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reply, declares plainly that he is Messiah, the Son of God, and why, ib. charged with blasphemy, and pronounced guilty of death, 278. insulted by the soldiers, denied by Peter, condemned by the Sanhedrim, carried before Pontius Pilate, why, 279, who, judging him to be innocent, wishes to save him, 282. sends him to Herod, who thinks meanly of him, why, ib. the guards permitted to insult him, sent back to Pilate with derision, ib. Pilate acquits him, clamours of the people thereupon, Pilate offers a second time to release him instead of a malefactor, but to no purpose, 283. is ordered to be scourged, with what view, ib. his sentence of condemnation extorted from Pilate, 285, is insulted again by the soldiers, and carried out to be crucified, ib. foretels the calamities of Jerusalem, 286. nailed to a cross between two common malefactors, where, 287. inscription upon it, what, ib., his garments how divided, by whom, 288. reviled and abused by several, ib. his deportment, ib. converts one of the thieves upon the cross near him, ib. promises him, as the reward of his faith, paradise, and the enjoy. ment of his presence there, ib. recommends his mother to the care and protection of St John, 289. of the eclipse at the crucifixion, 290. languishes a while under his agonies, utters his last complaint, and dies, ib. the earthquake, and the sentiments of the spectators after his death, 291,292, his side pierced with a spear, by whom, ib, his body given to Joseph of Arimathea, who had requested it as a favour, 293, who inters it, where, 294. his sepulchre guarded, ib. his resurrection, and the extraordinary circumstances attending it, 295. 296. appears to Mary Magdalene and several other women, 297. and to two disciples walking into the country, 298. his conference with them, ib. salutes afterwards ten of his apo. stles as they were at meat in a private room, where the door was shut, he eats with them, the reason assigned, 299, ap. pears again, and convinces Thomas particularly, who was absent before, of the reality of his resurrection, 300 appears to Peter and others as they were fishing, 301. eats with them, ib. his particular conversation with Peter, ib., his instructions to him, 302. appears, lastly, not only to the eleven apostles, but to 500 brethren at once, ib. his instructions to his apostles in general, ib. his ascent into heaven in their sight, and whence, 304. JETHRo, a priest or prince of Midian, receives Moses hos. pitably, and why, i.441. visits him, and advises him to choose deputies, 508. causes that might not be brought before inferior courts, supposed to be four, ib. n. Jewish Religion, the inferiority of it compared with the Christian, in regard to our knowledge of God, and of the nature of sin, i. 565. and of the means by which it is expiated, and the sinner justified, iii. 357, 358. Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre, marries A. hab, king of Israel, ii. 297, vows to be revenged on the prophet Elijah, why, 802, procures the murder of Naboth the Jezreelite, 306. her end, 350. Jezreel, city and valley of, account of, ii. 62, n. ILLYRieum, its situation, iii. 432. n. Image of God in man, i. 40-47. Image worship, i. 275-7. - Increase of mankind in the beginning of the world, i. 112, 113. m. and 252. Increase of the Israelites in Egypt, i. 436. m. Innocence, its happy state, i. 30. Innocents, murder of the, by Herod, iii. 13. and, n.

