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Placing many of them in a Light altogether new;
Ascertaining the Meaning of several not determinable by the

Methods commonly made use of by the Learned'; Proposing to Confideration probable Conje&tures on others, different from what have been hitherto recommended to the

Attention of the Curious; And more amply illustrating the rest than has been yet done, by

Means of Ćircumstances incidentally mentioned

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1. The Weather of JUDÆA.
II. Their living in Tents there.
III. It's Houses and Cities.
IV. The Diet of it's Inhabitants, &c.

V. Their Manner of travelling.
VI. The Eastern Methods of doing Persons Honour,

Sanctam Scripturam lucidius intuebitur, qui Judæam oculis contemplatus fit.

S. HIERON, in lib. Paralip. præfatio.




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HE Public received the two preceding

volumes of Observations in so candid a manner, that I have been induced to publish a third and a fourth of a similar' nature.

As the business of my life has been to study and endeavour to illustrate the Scriptures, as well as to press the truths contained in them on the heart, many other Observations have risen up to view, in looking over again the books I had before examined, as well as in perusing some I had never seen, when I made the Observations before published.

Sir Philip Musgrave, after having favoured me with the perusal of Sir John Chardin's manuscript notes on many passages of Scripture, most obligingly sent me, (after the two first volumes of my Observations appeared,) the three tomes of his Travels, printed in French, at Amsterdam, 1711, which furnished me with considerable additions, inserted in the third and fourth volumes : and I cannot


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but make my very grateful acknowledgments to Sir Philip, for this fresh instance of goodness.

A very eminent Member of the University of Cambridge, obtained for me Vinisauf's account of the expedition of King Richard I. to the Holy-Land, out of the University library, to whom also I acknowledge myself highly obliged, for this, as well as many other literary favours. This account of Vinifauf was published in the second volume of the collection of old English historians, printed at Oxford, in 1687.

Several very agreeable remarks were communicated to me by a very learned and ingenious Clergyman of this county of Suffolk, mostly indeed relating to what had been published in the two first volumes; but they have furnished some materials for these two succeeding ones.

I would here return my very respectful thanks to this gentleman, and am forry I am not at liberty distinctly to mention his name.

I also took a journey to London fome time ago, expressly for the purpose of conversing with two persons on matters of this kind.


The one was a very ingenious and friendly gentleman, who visited the East in 1774': he very obligingly read over to me that

part of his Journal which related to the HolyLand, and also communicated some other matters he recollected, about which I enquired, but which were not set down in his memorandums. The other was Signior Lufignan, the author of the History of the Revolt of Ali Bey, of which the second edition, made use of by me, was printed at London, in 1784, who not only had answered several queries I put to him by letter, but had assured me of his readiness to communicate any farther eclaircissements I might want, in conversation, if I came to London, which he could not so well cominit to writing, as being a foreigner. This promise he very kindly fulfilled ; and those communications were very useful to settle some matters, of such a minute nature as not to be met with in books of travels, but of considerable use to accomplish what I had in view. It gives me pleasure to think that my native country, the land of

· W. Boylston, Esq. of London.

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