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N. B. The Letters i. ii. iii. refer to the Volume, the Figures to the Pages, and n. to the Notes.


AARON, his birth and parentage, i. 437, applies with his brother Moses to Pharoah, but in vain, 445. why he is insulted by the people, 511. weakly contributes towards their idolatry, 512. makes them a molten calf, and erects an altar before it, ib. is called to account for it, and the pitiful excuse he makes for himself, 513, the motives for his base compliance, 526, his crime palliated, by whom, 527. why he chooses the figure of an ox or calf, ib. is consecrated to the high priest's office, by whom, 538. n., his two sons, Nadab and Abihu, struck dead, ib. n. he and his sister Miriam, envying Moses, quarrel with him, 541. God reproves them, and Miriam is struck with leprosy, ib. why Aaron was not smitten, ib. how he assuages the plague, 545. his rod that budded, ib. n. he dies and is lamented, by whom, and how long, 574, is succeeded by his son Eleazar, ib. n. eulogy upon, 575. n. ABAR1M, mountains of, their situation, i. 585. n. ABEL, a fortified town, address of a woman there to the besieging general, ii. 218, n. ABEL, his birth, i. 105, meaning of his name, ib. n. his temper and employment, 106. his oblations, ib. their acceptance by a visible token from God, ib. is murdered by his brother, being the first martyr, 107.

ABIGAIL, Nabal's wife, her prudent conduct to David, ii. 129. is married to him upon her husband's death, 130. her speech and artful piece of eloquence, ib. n. ABIMElech the First, king of Gerar, invites Sarah to his bed, i. 290. God threatens him, he expostulates, is pacified, and makes a league with Abraham, ib, AB iMELECH the Second, king of Gerar, takes Rebecca. for Isaac's sister, i. 343, reproves him for the imposition, is reconciled, but desires him to leaves his dominions, his league, ib. Abimelech, bastard son of Gideon, slays all his brethren but one, yet is made king by the people of Shechem, ii. 65. storms the place and destroys all the inhabitants, 67. is kill. ed by a woman at Thebez by a stone, ib. n. Abijah, succeeds his father Rehoboam in the kingdom of Judah, ii. 273. his pathetic speech to the tribes, ib. gains a great victory over Jeroboam, takes Bethel, but does not remove the idolatry of that place, therefore his reign short, ib. his character, 274. ABNER, general of Saul's army, after his master's death proclaims his son Ishbosheth king, ii. 172. is defeated by Joab, David's general, slays Asahel, Joab's brother, upbraids Ishbosheth for ingratitude, 178. and n., corresponds with David, is killed, ib. David's detestation of the murder, 174. Abomination of Desolation, what, ii. 592. n. and iii. 265. 332–3. Abraham leaves Ur and goes to Haran, i. 279, thence,

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mily, 287, is visited by three angels, entertains them hospi. tably, they impart to him their intention of destroying Sodom and Gomorrha, ib knowing who his guests are, he intercedes for the devoted cities, ib. removes from Mamre to Gerar, why, 290. prevails with his wife to pass for his sister, ib. his interview with Abimelech, its king, to whom he apologizes and is treated kindly, ib. Isaac born, 291. dismisses Hagar and Ishmael, makes a league with Abimelech, 292. ordered to sacrifice Isaac, he sets out for Mount Moriah, binds his son, and is stopt in the act of proceeding to slay him, 293. purchases a burial place for Sarah, 294. sends his steward to procure a wife for Isaac, 295. marries Keturah, has six sons by her, 297. his death, burial, and character, 302. n. his fault in denying his wife palliated, 303. m. and 304. in marrying Hagar, 805. and for dismissing her, 307. his unparalleled cheerfulness and resignation to the Divine will, why this trial was made of his obedience, 306–334. and 312. n. heathen testimony to this part of Sacred History, 334. ABRAHAM’s Bosom, what it means, i. 302. iii. 201. n. Absalom conceals his hatred against Amnon for abusing his sister Tamar, causes him to be murdered at a sheepshearing feast, ii. 187, n., for which he is banished, ib. but restored, by Joab's contrivance, to David's favour, 188, his beauty, popularity, and rebellion, ib., is the darling of the nation, why, 189, defeated and killed, 193. weight of his hair, 194. and 206 his punishment just, ib. the place of his burial, his father