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Moreover, it is especiallyworth notice, Et mundus victus (3), non deficiente that Horace could and did take the liber

crumena (4)? w to inéntion namely and honourably (3) I read mundum victum, and not, the younger years of a former friend who with Bentley, et victum et domum. had been an accomplice in the murder (4) We are imperceptibly impelled of Cæfar, a follower of M. Brutus, by a neceflity within, to take ourand 'lo determinate a foe to the Julian felves, our own opinions and manners, party and the fubsequent Augustan, for the Itandard, whether we would ihat after the death of Brutus and Caf- say something completely handsome to fius, he rather chole, in a kind of def- another person, or suggell to him with peration, to side with Antonius than a good grace, how we think he ought submit to Odavius. This likewise is a to be. Horace seems, throughout this firoke that helps to make us more fa- Epistle, always to put himlelf in the miliar with the moral character of our place of Tibullus. Indeed there was a Poet, on this side too little known. As great similarity between them, especie we proceed we shall light upon more fuch cially in the propensity to an independe instances as fhew, that, amid the self- ent and idle country-life, and in the ish or voluptuonis courtiers of an all- defirable poverty, as they both call it, powerful, and, with all bis affected of being exadly fo rich, and no richer, moderation and pretended modely, a than was necefsary to the gratifying of fometimes dangerous Usurper, he had their inclinations. But the difference the honeli assurance to fay what he in the modification of it, and even in thought, fari quæ fentiat. Such as the main features of their mind, seems would perhaps reply, that this does as to have been still greater than that fimuch honour to Auguflus as to Horace, milarity: and though in the elegies of I would remind of an anecdote handed Tibullus we may meet pretty often down to us bị Suetonius, and which with sentiments and images of the is fo completely in characler with the greatest tenderness, yet, in my opinion, former, that we may eren venture to they contain nothing of the philofophitake it on the word of an antient glof. cal spirit that breathes throughout the farist. A certain Æmilius Elianus of works of Horace, and gives them fo Corduba was accufed of various crimes, peculiar a character of fagacity and a reinto which Aaguftus himself thought fined understanding. The proper chaproper to examine. The accuser, for racter of Tibullus is more-or almoft ihe sake of giving the greater weight to entirely--refined sensuality. This ahis other charges, laid the most fress lone, elevated by a romantic force of upon this : that Ælianus had u fed to faney, might inspire him to write the allow himself in fpeaking very unduti- first of his elegies, which is also the fully of Auguftus. “That thou shalt most beautiful, and fupply him with immediately perceive," interrupted Ar- that affecting mixture of enthusiasm of gustus with vehemence; “ I will thew love and images of death ; but nothing Alianus that I have a longue as well can make us believe, that an iinage as he ! I will say more agaiifit his cha. jike this, racter than he against mine." Aud

-Tacitum sylvas interreptare salubres when Tiberius, in a lerter to his flep- Curantem quicquid dignum sapiente bonofather, expressed himself very violently

que eft, on the fame fubjeci, Augustus told him in reply. thai he would do better would have suited him ; or such a wilk to restrain his youthful warmth, and

as this, not to be so much incensed that -any Sit mihi quod nunc eft, etiam minus : uz one should speak ill of him: “ It is Quod fupereft ævi, &c. [mihi vivam enough," added he, “that we have would ever have come into his mind. brought matters to fuch a pass that no His avenues, and thickets and bowers, man can do us any harm." Octavia- are to him only the scenes of his dara nus had cleared his way to the sove- ling propensities; and all the charms reign power by fuch infamous and they have for him, they receive from cruel means, that it was now mere the presence of his Delia.