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Inns, or places of public entertainment in the East, de. scribed, iii. 9, n. Inspiration, a person directed by, may perform the office of a priest, though not regularly appointed, ii. 145. as in the case of Samuel, David, and Solomon, texts alleged for the latter considered, ib. n. Instinct of animals, a proof of God's wisdom, i. 27. Interjections, prompted by nature, no part of language, i. 270. n. Inventor of letters, who, i. 511. n. Joab, captain of David's army, under pretence of saluting Abner, stabs him to the heart, ii. 173, storms the fortress of Zion and takes it, 175, defeats Absalom's army, and kills him, 198. why Joab did so, 194; remonstrates with David for grie. ving for his son, ib n. stabs Amasa basely, and makes himself general in chief, 218 and n. his end, 226. David wished, but feared, to repress his insolence, 216. and 218. n. and 241. where his last injunctions to his son are vindicated. Joash, king of Judah, who, ii. 353. concealed six years from the fury of Athaliah, wife of king Jehoram, who slew all the royal family besides, ib. at last Jehoiada, high priest, places him on the throne, ib. during his uncle's life, he behaves well, but after his death falls into idolatry, 355. causes Zechariah, his cousin, to be stoned to death, 356. is harrassed by Hazael, king of Syria, confined by sickness, and murdered by two of his servants, ib. succeeded by his son Amaziah, buried in the city of David, but not in the royal sepulchre, ib. JoAsh, king of Israel, challenged by Amaziah, king of Judah, ii. 358, despises the challenge, ib. takes him prisoner, carries him to Jerusalem, his triumph and plundering of the temple, &c. ib. vanquishes Benhadad, king of Syria, thrice, 360. recovers all the cities that had been taken from his father Jehoahaz, unites them to the kingdom of Israel, ib. dies in peace, and is succeeded by his son Jeroboam, ib. Job, his person and book Diss. iv. i. 429. and ib. n. his descent from Abraham, from whose wife Shuah Bildad was, 430. when Job lived, ib. his greatness and sufferings, 431. n. and friends, ib. n. on the expression of his wife, “curse God and die,” 482. Elihu's speech, 438, when, and by whom the book of written, 434. and n. Joel, the prophet, the son of Bethuel, when he lived, ii. 366, the contents of his prophecy, the same as those of the prophet Amos, ib. John the Baptist, his birth and parentage, iii. 7. called our Lord's forerunner, why, 2. m. extraordinary circumstances attending him as our Lord's harbinger, ib. n. how he passed the early part of his life no mention in Scripture, traditions of it, 17. n. the nature and imperfection of his baptism, 18. m. his austere way of life, ib, the locusts and wild honey, what, ib. n. the coat of camel's hair ib. n. his preaching and firmness attract crouds to hear him, he converts many of all ranks, 19, his testimony of Christ and of his baptism, ib. why he knew not him before, 20. n, his testimony of him to his disciples, 28. is cast into prison, by whom and why, ib. is called by our Lord Elias, why, 45. sends, while in prison, two of his disciples with a message to our Lord, 120, and m. and 153. his character and eulogy by our Lord himself, 121. is murdered, why, 132. his character from Josephus, 133. the manner of disposing of his head and body, ib. John the Evangelist, account of his life and writings, iii. 80–83. and 145, his various sufferings, 81. his adjusting the canon of Scripture, his death and burial, 81. and n, and 470. and 473. n. JonADAs, son of Rechab, who, ii. 351. m. Jonah, the prophet, who, his commission to Nineveh, his going, instead of obeying it, to Joppa, ii. 361. violent storm at sea, and the opinion of the sailors, 362. his confession and desire to be cast into the sea, ib. which is reluctantly com. plied with, ib. swallowed by a great fish, ib. continues 8 days and 3 nights in its belly, and then cast ashore, ib. n boldy prophesies the destruction of Nineveh, ib, upon its solemn fast the doom reversed, 363. his vexation at it, ib his peevish complaints for that and the loss of his gourd, ib. his gourd, what, ib. n. God deigns to reason with the fretful prophet, ib observation on his book, character of his prophecy, 368. why God employed him, of his message, and why not immediately delivered, when it was executed, of his peevish irritation, 369. objections to the story, answered by an account of Nineveh, and why he was sent but refused to go, ib. and 378. of the fish that swallowed him, and of his living in its belly, 878–393, our Lord’s allusion to, explained, iii. 125. Jonathan, Saul’s son, his heroism in attacking a garrison, ii. 116. how two men could do what is said of him and his armour-bearer, ib. n. in danger from his father’s interdict, 117, his tender affection for David, 121 comparison of their friendship to that of Pylades and Orestes, &c. ib. n. his father wishes him to murder David, 122, is killed with his brothers Abimadab and Malchi-shua, ii. 134. Jonathan, son of Mattathias, succeeds his brother Judas Maccabaeus in the command of the Jewish forces, ii. 620. his valour and the peace with Bacchides the Syrian general, 621. governs wisely at Michmash, reforming several abuses in church and state, ib. his alliance courted by Alexander and Demetrius, competitors for the crown of Syria, 622. joins with the former, and accepts of the high priesthood, ib respected by Ptolemy king of Egypt, and made his com mander in chief in Judea, 623. vanquishes Apollonius's army, ib. plunders the temple of Dagon, ib highly honoured for his victories by Alexander, who gives him splendid gifts, ib. pacifies Demetrius, 624. assists him in reducing Antioch, but badly recompensed for it, 625. joins Antiochus Theos, ib. is circumvented, he and his two sons murdered by Tryphon, 626. solemnly interred at Modin in his father's sepulchre, ib. his union with Alexander Balas an usurper vindicated, 637. Jordan, river, whence the name is derived, a particular description of the passage of the Israelites over it, ii. 2 reasons why God divided it for their passage, 22. of its channel, ib. n. its stream too fierce and rapid to be fordable, ib. and n, called Amnis Ambitiosus, ib. passage over a miracle, ib. Jordan, plain of, its situation, i. 336. Joseph of Arimathea, buries our Saviour, iii. 293, and n. Joseph, the husband of Mary, why called by St Matthew a just man, iii. 7, n. his connection with Mary after our Saviour's birth, 8. flies with her and the child into Egypt, 13. returns from it and settles at Nazareth, 15. Joseph the patriarch, born, i. 364, his name, n. why Mo. ses enlarges so much upon his history, 391. n. his father’s darling, therefore has no friend among his brethren, 892. his coat, dreams, captivity, temptations, imprisonment, 393 n. interprets the dreams of the king's officers, 398. and n. and those of Pharaoh, ib., his advice to the king,400, is high