vindicated, 203, &c. Abyssinia Ns, descended of Solomon, ii. 285. n. Abyss, supplies water for the deluge, i. 169 m. AchATA, its situation, iii. 433, n. and 460. n. AchAN, his crime, and how detected, ii. 7, n. stoned to death with his family, ib. the case of his children considered, 32, 33 n. Achish, king of Gath, indulgent to David, how, ii. 131. who he was, ib. the kindness repaid by David, 227. n. Achon, valley, why so called, ii. 8. n. AchA, a fortress, name and situation, and form of the mount, ii. 599. n. Acts of the Apostles, genuine) by whom written, iii. 476, why so called, ib. why not made longer, 477 and reaching to St Peter's and St Paul's martyrdom, ib. sufficiently copious for the design, ib. Acts of the Apostles, (Apocryphal) account of them, iii. 478. and b. n. Acts of PILATE, extract from a book so called, iii. 285 m. ADAD, name of the kings of Syria, ii. 178. n. Adam, created, i. 11. why formed out of the dust, safe and fearless in conscious rectitude, 12. n. Mahometan fictions concerning him, 24. n. supposed to have been created at the Vernal Equinox, 13. n. his transports on seeing Eve, ib. n. his happiness and employment, 30. n. conjectures of Jewish expositors, ib. his fall, 47. the sentence, ib. n. pronounced against the guilty, 48, state of innocence of short

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duration, 50. his liberty of choice, and expulsion from paradise, 50, 51. list of his posterity in the line of Seth. 121 his death and burial, 124. fictions concerning, ib. n. > AdoM, or ADAM, its situation, ii. 4. n. Adonijah, David's eldest son, aspires to the throne, ii. 222. his character, his great feast, and disappointment, 3 is flies for refuge to the altar, ib. pardoned by Solomon, but afterwards put to death by him, why, 226–245. * AdRAM elecii, and ANAMElech, Assyrian idols, ii. 397. n. ADRAMYttium, its situation, ii. 125 n. ADULLAM, its situation, ii. 125. n. Adultery, women more severely punished for it than men in the o o how punished among the Jews, iii. 187. n. that of David discovered and spoken agai whom, ii. 184. n. - po against, by AENoN, where John baptized, meaning of the name, iii. 27. Affronts, David's patience under them, ii. 121. n. AGABus fortels a great famine in many parts of the Roman empire, iii. 409. m. when it happened, ib. who he was, ib. his festival, ib. the confirmation of his prophecy, by whom. ib. Agag, saved by Saul, ii. 117. n. why Samuel killed him, 146. n. AGAPAE, feasts, why appointed, iii. 429. n. AGARsp, king of the oriental Scythians, invades Bactria, slays Zoroastres, and all the priests of the patriarchal church, ii. 686, demolishes all the fire temples, ib. Agrigentum, the inhabitants of it, burn Phalaris in his own bull, ii. 201. AGRIPPA, grandson of Herod the Great, a dreadful persecutor of Christians, iii. 409. orders the apostle James the *. to be beheaded, ib. apprehends St Peter, imprisons im, placing guards, and why, ib. slays them, 410. gives audience to the ambassadors of Tyre and Sidon, ib, his remarkable speech, ib. applauded by flatterers, ib.his pride and mi. serable end, ib. AGRappa, son of Herod, account of him, iii. 444. n. AGRippa, grandson to Augustus, banished to the island Planaria for his vicious life, iii. 508. Ahab, succeeds his father Omri in the kingdom of Israel, ii. 278. and in wickedness exceeds all his predecessors, 297. his interview with the prophet Elijah, ib, upbraids him with being the cause of the calamities the nation suffered, 300. defeats Benhadad twice, and makes a dishonourable with him, threatened severely thereupon by God, 304–5. covets Naboth's vineyard, . procures his death, 307. Elijah's denunciation of the Divine displeasure, 307. n. goes with Jehoshaphat to the siege of Ramoth-gilead, is there killed, 308. the dogs lick his blood, as Elijah prophesied, ib. how Ahab might search for Elijah everywhere without finding him, 326, the sincerity of his repentance, quostioned by some, but justly thought real by others, 329. Ahasuerus, in profane history called Artaxerxes Longimanus, succeeds his father Xerxes on the throne of Persia, ii. 534 divorces his queen Vashti, 535. marries Esther in a very pompous manner, ib. makes a decree for the destruction of all the Jews in his dominions, why, and by whose investigation, 536. grants a commission to Ezra to return to Jerusalem, 538–545. Ahava, or Ava, a river of Assyria, its