Avoirdupois Weight-Continued. 4371 grains (grs.) are 1 ounce, oz. 7,000 1 pound, 16. 2,240 pounds “ 1 long or old ton. 20 hundredweight (cwt.) T. 66 Miscellaneous Table Continued. 12 dozen are 1 gross. 144 things 1 gross. 20 quires of paper 1 ream. Square Measure. 144 square inches (sq. in.) are 1 square foot, sq. ft. 1 square yard, sq. yd. 66 Cubic Measure. Used in measuring solid substances, such as timber, stone, the capacity of rooms, etc. 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) are 1 cubic foot, cu. ft. “ 1 cubic yard, cu. yd. SEVENTH GRADE (GRAMMAR). Long Measure-Continued. 3 feet are 1 pace, 4 inches “ 1 hand, for measuring the height of horses. 6 feet • 1 fathom, for measuring depths at sea. 13 statute miles “ 1 geographic, nautical mile, or knot. Avoirdupois Weight_Continued. 60 pounds are 1 bushel of wheat. 196 « 1 barrel of flour. 200 • 1 barrel of beef or pork. 100 “ 1 quintal of fish (dry). 621 or 1000 ounces • 1 cubic foot of water. Troy Weight. 24 grains (grs.) are 1 pennyweight, pwt. 66 1 ounce, 02. 480 grs. 12 oz. or 5,760 grs. } - 1 pound, 16. Apothecaries' Weight. 20 grains (grs.) are 1 scruple, sc. 8 drams or “ 1 pound, 1b. " 1 ounce, 02. Apothecaries’ Fluid Measure. 60 minims (m.) or drops are 1 fluid drachm, f. 3. of 1 fluid ounce, f. 3. Angular Measure. 60 seconds (") are 1 minute, quad. • 1 circumference, cir. SIXTH GRADE (GRAMMAR). Long Measure-Continued. 1 mile, m. Square Measure--Continued. 804 square yards are 1 square rod, perch, or pole, sq. r. or sq. p. 1 Surveyors' Measure of Length. 100 links 4 rods 80 chains 1 mile. } Surveyors' Measure of Surface. Used in measuring land. 16 square rods (sq. r.) are 1 square chain. 10 chains A. 1 mile or section. 89. ch. on 1 acre, 36 square miles APPENDIX. English Money. d “ 1 pound or sovereign, £. g. The intrinsic value in U. S. money of 1 pound Sterling is $4.8665. 12 pence The French franc is $0.193 in U. S. money. ft. yd. } - 1 mile, 66 Linear Measure. Used in measuring lengths and distances. 12 inches (in.) are 1 foot, 3 feet 1 yard, 51 yds. or 161 ft. 1 rod, perch, or pole, r. or p. 40 rods • 1 furlong, fur. 8 fur., 320 rds., m. 1760 yds., or 5280 ft. 3 miles l. 3 feet 1 pace, 4 inches “ 1 hand, for measuring the height of horses. 6 feet “ 1 fathom, for measuring depths at sea. 1. statute miles “ 1 geographic, nautical mile, or knot. 60 geographic or 694 statute miles “ 1 degree on the equator. Square Measure. Used in measuring surfaces and areas, as land, flooring, etc. 144 square inches (sq. in.) are 1 square foot, 9 “ 1 square yard, 304 square yards or 2724 square feet 1 sq. rod, perch, or pole, sq. r. or sq. p. 160 square rods 1 A. square feet 89. ft. sq. yd. } 640 acres 89. m. - 1 cord, pt. 231 cu. Its or f“ 1 gallon · 1 peck, pk. Cubic Measure. Used in measuring solid "ubstances, such as timber, stone, the capacity of rooms, etc. 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) are 1 cubic foot, cu. ft. “ 1 cubic yard, cu. yd. C. 4 gills (gi.) are 1 pint, 1 quart, gal. bol. Dry Measure. 2 pints (pts.) are 1 quart, qt. " 1 small measure. bu. 36 bushels “ 1 chaldron, ch. Avoirdupois Weight. Used in weighing all coarse articles, as hay, meat, groceries, and all metals except gold and silver. 4374 grains (grs.) are 1 ounce, 1 pound, 16. “ 1 hundredweight, cwt. T. “ 1 long ton. & lb. 1 bbl. of beef or pork. 1 quintal of fish (dry). Cloth Measure. yd. 1 half yard, } yd. À yd. } yd. “ 1 sixteenth yard, is yd. 02. 66 1 ton, 4 oz. 200 " 9 English Prefixes. a--at, to, in, on: аground, abed. Latin Prefixes. The last letter of the prefixes marked * is often changed to the first syllable of the root for euphony. a, ab, abs-from, away : avert, abduct. *ad-at, to: adhere. am, amb-around: amputate, ambulance. ante-before: antecedent. bi—two: biped. circum-around: circumnavigate. *con-with, together: condole, concur. contra, contro, counter-against: contradict. de-down, from: depend, degrade. *dis-apart, not: distend, dishonor. du--two: duplicate. *e, ex-out: eject, expose. en, em-in, into, on, to make: enclose, enlarge. extra-beyond : extraordinary. *in-in, on, not: invade, indirect. inter-between, among: interrupt, intermingle. intra, intro-into, within: introduce. juxta-near: juxtaposition. mal, male--bad: malefactor. multi-many: multiform. non-not: nonsense. *ob—before, against, out: object, oppress. per---through: pervade. |