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from all that went before, or followed after him, and " more than a little confirms my present consideration, • I shall omit the recital of later and present testimo

nies : In Europe they are fresh, and in our sight. . It is not the property of religion to persecute re

ligion ; that scorns to employ those weapons to her « defence, that others have used to her depression. 10 c is her privilege alone to conquer, naked of force or

artifice: and that person who hath not the election • of his religion, hath none.

For my own part, I know not any unfit for polirtical societies, but those who maintain principles de<structive of industry, fidelity, justice and obedience, (in all matters relative of them, (wherefore the Ro(mans exiled their Mathematicos) which neither my< self, nor any Quaker living, can with any shew of < reason be charged withal. But to conceit that men muít form their faith of things proper to another

world, by the prescriptions of mortal men, or else ? they can have no right to eat, drink, neep, walk, (trade, be at liberty, or live in this, to me seems

both ridiculous and dangerous. Since it is most s certain, the understanding can never be convinced

by other arguments than what are adequate to its cown nature ; which force is so remote from, that as rit abundantly expresseth passion or ignorance in those < who use it, fo experimentally do we find, that it is ( not only unsuccessful, by confirming persons that

really have reasons on their side, but greatly obdurates also the unreasonable, who forget their own weakness, by gazing on their persecutors, being ( well assured, that whosoever is in the right, he al( ways is in the wrong, that by club-law and corpo(ral extremities thinks to illuminate and convince the I understanding: it. may make hypocrites, not conr verts; and if I am at any time convinced, I will

pay the honour of it to truth, and not to base and

timorous hypocrisy. Nor, indeed, are such inquirries material, as well as that it is unlawful to make « so diligent search for conscience, and that in case


they find her without the mark of publick allowrance, and that she pays no custom, the must be

there forfeited. For who loves to ask at any shop, of what religion che matter is, and not rather what is his price for this or that commodity? It therefore greatly were the king's interest to clear the prisons of all conscientious persons, especially since uniformity of mind is not less impossible in all punctilios,

than is exact resemblance in visage, and men must 'be new-made in both respects, before they can be changed to gratify such desires.

However my case is singular, since wholly guiltless of what was charged against me; and if the observation of Tacitus on Lingonius's various cafe

be of any force, who, though he did deserve punish'ment indicted, yet because it was done without exarmination, and due conviction, faith Tacitus, " He « suffered unlawfully;" then for a greater reason must my confinement seem injurious, who have been shut up above these six months, under a strict and close imprisonment, from many common comforts and necessary concerns of life, without the least formal cause or reason why exhibited against me, contrary, I conceive, to the natural privilege of an Englishman.

My hopes are, I shall not longer continue a pri'foner, merely to assure the world I am not innocent

of what in very truth I am not guilty; nor yet that matters of lighter moment be sought to prolong (my restraint, because as yet there is no law to dea

prive an inoffensive Englishman of so great and eminent a right as liberty: since this were too nearly to resemble the lamentable case of the innocent daughter of guilty Sejanus, who, because the Roman laws allowed not virgins to be strangled, was

first deflowered, that she might be. My life shall 'go before my chastity, let men contrive what they

will. But, above all, methinks the name Christian ' imports so holy, so just, and so condescending a • disposition, that these severities can have no plea

Vol. I.


s from such as have truly entitled themselves unto it.

For my own share, as it is my principle (as I have

declared) to live myself, and encourage others, in the r pursuit of just, sober, and industrious courses (which

are the true grounds of all civil societies, and only ( ways to their prosperity) so in whatever I differ from o the publick establishment, it shall never find me (remiss therein.

But I beseech thee to intreat the king, on my ac< count, not to believe every man to be his enemy,

that cannot shape his conscience by the narrow forms ( and prescripts of mens inventions; and the personal i obligations, besides the publick respect that I owe

him, but above all, the holy forgiving TRUTH I i profess, will never admit of such a thing; nor do " we own one principle that will not, instead of acting ( us to his prejudice, at all times in our stations fit us ( to dispute with any (in civil matters) the first place r of obedience to his commands, our consciences being o left unprescribed.

