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The art of quotation requires more delicacy Comme quelqu'un pourroit dire de moy, que in the practice than those conceive who can see j'ay seulement faict icy un amas de fleurs esnothing more in a quotation than an extract. trangieres, n'y ayant fourny du mien que le filet ISAAC D'ISRAELI-Curiosities of Literature. à les lier. Quotation.

As one might say of me that I have only

made here a collection of other people's flowOne may quote till one com piles.

ers, having provided nothing of my own but ISAAC D'ISRAELI—Curiosities of Literature. the cord to binu them together. Quotation.

MONTAIGNE-Essays. Bk. III. Ch. XII. 3

(See also Eliot) The wisdom of the wise and the experience of ages may be preserved by QUOTATION.

I have seen books made of things ISAAC D'ISRAELI--Curiosities of Literature. neither studied nor ever understood . . . the Quotation.

author contenting himself for his own part, to

have cast the plot and projected the design of A book which hath been culled from the flow it, and by his industry to have bound up the ers of all books.

fagot of unknown provisions; at least the ink GEORGE ELIOTThe Spanish Gypsy. Bk. II. and paper his own. This may be said to be a 5 (See also MONTAIGNE)

buying or borrowing, and not a making or comA great man quotes bravely, and will not draw

piling of a book. on his invention when his memory serves him

MONTAIGNEEssays. Bk. III. Ch. XII. with a word as good. EMERSON-Letters and Social Aims. Quota

Nor suffers Horace more in wrong translations tion and Originality.

By wits, than critics in as wrong quotations.

POPE-Essay on Criticism. Pt. III. L. 104. 6

By necessity, by proclivity, and by delight, we quote. We quote not only books and prov

He ranged his tropes, and preached up patience,

Backed his opinion with quotations. erbs, but arts, sciences, religion, customs, and

PRIOR-Paulo Purganti and his Wife. L. 143. laws; nay, we quote temples and houses, tables and chairs by imitation. EMERSONLetters and Social Aims. Quota

Always to verify your references. tion and Originality.

REV. DR. ROUTH-to Dean Burgon. Nov.

29, 1847. See VERY REV. JOHN BURGONNext to the originator of a good sentence is

Lives of Twenty Good Men. “Reference" the first quoter of it.

in ed. of 1891; “quotation” in earlier ed. EMERSONLetters and Social Aims. Quotation and Originality.

The little honesty existing among authors is (See also BAYLE, LOWELL)

to be seen in the outrageous way in which they

misquote from the writings of others. We are as much informed of a writer's genius SCHOPENHAUER-On Auhorship. by what he selects as by what he originates. EMERSON--Letters and Social Aim3. Quota They had been at a great feast of ianguages, tion and Originality.

and stolen the scraps.

Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 39. Every quotation contributes something to the stability or enlargement of the language. The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. SAMUEL JOHNSONPreface to Dictionary.

Merchant of Venice. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 99. Classical quotation is the parole of literary A forward critic often dupes us men all over the world.

With sham quotations peri hupsos, SAMUEL JOHNSONRemark to Wilkes. (1781) And if we have not read Longinus,

Will magisterially outshine us. C'est souvent hasarder un bon mot et vouloir Then, lest with Greek he over-run ye, le perdre que de le donner pour sien.

Procure the book for love or money, A good saying often runs the risk of being Translated from Boileau's translation, thrown away when quoted as the speaker's And quote quotation on quotation.

SWIFT On Poetry. LA BRUYÈRE—Les Caractères. II.

I am but a gatherer and disposer of other 'Twas not an Age ago since most of our Books men's stuff. were nothing but Collections of Latin Quota SIR HENRY WOTTONPreface to the Elements tions; there was not above a line or two of of Architecture. French in a Page. LA BRUYÈREThe Character or Manners of To patchwork learn'd quotations are allied, the Present Age. Ch. XV. Of the Pulpit. Both strive to make our poverty our pride.

YOUNG—Love of Fame. Satire I. Though old the thought and oft exprest, 'Tis his at last who says it best.

Some, for renown, on scraps of learning dote, LOWELL-For an Autograph. St. 1.

And think they grow immortal as they quote. (See also EMERSON)

YOUNG-Love of Fame. Satire I. L. 89.















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I know Sir John will go, though he was sure it would rain cats and dogs.

SWIFTPolite Conversation. Dialogue II.



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She waits for me, my lady Earth,

Smiles and waits and sighs;
I'll say her nay, and hide away,

Then take her by surprise.
MARY MAPES DODGE-How the Rain Comes.

How it pours, pours, pours,

In a never-ending sheet!
How it drives beneath the doors!

How it soaks the passer's feet!
How it rattles on the shutter!

How it rumples up the lawn!
How 'twill sigh, and moan, and mutter,

From darkness until dawn.

ROSSITER JOHNSONRhyme of the Rain.
Be still, sad heart, and cease repining;
Behind the clouds the sun is shining;
Thy fate is the common fate of all,
Into each life some rain must fall,
Some days must be dark and dreary.



