflicting claims. It is with reluctance that we speak disparagingly of either; and yet the reasons urged by the Editor of the latter, for its publication, are such as render it impossible to commend the one without an implied censure of the other. In these circumstances we cannot hesitate to express our decided preference of that by Prof. Marsh. We are happily relieved, however, from the necessity of stating the grounds of this preference, by the following strictures on the edition by Prof. McVickar, furnished by a respected correspondent, who is not a disciple of Coleridge, but “as a friend of truth and fair dealing," claims to speak freely.
The publication of this new preliminary essay, by Dr. Mc. Vickar, will be unfortunate to the reputation of its author, for fairness of mind, for accuracy, we had almost said honesty, in