Vol. III.

ly honoured, married to a noble lady, by whom he has Manasses and Ephraim, 401, n. he was thirty years of age when his brethren presented themselves before him, 401. pretends to believe them spies, and why, 402. m. commands Simeon to be bound, 403. n. gives them a feast upon their second coming, 405. reasons for the Egyptians refusing to eat with them, ib. n. stratagem of the cup, 406. Judah's address to him, discovers himself, the rumour spreads through the court, his brethren set out on their return, Jacob’s feelings on the news they brought, 407. and n. the meeting of the father and son, 108. Jacob's family in all 70 persons, ib. . n, difference of the account of Moses and St Stephen reconciled, ib. presents his brothers and father to the king, 409. Joseph's policy in governing, ib. n. visits his father on his death-bed, 410. of whose act of worship and blessing, ib. and 418. Joseph’s death, 416, account of his honours and conduct vindicated, 421. of his divining cup, 423, &c. his private and public life fully justified, ib. and 426,427. testimonies by heathen writers, 428. and m. enjoins his brethren to carry his bones out of Egypt, why, 416, they embalm and put his body in a coffin, and carry it with them into Canaan, 502. and bury it, ii. 16. Joseph, nephew of Onias, his conduct at the Egyptian court, ii. 586 farms the revenues of Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, and Samaria, pays his uncle’s debts, ib. his love adventure and marriage with his niece, 589. Joshua goes up with Moses to the top of Mount Sinai, i. 511. is constituted one of the spies to survey the land of Canaan, 542. gives a good report of it, and is true to his allegations, as well as Caleb, ib. commended for their fidelity, 543. Joshua is made commander of the Israelites against the Moabites and Midianites, 581. succeeds Moses in the government of the Israelites, 584, and was at the head of 600,000 fighting men, ii. 1. sends spies into the land of Camaan, 2. gives orders for the army to decamp, 4. appoints twelve men to choose twelve stones to be set up as a memorial, ib. his miraculous passage with the Israelites over Jordan, 5. encamps at Gilgal, renews the rite of circumcision, 5. and why, ib. goes alone to reconnoitre Jericho, 6. sees at a distance a man clothed in armour, advances towards him and interrogates him, ib. is instructed by him how to take Jericho, takes it accordingly, ib. is defeated at Ai, 7, consults God, whose command he obeys, discovers Achan, whose crime caused the defeat, puts him to death, 8. attacks Ai again, and takes it by stratagem, ib. erects an altar at Mounts Gerizzim and Ebal, inscribes the law on stones there, 9. enters too unwarily into a league with the Gibeonites, their artifice, ib vanquishes the confederate princes of south Canaan, his prayer that the sun and moon might stand still is heard, 11. slays all the confederate princes, then returns to Gilgal, marches against north Canaan, defeats its armies, and slays its princes, particularly Jabin, subdues the whole land, divides it among the tribes, 12, proposals to the Canaanites, ib. n. dismisses honourably the Reubenites and Gadites, 13. a sad misunderstanding adjusted, ib. his affectionate speech and death, 15, character and burial, ib. and n, after his death no successor appointed, every tribe being governed by its respective leader or chief, 51, directions to him how to consult the oracle, 93. Josiah, succeeds his father Ammon in the kingdom of Judah, ii. 412. excellent management and reformation by, ib. repairs the temple, orders the book of the Lord to be read, which was found there by accident, his humiliation there