course, ii. 545. n. Ahaz, succeeds his father Jotham in the kingdom of Judah, n. 899, two signs of indemnity given him, ib. his idolatry,400... is invaded, by whom, ib., makes a league with Tiglath-Pileser, king of Assyria, 401. who extorts money from him, ib. becomes his vassal, ib, his wickedness increases till he dies, 402. succeeded by his son Hezekiah, ib. prophecy to him explained, iii. 47, n. Ahaziah succeeds his father Ahab in the kingdom of Is. rael, and imitates his wickedness, ii. 311. falls from his house, ib. dies of that fall, 813. succeeded by his brother Jehoram, ibid. AiiAziAh, king of Judah, succeeds his father Jehoram, and is slain by Jehu's party at Megiddo, ii. 349. the different accounts of his death, in Kings and Chronicles reconciled, ib. Aiii.jah the prophet acquaints Jereboam, the son of Nebat, that he is to succeed king Solomon, ii. 267. the result, n. ib. rends his garment in his presence, why, 288, the action symbolical, not the effect of madness, n. ib. Ahimelecii, the high priest, is charged with a conspiracy against Saul, is ordered to be put to death, ii. 126. his defence by Josephus, ib. is executed by Doeg, ib. Aurophei joins the rebellion of Absalom, ii.,190. why disgusted with David, n, ib., his advice being rejected, he hangs himself, after making his will, 192—3. AJAlon, miracle there, ii. 41, 47. n. An, a small town, its situation, ii. 6. is taken and sacked by Joshua, and how, 7-9. m. Akko N, or EKRoN, its situation, ii. 108, m. ALATHEA of the Egyptians, what, i. 522. ALExasper the Great, passes over the sea of Pamphylia, his soldiers wading up to the middle, i. 530. and n, not parallel to the passage over the Red Sea, ib.avenges the death of his enemy Darius upon his murderer, ii. 202. Scorns to steal a victory, 18. n. his birth, 579, commands the Grecian forces, ib. over-runs all Asia, and takes Darius and his family prisoner, subdues Tyre, &c. ib. burns the town, and makes slaves of the inhabitants, 580. n. his merciless cruelties, ib. palliated by himself, ib. marches against Jerusalem in great wrath, yet reverences the high priest, and is kind to the people, ib, except the Samaritans, whom he punishes for the murder of Andromachus, 581. said to have died by poison, or by excess of drinking, ib., his character, ib. the Grecian empire divided after his death among his commanders, 582. and n. 511. sheds tears for Darius's death, ib. Alexander, otherwise called Balas, usurps the kingdom of Syria, ii. 621. seizes Ptolemais, prepares to drive Demetrius from his throne, 622. is joined by Jonathan the high priest, by what means, asks Ptolemy Philometer to give him his daughter in marriage, 623. his plot against Ptolemy's life, 624. defeated, ib, flies to Arabia, where Zabdiel, king of the country, cuts off his head, and sends it to Ptolemy, who rejoices at the sight of it, ib. Alexanden ZABINA, the pretended son of Alexander Balas, defeats Demetrius in a pitched battle, ascends the throne, ii. 629, but soon deposed by Antiochus Gryphus, son of the late Demetrius, by the help of Physcon is compelled to shut himself up in Antioch, ib. Alexander JANNAEUs succeeds his brother Aristobulus in the government of Judea, ii. 648. murders one of his brothers, ib. fights with the people of Ptolemais, blockades their city, 649, his perfidy to Ptolemy Lathyrus, king of Crete, ib. defeated by him, ib., his alliance with Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, 650. besieges Gaza, ib. puts its inhabitants to death, ib. insulted and hated by his own subjects, who openly rebel, 651, his success against them, and enormous cruelty, 652. his political advice to his queen, and death, ib. Alexander the Second, eldest son of Aristobulus the

second, escapes from Rome, ii. 657. by Pompey's order is beheaded by Scipio, ib. ALEXANDER of Ephesus, who he was, and whether a friend to St Paul, iii. 432. n. Alexandra, wife of Alexander Jannaeus, is regent of Judea after her husband's death, ii. 652. the Pharisees, however, manage the government, ib. terrified by Tigranes's invasion, but delivered, how, 643, makes Hyrcanus, her eldest son, high priest, and declares him her successor, ib. Alexandria, its museum and library, ii. 583. n. the city, by whom built, 585. n. its history, ib. ALEXAND Rio N, account of, ii. 655. ALMA, meaning of, iii. 47. n. Altar of Burnt-offerings, i. 561. of incense, ib. why Balak