Page images

18. A Sermon, preached at the primary practice of explaining away the literal

Visitation of the Most Reverend the Lord meaning of the Scriptures is in itself
Archbishop of Canterbury, holden at fo fufpicious as to appear at once evi-
Afford, in Kent, June 13, 1800. By dence of a weak cause."
the Rev. Edward Nares, M. A. Rector of
Biddenden. Published at the Request of so much of, of Gospel o Evangelical

“As to the distinction lately heard the Clergy.

Preachers, if we are no! Gospel Preachers, F "ROM the words of St. Paul,

in what estimation can we be held ? But Tim. 7, Mr. N. vindicates the it is moft reasonable, that in the case of Christian Religion against those who the self-denominated Rational Christians misrepresent iis Martyrılums, but at the we should be allowed to question the fame time “commend apostacy, ac propriety of this exclusive denomination. mire Idolatry, vindicare Perfecution, There is another denomination, to which and applaud to the skies the most in- the persons to whom the former title is significant acis of firmneis in every given, bcast also of being almost exclucause hut ihe cause of God." The fively entitled, that of Calvinists, who al. fame fortiue, if not in degree, cer. ledge, that by subscribing to the Articles tainly in kind, is necellary to preserve of our Church, you have subscribed genethe iruth inviolaie. The Church has rally to the opinions of Calvin. God forlost nothing by the intrinsic foree of bid! To the best of my belief, Calvin

entertained some opinions to which a large any arguments yet arisanced against il, majority of the fubfcribers to the Articles nor fuffered any real eclipse from the will never be brought to, affent; fome rivalry and opposition of those who opinions, which the compilers of the Are have put themselves out of our com- ticles, so far from approving or confirme munion. The arguments of Free- ing, have most carefully omitted; which thinkers and Deists are directly leveled is certainly the case very particularly with againit Revelation intelf; and none of the Calvinistic doctrine of Reprobation t. thefe arguments will be found of later Nor are fuch omissions a matier of mere date than Christianity is felf, and an. conjecture, it being well known that the fwered by the primitive Fathers. The Calvinists of the time when the Articles only yovelty in be admired is.“ihe were produced, nay even Calvin himself, conspicuous defection of one member actually objected to, and remonstrated of the Church of Rome here giving against, such omiffions I. This instance way to scoffs and tamnis, to the pert alone is enough to Thew, that to be Gosinfinuations of Scioliits, the profane pel Preachers we need not certainly be fneers of infidels. It is thus that the Calvinists. It is also enough to shew, and

this is a point of considerable importance, dependence of Christianity on the Old that fron the filence and omissions of the Téllan ent has been almost given op, Articles themselves, Calvinism was sufand the great doctrine of Redlemption pected at least, at that very time, of beJoit fight of amidst the difficullies that ing in some points by no means ftrictly have arisen on the subject of the evangelical. Calvin was but one out of Full*" To the Rational Chrifliais, many interpreters of Scripture with whom, as they call themfilves, Mr. N. opo as in some points we agree, in some we poses ihe express woris of Scripture differ. The Established Church, to judge and the declaration of our Lord liim- from her Articles, has dealt the same by felf, both on the doctrine of the Trie the Church of Rome, the Church of Genity and the Aionement; asking them, neva, and other reformed Churches. She in the words of St. Auliin to the Ma: has done all the could do to separate what nichæans, “T-il us fairly that you do was found in their doctrines from what was not believe the Bible: for while you card the latter. And though this method

erroneous, to adopt the former and difwill believe only what you choose to believe, and all that you do not choole lubjected us to the taunt of having a

of proceeding and judging should have to believe, reject, it is plainiy your

Popish Liturgy, Calvinistic Articles, and selves only that you have any faith in,

an Arminian Clergy,' so far from this beand not in the Bible.” The fame ana ing any reflection when duly considered, fwer may be given 19 the rejection of it particularly, I think, redounds to our Prophecy and Inspiration.

6. The

+ This is admitted by Calvinists * " See M. de Lic's Correfpondence themselves. See Orerton's True Churchwith M. Teller, of Berlin, and Dr. man, chap. II. feét. 2, 2d edit." Geddes's Prefaces to his version of the I “See Laurence's Bampton Lectures, Bible.”