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upon, and the good effects of it, 413. his farther reformation, 414. observes the passover more solemnly than it had been since Samuel's time, ib. invaded by Pharaoh Necho, slain in battle, and buried in the sepulchre of his ancestors, 415. lamented by all, chiefly by Jeremiah, ib. that he had seen the law before the copy of it was found by Hilkiah in the temple, 420. why the high priest rejoiced, and Josiah was surprised at the discovery, ib. that he had a right to make a reformation in Israel, ib. &c. of his opposing the king of Egypt, and dying in peace though slain in battle, 422–3, is succeed. ed by his son Jehoahaz, 437. Jotham, brother of Abimelech, Gideon's son, escapes the massacre of his brethren, ii. 65. delivers the first parable on record, denounces a curse against the rebels, 66. and n. Joth AM, the son of Uzziah, succeeds his father in the kingdom of Judah, ii. 399. his excellent qualities, ib. invaded by the Moabites, defeats them, ib. dies in peace, and is buried in the royal sepulchre of his ancestors, ib. succeeded by his son Ahaz, ib. Joy, in what sense imputed to God, iii. 228. Irony, instance of, ii. 301. m. and 307, n. Isaac, his birth and circumcision, i. 291. great joy of his parents, obeys his father when he was going to sacrifice him, 293. is married to Rebecca his cousin, 297. his two sons Esau and Jacob, 342. removes to Gerar, makes his wife pass for his sister, accused by Abimelech, who however protects him, and renews the league which had been made with Abraham, 343, 344. blesses Jacob instead of Esau, 345. sends Jacob into Mesopotamia to his uncle Laban, dies and is buried in the same sepulchre with Abraham, 347. See Objection and Answer, ib. where the spiritual sense of the benediction given to Jaccb is pointed out, with other particulars, 352. et seq. See also Dissertation II. 355. Isaiah the prophet, son of Amos, contents and character of his prophecies, ii. 866. his message from God to Ahaz king of Judah, 399. directs Hezekiah, by God's command, to settle his affairs, and prepare for death, 406, then assures him of his recovery and deliverance from the Assyrians, who were then coming against him, ib., his reproof of the king for the vain glorious and imprudent display of his wealth to the ambassadors of the king of Babylon, 407. prophesies of a virgin bearing a son, 428. how meant, his walking naked literally true, 465. Ishbosheth proclaimed king by Abner upon Saul's death, ii. 172. disheartened by Abner's desertion, 174. slain by two of his servants, ib. interred honourably, ib. and n. why David treated him kindly, 202. sHMAEL, son of Abraham by Hagar, his birth, i. 286. name, ib. n. and dismissal with his mother, ib. settles in the wilderness of Paran, 292. is an expert archer, provides for himself and mother by his bow, ib. marries an Egyptian, by whom he has twelve sons, ib. prophecy concerning him, Gen. xvi. 12. explained and justified, 323. Ishmael, son of Nethaniah, leagues with Baalis, king of the Ammonites, murders Gedaliah, governor of Judea, with many others, ii. 480. not thinking himself safe at Mizpeh, escapes into the land of Ammon, ib. Ishmaelites call themselves Saracens, i. 326. n. Isles of the Gentiles, what, i. 258. n. Isles of the nations, how so called, i. 196. n. Israel, meaning of the name, i. 368. n. Israel, why called lost sheep, iii. 132, n. Israelites, their sufferings, i. 435. departure from Egypt, 501, borrow from the Egyptians, 465, their sojourning

