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118. In the mean while those who were within the fortification were reduced to the last extremity, so that they boiled and ate the cords of their beds ; and when they had these no longer, then the Persians, and Artayctes and Eobazus, made their escape by night, descending by the back of the fortification, where it was most deserted by the enemy. When it was day, the Chersonesians from the towers made known to the Athenians what had happened, and opened the gates; and the greater part of them went in pursuit, but some took possession of the city._119. As (Eobazus was fleeing into Thrace, the Apsinthian Thracians seized him, and sacrificed him to Plistorus, a god of the country, according to their custom ; but those who were with him they slaughtered in another manner. Those with Artayctes, who had taken to flight the last, when they were overtaken a little above Ægos-Potami, having defended themselves for a considerable time, some were killed, and others taken alive, and the Greeks, having put them in bonds, conveyed them to Sestos ; and with them they took Artayctes bound, himself and his son. 120. It is related by the Chersonitæ, that the following prodigy occurred to one of the guards as he was broiling salt-fish; the salt-fish lying on the fire leapt and quivered like fish just caught; and the persons who stood around were amazed; but Artayctes, when he saw the prodigy, having called the man who was broiling the salt-fish, said, “ Athenian friend, be not afraid of this prodigy, for it has not appeared to you; but Protesilaus, who is in Elæus, intimates to me, that though dead and salted, he has power from the gods to avenge himself on the person that has injured him. Now, therefore, I wish to make him reparation, and instead of the riches which I took out of his temple, to repay one hundred talents to the god; and for myself and my children, I will pay two hundred talents to the Athenians, if I survive.” By offering this, he did not persuade the general, Xanthippus ; for the Elæans, wishing to avenge Protesilaus, begged that he might be put to death, and the mind of the general himself inclined that way. Having, therefore, corducted him to that part of the shore where Xerxes bridged over the pass, or, as others say, to a hill above the city of Madytus, they nailed him to a plank and hoisted him aloft, and his son they stoned before the eyes of Artayctes. 121. Having done these things, they sailed back to Greece; taking

with them other treasures and the materials of the bridges, in order to dedicate them in the temples; and during this year nothing more was done.

122. Artembares, the grandfather of this Artayctes who was hoisted aloft, was the person who originated a remark which the Persians adopted and conveyed to Cyrus, in these terms: “Since Jupiter has given the sovereign power to the Persians, and among men, to you, O Cyrus, by overthrowing Astyages; as we possess a small territory, and that rugged, come, let us remove from this, and take possession of another, better. There are many near our confines, and many at a distance. By possessing one of these, we shall be more admired by most men ; and it is right that those who bear rule should do so; and when shall we have a better opportunity, than when we have the command of many nations, and of all Asia ?” Cyrus having heard these words, and not admiring the proposal, bade them do so; but when he bade them he warned them to prepare henceforward not to rule, but to be ruled over ; for that delicate men spring from delicate countries, for that it is not given to the same land to produce excellent fruits and men valiant in war. So that the Persians, perceiring their error, withdrew and yielded to the opinion of Cyrus ; and they chose rather to live in a barren country, and to command, than to cultivate fertile plains, and be the slaves of others.

THE END.

INDEX.

ARæ, a city of Phoeis, with a temple of | Æa, a city of Colchis, i. 2; vii. 193, 197
Apollo, i. 46; viii. 27, 33, 134

Æaces, son of Syloson, and father of Poly-
Abantes, & people who migrated from crates, iii. 39; vi. 13
Eubea to Ionia, i. 146

, son of Syloson, and tyrant of Sa-
Abaris, an Hyperborean, iv. 36

mos, iv. 138; vi. 13, 25
Abdera, a town in Thrace, i. 168; vi. 46; Æacidæ, viii. 64
vii. 109, 126; viii. 120

Æacus, of Ægina, vi. 35
Abrocomes, son of Darius, vii. 224

Æga, a city of Pallene, vii. 123
Abronychus, an Athenian, son of Lysicles, Ægæ, in Achaia, i. 145
viii. 21

