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The use of marriere fongs. Chap.i. riage was lawfull with he: And oherefore, notwchftaräng this marriage, his love to God is still commenced, b 30.

lomon made affinity wish Pharach King of c verse 3. ! Egypt, and Solomon loved the Lord, &c.

For, indeed herein Solomon was

First, a type of Christ, admitting the Gentiles into the fellowship of his marriage-bed.

Secondly, this Pharaohs daughter bed Pfalas. came a Proselite to the Jewish Religion, 10.–14. a Hearken (oh Daughter) and confider, and

incline thine eare ; forget also thine owne people, and thy fathers house.&c.

Now though that marriage song was penned upon that occasion; yet it ascendeth farre above all earthly respects of worldly marriage, and by a divine and heavenly workmanship sets forth a heavenly marriage-song betweene Christ and his Church : oflike Argument was this song penned by Solomon himselfe; not to expresse his affections to Pharaohs daughter, or hers to him, or the good parts of either of them : no, nor the like respects to any Shúnamite amongst the rest of his wives, as some have vainly conceived ; for then how absurd and

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Chap.1. Who personated in this song. monstrous were some of his comparisons, likening his spouse to A company of Horses in Pharaohs Chariot , her Head to Carmel, her Eyes to Fish.pooles , her Nose to a Tower, her Teeth to a flocke of sheep, her whole Selfe to a terrible Army with Ban. ners ? But his scope is to describe the estate of the Church towards Christ and his respect towards her, from his own time to the last judgement, as afterward it shall appeare.

Now, through this whole marriagesong this Decorum it keepeth, that though the Calamities of the Church be as well described throughout this fong, as the comfortable condition of the fame in all ages ; yet such dismall passages are vailed and shadowed under fome Sweet and amiable resemblances, left the joy of a marriage feast should be darkned by unseasonable mention of so sad occurences; Neither are all the passages of the estate of the Church in every age here described, (for how can that be in so short a song:)but the chiefe heads of things in every age are sweetly, and shortly, and lively, not onely pointed at, but decyphered. These verses containe B 3

First,

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The title.

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3 Title.

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Psalms, Hymns, Sangs. Chap.1 First, the title of the whole booke, verle 1.

Secondly, the description of the estate of the Church in the dayes, First, of Solomon verse 2.-4.

Secondly, of Solomon and Rehobo-
am, verse 5.
Thirdly, of Rehoboam, verse 6. - 9.

In the title we have
First,the form of the book, It is A Song.

Secondly, the excellency of it, A Song of Songs:

Thirdly, the Author of it, which is solomons.

The Song of Songs, &c. In Colof: 3. 16. there is mention made,

First of Psalmes.
Secondly, Hymnes.
Thirdly, spirituall Songs.

Amongst the Hebrewes there were Psalmes made to be sung with Instruments, as well as with voyce, and contained Arguments of all sorts, for petition, thanksgiving and instruction.

Songs were chiefly made for the voice.

Hymnes are properly praises of God; though any of these are somtimes put for all.

First,

Col.3.6.

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Psalmes.

Songs.

Hymnes.

Chap.. Songs not unfeasemable, &c. 7

First, this doth let us fee, that it were | Use 1. to be wished, that this booke were turned into verse or meeter in each language, that wee might fing the Canticles as the Hebrews did.

Secondly, this teaches us to strive for use 2. such a gracious frame of spirit, that we might alwayes bee fitted to sing 'to God.

This Song containes the estate of the Church, as well in the worst as beft, times; yet Solomon can as well sing in the misery of the Church, as in her prosperity:And*David hath as wellPsalmes. * Plal.69. of his deepe waters and calamities, as of his greatest deliverances : And the holy ghost faith, < Rejoyce in the Lord alwayes; And though singing be chiefy fit and requisite infmirth, yet wee should f Jam.s. be fit also for a Psalme in our affliction. 13. But we commonly in our ill howers are too fullen to sing, and in our merry moods our fpirits vanish away in carnall mirth and jolity ; but whatsoever the estate of the Church be, we should have our fpirits as ready to fing as to pray. Thirdly, is reproved that ancient use 3.

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Why this song called Chap.s. | law and custome of the Synagogue, which prohibited young men (under thirtie yeares of age) the reading and use of this booke ; but what age fitter for songs then cheerfull youth? And further, the amorousneffe of the dittie will not stirre, up wantonesse in any age, if the words be well understood: but rather, by inflaming with heavenly love, will draw out, and burne up all earthly and carnall lust; and, even as fire in the hand is drawne out by holding it to a stronger fire, or as the light and heat of the Sunne extinguisheth a kitchin fire ; so doth heavenly love to Christ extinguish base kitchin lusts.

A Song of Songs: That is a most excellent Song, the chiefest of Songs : as when they would expresse. the holy place, they say, The holy of holiest, * The Lord of lords, the King of kings, the Servant of servants , an Hebrew superlative; fo this is the chiefest Song,

first of all Solomons other Songs, even 1. Kings 4

of his thousand and five.

Secondly, of all Songs without ex

ception for though David was in his time g 2. Sam. 6 the sweet singer of Israel, yet as Solo

verse 1.

* Exodus

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32.

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