To Horace, prudence in Auguftus to rule with his little farm is the place gentlenefs, and with the lusire of his

Which gives him to himself again ; new name, which spoke nothing but pure kindness, to cover ihe crines and when he exclaims, with fuch á with which his former was fullied. rapturous effusion of heart,

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O rus, quando ego te aspiciam} quando- would throw such a number of 'ho

[tibus horis neit men, who labour with all their Nunc veterum libris, nunc fomno & inér- might 10 refcue an author who writes Ducere solicitæ jucunda oblivia vitæ ? such beautiful Latin, and whom they he has no need, like Tibullus, to turn cannot well avoid putting inso' the his meads and grally banks, by the hands of youth, from the horrid charge magic of his imagination, into a vo- of Epicurilm*. li is indeed only in luptuous Elyfium, where

waggery that he talks of the fat, sleek,

and well-fed Epicurean hoy; that thefe Juvenum series teneris immifta puellis Ludit, et affiduè prælia miscet amor.

gentleinen are well aware of: but noTIBULL. I, 3.

thing fo offensive ought even to be

faid in mirih!-Horace, (we cannot The latter, while he is praising his deny its) with all his grave morality, preferit humble, though plentiful con- is at times fomewhat frolickfome: the dition, casts many a itolen glance, house of the jocose Mæcenas, and the scarcely able to repress his figlis, at the Emperor Auguftus himself, who was {plendid fortune which he never enjoyed, fond of this humour, had not corrected but was born to enjoy; and he seenis hin in that particular; and indeed it is to want some more agreeable dillipa- good fiddling to i hen, that love dancing. tions, as a nepenthe to keep him from

“ But may we not fuppose that he here painful liggeltions. Horace, on the called himself an Epicuri de grege porcontrary, sees his withes exceeded in

cus in the lame ironical sense as Socrates, the enjoyment of his little fortune; in Plato's apology, and on other occaHoc erat in votis, &c. Auctius alque Di Gions, gave himself out for “an ignorant melius fecere he has nothing more to laic." The eralion would not be lo desire ihan that he may keep. what he much amniss, if Horace here håd but as has, and it might be lefs, withont his good a reafon for fich an irony as Sothinking he had lost anything. Ti

But of his no trace appears. bullus's life was a dream, and his hap In short, if the viri barbatiffimi cannot piness a delicious in oxication of foul. affore any induluence 10 our Bard for Horace lived awake, and by his expe

one joke, in reasonable regard in the rience acquiked two great treasures, ihe bad company in which he had the knowledge of the world and the know, misfortune in live; the company of ledge of himself

. Indeed he too had Angustus, of Mæcenas, Pollio, Meltrifled, and was not ashamed of it. falla, Lamia, &c. not to forget the Nec lukile pudet, sed non incidere ludum

wanton Cynara, and Lalage who miled but he knew when to leave off; and and prattled to prettily, dulce ridendem the tumult of life and enjoynient had —dulce loquentein ; then we must give not deafened his car to the gentle voice him up to the censure they would pass of his genius, of his better self, admo-,

on his philofoplay, and let hin' do nishing him to live to himself, and in

penance for his perverleness! Yet, for himself to leek that which mankind are

ihe sake of the reader who may not be seeking every where except where they sufficiently acquainted with the ancients would find it ; and then are furprized for finding the salt of this pleasantry or angry that it is not to be found.

fo fiue as in all likelihood it appeared Horace therefore, in all appearance, to Tibullus, let us be permitted to add does Tibullus too much honour, when,

a couple of words. The Epicurean in the paffage Quid dulci voveat nutr:- philosophy, which ufed the word voculu majus alumno, he puts him, as it luptuoulinels word for ever abomiwere, in his own place, nay, perhaps, nated by the Romans-to denote the already 100 mucli

, in only thinking ideal representation of that wherein him wife enongh to profit by the hint they placed the happiness of the wife, he thereby gave him. Tibullus had all had, merely on account of this word, that for which his friend esteems him

an universal prejudice against it. For, happy; only he feems not to have amidst the most profligaie corruption of been quite malier of the sapere ; and manners, the Romans would not have yet this was exactly that which could fubftantiate the rest.

* The good J. H. Meibom can contrive -Epicuri de grege porcun (5). no other way of bringing him off than by (5) What pity that Horace could reading parcum for porcum — whereby, pot foresee the perplexity into which indeed, the joke is loft, but, in his opithis paffage, after many hundred years, nion, the man's reputation is saved.

