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form themselves. As soon as these bours after their formation, the poison small knots actually appeared, which is re-absorbed into the body, and the MR. MAROCHETTI himself saw, they patient is lost beyond power of cure. were opened, and cauterized with For this reason, MR. MAROCHETTI a red hot needle, after which the recommends, that such patients patient gargled with the decoction should be examined under the tongue of the “Genistæ.” The result of immediately, which should be conthis treatment was, that all of tinued for six weeks, during which them (of whom only two, the last time they should take daily one bitten, did not show these knots) pound and a half of the “ Decoct. were dismissed cured at the end of Genist.” (or four times a day the six weeks, during which time they powder, one dram for a dose.) drank this decoction. But the little If the knots do not appear in this girl, who bad been treated according time, no madness is to be appreto the usual methods, was seized with hended, but, as soon as they appear, hydrophobic accidents on the seventh they should be opened with a lancet, day, and was dead in eight hours and then cauterized; and the patient after they first took place. The should gargle assiduously with the persons dismissed were seen three' above-mentioned decoction. years afterwards by Mr. Maro. We hasten to communicate to our CHETTI ; and they were all sound readers this important discovery, and well.

(which we borrow from the PetersFive years after this circumstance, burgl Miscellaneous Treatises in (in 1818,) MR. MAROCHETTI had a “ The Realm of Medical Science new opportunity in Podolia of con- for 1821,") which certainly deserves firming this important discovery. the full attention of all medical prac. The treatment of twenty-six persons, titioners, and which, if confirmed who had been bitten by a mad dog, by experience, may have the most was confided to him ; nine were men, beneficial results. eleven women, and six children. Translated from an Article in the He gave them at once a decoction Berlin State Gazette," No. 20, of of the “Genistæ," and a diligent the 14th Feb. 1822. examination of their tongues gave the following result: five men, all Since the above statement appeared the women, and three children, had in the Berlin State Gazette, an official the small knots already mentioned ; report, made to the Prussian Governthose mostly bitten on the third day, ment, and quoted in a subsequent others on the fifth, seventh, and number of that newspaper, repreninth, and one woman, who had sents, that knots similar to those been bitten but very superficially in described by MR. MAROCHETTI were the leg, only on the twenty-first found under the tongue of a mad day. The other seven also, who dog in Westphalia the last spring. showed no small knots, drank the Medical men are anxiously soli“ Decoctum Genistæ" six weeks, cited to set on foot inquiries and exand all the patients recovered. periments in order to put MR. MARO

In consequence of these observa- CHETTI's statement to the proof. It tions, Mr. MAROCHETTI believes, that may be well worth inquiring also, the hydrophobic poison after re- whether the cure, if such it is, is maining a short time in the wound, pot effected by opening and cauterfixes itself for a certain time under izing the knots, without the decocthe tongue, at the openings of the tion of the Broom baving any part ducts of the “ glandul submaxillar." in it. which are at each side of the tongue- In the suggestion of trials of the string, and there forms those small remedy thus described, nothing can knots, in which may be felt with a be less intended than interference probe a Auctuating Auid, which is with excision and actual cautery The hydrophobic poison. The usual when practicable, which it would be time of their appearance seems to highly imprudent to neglect, at any be within the third and ninth day rate as far as the present treatment after the bite ; and if they are not of the bite of the mad dog is ascere opened within the first twenty-four tained.

Christian Researches in the Mediterranean, from 1815 to 1820, in Further

ance of the Objects of the Church Missionary Society. By the Rev. William Jowetr, M.A., one of the Representatives of the Society, and late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. With an Appendix, containing the Journal of the Rev. James Connor, chiefly in Syria and Palestine. London, 18:22. 8vo. pp. 451. Price 10s.