there 430 years, 477. promise concerning it explained, ib. rendezvous at Rameses in Goshen, from thence they go to Succoth, 501. guided by the Almighty, pursued by the Egyptians, 502. and n, infatuation of the Egyptians, 504. and their destruction, ib. encampments of Israel, the quails, their murmurs, the manna, 506. and n. defeat the Amalekites, 507. and n, upon various topics, 501-508. encamp before Sinai, 509. demand of Aaron gods to protect them, 511. worship the golden calf made from their golden ornaments, ib. n. their sacrifice not however to the calf, but to the true God, 512. n. made to drink the water in which the melted image was dissolved, 513. suffer a dreadful punishment, ib. grieve at being deserted by their heavenly Guide, 517. why not conducted the nearest way to Canaan, 51s. passage over the Red Sea, tradition of, among Heathens, 528. See Dissert. I. on it, ib. and Append. to, 534. manner of their encampment and marching, 539. their standards origin perhaps of heraldry, ib. and 540. talk of returning to Egypt, rather than of facing their enemies, 542. severely punished,543, the murmurers probably the idolatrous part of the nation, 550. how often they murmured on account of their food, 551. advance from Geber to the wilderness of Sin, 573. repulse, and success, Miriam dies at Kadesh, their various encampments between Moab and Ammon, are punished by fiery serpents, brazen serpent, account of, 575. n.defeat Og, king of Bashan, of whose gigantic stature, 576. n.dreadful plague sent for their criminal excesses, 580. Josephus's account of, ib. battle with the Moabites and Midianites, 581. their destruction of the Canaanites vindicated, 601. did not refuse commerce with other nations, ib. why they are so often put in mind of their bondage in Egypt, 604. why the serpents in the wilderness did not hurt them sooner, provided with an extraordinary remedy, type of our Saviour, ib. and 605, the miraculous manner in which they passed the river Jordan, ii. 4. why they were outwitted by the Gibeonites, 28. and kept their treaty with them, 30. why they took offence at their brethren, ib. why sometimes disconsolate, 31. why they put some cities to the sword, 32. the promises of God to them conditional, 34. keep company with the Canaanites, and fall into their idolatry, 52. are oppressed by Chusan Rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, 53. by Eglon, king of Moab, 56. by Jabin, king of Hazor, 57. by the Midianites and Amalekites, 61. by the Philistines and Ammonites, 68. are delivered by Jephtha, ib., wage war with the Philistines, lose their ark and are defeated, 107. Samuel intercedes for them, and they defeat the Philistines, 110, 111. they desire a king, and why, ib. ITALIAN band, what, iii. 406. n. Itinerant Levites, ii. 332. ITUREA, the country of, its situation, ii. 647. m. and iii. 128. n. JUBAL, the first inventor of musical instruments, i. 109. as Jabal his brother, another descendant of Cain, was of the management of cattle, and Tubal Cain, a third, of the art of smelting ore, whence the Apollo, Pales, and Vulcan of the Heathens, ib. Judah, his connection with Thamar, i. 396. of Onan, &c. ib. birth of twins by Thamar, 397. sceptre shall not depart from, explained, ii. 140. n. JUDAs Maccabeus, why so called, ii. 596. n. appointed by his father Mattathias, just before his death, to be his successor as champion of Israel against their persecutors, ib. overcomes Antiochus's armies in six engagements, 597–8. possesses himself of all Judea, ib. purifies the temple, 598. blocks up the fort of Acra, 599. his gallant exploits are credible, 603. slays a great many Idumaeans, Ammonites, and other nations combined against the Jews, 615. is very successful in Gilead, makes a peace with Antiochus Eupater, ib. the effects of it, ib. burns Joppa and Jamnia, 615. vanquishes Timotheus's army, and takes him prisoner, 616. takes Ephron by storm, ib. besieges the fortress of Acra, routs Antiochus's army, 617. makes an honourabls peace with him, ib. his total defeat of the army of Nicanor, and triumphant return to Jerusalem, 620. his league with the Romans, ib. overcome by numbers at last, and slain, ib. his character, ib. and 634. why he fought the enemy with an inferior force, ib. why he might justly destroy the Ephraimites, 535, his joining with Zabina, destroying the Samaritans, and leaving the Pharisees, justified, 638. Judas IscaRiot, his name, conjectures concerning, iii. 118. n. repines at Mary's anointing our Lord's feet, 214. agrees with the Sanhedrim to betray him, whether he received the sacrament at its first institution, much questioned by the ancients, 271. his treacherous kiss, 275. repentance, and reward for his treason, which he returns too late, and hangs himself, 280 conjectures about the manner of his death, ib. n. the aggravation of his sin, 275. m. his fruitless repentance, his crime voluntary, 320. JUDAs, sirnamed Barsabas, who he was, iii. 416. n. Jude his epistle, occasion of it, iii. 467, n. called Thaddeus and Lebbeus, why, 468. his history and martyrdom, ib. his account of Enoch’s prophecy, i. 152, iii. 467, n. Judges, among the Israelites (Shophetim), what their authority, sometimes wicked men, ii. 78. why they did not abolish idolatry, ib. and 92. Judgment, general, the place of, iii. 267, n. Judith, her slaying Holofernes, whether before or after the Babylonish captivity disputed, account of the book of, ii. 456. her history abridged, ib. her character, 460. why she durst oppose Holofernes, and slay him afterwards, ib, the rectitude of her conduct considered, ib. and m. her an swer to the eunuch in some measure vindicated, ib. why some things in her history cannot be accounted for, ib. JUGURTHA, his wars with the Romans of short duration, and not mentioned in Sacred History, 685. n. the occasion and event of them, ib. Juno, under what name worshipped by the Carthaginians, ii. 275. n. Jupiter Olympius, famous statue of, described, ii. 469, n. Justice, Divine, in destroying the world by the flood, vindicated, i. 162. Ivory, when first used, ii. 265. n. throne of, ib. n.