" To conclude : since my adversaries have overshot " the mark, that the accusation is fictitious, and many

of them have publickly retracted their first opinions of the matter, after so strict an imprisonment, without any legal cause, or just procedure, contrary to the privileges of every Englishman, as well as the meekness, forbearance, and compassion inseparable

from true Christianity ; I think it is time, and I desire "I may be ordered a release, to follow my ordinary

employments : but if it should yet be scrupled, or " denied, upon the least dissatisfaction unremoved, I - intreat the favour of access to the king, where I shall ( freely and justly answer to all such interrogatories as may concern my present case: or if that will not be allowed, that it would please thee to give me a

full hearing to all such objections as may be thought " to carry any weight; that so if I must remain a pri

foner, it may be known for what; and in the mean time that such liberty may be granted me, as is customary for other prisoners to enjoy, after the first

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or second month of their imprisonment, the season especially considered.

I make no apology for my letter as a trouble, the (usual stile of suppliants; because I think the honour that will accrue to thee, by being just, and releasing

the oppressed, exceeds the advantage that can succeed 'to me: worthy and generous minds gladly embrace

occasions to assist the helpless, and then are most 'ready to afford them their assistance, when nothing is to be got besides the hazard of expressing it. And I am well assured the kindness and justice it shall please thee to employ on that account, can never miss of a plentiful reward from God, and praise of all virtuous men.

Thy true friend, who suffers wrongfully, which

the Lord God forgive, if he so please, ift of the 5th Month,

W. P 1669.'

And in order to clear himself from the aspersions caft upon him, in relation to the « doctrines of the “ Trinity, the incarnation and satisfaction of Christ,” he published a little book called, “ Innocency with “ her open face,” by way of apology for the aforesaid “ Sandy Foundation shaken.” In this apology he fo successfully vindicated himself, that soon after the publication of it, he was discharged from his imprisonment, which had been of about seven months continuance.

On the 15th of the 7th month this year, he set out again from London for Ireland, took shipping at Bristol on the 24th of the 8th month, and on the 26th arrived at Cork. In his passage thither, we think the following occurrence worth relating : " At his former

coming from Ireland, the conversation and society of a person called a Quaker, who came over in the 'fame veffel, was a strengthening and encouragement to him then newly convinced. This man now hapB 2


. pened to return thither again in his company, and s observing how effectually the power of truth had (wrought upon our author, and the great progrefs he s through a sincere obedience had made in his jour

ney heavenward, and seeing himfelf not only over• taken, but left far behind, by one that had set out

after him, was led to a solid reflection upon his own negligence and unfaithfulness, and expreffed, with o many tears, a renewed visitation and deep concern ? upon his spirit. So forcible is the example of the faithful, to the stirring up an holy zeal and emulation in others. · Being arrived at Cork, he immediately visited his friends imprisoned there, and the next day had a meeting with them, in which they were spiritually refreshed and comforted together: having tarried there fome days, he went from thence to Dublin, and on the 5th of the gth month, was at the national meeting of friends there, which was held at his lodgings. At this meeting, an account of his friends sufferings being drawn up, by way of address, he presented the same a few days after to the lord-lieutenant.

During his stay in Ireland, though his business in the care of his father's estate took up a considerable part of his time, yet was he frequently present at, and preached in, friends meetings, especially at Dublin and Cork, in one of which places he usually resided. He alfo wrote during his residence there, several treatises, particularly, ... A Letter to the Young Convin« ced.” He very frequently visited his friends in prison, and had meetings with them; nor did he let slip any opportunity he had with those in authority, to folicit on their behalf : and in the beginning of the 4th month, 1670, through his repeated applications to the chancellor, the lord Arran, and the lord-lieutenant, an order of council was obtained for their release. Having settled his father's concerns to satise faction, and done his own friends many signal services, he thortly after returned into England.

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