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The German scholars have direct with this humble work, he must ed their attention with great ability to have, at the beginning of his met. the study of history and antiquities. rical elements, a logical foundaIn these respects the school of tion dependent on the philosophy of Beckh, at Berlin, takes the lead. Kant. The result is, as might be He and his pupils have thrown the expected. No one reads, or if he clearest light upon the economical reads, receives the philosophical part, and judicial system of Athens, upon while the part resting on observation the history of the tribes and states of is valuable and rich in acute reGreece, upon that of literature and marks. In these censures we have of art. In this school the taste and no intention to condemn the appliimagination and the love of historical cation of a truly philosophical spirit research are exercised, rather than to any branch of human inquiry : the logical power. Its fault is one all we mean to say is, that a simply which is eminently German, and logical mind can not interpret poet. which renders writers of this class ry, art or life, in a philosophical not always the safest guides,—the way. tendency to establish a conclusion Probably no age has been so acby means of brilliant combinations tive as the present in every branch of particulars not always in them- pertaining to ancient learning. In selves certain. This conclusion is none have there been such extensive perhaps a favorite hypothesis, which and thorough collations of manuseemed probable and beautiful, be- scripts, and we therefore possess fore the writer looked around for ar- texts freer from corruptions, and guments to support it.

even from unnecessary emendations, The school of Hermann, at Leip. than the best of the sixteenth and sic, was of earlier date, and chiefly seventeenth centuries. In none have given to inquiries terminating not on the studies relating to words made the facts communicated by language, such progress. The true knowledge but on language itself. The great of ancient meter can hardly be said improvements in grammar and me- to have had existence before the la. ter, and the revisions of texts made bors of Hermann and Beckh were by this school, are familiar to every given to the world; and comparative one who has paid any attention to grammar, a study peculiar to the the subject. This school displays age, is now modifying and correctgreat niceness and subtlety in obser. ing the grammatical systems of the ving and reasoning. Its tendency past. What has been done in lexi. of course must be to confine the cography may be estimated from the mind to the exercise of the critical demand for two enlarged editions of and logical powers. Hence its per the huge Thesaurus of Stephens,manence can not be expected : it is which had not been reprinted since merely preparatory, and having ac- the original one in 1572,--and by a complished great good, and laid a number of new and excellent dic. foundation, must pass away. The tionaries, both Greek and Latin. No fault of this school is, that it subjects age has been so fertile in reprints of the ancient remains, 100 narrowly, the classics. There is scarcely a to the laws prescribed by the indi- writer, of whom but a few frag. vidual understanding. A grammat- ments remain, whose relics have not ical rule must be so, because to been gathered from scholiasts and Hermann's mind nothing else is lo- grammarians, by some German worgical, and even texts are altered shiper of antiquity, and deposited by on the same principle. Hermann's themselves,-entombed, an ill-naacuteness drew the rules of meter tured person might say,-in a new from the classics ; but, not content book, where copious legends of the

life and works of the saint are not superiority of the Greek language, wanting. In the history whether of in the use of its dialects,” and “on nations, of literature and art, or of the education of the moral sentiment opinions, the contributions have been among the ancient Greeks,” transequally rich. Nor has the age falle lated from the works of Frederick en behind any preceding one in ef. Jacobs, by Prof. Felton, of Cam. forts to find meaning and system in bridge. These essays, being of a ancient mythology. Two schools Popular character, dwell on topics divide the learned between a mysti- not confined in their interest to the cal and symbolical interpretation of professed scholar. Any man of libthe religious fables akin to that of eral education may read them with the Neoplatonists, and another of a interest and profit