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KADESH, two places so named, i. 541, n.

Kalendar, Jewish, preface, xxxii.

KARAN, which, by our translators, is rendered shining, is, in the Latin Vulgate, Cornutus, or horned, whence Moses is often painted, very absurdly, with a pair of horns branching out of his forehead, i. 549.

Keilah, its situation, ii. 127.

KENITEs, who, their descent, ii. 80, their friendship with Israel, ib.

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Key of Egypt, Raamses, &c. i. 436. n. Keys of the kingdom of heaven, and binding and loosing, explained, iii. 16t. and n. Kheder, or Khizin, who he was, and how he was supposed to become immortal, the name, what, ii. 336. n. KIDRon, brook, described, ii. 251. Kingdom, enlargement of Messiah's, iii. 51. Kings, Israelites desire one, why, ii. 111. rules prescribed for their conduct, ib. n. their riding in a chariot first mentioned, 269. n. KIRJATHIEARIM, the ark placed there, why not at Shiloh, ii. 139. Kishon, a river rising out of Mount Tabor, described, ii. 59. n. Sisera defeated near it, and many drowned, the defeat described by Josephus, ib. n. KoRAH, great grandson of Levi, by Jahar his father, joined by Dathan, Abiram, and On, rebels, i. 543–4. presumptuously invading the priest’s office, their end, an awful warning for ever, 545. ib. n.

