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121. PUPILS (INSTRUCTIONS TO).

After having taught the Veda, the teacher instructs

the pupil :

Say what is true.

Do thy duty.

Do not neglect the study of the Veda.

After having brought to thy teacher his proper reward, do not cut off the line of children (i. e. do not remain unmarried).

Do not swerve from the truth.

Do not swerve from duty.

Do not neglect what is useful.

Do not neglect the learning and teaching of the
Veda.

Do not neglect the sacrificial works due to the gods
and fathers.

Let thy mother be to thee like unto a god.
Let thy father be to thee like unto a god.
Let thy teacher be to thee like unto a god.
Let thy guests be to thee like unto a god.

Whatever actions are blameless those should be re-
garded, not others.

Whatever good works have been performed by us should be observed by thee, not others. *

-" UPANISHAT."

* From a Note in "The High-Caste Hindu Women" by

Pundita Ramâbâi.

122. PURITY.

Make thyself pure, O righteous man! any one in the world here below can win purity for himself, namely, when he cleanses himself with good thoughts, words and deeds. -"VENDÎDÂD." *

If thou wishest thy heart to be pure as a mirror, cleanse away ten things from thy heart,-impurity and envy, avarice and slander, pride and enmity, craftiness and oppression, all manner of iniquitous niggardliness, and unlawful revenge.

-M. C. MUNSOOKн. †

To be pure in mind a man ought to be free from passions, anger, avarice, &c. Just as the body can be purified by bathing, so the mind can be purified by being purged from the qualities mentioned above. ‡

Thou art thyself a stream, whose sacred ford
Is self-restraint, whose water is veracity,
Whose bank is virtue, and whose waves are love;
Here practise thy ablutions; by mere water

The inner man can never be purified.

-"HITOPADESHA."

The man who keeps his senses in control,

His speech, heart, actions pure and ever guarded,

• Translated by James Darmesteter (Sacred Books of the East). + Translated by W. H. Hamilton.

From a Paper read by Manmohandas D. Shroff, F.T.S.

Gains all the fruit of holy study; he
Needs neither penance nor austerity.*

Why shave the head and mow the chin
Whilst bristling follies choke the breast?
Apply the knife to parts within

And heed not how deformed the rest:
The heart of pride and passion weed,
And then the man is pure indeed.

-MANU.

"MRICHCHHAKATIKA."†

Call them not pure who wash their bodies and sit, O Nanak! Those alone are pure in whose heart He dwells.‡

-SIKH TEACHING.

The Prophet (Muhammed) would say, "there is a polish for everything that takes rust, and the polish for the heart is the remembrance of God; and there is no act that redeems from God's punishments so much as the remembrance of him."

"MISHCAT-UL-MASABIH." ||

The man of pure and simple heart;
Through life disdains a double part;
He never needs the screen of lies
His inward bosom to disguise.

-GAY.

* From Indian Wisdom by Monier Williams.

A drama translated from Sanskrit by H. H. Wilson.

From Annie Besant's Lecture on Sikhism.

Translated from Arabic by Captain Matthews.

Happy and worthiest of esteem are those
Whose words are bonds, whose oaths are oracles,
Whose love sincere, whose thoughts immaculate,
Whose tears pure messengers, sent from the heart,
Whose heart as far from fraud as heaven from
earth.

*

How blessed are the pure in heart!
And none are blest beside;

For nought of heaven can grace impart
If pureness be denied.

-ROBERT MONTGOMERY.

Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the spirit of God dwelleth in you?

If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy, for the temple of God is holy, which temple

ye are.

God.

"BIBLE-1 CORINTHIANS. "

Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see

"BIBLE-ST. MATTHEW, 5."

When the intellect is pure as well as the heart, to

it the region of the Deity becomes visible.

-"VISHNU PURANA. "

To a blind man the world appears to be blind, because he has no sight.

To a sick man sweet food tastes like poison, because

he has no taste.

From Chambers's Educational Course.

Tuka says, to him who is not pure, the whole world appears to be false.

-TUKABAM.*

Purity is of two kinds, real and formal. The real consisteth in not binding the heart to evil; and in eradicating all wicked passions. And the formal in cleansing away what appears evil to the view (such as uncleannesses and things unseemly to the sight).

-"DESATIR."t

A wise and good mother, when a filthy word was uttered, said, "What a dirty mouth! such a word cannot leave a clean mouth! Come let us wash it." The mouth was carefully washed with soap and water, and wiped. Then the mother would say, "Now be careful, do not get your mouth dirty again."‡

When a pure soul is about to depart,

What difference does it make, dying on a throne or dying on the bare ground.

-SADI'S GULISTAN.||

1. Abstention from injuring.

2. Veracity.

3. Abstention from unlawfully appropriating.

4. Purity.

5. Control of the organs of sense.

-SUMMARY OF MANU'S LAWS.§

* A Marathi poet.

+ Translated by Mulla Firuz bin Kaus, edited by D. J. Medhora.

From Pictures of Women in Many Lands, Madras.

|| Translated by Platts.

§ From The collected Works of Max Müller.

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