Ægææ, a city of Æolis, i. 149
Abydoni, the, vii. 44

Ægæan sea, iv. 85
Abydos, a city on the Asiatic side of the Ægaleos, a mountain in Attica, viii. 90

Hellespont, where Xerxes threw over Ægeus, son of Oiolycus, iv. 149
the bridge of boats, v. 117; vii. 32, 33,

son of Pandion, i. 173
34, 43, 174

Ægialees, Pelasgians, vii. 94
Acanthians, the, vii. 22, 117

Egialeus, son of Adrastus, v. 68
Acanthus, a city of Macedonia, vi. 44; Ægicores, son of Ion, v. 66
vii. 116

Ægidæ, a tribe in Sparta, iv. 149
Acarnania, in Epirus, ii. 10

Ægila, or Augila, in Libya, iv. 172
Aceratus, a prophet at Delphi, viii. 37 Ægileans, v. 68
Aces, a river in Asia, iii. 117

Ægilia, an island of the Styreans in Eu-
Achæans, twelve states of, i. 145; viü. 73. bæa, vi. 107;-in Eretria, vi. 101

-, of Phthiotis, vii. 132, 197 Ægina, daughter of Asopus, v. 80
Achæmenes, son of Darius, iii. 12; vii. 7, -, the island of, viii. 41, 46
97, 236

Æginetæ, iii. 59; iv. 152; v. 80-89; vi.
father of Teispes, and an 49, 50, 73, 85, 92; vii. 145; viii. 46, 74,
cestor of Darius, vii. 11

93, 122; ix. 28, 79, 85
Achæmenidæ, the royal family of the Ægira, a city of Achaia, i. 145
Persians, i. 125; iii. 65

Ægiroessa, a city of Æolia, i. 149
Achaia, of the Peloponnesus, i. 145; of Ægis of Minerva, iv. 180, 189
Thessaly, vii. 173 ; viii. 36

Ægium, a city of Achaia, i. 145
Achelous, a river of Ætolia, ii. 10; vii. 126 Ægli, a people of Asia, iii. 92
Acheron, a river of Thesprotia in Epirus, Ægos Potami, ix. 119
V. 92, (7.); viii. 47

Ægyra, a city of Achaia, i. 145
Achilleian Course, a district near the Bo Aennestus, a Spartan, ix. 68
rysthenes in Scythia, iv. 55, 76

Ænea, a town in Macedonia, vii. 123
Achilleium, a town near Sigeum in the Ænesidemus, son of Patacus and father
Troad, v. 94

of Theron, vii. 154, 165
Acræphia, a city in Baotia, viii. 135 Ænus, a city of Thrace, iv. 90; vii. 58
Acrisius, father of Danae, vi. 53

#nyra, a district of Thrace, vi. 47
Acrothoon, a town on Mount Athos, vii. olia, a region of Asia Minor, v. 123
22

.Eolian cities, i. 149, 151; viii. 35
Adicran, an African king, iv. 159

Æolians, i. 6, 26, 28, 141; ii. 1, 90 ; v. 94,
Adimantus, father of Aristeas of Corinth, 122 ; vii. 95 ; ix. 115
vii. 137

Æolis, vii. 176
-, son of Ocytus of Corinth, viii. Æolus, father of Athamas, vii. 197
5, 59, 61, 94

Æorpata, or Oiorpata, Scythian name of
Adrastus, son of Gordius, and grandson of the Amazons, iv. 110
Midas, i. 35, 41, 43, 45

Aeropus, father of Echemus, ix. 26
-, king of Sicyon, v. 67, 68

father of Alcetas and son of
Adria, in Italy, i. 163; v. 9

Philip, viii. 139
Adrinachidæ, a people of Libya, iv. 168

descendant of Temenus, viii. 137

Æsanius, father of Grinus, iv. 150
Æschines, son of Nothon, vi. 100
Æschreas, father of Lycomedes, viii. 11
Æschrionians, a tribe in Samos, iii. 26
Æschylus, the poet, ii. 156
Æsop, the fabulist, ii. 134
Æthiopia, ii. 22, 29, 100, 110; iii. 114
Æthiopians, ii. 29, 30, 32, 104 ; iii. 17–25,

94, 97 ; iv. 183, 197; vii. 69, 70, 79
Aetion, son of Echecrates, v.92, (2.)
Etolia, vi. 127
Africa, ii. 26, 32; iv. 17, 41, 42, 44. See

Libya
Agæus, an Elian, father of Onomastus, vi.