. The leading more rational kind, which, while it thought in them all is the free devel. does not deny the use of symbols, opment among the Greeks of a sense ascribes the system of mythology in of beauty and of fitness, which ina good degree to the imagination of fluenced them when they wrote, in a highly poetical age. In philoso- their choice between the dialects of phy, the zeal excited by the jarring their language, which appears resystems of the Germans has led to markably in the finished productions the study of those of the ancients; of their art, and which affected their and a multitude of treatises, devoted whole life and manners. While to every school, from the time of reading these essays, we have been Thales, until the driveling Neo- led to wish that Mr. Felton had writplatonists expired by feeding on the ten original ones, instead of them, shadows of nothings, have left no on the same subjects. His wellcorner of philosophy, no obscure known elegant taste and just appresect, unexplored. In archæology, ciation of what has come down to us if the formidable tomes of Salmasius from antiquity, would have enabled and Meursius have not been rivaled, him to present similar views to those a spirit of cautious and critical in.. of Jacobs, in a way better suited to vestigation has avoided the faults of the wants of his countrymen ; while the older antiquaries, who too often he would have avoided some of presented pictures which were com. the errors into which Jacobs, when posed of shreds of several ages, and speaking of Greek morals, has fallput together on the stand as of equal en, and which are becomingly notrustworthiness, the best and the ticed at the end of the work. worst writers. It would take long The tendency of the essay on the to enumerate the departments of an- " education of the moral sentiment tiquities, in which the present race of among the Greeks,” is unduly to scholars have gone beyond their pre- exalt that part of the Greek characdecessors. Let it suffice to say, that ter. It is rather strange that so those departments which are con- learned a man as Jacobs, who knows cerned with politics and civil institu- from Aristophanes what the Athenitions, with dramatic exhibitions and ans must have been in the days of the remains of art, have received the Pericles, can speak so complacently largest share of attention.

of the nation in this respect. The We have noticed thus far two por cause is to be found to a degree in tions of the “ Classical Studies.” A partiality for the authors to whose third is occupied with translations explanation he has devoted his life. from the German, on subjects rela. It must be confessed, too, that the ting to ancient literature and art. simplicity of manners among the The most important of these are Greeks before the Macedonian perithree: “on the wealth of the Greeks od, their delicate sense of propriety in works of plastic art,” “on the and exquisite taste to which Jacobs Vol. I.


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calls attention, were invaluable na- tone of heathenism. In this impor. tional traits, and, if they had been tant respect the scholars of this age united to a religious system, which appear to be behind those of the supplied true morals and the motives sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, to practice them together, would who, though they too often reviled have produced a more beautiful na- one another in Latin worthy of the tional character than has been else- Suburra, yet could use their learnwhere seen. But besides this, a ing in the cause of Christianity. cause of too great leniency in judg. May we not hope that the next age, ing of ancient morals may be, -and while it avoids the coarseness and we hope that we shall not be thought quarrelsome spirit of the older scholharsh or unjust in making the obser- ars, will avoid also the want of morvation,—that the minds of many al feeling but too prevalent among German students of antiquity are the more modern. heathenized by their studies. The We had intended, before closing, subject which they pursue has be- to make some remarks on ancient come so vast as to demand all their art, its relations to morals, and the time, and they have little leisure for part it ought to have in the educaother studies which might neutralize tion of a scholar. But this is a subsome of its dangerous influences. ject no less copious than important; Add to this the want of faith in rev. and having already exceeded the elation, and the irreligious spirit of bounds which we had marked out, the past age, in which it is natural we are afraid to enter upon it. We that many of them should share. will close, therefore, with expressing Would that they read their Greek our gratification with this work, and testaments more, and compared with our conviction that it will prove a the spirit there found, the moral valuable guide to classical scholars.