Tuese Researches were prosecuted and the wisdom and the power of this by the respectable and pious Author world, but which have been won of this interesting Volume, as the back by the enemy, through the Literary Representative of the Church anfaithfulness and apostasy of ChrisMissionary Society. The objects of tiaus themselves. There the desn. the Society in employing agents in- lating spiritual and religious tyranny vested with this character in different of MAHOMET exerts its resistless places were, we are inforined in the sway; and Christianity exists rather preface, the acquisition of informa as a prejudice than as a principle, tion relative to the state of religion perverted by errors, encumbered by and of society, with the best means empty forms, and without the light of its melioration, --and the propa- and comfort of her own records. Of gation of christian knowledge by the reproach and suffering, the share of press, by journeys, and by edu- the oppressed Christians of Greece cation.". The Society are, we doubt and Egypt is sufficiently great; but not, perfectly satisfied with the ability the suffering is not consecrated, and and diligence with which JR. Jowett death for religion is not by the love has fulfilled his commission in the of Curist ennobled into martyrdon. countries bordering on the Mediter. This is not the kind of suffering ranean; and the result of his obser- under which the Church grows : vations and inquiries will be read the blood waters no seed, for the with deep and mournful interest by Scriptures and Evangelical Preachthe christian public of this country, ing are wanting; and no such product not however unrelieved by the hope can therefore spring up, as that which that the principles scattered here and filled the churches of the apostolic there by such visitants as himself, and succeeding ages with spiritual and the connexion which is thus fruit. Efforts to pour oil into so established between what remains of many lamps " which have gone vital, though languishing Christi. out,” will not, we are persuaded, be anity, among the Christians of those wanting on the part of the pious countries, and the example, influ- of our country ; but we trust that ence, and pious liberality of Great these Churches will, since their Britain, may issue in awakening in- fallen state, oppressions, and sufferquiry, and in rousing them to a salu- ings, are now froin so many quarters tary exertion “ to strengthen the pressed upon our attention, call things which remain, and which are forth more earnest prayers to Flim ready to die.”

whose nanie they sull bear, and for The “Researches” of the excel- whose sake they still suffer the lent Buchanan led us into countries taunts and persecutions of proud and where, for the most part, Satan has callous barlrarians. There lie the bad for ages an undisiurbed seat; wastes of Zion, “the desolations of among peoples and tongues” whom many generations ;” and when the God had "suffered,” in the depihis servants of God “take pleasure in of his wisdom and justice, “to walk her stones, and favour the very dust in their own ways.” Mr. Jowett thereof, the time to favour her, yea, has taken the same title for bis book; the set time, will come. We wish but be leads us into those fair portions to see this spirit of sympathy for the of the earth, where Christianity bad falleu Churches of Christendom beher earliest and most splendid tri- coming more tender and prevalent. umphs over the spirits of darkness, We have forgotten them too long, Vol. I. Third Series. NoVEMBER, 1822.

4 A


and been too indifferent to their state, acting the hypocrite: he may lave conMay our prayers be more fervent, cealed some sin; or his heart may still love and may they prerail! " Return, sin as much as before : can the Priest forO Lord, unto the many thousands give a man in such a state ?' Then the of Israel!"

man must answer for it to God: he is in Of the Greek Church, it is grati. I have replied: then, after all, the

the wrong, not the Priest.'— Very well,' ying to recollect, that its doctrines Priest cannot always, by his word of are not on some essential points so

mouth, give pardon : it comes only to entirely corrupted as the doctrines of this, that he may declare and pronounce the Papacy, and that her clergy are the pardon which God is willing to give much more favourable to the circu- to those whom he secs to be sincere.' lation of the Scrip:ures ;--itself so * Ah; but the Priest puts the sincerity hopeful a circumstance, that we of the penitent to the test.' How? doubt not that a more general ac.

I asked. “If the man has committed quaintance with them will be followed

some great crime, as niurder, the Priest by an effusion of the Holy Spirit,

will not give him absolution for a long

time: he must give proofs of his peniopening the eyes of many 10 the

tence, by fasting, by repeating prayers errors which exist, and raising up for whole nights, by labours, &c. If he refearless witnesses to his own truth. fuses, the Priest withholds absolution.'Something of this appears to have “But still,' I said, 'if he complies, and taken place in Russia, and similar obtains absolution, yet if his heart is effects we may hope for in Greece ; not changed from the love of sin, he is and when that once occurs, we may

not pardoned in the sight of God.' On lift up our heads, for “ the time of this they quote John xx. 23. *This,' as her redemption drawetha nigh." one expressed it to me, 'is the text

which should raise in the minds of the At present, however, whilst the following views are entertained of I only answered, that it was a great

Clergy a proper sense of their dignity.' confession and absolution, the spirit dignity, for a man simply to declare the of true religion must languish. pardon of his fellow-sinners through

“ Although the Formulary of Abso- Christ; and to plead with them in lution used by the Greeks is not so ab- Christ's stead, beseeching them to be solute in its expressions, as that of the reconciled to God. Latins, yet the mind is, in both cases,

“ It is by virtue of this power of directed to consider the Priest as in the absolution, that Christians of every rite place of God; conferring or withhold

are drawn to pay their devotions at the ing, by the authority of his function, holy sepulchre 'at Jerusalem : for althe communication of divine pardon and though the place and season and multifavour.

tude of these acts of devotion are con“Conversations of the following tenor sidered to give peculiarefficacy to prayer, have taken place on this subject, between yet the end in which they all termithe Author and Greek Ecclesiastics.