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LABAN deceives Jacob, by bringing his daughter Leah, instead of Rachel, to his bed, i. 363, his haughty answer to Jacob's remonstrance, ib. gives him Rachel also, upon what conditions, ib. his bargain with Jacob about the cattle, 364. expostulates with him for leaving him without his consent, 365. enters into an alliance with him, 366, the solemnity of it, ib. LaBorosoarchop, succeeds his father Neriglissar in the kingdom of Babylon, ii. 490. his abominable vices raise against him a conspiracy of his subjects, who slay him after a reign of nine months, ib. and n. Labyrinth, Egyptian, described, i. 486. Lacus Asphaltites described, i. 339–40. LAMB of God, Christ so called, why, ini. 23. n. LAMEch, one of Cain's descendants, the first that introduced polygamy, i. 109, his speech to his wives, 110. explained there and n. Land not to be alienated among the Israelites, ii. 263. m. “Land then had rest fourscore years,” explained, ii. 57. m. Lands, secured to subjects, ii. 306. n. Language, that of Noah the same with Adam's, i. 220. why supposed to be Hebrew, ib. n. the language of the Jews on their return from the Babylonish captivity, what, ii. 633. Languages, some of them perhaps radically different from others, but these probably very few in number, characteristics of the Eastern and Western languages, what the confusion of languages at Babel probably amounted to, i. 229–233. Lawgiver, the original word so translated in the English Bible, has two very different significations, i. 417. Laws, Jewish, valid reasons for the institution of some of them, which appear to us trivial, i. 522. 565–573. Laws of the Persians unalterable, why, ii. 494. n. LAzarus, after having been dead and buried four days is restored to life by our Blessed Lord, iii.212. his life in

; danger from the Sanhedrim, why, 213–14. is preserved as a

KETURAh, Abraham's wife, who she was, her six sons : monument of God's glory thirty years after our Saviour's

named, i. 297, n.

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LEAH, is married to Jacob, why, has four children by
him before her sister has one, i. 363. parts with her son's
mandrakes, why, ib. has two sons and a daughter more by
him, 364.
Leaning upon his staff, Jacob's act of worship in, explain-
ed, i. 411. n. -
Learning, that of the time between the flood and the days
of Abraham, and of the Chaldeans, Persians, and Arabians,
ii. 229. n.
Learning of the Antideluvians, i. 184, n.
Leaven of the Herodians, what, ii. 645.
Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees, what, iii. 139, n.
Legend, ridiculous, of St Anthony, stricture on the author's
introducing it, ii. 327. n.
Legion of soldiers, their number, iii. 276, and denomina-
tion, ib. n.
Leprosy, not an Hebrew but Egyptian distemper, i. 443,
n. its cause and nature, 541. common among the Jews,
ib. and renders the person infected by it loathsome and
deformed, iii. 35. m. peculiarly contagious in hot countries,
ib. detested by the Jews and by their law, ib, thought incu-
rable by medicine, ib. the highest of legal pollutions, ib.
manner of restoration from, 36. m. our Saviour unpolluted
by it when he cured it, why, 35. n. the various ceremonies
to be observed by the leprous after his cure for purification,
36. m.
Letters, inventors and teachers of them among different
nations, i. 270, and n.
Levite, why Samuel, being one, put on the ephod, &c.
ii. 144.
Levites, eight and forty cities appointed for their resi-
dence, i. 584. of which six were to be cities of refuge, ib.
Lex Talionis, in Jezebel's case, ii. 350. m.
Libation, at Mizpeh, ii. 110. n.
LIBERTINes, synagogue of, and other sects, iii. 398, n.
Library, that of Ptolemy Philadelphus at Alexandria, its
institution and history, ii. 583. n.
Libya, its situation, iii.286. n.
Lice, of what kind the Egyptian plague, see Cinnim, i.
449. m.
Lies, when innocent, lame apology for, ii. 125. n. and
131. n.
Life of man gradually shortened after the flood, i. 251. n.
Light, why produced before the sun, i. 9, n. in the au-
thor's opinion it was at first properly fire, 16, but that un-
questionably a mistake, 21–23. -
Linus, son of Herculaneus, is ordained bishop of Rome,
some account of him, iii. 466. n. and 467.
Lion, slaying a prophet, ii. 271. and n.
Locusts, the common diet of St John the Baptist, what,
iii. 18. n.
Lodgings, why necessary to send one to bespeak them
for our Lord, iii. 183. n. -
Longevity of Antediluvians, i. 153. diminished afterwards,
why, 155, instances of in England, ii. 355. n.
Lot, the son of Haran, leaves Ur in Chaldea, i. 280. tra-
vels with his uncle Abraham into Canaan, 281. from thence
into Egypt, ib. he and Abram part, 282. entertains two angels
in Sodom, 288. his wife is turned into a pillar of salt, 289. n.
his drunkenness and incest, 290, the offer which he made of
his daughters to the Sodomites, 317. palliation for, 318, also
for the incest of his daughters, ib. and 319. none of the
parties without guilt, ib. considerations upon his wife's