1804." Genr. Mag. February, 1807.


[ocr errors]

praife. To the Church of Rome, io Cal. themselves converted? Truly, no where vin, and to Arrainius, we have done all that I know of! This I know, that one the justice we could do. We have given of their most conspicuous writers, one of then all the credit of being righi in some the greatest advocates for the abandonpoints though wrong in others. In all ment of ihele fundamental Articles of points in which we could agree, we have Christianity, tried by his pen expressly to done all we could to keep in communion convert both jews ,and Infidels; but we with them, which ought to be received as have his own acknowledgment, that as to proof enough of our sincerity in regard to Infidels he knew not that he had ever all thore points in which we have felt converted one unbeliever *; and as to the compelled to differ. . Such differences in- Jews, it is remarkable that they had the deed are forely to be lamented, and most wisdom to discover, from the very concefardently do I wish they could be removed; jions he proposed, that Ile who endeavourbut, in the present state of things, they ed to convert them was himself no Chrifcertainly prove nothing against us. St. tian. Shall we then, with such vain Paul himself could not preach the Gospel hopes of converting Jews, Turks, Infidels, so as to satisfy every body; though con- and Hereticks, to an adoption of the mere fiftent enough, we may be fure, in his morality of the Gospel, abandon the very doctrine, earnest enough in his address, first principles and most fundamental doce and most anxious for its success, of very trines of Chriftianity (for such I trutt we many who attended him, “Some believed all efteem those doctrines I have just enuthe things that were fpoken, and fome merated)? God forbid! Reason enough believed not ;" “ Some received the would the Calvinifts then have to separate word with gladness, fome mocked and themselves from such pretended Preachers blafphemed.” Acts xvii. (pp. 17-19.) of the Cospel; for, where is the Gospel “As then the present state of things does without the good tidings' of Redempnot seem to call for any concessions on tion, and where are the good tidings of the part of the Eftablished Clergy, in re- Redemption to be fought for but in the gard to Faith and Doctrine, I mall, laftly, body and blood of Christ our God and Saendeavour (and as briefly as possible) to viour? Such doctrines are truly fundaThew that the present state of the world mental parts of Christianity, and must gives 'no encouragement to such concef- never be loft fight of, must never fupfions; in doing which, I shall again take preffed; and though they may ftill keep a short view of those three descriptions of us feparate from Jews, and Turks, and opponents, the Infidels, Rational or Uni. Infidels, and pretended rational Christians tarian Christians, and Evangelical or Cal- of all denominations, God knows that vinistic Preachers.” (p. 19.) - "In the without then we can have no hope of revery place where Infidelity lo lately reared claiming either Papist, Calvinist, or Arher head, with an audacity and effrontery minian; who, if they differ in some never before witneffed, after a fufficient points from the Established Church, difexperiment of the obvious effects of Irre- fer far more from those I have been ligion in general, all the fophisms of In- speaking of. Shall we then, I must next fidelity, all the absurdities of Atheism, all afk, in hopes of preserving the unity of the freaks and fancies of a vain Philoso- the spirit, in the bond of peace and righphy, have been openly condenined and teousness of life, follow the Evangelical renounced, and the Religion of Christ re- Preachers into the depths of Calvinism? ftored, with no small triumph, as above This end, detireable as it must seem,

all things conducive both to the glory of could never, I apprehend, be answered by . God and good of man. The chief encou- to doing. Certain I am, that if the myja

ragement to conceffions which the per- teries of the Eftablished. Religion have sons calling themselves Rational Chrif- tended to alicnate those who call themtians hold out to us is, the greater proba- felves Rational Chriftians, much more bility there would be of our converting would the mysteries of Calvinisin have all Jews, Turks, Infidels, and Hereticks. this effect. I will venture to say, the If we would but discard all myfteries, if gloomy doctrine I of arbitrary reprobawe would but' renounce our belief of tion, and the extravagant depreciation of Chrift's atonement, if we would forbear moral righteousness, will for ever alarm to worship him, duhy his divinity, with the Rational Christian more than the the divinity and períonality of the Holy Church doctrines of Atonement by the Ghoft, and be content to regard Chriftia- Blood of Christ, or even the Trinity in nity as nothing more than a rule of life, then we are told the stumbling-block of *“See Dr. Priestley's Letter to Mr. offence would be removed, and we mighi Hanimon." all become one Fold under one Shepherd. † “ See Mr. David Levi's Letters to This is their encourageinent; but where Dr. Prieftley." are their proofs? where are the Jews, * “ Horribile decretum" is Calvin's Mahometans, and Infidels, they have own expression, Inft. p. 608."