nate is the absolution and remission of “When asked, as I have frequently sins, declared in a printed form to the been, whether we have confession in pilgrims who go thither to worship." our church, I have described our gene- (pp. 23-25.) ral confession, and the declaration of absolution on the supposition of peni- forms, which shows that in this

MR. J. gives one of these printed tence. To the question, What peni- wretched imposture, this misleading tence ? I have replied, That which is sincere, and in the heart. They have and soul-destroying superstition, the then described what they meant by peni- Greek and Roman Churches are tence. A man comes to his Spiritual equally guilty. Father : (Pneumaticos, i. e. Spiritual, is The following is MR. JOWETT'S the title of those, in the Greek Church, account of the public worship of the who are qualified to receive confession Greek Church, and it is sufficiently and give absolution :) he says, I have melancholy: done this and that, &c. &c. When he has confessed, the Priest examines him “ With respect to the rites of public very closely, exhorts bim to fasting, worship, it is well known that the Greeks prayer, alms-deeds, and fruits meet for do not admit the use of images into their repentance; and then gives him abso- churches; but they make up the delution. And then are his sins forgiven?' ficiency with a multitude of pictures, on “Yes.' – Bui the Priest cannot see his pannels of wood, all round the church; heart; and, after all, he may have been and to these likenesses," no less than the Latins to their “graven images," exactly remember the number as they they pay a most profound respect,- went on, they count it off with beads. bowing, touching them, kissing thein, Three times forty! Surely these are and crossing themselves before them. vain repetitions : and were a man to mul

“ The fervour of their devotion to the tiply them a thousand fold, they would saints is not less remarkable. If a man be still more vain; but he would be is ill, or meets with any misfortune, he regarded as a very holy man! makes a vow to some saint, that, if he « The Greeks have three Liturgies ; will recover bim, he will make him an by Saints Chrysostom, Basil, and offering of a lamp of oil. What,' I Gregory. That of Saint Chrysostom is have often asked, 'can the saints do for used all the year through, except in you? Had you not better pray to God?' Lent; when a longer one, of St. Basil, The answer has always been,– But if is read; and, for a few days, that of we pray to the saints, the saints will St. Gregory. There is service, genespeak to God for us.'

rally, performed every day; but it is “ By members both of the Greek and little attended, except on Sundays, or Latin Churches, I have frequently been on great festivals." (pp. 31–31.) asked what our church declares respecting the Ilavayla, or “ Most Holy,' which

The service for ihe dead is, indeed, is the title given by them to the blessed as Mr. Jowetr describes it, “an Virgin. I hare replied, “We consider, awful” one; and if it applied as that prophecy, and every other purpose, movingly to the consciences of the were sufficiently accomplished in her attendants, as it does to their passions, being a virgin till Christ was born: it might be as edifying, as it is after that the Scripture speaks obscurels, shudderingly sublime. and the point is immaterial: therefore our church declares nothing.'--' But,' “ Visiting, on one occasion, the learned they reply, 'we look to her as the great Master of the Public School, ECONOMUS Mediatrix : all our prayers pass through the Presbyter, our conversation was her to God.' To this effect, indeed, interrupted by the approach of the proboth their public services and their most cession of a deceased Greek of some eloquent sermons continually tend.

consequence, over whom ECONOMUS « But that which on an English car was to preach a funcral sermon, in the falls most heavily, is the perpetual per- adjoining metropolitan church. I went formance of divine worship in a tongue with him. It was very affecting to see not understood by the people. It is sur- the corpse lying in an open coftin, with prising how, under such circumstances, the ordinary dress of life; that is, the their attention can be kept up. To loose flowing Greek robes; on his head, diversify a long service, there is always the kalpac, a large and cumbrous headsomething new bringing forward ; such dress, commonly worn; and the face as changing the dresses and the readers. cxposed. The sight made me shudder ;

“ The Greeks have three services in and so did the indifference which habit the day: one about four o'clock in the has produced on the minds of the bymorning, called "Ogos: the second, standers. a Liturgy, and which is the prin: “ Economus preached a sermon of cipal service, takes place about six or twenty minutes' length. He spoke of seven o'clock, differently in different the dead in an Attic style of compliment, churches : and, in the evening, Vespers. under the title of ó parágros. He cun

“ Every week the Priests are obliged cluded his seimon, by breaking out into to repeat the whole book of Psalms that awful service which the Greek through. By repeating,' is meant just Church has for the dead, and in which so much as to move the lips. Often, on the congregation in a murmuring voice entering an open church, I have seen a joined. It is an invitation to relatives Priest, sitting by himself, performing and friends to bid their final adieu :this silent duty.' 'The Psalter, as they «« Come, Brethren, and let us give the print it, is divided into sixty-three parts; last embrace to the deceased, thanking at the end of each of which they repeat God! He hath left his kindred,-he is the Doxology, 'Glory be to the Father, borne to the grave,-no longer heeding &c. The common way of speaking is, the things of vanity, and of the burdenthat the Priest recites nine Doxologies some flesh. Where now arc kindred a day.