metamorphoses, 331. testimonies of the fact, ib. and 333.

and n.
Lots, their expediency in dividing the land of Canaan, i.
583. n.
Lots, feast of, its institution and manner of celebration,
See Purim, ii. 544, n.
Lucullus, having defeated Tigranes, is obliged to resign
his command to Pompey, ii. 686.
Luke, evangelist, account of his life and writings, iii. 77,
joins St Paul, ib. See Appendix to Dissertation on the
four Evangelists and their writings, 84, &c. and 477.
Lunacy, account of, iii. 179, n.
Luz, the place of Jacob's sublime vision, meaning of the
word, i. 360. and n.
Lycia, a province of Asia Minor, its situation, iii. 448.
n. its metropolis an archbishop's see, when, ib. its present
state, ib.
LYDIA, account of the place, iii. 405. n.
Lysias, rescues St Paul from the Jews, iii. 438. account
of him, ib. n. sends Paul under a strong guard to Antipatris,
and thence to Felix at Cesaraea, 441. his letter to Felix,
what, 442.

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MACCABEES, name of, whence, ii. 632. some account
of their several books, ii. 633. their proper order, language,
and contents, and the degree of their authority, ib. and n.
and 684, and their govermnent of Judea, iii. 260. n.
Maccasieus, JUDAs, his character, ii. 634. why he fought
his enemies with an inferior force, ib. justified in destroying
the Ephraimites, 636.
Macedonia, its situation, iii. 418. n.
Machares, son of Mithridates, dreading his father's re-
sentment, slays himself, ii. 686. n.
MachierUs, city and fort of, described, iii. 132. n.
MAGDALA, its situation, iii. 139. n.
MAGIANs, a sect of the Persians, ii. 528. the name con-
temptuous, why given them, ib, held formerly in esteem, ib.
their tenets, ib. n. and i. 238. n.
Magic, the several kinds of it, its rise among the Egyp-
tians, i. 467,
Magicians, Egyptian, the miracles which they could
imitate, viz. turning rods into serpents, i. 448, water into
blood, producing frogs, 449, the miracles which they could
not imitate, the lice, the murrain, the flies, &c. 450, who
they were, and how enabled to exhibit these feats, 467.
their miracles probably impostures, 469, 470. See Phan-
tasmagoria. Why the magicians were suffered to practise
them against Moses, 470–1.
MAHANAIM, described, ii. 172. n.
Mahometan Religion, folly and impiety of, iii. 355.. the
cause of its propagation, ib. its doctrines and miracles com-
pared with those of Christianity, 356,
Makkedah, ii. 11. n. cave of, ib.
Malefactors, two common ones crucified with our Saviour,
iii. 287. and n.
MAMRE, oak of, its situation, i. 282, n.
Man after God's heart explained, ii. 158,
“Man from the Lord,” explained, i. 105. n.
MANAsseh, succeeds his father Hezekiah in the kingdom
of Judah, ii. 411, a wicked and idolatrous prince, ib. is taken

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