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Ancient Conduit in the Heigh Street,
Maidstone, Hent.

1786

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Feb. 7.

it seen that they had renounced the good eating, &c.—Lib. 9. ep. xx. ad way of thinking, or at least the way of Familiares. It is a lamentable cale for speaking, of their noble ancestors. In the Ciceros and Horaces when they general, by the term Epicurean was have readers who want an explanation meant a freethinker, a man to whom of what raillery is ; but the reader who religion and virtue were but empty can neither understand nor endure a names ; and the declamations of Cin joke is fill in a worle condition ! cero, as well as the deportment of He should consult with his physician some of the principal Romans of those on the subject. times, who, that they might have some kind of philosophy, affected the Epicu- Mr. URBAN, rean, was thought to justify the worst

IN

N common with all those who value that could be faid of them. In the our national antiquities, I derive time of Augusius, many things indeed considerable fatisfaction froin the variwere considered in a manner less au- ous efforts which are making at the ftere than formerly ; but the common present time to illustrate the antient are notion that men were accustomed to chitecture of this country; and, as a entertain of the Epicureans still re- ‘mite towards the ample fund of matemained ; and, though people of a good rials now collecting, permit me to of education , and who had gone through

fer the accompanying representation their studies in Greece, faw clearly the (Plate II.) of a Conduit which forstate of the cafe ; yet they applied the merly Rood in the middle of the High word, at least in sport, according to street at Maidstone, in Kent. It was the vulgar acceptation. When, there- an octagonal tower, about 24 feet in fore, Horace, hy a dilogy very ulual height, and 8 in diameter, constructed with him, calls himself an Epieurean of well-squared masonry. The ascent hog, for telling Tibullus in a facetious to the works of the clock, which were manner, that, from the idleness he in- contained in the cupola, was by a dulged in at his farm, he would find winding flight of stone Reps, occupyhim fatter and fleeker than before, it is ing the whole interior of the edifice, without any manner of consequence to and opening to the street under a linals the fect- as such an epithet in his Pointed arch on the North side. mouth could be nothing else than an

About the year 1793 the town was indirect piece of raillery on vulgar pre- paved, and this Conduit destroyed. The judice ; but likewile without confe- dates 1567 and 1669, then discovered quence to himself-lince, for this pre- upon the leads, no doubt, marked the tended confeflion, which Brucker and periods of different repairs; and the others in good earnest take it for, he latter perhaps ascertained the age of was not a hair's breadth more an Epi- the clock. eurean than Cicero when he writes to Maidstone is fupplied with water of his jovial friend Peius, “Illa mea, excellent quality, conveved in pipes quæ folebas antea landare, O hominem right across the river from a place facilem! O hospitern 1101 gravem! called Rocky Hill in the the West Boabierunt. --- In Epicuri nos adversarii rough. Thele pipes communicate with nostri caftra conjecimus, &c." The three conduits in the town, one at the encomiums thou formerly wert wont top of the High-tireet, anoiher about to bestow upon iny contentedness are the middle, which was the moft anall at an end. I am no longer the easy tient, and is the firbject of the present guest, pleased with every thing and tak- communication, and a third at the boting all things kindly, my good Pælus ! com towards the bridge. We are gone over into the camp of The improvements and alterations Epicurus, our former enemy. Not which have taken place within the last that we carry our zeal for our new 30 years in many of the tow'ns of Engparty so far as the notorious defenders land, although i hey have added much of it: at present we content ourselves 10 the convenience of the inhabitanis, with the talieful elegance, in which and to the facilily of travelling, hare thou thyself wert plealed when thy fi- prored very fatalio many of those obnances were yet in good order.---Be jects which are interesting data !o the prepared, then, for a guest of great antiquary; and capable of throwing appetite, and who has already made much light on the antient domestic considerable progress in the theory of architecture of thele islands. The Gent. MAG. February, 1807.

Preaching

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