and friends ? Now we are separated : “Besides this, there is a large number Whom let us pray the Lord to take to of Hallelujahs and Kyrie-eleesons to rest! repeat. The Priests are required to ““ What a separation, O Brethren! repcat, at least three times a day, Kugie

what wailing on the present ninger forty times. As they might not change! Come, then, let us embrace

what woc,

him who a little while ago was with us. the corpse. I did not learn what this He is consigned to the grave, he is meant; but it brought to my inind that covered with a stone,-his abode is with touching passage in 2 Sam. xiv. 14 : darkness, he is buried with the dead! “For we must needs die; and are as Now we are separated : Whom let us water spilt on the ground, which cannot pray the Lord to take to his rest!

be gathered up again.'” (pp. 38–40.) • Now all the evil and vain festivity

For the interesting notices which of life is dissolved : for the spirit hath leftits tabernacle,—the clay hath become

are given of the moral and religious

state of the Greeks at Corfu, Smyrna, black,-the vessel is broken, speechless, void of feeling, dead, motionless: Whom Hajvali, Scio, Athens, &c. we must consiguing to the grave, let us pray the

refer to the volume itself. Two things Lord to give him rest for ever.

were very observable ;-the uneasi««• Truly, like a flower, and as a vapour, vess of the Greeks under the Turkish and as morning dew, is our life. Come, yoke, and their exertions to revive then, let us look down narrowly into literature. Since this visit, however, the grave. Where is the comeliness of the desolating scourge of Mahometan the body, and where is youth? Where barbarity has passed, with unrelentare the eyes, and the beauty of the flesh ? All are withered like grass,--all are

ing severity, over many of the places vanished. Coine, then, let us fall before here named and described.' The CHRIST in tears.

schools MR. Jowett visited are silent; . Looking upon the dead laid out, let and many of the characters with whoin us all take account of our last change ; lie had the most interesting converfor this man is carried forth, as smoke sations are no more! Certainly, from the earth,-as a flower he is wither- near four centuries of grinding and ed, -as grass he is cui down, --swathed insulting oppression laid upon this in a winding sheet,--corered with earth: branch of the Church of CHRIST Whom leaving, now to be no more seen, afford an awful and most monitory let us pray to Christ that he will grant proof of the deep evil of corrupting, to him eternal rest.

“« Come hither, ye descendants of religion, and of the displeasure of AVAM! Let us behold committed to the Gop against religious unfaithfulness. eartli one who was of our likeness,-all The “natural branches” were not his comeliness cast away,—dissolved in spared, nor the branches “ graffed the grave,-food for worms,-in dark- in.” Towards both, however, GOD ess,-covered with earth!

dias ulterior purposes of mercy, • Come lither, Brethren, to the grave; Wben shall that cheering light break and see the ashes and dust of which we

out amidst all this gloom! were formed! Whither now go we? And what have we been?. What is the into Egypt, for the interesting pur

From Greece Mr. Jowett passed poor, or the rich; or what is the master or the free? Are we not all ashes ? The pose of ascertaining the state of the beauty of the countenance is wasted, and remnant of Christians, who, amidst death hath utterly withered the flower every change, and often in the deepest of youth :' &c. &c.

persecutions, bave still maintained • The embracing of the dead, then, iheir profession of Christ. We wish and during the reciting of this service, we could say that they are " lights takes place : for, as soon as the Priests in a dark place," and in any degree departed, many came, and, laying their “ the salt of the earth." They hands on the two sides of the open coftin, claim, however, our sympathy and kissed the cheeks and forehead of the love, as persons baptized into the deceased, with much emotion. When a Bishop dies, and is laid out in this man

same adorable name, and for his ner in the church, all the congregation

“pame's sake," like the Greeks, throng to perform this ceremony.

bearing the reproach of the proud. “The corpse is now carried out into The following sketch of the bistory the church-yard. A slab lifted up, of the Coptic Church, will be inte discovered to our view that the whole resting to our readers : church-yard is hollow under ground. “In the year of our LORD 639, which The body was put into a meaner wooden was the eighteenth of the Mahomedan coffin, and lowered into the grave. I era, AMRUS, having subdued Palestine did not observe that they sprinkled earth and taken possession of Jerusalem, upon it, as we do; but, instead of this, entered Egypt with a large army; and, a Priest concluded the ceremony by in three years, reduced the then porerpouring a glass of water on the head of ful and splendid city of Alexandria.

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