erected seven altars, 57.7. m. altar, a privileged place, ii. 223. n. prophecy against that at Bethel, 270. n. AMAlekite, his message to David, ii. 171. n. AMAlekites, their descent, and the grounds of their enmity against Israel, what, i. 624. their country described, 625. n. their religion and government, ib. provoke the Almighty to lasting hostility, ii. 143. their genealogy by the author erroneous, i. 625. n. the command to destroy them evaded. ii. 117–143. * * . AMAziAH, succeeds his father Joash in the kingdom of Judah, avenges his father's murder, ii. 856. fights against the Edomites, kills 10,000 of them, and takes as many prisoners, 357, takes Selah, metropolis of Arabia Petraea, and throws the aforesaid prisoners from the rock on which the town was built, ib. his idolatry, 858. his challenge of Joash, who treats it with contempt, ib. vanquished, taken prisoner, murdered by his subjects, 359, succeeded by his son Azariah, called also Uzziah, ib. Ambuscade before Ai, account of, ii. 33. AMenophis, the Pharaoh who pursued Israel, and was drowned, i. 620. n. AMERICA, how peopled, i. 256. m. on Cook's discoveries, ib. and 257. AMMon succeeds his father Manasseh in the kingdom of Judah, ii. 412. his wickedness, ib. is murdered by his domestics, after a reign of two years, and succeeded by his son Josiah, ib. AM Monites, victory over the, ii. 115. AMNoN falls in love with his sister Thamar, and ravishes her, ii. 185. her speech to him very moving, ib. m. his hatred of her afterwards accounted for, ib. is killed by Absalom, 187. and n. AMon or HAMon, its situation, i. 616. AMoRites, grievous sinners, meaning of “their iniquity not being yet full,” and why destroyed gradually, ii. 21. AMorites, why severely treated by David, ii. 201. weight of their king's crown, 206. n. AMos, prophet, account of him and his writings, ii. 366. Amphipolis, its situation, iii. 420. n. Analogy between the government of the Old Testament church and that of the New, iii. 500–1. 2. &c. o” the high priest, is deposed by Herod, why, ii. 562, n. ANANIAs, the high priest, orders his officers to strike St Paul on the face, iii. 480. some account of him, ib. ANANIAs, the disciple, who he was, iii. 403. n. ANAN1As and Sapphira, their fraud and punishment, isi, 396. Anathema of Joshua, what, ii. 7, n.

Ancients, their manner of eating, i.405. n. why the Egyptians declined eating with the Hebrews, ib. n. their religion, 272. idolatry, 274–5. 6. ANDREw the Apostle, his preaching and martyrdom, iii. 460. his cross of a singular form, 461. ANGEL of the Covenant, who, ii. 52. n. Angels, when created, i. 15, evil ones, 47. n. angel from Gilgal, ii. 52. m. guardian, their reality, iii. 181. n., angel brandishing a sword over Jerusalem, ii.221. their bodies not subject to the laws of gravity as ours are, 70. n. the angel appearing to Manoah, ib. their appearance in armour, a common tradition, ib. absurdity of their supposed connection with women, i. 131. n. Anger ascribed to God, i. 523–601. Anger and reproaches, when allowable, iii. 159. Animals clean and unclean, a Divine command for the discrimination, i. 149. Anointing, why with oil, ii. 112. n. why David's private, 118. n. the effects of it, ib. n. of kings, an ancient custom, ib. Antanaclasis, a figure of rhetoric, exemplified, i. 50. n. ANTEDILuvians, their gradual progress in wickedness, i. 129. Berosus, &c. quoted, i. 139, false notions of their skill in arts and sciences, 184. n. their detestable actions, 125. m. longevity, &c. ib. ANThony, Mark, defeats Brutus and Cassius at Philippi, ii. 693. makes Herod and his brother Phasael tetrarchs over Judea,659. procures from the Roman senate the kingdom of Judea for Herod, 660. hastens to Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, 694. quarrel between him and Octavianus, ib. its cause, ib. his character, 695, sea-fight between him and Octavianus, ib. follows his mistress in her flight from the engagement, ib. is deserted by all his forces, ib. being informed of Cleopatra's death, who fearing his resentment, had shut herself up in a monument, and spread that report, he kills himself, ib. ANT1ch Rist, Man of Sin, who, iii. 490. and n. ANTIGonus, younger son of Aristobulus the second, by the help of the Parthians gains the kingdom of Judea, ii. 660, besieged by Herod in Jerusalem, 661. yields, 662, his pusillanimity and death, 663. ANTIgonus, the brother of