L. Bacon


MR. ARTHUR CAREY has sudden- voted himself to the clerical proly, and at a very early age, be- fession in the Protestant Episcopal come a historical personage. He church, he pursued his studies in is a graduate of Columbia College, the General Theological Seminary New York, and he received there, of that church in the city of New four years ago, the highest honor York ; and in June, 1842, he reamong his classmates. Having de- ceived the testimonial usually given

by the trustees at the completion * The true issue for the true church- of the course of study. Not being

A statement of facts in relation to then of the canonical age for adthe recent ordination in St. Stephen's mission to the order of deacons, Church, New York, by Drs. Smith and Anthon Harper & Brothers

. 8vo. pp 46. (which we understand to be twenty A Letter to a parishioner, relative to one years,) he remained at the semthe recent ordination of Mr. Arthur Ca. inary another year, devoting himrey, by Benjamin !. Haight, A, M., Rec. self to the studies connected with tor of All Saints' Church, New York. James A. Sparks. pp. 22.

his profession. He appears to have A full and true statement of the ex- been not only diligent and success. amination and ordination of Mr. Artbur ful in study, but eminently amiable Carey. Taken from the Churchman of and blameless in his deportmentJuly 8, 15, 22, 29, and August 5, and 12: with an appendix. James A. Sparks. the pride of his teachers and the

joy of his friends. Even those who have been constrained to protest again the next day. In the mean against his admission to the minis- time, Dr. Smith, for the sake of try, and who knew him well while greater accuracy, wrote down some connected with the seminary, tell of the most important views which us how strong was their “convic- he had understood Mr. C. to ex. tion of the purity and excellence press. The document thus prepared of his Christian character, and of was read to Mr. C. the next day, his quiet and studious habits, and that if any thing had been misunof his love for truth."

pp. 116.

derstood it might be corrected, and Mr. Carey, as connected with the that if, in the freedom and warmth parish of St. Peter's, was under the of conversation, any thing had been pastoral care of the Rev. Dr. Hugh said inadvertently, it might be withSmith, in whose Sunday school he drawn. The document was accordwas also a teacher. In May last, ingly corrected, not by Mr. Carey's as the time at which he expected hand, but in his presence, and in to receive ordination drew near, he conformity with his suggestions. applied to his pastor for the neces. As the story depends very much sary certificate, which must needs upon this document, we put it upon be signed by the rector and vestry, record, not in the double form in testifying, among other things, that which Dr. Smith has published it, “ he had never written, taught, or but only as corrected. held, any thing contrary to the doc

" St. Peter's Rectory, June 21, 1843. trine or discipline of the Protestant

Evening. Episcopal church.” On that occa- “In my conversation with Mr. Carey sion Dr. Smith referred to the fact, this afternoon, I understood him substanwell understood between them, that tially to admit to me a conversation reMr. Carey had “ embraced the doc- puted to have been held, as leading to

the general impression that, if union with trines of the Oxford school ;" he the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal informed the young man that those church of this country were not open to opinions of his would have given the ministry of Rome-not without pain

him, he might possibly have recourse to serious uneasiness to his pastor, but or difficulty, but still that he did not see for the high estimate he had formed any thing to prevent or forbid such an of the candidate's moral and spirit- alternative, although he thought it much ual character ; and he promised to

more likely that he would remain in the

communion of our church; and ibat he procure for him the required cer- could receive all the decrees of Trent, tificate. Before the paper was call. the damnatory clauses only excepted.

" 2. That he did not deem the differed for by Mr. Carey, Dr. Smith was

ences between us and Rome to be such informed of some expressions used

as embraced any points of faith. by Mr. C., which seemed to make “3. That he was not prepared to proit questionable whether the testimo. nounce the doctrine of transubstantiation nial could honestly be given to him.

an absurd or impossible doctrine; and

tbat he regarded it, as taught within the Accordingly, Dr. S., at the next in. last hundred years, as possibly meaning terview, which was on the 21st of no more than what we mean by the real June, stated to Mr. C. the expres- presence, which we most assuredly hold. sions which had been ascribed to

