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For pity melts the mind to love.
Softly sweet, in Lydian measures,
Soon he sooth'd his soul to pleasures.
War, he sung, is toil and trouble;
Honour but an empty bubble.
DRYDEN-Alexander's Feast. L. 96.

(See also BEAUMONT) More helpful than all wisdom is one draught of simple human pity that will not forsake us. GEORGE ELIOT Mill on the Floss. Bk. VII.

Ch. I.

Soft pity never leaves the gentle breast
Where love has been received a welcome guest.
R. B. SHERIDANThe Duenna. Act II.

(See also BEAUMONT) Pity's akin to love; and every thought Of that soft kind is welcome to my soul. Thos. SOUTHERNE–Oroonoko. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 64.

(See also BEAUMONT)




PLAGIARISM They lard their lean books with the fat of others' works. BURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Democritus

to the Reader.


Taught by that Power that pities me,

I learn to pity them.
GOLDSMITHHermit. St. 6.

La plaincte et la commiseration sont meslees à quelque estimation de la chose qu'on plaind.

Pity and commiseration are mixed with some regard for the thing which one pities. MONTAIGNE—Essays. Bk. I. Ch. L.



At length some pity warm'd the master's breast ('Twas then, his threshold first receiv'd a guest), Slow creaking turns the door with jealous

care, And half he welcomes in the shivering pair.

PARNELLThe Hermit. L. 97.


O God, show compassion on the wicked. The virtuous have already been blessed by Thee in being virtuous.

Prayer of a Persian Dervish.

10 My pity hath been balm to heal their wounds, My mildness hath allay'd their swelling griefs.

Henry VI. Pt. III. Act IV. Sc. 8. L. 41.


We can say nothing but what hath been said,

* * Our poets steal from Homer Our storydressers do as much; he that comes last is commonly best. BURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Democritus to the Reader.

(See also KIPLING) Who, to patch up his fame or fill his purse Still pilfers wretched plans, and makes them

worse; Like gypsies, lest the stolen brat be known, Defacing first, then claiming for his own.


SHERIDAN, YOUNG) Because they commonly make use of treasure found in books, as of other treasure belonging to the dead and hidden underground; for they dispose of both with great secrecy, defacing the shape and image of the one as much as of the other. DAVENANT—Gondibert. Preface.

(See also CHURCHILL) The Plagiarism of orators is the art, or an ingenious and easy mode, which some adroitly employ to change, or disguise, all sorts of speeches of their own composition, or that of other authors, for their pleasure, or their utility; in such a manner that it becomes impossible even for the author himself to recognise his own work, his own genius, and his own style, so skilfully shall the whole be disguised. ISAAC D'ISRAELI Curiosities of Literature.

Professors of Plagiarism and Obscurity.

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Pereant qui ante nos nostra dixerent.

Perish those who said our good things before we did. Ælius DONATUS, according to ST. JEROME

Commentary on Ecclesiastes. Ch. I. Refer

ring to the words of TERENCE. 2

When Shakespeare is charged with debts to his authors, Landor replies, "Yet he was more original than his originals. He breathed upon dead bodies and brought them into life.” EMERSONLetters and Social Aims. Quotation

and Originality. 3

It has come to be practically a sort of rule in literature, that a man, having once shown himself capable of original writing, is entitled thenceforth to steal from the writings of others at discretion.

EMERSON—Shakespeare. 4

He that readeth good writers and pickes out their flowres for his own nose, is lyke a foole. STEPHEN GOSSON–In the School of Abuse.


He liked those literary cooks
Who skim the cream of others' books;
And ruin half an author's graces
By plucking bon-mots from their places.

HANNAH MOREFlorio, the Bas Blue.


Take the whole range of imaginative literature, and we are all wholesale borrowers. In every matter that relates to invention, to use, or beauty or form, we are borrowers.

WENDELL PHILLIPS–Lecture. The Lost Arts.


Leurs écrits sont des vois qu'ils nous ont faits

d'avance. Their writings are thoughts stolen from us

by anticipation. PIRON—La Métromanie. III. 6.



Next o'er his books his eyes began to roll,
In pleasing memory of all he stole;
How here he sipp'd, how there he plunder'd snug,
And suck'd all o'er like an industrious bug.

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. I. L. 127.



When 'Omer smote 'is bloomin' lyre,

He'd 'eard men sing by land an' sea;
An' what he thought 'e might require,

'E went an' took—the same as me.
KIPLING-Barrack-Room Ballads. Introduc-

(See also BURTON) My books need no one to accuse or judge you: the page which is yours stands up against you and says, “You are a thief.”

MARTIAL-Epigrams. Bk. I. Ep. 53.

Why, simpleton, do you mix your verses with mine? What have you to do, foolish man, with writings that convict you of theft? Why do you attempt to associate foxes with lions, and make owls pass for eagles? Though you had one of Ladas's legs, you would not be able, blockhead, to run with the other leg of wood.

