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She, suspecting no evil, did as he desired. And when he found himself shut up with her, and sufficiently retired from his attendants, he then threw off the difguise, discovered his wicked intentions, and quickly began to use violence with her; from which, fhe, struck with abhorrence of the guilt, earnestly laboured to diffuade him, as from a crime unheard of in Ifrael. Would he expose a filter to infamy? Would he expose himself to indelible reproach? --The plea for herself is inexpressibly beautiful And I, wbither Mall I cause my shame to go! How fhall I drive it away from me, and where thall I hide it? And finding that had no weight with him, the presses him, from the motives of his own fhame and infamy :

And as for thee, thou falt be as one of the fools in Israel You will, from this moment, be treated as a brute, and a fool; lost to all sense of humanity, as well as virtue ; will be degraded from the honour of heir apparent to the crown, into the lowest degree of decision and reproach !

It is remarkable, that the Greeks called every thing that was foolish, by the name of

F2 : Venus: Venus * : and therefore they denominated folly, by a word derived from her name f. And it should seem from this paffage, as if the Hebrews had fallen into the fame way of thinking. But the truth is, they were in a wiser way of thinking; and denominated all fin, folly : which is its foftest name. And possibly Tamar now called this guilt fo, for fear of too much irritating her brother. :

When this would not do, she changed her tone, and tried to flatter him into forbearance. He was her father's darling, who could deny him nothing: he had only to speak to the king for her, and his request would certainly be complied with. But he, deaf to all intreaty, as well as to reason, listened to nothing but the impetuosity of his own brutal paffion ; and, being stronger than me, forced her.

And here the flux and reflux of passion in a brutal breast, is finely painted in the text. His brutality was no sooner gratified, in this instance, but it broke out in another as extraordinary. The tide of his blood was turned, and it now ran back with as much violence, as it had pressed forward, before. Then Amnon hated her exceedingly, faith the text, so that the hatred wherewith he hated her, was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her.

* Masocê gostart' 'Apposite toi's Bpolooso

Hecuba in Troad. Euripidis. it Appocúr, or rather, from the radix of it, depós.


COMMENTATORS are at a loss to account for this sudden and excessive hatred ; and indeed there seems to be something extraordinary in it. Tamar's rape had an effect, upon her ravisher, directly contrary to that of Dinah's upon hers; but their circumstances were different: hope seconded and supported Shechem's passion, not in itself criminal ; but despair drove Amnon's into its opposite extreme. This is often observed to be the case with passions too tumultuous and unruly : Amnon's mind was first agitated by lust, and then by remorse, which drove to different extremes, like the vibrations of a pendulum. The horror of his guilt struck him with a sudden detestation of her, whom he deemed the cause of it: he hated his sister, when he should have hated himself. God abandoned him thus to the tumult of his own intemperate mind, to make this other punishment of David's adultery, more fla




grant; and the prophet's prediction of God's raising up evil to him out of bis own house, more conspicuous. For Amnon's barbarous behaviour now precluded all possibility of concealing his guilt. The moment his brutuality was indulged, he commanded his sister out of his fight : Arise, faith he; begone --- To which she answered, That this second evil treatment was worse than the first. The first had passion to plead, and might be concealed, and repented of — the second was a designed, deliberate indignity, that must draw eternal infamy after it. Therefore the had reason to add, that there was no caufe for it. She had given him no cause for aggravating his first offence, by loading it with an immediate and public scandal, and indelible reproach, upon her, himself, and his house; upon the religion, and people of God. But he, as deaf now to decency and humanity, as he had been before to all sense of Thame and conscience, called to his servant that attended him, and bid him turn out that woman from him, and bolt the door after her The servant obeyed, brought her out, and bolted the door after her.


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TAMAR thus treated ; not parted with as an innocent woman, cruelly injured ; but thrust out as a prostitute, that had seduced to sin; is the strongest image of innocence, barbarouly abused, and insufferably insulted, that history affords us. The greatest injury, loaded with the greatest indignities ! contumely added to cruelty ! Oppressed with forrow, and overwhelmed with Thame, she put ashes upon her head, and rent ber garment of divers colours, and laid her hand on her bead, and went on crying ; at once hiding her shame, and despairing to conceal it.

In this condition the passed on to her brother Absalom's house, who seeing her confusion and distress, easily apprehended the causes of it ; and put the question to her, Whether her brother Amnon had been with her? covering the gross injury he suspected, under the veil of the most decent and distant phrase that could hint his suspicion to her. And as if all that had not been enough, to fave her blushes, and let her see, that he understood her distress, he stopped her short, from attempting any answer, by begging her, That she would say nothing of the matter ; but endeavour to forget the injury, since it


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