Aristobulus, is perfidiously murdered, ii. 648. ANTIochus Epiphanes, his wicked and wild behaviour, ii. 516. supposed the Gog and Magog mentioned in Ezek. ib. n.but more probably Cambyses, ib. is the horror and abo. mination of mankind, ib. succeeds Seleucus in the kingdom of Syria, by whose means, 589, his implacable enmity to the Jews, whom he persecutes, 590, deposes Onias the high priest, and sells the pontificate to his brother Jason first, and for what, ib. afterwards to his brother Menelaus, for what, ib. besieges Jerusalem, storms it, slays 40,000 Jews, 591. forces himself into the temple, pollutes even the Holy of Holies, how, 592. massacres the people, compelling them to idolatry, ib. suppresses the rites of the Jewish religion, and burns the devout observers of the Sabbath, 593. attempts to plunder the temple of Diana at Ephesus, is disappointed, by whom, 599. his vain threats to the Jews, 600. his exquisite tortures of body and mind before he expires, ib. the Maccabaean history of him confirmed by Polybius, his character from the same historian, 601. Antiochus the Great makes himself master of Coelo-Syria and Palestine, ii. 588. defeats the Egyptians at Paneas, ib. his favours to the Jews, why granted, ib. makes peace with Ptolemy Epiphanes, gives him his daughter Cleopatra ;


in marriage, ib., spoils Jupiter's temple, ib. is slain for his sacrilege, 590, his character, n. ib. Antiochus Eupater succeeds his father Epiphanes in the kingdom of Syria in his minority, is under the tuition of Lysias, ii. 613. carries a great army into Judea, 615. ratifies a peace made by Lysias with Judas Maccabaeus, ib. deposed by Demetrius Soter, the legal heir, and killed by him, 618. ANTIochus Sidetes deposes his brother Demetrius, and marries his wife, ii. 627, conquers the usurper Tryphon, becomes the king of Syria, ib., called Sidetes from his passion for hunting. ib. his perfidy to, and murder of Simon and his sons, ib, takes Jerusalem, 628, marches against the king of Parthia with a great army, but both are cut off in one night by the inhabitants of the country, 629. ANtioch, or Epidaphne, its situation, iii. 408. n. ANTiPATER, father of Herod the Great, his parentage, &c. ii. 652. esteemed for his wisdom by the Romans and others, 653. m. poisoned by his friend Malicus, 608. Antonia, a fortress at Jerusalem, its origin, founder, and name, iii. 438. n. APAMEA, its situation, ii. 627. n. APHEK, a city of Judah, ii. 107. in its fall kills 27,000 men, its situation, 305. n. Apocallypse, its authenticity, iii. 471. n. A”. his preaching at Ephesus and Corinth, iii. 426. Apollonius, his miracles suspected, iii. 287, n. Apologues, their use, iii. 174. n. Apostles, the import of the name, and to whom givengenerally, by the Jews, iii. 118. and to whom in particular, ib. those of our Lord, their election and authority, 131. and 161. why mean men chosen to that office, 157. their return to Jerusalem after the ascension, 391. choose Matthias into their number, ib. are filled with the Holy Ghost, 392. make many converts, heal all diseases, &c. 393. Apparitions, notion of the Jews that they betoken death to the person who sees them, iii. 3. n. Apparitions, one of the usual ways of revelation, i.309.n. Appeals, Roman, manner of, iii. 444, n. Appli ForuM, its situation, &c. iii. 452. n. Apples of Sodom, account of, i. 888. n. Aprons of our first parents, i. 53. n. Aquila, some account of him, iii. 424. n. ARABTA, three divisions of, iii. 403. n. ARABIANs obtain the appellation of wild, i. 324. their manner of life, prowess, and history for several ages, 325-6, their custom of carrying fire before their armies in the desarts of Arabia, 515. ARARAT, mountain, described, i. 189, supposed to be Caucasus, 206. migration from it, 223. n. ARAtus quoted, iii. 423. n. ARBAces joins with Belesis in a conspiracy against Sardanapalus, king of Assyria, ii. 473. is thrice defeated by him, but having laid siege to Nineveh, he drives him to the desperate act of burning himself, his palace, &c, and gets possession of his kingdom, 475. ARchelaus succeeds his father Herod, is equally hated by the Jews, who complain of him to Augustus, iii. 15. loses his government, and is banished, ib. Archers of great service in ancient warfare, ii. 134, n. Saul first taught the use of the bow, ib. AREoPAGus, described, iii. 422. n.

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