MARTIALEpigrams. Bk. X. Ep. 100.

For such kind of borrowing as this, if it be not bettered by the borrower, among good authors is accounted plagiary.

MILIONIconoclastes. XXIII.

9 Je reprends mon bien où je le trouve.

I recover my property wherever I find it. MOLIÈRE. CYRANO DE BERGERAC incorpo

rated a scene confidentially communicated to him by MOLIÈRE, in his Pédant Joué. II. 4. MOLIÈRE taking possession, used it in his Les Fourberies de Scapin. EMERSON-Letters and Social Aims, attributes the mot to

MARMONTEL. 10 Les abeilles pillotent deçà delà les fleurs; mais elles en font aprez le miel, qui est tout leur; ce n'est plus thym, ny marjolaine: ainsi les pièces empruntées d'aultruy, il les transformera et confondra pour en faire un ouvrage tout sien.

The bees pillage the flowers here and there but they make honey of them which is all

With him most authors steal their works, or buy; Garth did not write his own Dispensary.

POPE—Essay on Criticism. L. 618.

The seed ye sow, another reaps;
The wealth ye find, another keeps:
The robes ye weave, another wears:
The arms ye forge another bears.
SHELLEYTo the Men of England.

(See also VERGIL) Steal!—to be sure they may; and egad, serve your best thoughts as gypsies do stolen children, disfigure them to make 'em pass for their own. R. B. SHERIDANThe Critic. Act I. Sc. 1.

(See also CHURCHILL) 19 Libertas et natale solum.

Fine words! I wonder where you stole 'em. SWIFT. Upon CHIEF JUSTICE WHITSHED's

Motto for his coach. (1724)


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I wrote these lines; another wears the bays: placed that we may not devote ourselves to a
Thus you for others build your nests, O birds: life of pleasure and thence fall into immorality.
Thus you for others bear your fleece, O sheep: CICERODe Officiis. I. 29.
Thus you for others honey make, O bees:
Thus you for others drag the plough, O kine. Omnibus in rebus voluptatibus maximis fasti-
VERGII, Claudius Donatus. Delphin ed. of dium finitimum est.
Life of Vergil. 1830. P. 17.

In everything satiety closely follows the (See also SHELLEY)

greatest pleasures.

CICERO— De Oratore. III. 25. Call them if you please bookmakers, not authors; range them rather among second-hand Voluptas mentis (ut ita dicam) præstringit dealers than plagiarists.

oculos, nec habet ullum cum virtute commercium. VOLTAIRE-A Philosophical Dictionary. Pla Pleasure blinds (so to speak) the eyes of the giarism.

mind, and has no fellowship with virtue.

CICERODe Senectute. XII. Who borrow much, then fairly make it known, 14 And damn it with improvements of their own. Divine Plato escam malorum appeliat volupYOUNGLove of Fame. Satire III. L. 23. tatem, quod ea videlicet homines capiantur, ut

pisces hamo. PLANTS (See TREES)

Plato divinely calls pleasure the bait of evil, inasmuch as men are caught by it as fish by a


CICERODe Senectute. XIII. 44.
O Athenians, what toil do I undergo to please you!
ALEXANDER THE GREAT. Quoted by CAR Who pleases one against his will.
LYLE—Essay on Voltaire.

CONGREVEThe Way of the World. Epilogue. It is happy for you that you possess the talent That, though on pleasure she was bent, of pleasing with delicacy. May I ask whether She had a frugal mind. these pleasing attentions proceed from the im COWPERHistory of John Gilpin. St. 8. pulse of the moment, or are the result of previous study?

Pleasure admitted in undue degree JANE AUSTENPride and Prejudice. Ch.XIV. Enslaves the will, nor leaves the judgment free. (See also LYTTLETON)

COWPER-Progress of Error. L. 267.
Pleasures lie thickest where no pleasures seem; Rich the treasure,
There's not a leaf that falls upon the ground Sweet the pleasure,

But holds some joy of silence or of sound, Sweet is pleasure after pain.
Some sprite begotten of a summer dream.

DRYDEN-Alexander's Feast. L. 58. BLANCHARD—Sonnet VII. Hidden Joys.

(See also HORACE, MEREDITH, SPENSER) Every age has its pleasures, its style of wit, Men may scoff, and men may pray, and its own ways.

But they pay
NICHOLAS BOILEAU-DESPREAUXThe Art of Every pleasure with a pain.
Poetry. Canto III. L. 374.

HENLEY-Ballade of Truisms.
But pleasures are like poppies spread;

Follow pleasure, and then will pleasure flee, You seize the flower, its bloom is shed.