“4. That he does not object to the

Romish doctrine of purgatory as defined him, and asked for an explanation. by the Council of Trent, and that he beThis was the commencement of a lieved that the state into which the soul protracted conversation, in the pro. passed after death was one in which it gress of which Mr. Carey made grows in grace, and can be benefited by

the prayers of the faithful and the sacri. à frank and full avowal of views fice of the altar. which filled his pastor with “ aston- “5. That he was not prepared to con. ishment and grief.” Dr. Smith de. sider the church of Rome as no longer an clined giving him the certificate at Christ; and that he was not prepared to

integral or pure branch of the church of that time, and requested him to call say whether she or the Anglican church

were the more pure: that in some re- doctrine and discipline of the Prospects she had the advantage, in others we. “6. That he regarded the denial of the

testant Episcopal church.'” But cup to the laity as a mere matter of dis

to Dr. Smith's surprise, the Bishop cipline, which might occasion grief to was already informed of the fact, bím if within her communion, but not as and informed of the document which entirely invalidating the administration of the sacrament.

embodied the grounds of the refu“7. That he admits to have said, or

sal. Mr. C. or his advisers, had thinks it likely he has said, inasmuch as been beforehand with the Dr., and he so believes that the Reformation from

had been in conference with the Rome was an unjustifiable act, and fol. lowed by many grievous and lamentable Bishop. It appeared too, that Mr. results ; he, however, baving no question Carey was taking effectual measbut that a reformation was then neces. ures to obtain from the rector and sary, and being far, also, from denying vestry of Trinity church, the testi. that many good results have followed from it, both to us and Rome.

monial which he could not obtain “8. That while generally subscribing from the rector and vestry of his to the sixth article, * so that he would not own parish. rely for proofs to himself or others, upon passages from books other than canon

On the same day, a few hours ical, yet he

is not disposed to fault the afterwards, the trustees of the semchurch of Rome in annexing others to inary were in session-a board, of these, and in pronouncing them all, in a which Drs. Smith and Anthon are loose sense, sacred Scripture ; nor was

members. he prepared to say that the Holy Spirit

At that session these did not speak by ihe books apocryphal. gentlemen offered a resolution, that Mr. Carey alledged himself here to have the attention of the examining comadded that this was the doctrine of the mittee, in the examinations then homily:

“9. Mr. Carey considered the promise about to commence, be directed of conformity to the doctrine, discipline, especially " to the points at issue and worship of the Protestant Episcopal between us and the church of church as not embracing the thirty nine Rome.” This was objected to on articles in any close and rigid construction of them, but regards them only as

the ground, that the business of the affording a sort of general basis of con- committee was not to examine, but cord-as those which none subscribed except with certain mental reservations conducted by the professors, and

to attend upon the examination as and private exceptions, and that this was whai he regarded as Bishop White's to report the result. The motion view."— True Issue, pp. 9–11.

was, by a vote, laid upon the table. After the most deliberate consid. Another, to nearly the same effect, eration, Dr. Smith arrived at the discussion of these resolutions ap

met with the same reception. The conclusion, that he could not con. scientiously sign the required testi pears to have been not without

some excitement. Dr. Smith is remonial. Having communicated this decision first to his friend, Dr. An- ported (Full and True Statement, thon, by whose approbation it was

p. 102) to have expressed his con

viction, that there was in the semconfirmed, and then to Mr. Carey, his next step was to inform the inary “ an under current of RomanBishop. This was done four days to sustain his assertion, before the

ism," and to have pledged himself afterwards, (June 26,) by present- church, if necessary, by documenting to that functionary a brief note, stating that Mr. C.'s testimonial had ary proof.' Drs. Smith and Anthon

were added to the committee, after been refused on the ground of his having "held, and now holding table, that they might have the op

their motions had been laid on the ' opinions which are in my (Dr. Smith's) judgment, contrary to the portunity of obtaining satisfaction;

and it was suggested to them, that • Art. 6.-Or the Sufficiency of the Holy Scrip.

a request to the professors to ex. amine any particular student or

tures for Salvation.

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