127
Agamemnon, i. 67; vii. 159
Agarista, daughter of Clisthenes, vi. 126,
127, 130, 131

mother of Pericles, vi. 131
Agasicles, of Halicarnassus, i. 144
Agathyrsi, a Scythian people, iv. 49, 100,

102, 103, 125
Agathyrsus, son of Hercules, iv. 10
Agbalus, father of Merbalus, vii. 98
Agbatana, see Ecbatana
Agenor, father of Cilix, a Phænician, vii.

91
Agesilaus, son of Doryssus, vii. 204

-, son of Hippocratides, viii. 131
Agetus, son of Alcides, vi. 61, 62
Agis, father of Menares, vi. 65

king of Sparta, vii. 204
Aglauros, daughter of Cecrops, viii. 53
Aglornachus, of Cyrene, iv. 164
Agora, a town of Thrace, vii. 58
Agrianes, v. 16
Agrianis, a river of Thrace, iv. 90
Agrigentines, a people of Italy, vii. 170
Agron, king of Sardis, i. 7
Agyllæans, i. 167
Ajax, father of Philæus, vi. 35
-, son of Telamon, v. 66; viii. 64, 121
Alabanda, a city of Phrygia, viii. 136
Alabandians, a people of Caria, vii. 195
Alalia, a city of Corsica, i. 165
Alarodians, a people of Pontus, iii. 94 ;

vii. 79
Alazir, king of Barca, iv. 164
Alazones, a Scythian nation, iv. 17, 52
Alcæus, the poet, v. 95

-, son of Hercules, i. 7
Alcamenes, son of Telecles, vii. 204
Alcetes, father of Amyntas, viii. 39
Alcibiades, father of Clinias, viii. 17
Alcides, father of Agetus, vi. 61
Alcimachus, father of Euphorbus, vi. 101
Alcinor and Chromius, Argives, i. 82
Alcmæon, father of Megacles, i. 59

son of Megacles, vi. 125, 127
Alemæonidæ, the, i. 61, 64; v. 63, 66,

69_73; vi. 121-131
Alcmena, mother of Hercules, ii. 43, 145
Alcon, a Molossian, vi. 127
Aleades, v. Cleades.
Alea Minerva, a temple of Tegea, i. 66 :

ix. 70

Aleium, a plain of Cilicia, vi. 95
Aletes, v. 92, (2.)
Aleuadæ, Thessalian chiefs, vii. 6, 130,

172 ; ix. 58
Alexander, king of Macedonia, v. 19, 20,

22; vii. 137, 173; viii. 121, 136, 139, 140 ;
ix. 44, 45

-, son of Priam, i. 3; ii. 113-117
Alilat, Arabian Urania, iii. 8
Alitta, the Venus of the Arabians, ii. 131
Alopecæ, a village in Attica, v. 63
Alpeni, a town near Thermopylæ, vü.

176, 229
Alpheus, and Maron, vii. 227
Alpis, a river falling into the Ister, iv. 49
Alus, a city of Thessaly, vii. 173, 197
Alyattes, king of Sardis, i. 16-22, 25, 73,

74, 91, 92
Amasis, king of Egypt, i. 30, 77, 181; ii.

154, 161-163, 169, 172—176, 178, 181;
182; iii. I, 10, 16, 39–43, 47

sa Persian general, iv. 167, 201,
203
Amathus, a city of Cyprus, v. 104-108
Amathusians, v. 104, 114
Amazons, in Scythia, iv. 110–117, 193;

ix. 27
Amestris, wife of Xerxes, vii. 61, 114; ix.