And, lo! in the dark east, expanded high, The rainbow brightens to the setting Sun.

BEATTIE-The Minstrel. Bk. I. St. 30.



"Tis sweet to listen as the night winds creep From leaf to leaf; 'tis sweet to view on high The rainbow, based on ocean, span the sky.

BYRONDon Juan. Canto I. St. 122.



Triumphal arch, that fill'st the sky
When storms prepare to part,
I ask not proud Philosophy
To teach me what thou art.

CAMPBELL—To the Rainbow.

And the hooded clouds, like friars,
Tell their beads in drops of rain.
LONGFELLOW–Midnight Mass for the Dying

Year. St. 4.



Over her hung a canopy of state,
Not of rich tissue, nor of spangled gold,
But of a substance, though not animate,
Yet of a heavenly and spiritual mould,
That only eyes of spirits might behold.

GILES FLETCHERThe Rainbow. L. 33.


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O beautiful rainbow;--all woven of light!
There's not in thy tissue one shadow of night;
Heaven surely is open when thou dost appear,
And, bending above thee, the angels draw near,
And sing, "The rainbow! the rainbow!
The smile of God is here."





It is not raining rain to me,

It's raining daffodils;
In every dimpled drop I see

Wild flowers on distant hills.
ROBERT LOVEMAN-April Rain. Appeared

in Harper's Mag. May, 1901. Erroneously
attributed to SWAMA RAMA, who copied it
in the Thundering Dawn. Lahore.

(See also Eliot under ROSE)

God loves an idle rainbow,

No less than laboring seas.

RALPH HODGSON--Three Poems. II. There was an awful rainbow once in heaven; We know her woof, her texture; she is given In the dull catalogue of common things. Philosophy will clip an Angel's wings.

KEATS-Lamia, Pt. II. L. 231.



He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass.

Psalms. LXXII. 6.

Pride of the dewy morning,

The swain's experienced eye From thee takes timely warning,



That he that readeth it may run over it. Rendering in the Vulgate.



But truths on which depends our main concern,
That 'tis our shame and misery not to learn,
Shine by the side of every path we tread
With such a lustre he that runs may read.
COWPERTirocinium. L. 77.

(See also HABAKKUK)

Books have always a secret influence on the understanding; we cannot at pleasure obliterate ideas: he that reads books of science, though without any desire fixed of improvement, will grow more knowing; he that entertains himself with moral or religious treatises, will imperceptibly advance in goodness; the ideas which are often offered to the mind, will at last find a lucky moment when it is disposed to receive them.

SAMUEL JOHNSONThe Adventurer. No. 137.


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The delight of opening a new pursuit, or a new course of reading, imparts the vivacity and novelty of youth even to old age. İSAAC D'ISRAELILiterary Character of Men

of Genius. Ch. XXII. I like to be beholden to the great metropolitan English speech, the sea which receives tributaries from every region under heaven. I should as soon think of swimming across the Charles river when I wish to go to Boston, as of reading all my books in originals, when I have them rendered for me in my mother tongue.

EMERSONEssays. Books. 4

If we encountered a man of rare intellect, we should ask him what books he read. EMERSONLetters and Social Aims. Quota

tion and Originality. 5

Our high respect for a well-read man is praise enough of literature. EMERSON-Letters and Social Aims. Quota

tion and Originality. My early and invincible love of reading,

* I would not exchange for the treasures of India.

GIBBON—Memoirs. 7

The sagacious reader who is capable of reading between these lines what does not stand written in them, but is nevertheless implied, will be able to form some conception. GOETHE-Autobiography. Bk. XVIII. Truth

and Beauty.

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Zwar sind sie an das Beste nicht gewöhnt,
Allein sie haben schrecklich viel gelesen.
What they're accustomed to is no great mat-

ter, But then, alas! they've read an awful deal. GOETHE-Faust. Vorspiel auf dem Theater. L.

13. BAYARD TAYLOR's trans.

Seria cum possim, quod delectantia malim
Scribere, tu causa es lector.

Thou art the cause, () reader, of my dwelling on lighter topics, when I would rather handle serious ones. MARTIAL-Epigrams. V. 16. 1.



In a polite age almost every person becomes a reader, and receives more instruction from the Press than the Pulpit. GOLDSMITHThe Citizen of the World. Letter



The first time I read an excellent book, it is to me just as if I had gained a new friend. When I read over a book I have perused before, it resembles the meeting with an old one. GOLDSMITHThe Citizen of the World. Letter


His classical reading is great: he can quote
Horace, Juvenal, Ovid and Martial by rote.
He has read Metaphysics Spinoza and

And Theology too: I have heard him descant
Upon Basil and Jerome. Antiquities, art,
He is fond of. He knows the old masters by

heart, And his taste is refined. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton) Lucile. Canto II. Pt. IV.

Who reads Incessantly, and to his reading brings not A spirit and judgment equal or superior, (And what he brings what need he elsewhere

seek?) Uncertain and unsettled still remains, Deep versed in books and shallow in himself,


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