Flee pleasure, and pleasure will follow thee. Or like the snow falls in the river,

HEYWOOD-Proverbs. Pt. I. Ch. X.
A moment white-then melts forever.
BURNS—Tam o' Shanter. L. 59.
(See also TAGORE)

Ficta voluptatis causa sint proxima veris.

Let the fictitious sources of pleasure be as The rule of my life is to make business a pleas

near as possible to the true.

HORACE-Ars Poetica. 338. ure, and pleasure my business. AARON BURR-Letter to Pichon.

Sperne voluptates; nocet empta dolore voluptas. Doubtless the pleasure is as great

Despise pleasure; pleasure bought by pain Of being cheated as to cheat.

is injurious. BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. II. Canto III. L. 1. HORACE-Epistles. I. 2. 55.

10 There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, Vivo et regno, simul ista reliqui

There is a rapture on the lonely shore, Quæ vos ad coelum effertis rumore secundo. There is society where none intrudes

I live and reign since I have abandoned those By the deep Sea, and music in its roar.

pleasures which you by your praises extol to BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto IV. St. 178. the skies. 11

HORACE—Epistles. I. 10. 8. Ludendi etiam est quidam modus retinendus, ut ne nimis omnia profundamus, elatique volup I fly from pleasure, because pleasure has ceased tate in aliquam turpitudinem delabamur. to please: I am lonely because I am miserable.

In our amusements a certain limit is to be SAMUEL JOHNSON-Rasselas. Ch. III.













Pleasure the servant, Virtue looking on.

BEN JONSON—Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue.

2 Voluptates commendat rarior usus.

Rare indulgence produces greater pleasure. JUVENAL-Satires. XI. 208.


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Dum licet inter nos igitur lætemur amantes;
Non satis est ullo tempore longus amor.

Let us enjoy pleasure while we can; pleasure
is never long enough.
PROPERTIUSElegiæ. I. 19. 25.
Diliguntur immodice sola quæ non licent;

non nutrit ardorem concupiscendi, ubi frui licet.

Forbidden pleasures alone are loved immoderately; when lawful, they do not excite desire. QUINTILIANDeclamationes. XIV. 18.

(See also OVID) Continuis voluptatibus vicina satietas.

Satiety is a neighbor to continued pleasures.

QUINTILIANDeclamationes. XXX. 6.
Spangling the wave with lights as vain
As pleasures in this vale of pain,
That dazzle as they fade.

SCOTT--Lord of the Isles. Canto I. St. 23.


Ah, no! the conquest was obtained with ease; He pleased you by not studying to please.

GEORGE LYTTLETONProgress of Love. 3.



There is a pleasure which is born of pain. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-The Wanderer. Bk. I. Prologue. Pt. I.

(See also DRYDEN)


Boys who, being mature in knowledge,
Pawn their experience to their present pleasure.

Antony and Cleopatra. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 31.


And painefull

pleasure turnes to pleasing paine. SPENSERFaerie Queene. Bk. III. Canto X. St. 60.

(See also DRYDEN)



Take all the pleasures of all the spheres,
And multiply each through endless years,
One minute of Heaven is worth them all.

MOORELalla Rookh. Paradise and the Peri. 7

The roses of pleasure seldom last long enough to adorn the brow of him who plucks them; for they are the only roses which do not retain their sweetness after they have lost their beauty. HANNAH MORE — Essays on Various Subjects.

On Dissipation.
God made all pleasures innocent.

MRS. NORTONLady of La Garaye. Pt. I. Quod licet est ingratum quod non licet acrius urit.

What is lawful is undesirable; what is unlawful is very attractive. OVID-Amorum. II. 19. 3.

(See also QUINTILIAN, Tacitus) Blanda truces animos fertur mollisse voluptas.

Alluring pleasure is said to have softened the savage dispositions (of early mankind). OVID--Ars Amatoria. Bk. II. 477.



Non quam multis placeas, sed qualibus stude.

Do not care how many, but whom, you please. SYRUS-Maxims.

22 Prævalent illicita.

Things forbidden have a secret charm.
TACITUS-Annales. XIII. 1.

(See also OVID) 23

Pleasure is frail like a dewdrop, while it laughs it dies. But sorrow is strong and abiding. Let sorrowful love wake in your eyes. RABINDRATH TAGORE-Gardener. 27.

(See also BURNS)
I built my soul a lordly pleasure-house,
Wherein at ease for aye to dwell.
TENNYSONThe Palace of Art. St. 1.

Nam id arbitror
Adprime in vita esse utile ut ne quid nimis.

I hold this to be the rule of life, “Too much of anything is bad.” TERENCE-Andria. I. 1. 33.



Usque adeo nulli sincera voluptas,
Solicitique aliquid lætis intervenit.

No one possesses unalloyed pleasure; there is some anxiety mingled with the joy. OVID-Metamorphoses. VII. 453.


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