108, 111
Amiantus, vi. 127
Amilcar, king of Carthage, vii. 165–167
Aminias, an Athenian captain, viii. 84, 87,

93
Aminocles of Sepias, vii. 190
Amitres, or Ithamitres, a Persian general,

viii. 130
Ammon, a Libyan oracle, i. 46; ii. 32, 55
Ammonians, a Libyan people, ii. 32, 42;

iii. 25, 26; iv. 181, 185
Amompharetus, a Spartan, ix. 53–57, 71,

85
Amorges, a Persian general, i. 121
Ampe, a city on the Red Sea, vi. 20
Ampelus, a promontory of Torone, vü. 122
Amphiaraus, father of Amphilochus, ii.
91

his oracular temple at Thebes,
i. 46, 49, 52; viii. 134
Amphicæ, a city of Phocis, viii. 53
Amphicrates, king of Samos, iii. 59.
Amphictyons, seat and council of, i. 180;

V. 62 ; vii. 208, 213, 228
Amphilochus, son of Amphiaraus, iii. 91 ;

vii. 91
Amphilytus, a seer, i. 62
Amphimnestus, of Epidamnus, vi. 127
Amphion, of Corinth, v. 92
Amphipolis, v. 126 ; vii. 114
Amphissa, a city of the Locrians, viii. &
Amphitryon, father of Hercules, il. 43; v.

59: vi. 53
Ampracia, a city of Epirus, viii. 47; i.

28, 31
Amyntas, son of Alcetas, v. 17-21, 94;
vii. 173; viii. 136, 139

, son of Bubares, rii. 136

Amyrgian Scythians, vil. 64
Amyris, called the sage, vi. 127
Amyrtæus, king of Egypt, ii. 140; iii. 15,

16
Amytheon, father of Melampus, ii. 49
Anacharsis, a Scythian sage, iv. 46, 76, 77
Anacreon, the poet, iii. 121
Anactorians, of Epirus, ix. 28, 65
Anaphes, leader of the Cissians, vii. 62
Anaphlystus, a village of Attica, iv. 99
Anaua, a city of Phrygia, vii. 30
Anaxagoras, i. 103 ; ii, 21; iii. 108
Anaxander, son of Eurycrates, vii. 204
Anaxandrides, king of Sparta, i. 67; V.
39-41; vii. 204, 205

-, son of Theopompus, viii. 131
Anaxilaus, son of Archidamus, viii. 131

, tyrant of Rhegium, vi. 23; vii.
165
Anchimolius, a Spartan, v. 63.
Andreas, ancestor of Clisthenes, vii. 126
Andrians, viii. 66, 111
Androbulus, father of Timon, vii. 161
Androcrates, a hero, ix. 25
Androdamas, father of Theomestor, viii.

85; ix. 90
Andromeda, wife of Perseus, vii. 61, 150
Androphagi, iv. 18, 102, 106, 119, 125
Androsphinxes, ii. 175
Andros, one of the Cyclades, iv. 33; v.

31, 33; viii. 111
Aneristus, father of Sperthias, vii. 134

-, son of Sperthias, vii. 137
Angites, a river flowing into the Strymon,

vii. 113
Angrus, a river of Illyria, iv. 49
Anopæa, a mountain path at Thermopylæ,

vii. 216
Antacæus, a fish, iv. 53
Antagoras, of Coos, father of Hegetorides,

ix. 76
Antandrus, a city of Troas, v. 26; vii. 42
Anthela, a city near Thermopylæ, vii. 176,

200
Anthemus, a city of Macedonia, v. 94
Anthylla, a city of Egypt, ii. 98
Antichares, an Elian, v. 43
Anticyra, a city of Thessaly, vii. 198
Antidorus, a Lemnian, viii. 11
Antiochus, father of Tisamenes, ix. 33
Antipater, a Thasian, vii, 118
Antiphemus, general of the Lindians, vii.

153
Anysis, king of Egypt, ii. 137, 140

a city of Egypt, ii. 137, 166
Anysus, father of Tetramnestus, vii. 98
Aparytes, a people of Asia, iii. 91
Apaturian festival, i. 147
Aphetæ, a port of Magnesia, vii. 193; viii.

4, 6
Aphidnæ. a town of Attica, viii. 125 ; ix. 73
Aphrodisias, an island on the coast of

Libya, iv. 169
Aphthis, a district in Egypt, ii. 166
Aphytis, a city of Pallene, vii. 123
Apia, a Scythian divinity, iv. 59

Apidanus, a river of Thessaly, vii. 129, 196
Apis, an Egyptian god, ii. 153 : iii. 27
Apollo, the Egyptian Orus, ii. 83, 144, 155,
156 ; iv. 15, 158; vii. 26. Ismenian, i.
52, 92 ; v. 59. Ptoan, viii. 135. Scythian,

iv. 59; Triopian, i. 144
Apollonia on the Euxine, iv. 90

on the Ionian gulf, ix. 92, 93
Apollophanes, father of Bisaltes, vi. 26
Apries, king of Egypt, ii. 161, 169; iv. 159
Apsinthians, or Absinthians, a people of

Thrace, vi. 34; ix. 119
Apulia, iii. 138; iv. 99
Arabia, ii. 8, 12 ; iii. 107, 112; iv. 39; vii. 69
Arabians, i. 198; iii. 8, 9, 86, 88, 97; vii.

69, 86
Arabian gulf, ii. 11; iv. 39
Aratus, a river of Scythia, iv. 48
Araxes, a river of Scythia, i. 126, 202, 205;

iii. 36 ; iv. 11, 40
Arcadians, i. 66, 146 ; ii. 171 ; v. 49; vi.

74; vii. 202 ; viii. 26, 73
Arcesilaus, son of Battus, iv. 159

-, son of Battus the lame, iv. 162
Archander, son of Achæus, ii. 98

-, a city in Egypt, ii. 97
Archelæans, a tribe of Sicyon, v. 68
Archelaus, of Sparta, vii. 204
Archestratidas, a Samian, ix. 90
Archias, a Spartan, iii. 55

-, a Samian, iii. 55
Archidamus, of Sparta, viii. 131
Archidice, a courtesan, ii. 135
Archilochus, a Parian poet, i. 12
Ardericca, a town of Assyria, i. 185

in Cissia, vi. 114
Ardys, king of Sardis, i. 15
Areopagus, viii. 52
Argadas, son of Ion, v. 66
Argæus, king of Macedonia, viii. 139
Arganthonius, king of Tartessus, i. 163
Arge and Opis, Hyperborean virgins, iv. 35
Argia, wife of Aristodemus, vi. 52
Argilus, a city of Bisaltia, vii. 115
Argiopius, near the Asopus, ix. 57
Argippæi, a people bordering on Scythia,

iv. 23
Argives, people of Peloponnesus, i. 61, 82;

iii. 131; v. 86; vi. 78, 83, 92, 93; vii.

148–152; ix. 27, 35
Argo, the ship of Jason, iv. 179; vii. 193
Argolis, in Peloponnesus, i. 82
Argonauts, companions of Jason, i. 3; iv.

145, 179
Argos, city of Peloponnesus, i. 1; V. 67;

vi. 83; vii. 150
Argus, a hero, vi. 80
Ariabignes, son of Darius, vii. 97; viii. 89
Ariantas, a Scythian king, iv. 81
Ariapithes, a Scythian king, iv. 76, 78
Ariaramnes, a Persian, viii. 90
Aridolis, tyrant of Alabanda, vii. 195
Arians, a people of Asia, iii. 93. Ancient

name of the Medes, vii. 62, 66
Arimaspians, a people of northern Europe,

iii. 116; iv. 13

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