Unity. Concessions, therefore, on the in danger. - Let this then stand as a crite part of the Church give no hope of con- rion of the good fenfe and good princios ciliation: what we would concede to one ples, the wishes and intentions of the would more than ever alienate the other. bulk of the Nation; not of the Clergy Steadinets and firmness alone, in adhering only, but very particularly of the Laity. to those principles in which we agree With the encouragement of such an exwith either, may afford us the happy pro- ample, an example to approved by all fpet of reclaiming both. Last of all, ranks of people, and placed, moreover, Tuffer me to ask, do you think the Laity under the immediate government and in-i! expect us to make conceffions ? Surely fpection of a Prelate not more distinguishfar otherwila. Never was there a period ed by the eminence of his high fation in which the Laity evinced a stronger de- than the confidence of such a Sovereign, fire and relolucion not to abandon the let us be careful, beyond all things, to principles in which they were educated. keep “ the form of sound words” comCareless indeed too many may appear of mitted to us, to "continue perfectly jointhe Christian doétrines in their fazt neg. ed together in the fame mind, and in the lect of the Sacraments, and of Christian fame judgment;" to be “inftant to preach holiness in the conduct of their lives; the Gospel in reason and out of feason," but, generally lpeaking, fo far from en- not in “ the spirit of Fear, but of Power couraging any undue conceilions in us, I and Confidence, of Love, and a found know not where the Clergy will find le- Mind.” (pp. 21--23.) verer judges, for any imprudent relaxation of discipline, of doctrine, or of morals, 19. The Duty of the Clergy to enforce the than in the wise, considerate, and respect- frequent Receiving of the Sacrament of able part of the Laity of these realms. Nor the Lord's Supper : A Sermon, preached are the wise and confiderate among the at the visitation held in the Parish Laity a small part only; never had we Church of Holy Rood, Southampton. stronger demonstrations than the present By the Rev. Samuel Clapham, M. A.' times afford of a very general attachment l'icar of Chrift Church. to the Establishment both in Church and

IT is generally considered as an exState-never was there a period in which

ercile requiring much skill and judgundue Concesions appeared to be lels cre- ment.lo write a Sermon “entitled to ditable, Firmness more respectable. Re

the attention and worthy the meditaflect, I beteech you, for a moment, on

tions of a reverend Asembly” (Dedicathe unexampled popularity of that exalted

tion); fome Clergymen being of opiPeitonage whom, by the Laws established

nion, with the Author of this dire at the Reformation, we are tworn to regard as the visible Head of the National

course, thal, “ to folicit the attention Church. In the whole list of English

of an Aifembly of Clergymnen 10. abSovereigns few ever reigned so long, and

firael (peculations or scholastic fubtlenone iurely in the whole lift altogether to lies, is an entire milapplication of time, worthily. None were ever exposed to the very purpose of visitations being to 'ruder demands, none had ever to combat excite in the Clergy an emulation to greater licentioufnels of opinion. Yer let discharge their dury in their respective me alk, is his popularity the fruit of any parillies in Puch a manner thai their undae Concellions ? Has he, to conci- fe: eral hearers may become wise unto liate the favour of the multitude, ever

falvation" (P.2); whilli others seemi abandoned one Article of his Creed, or

to think, that, to enforce the general violated one Principle of the Eftablished

dury of the Clergy, or to offer to their Faith? Has it not been most especially notice a particular duly, would indiowing to the unshaken manliness of his character, to his most magnanimous refo- Clapham is not one of thele. He obe

care arrogance and presumption. Mr. lution, to his almost heroic fortitude on

ferves the Sacrament of the Lord's all trying occasions, that the hearts of all his subjects are fó entirely devoted to Supper 10. be very generally neglected him? In sickness and in health, in peace

in ihe Church; he therefore shews the and in war, in times of public tranquil- blesings arising from the devout partia lity, or even public commotions, no So- cipation of it: he then exhorts the vereign ever, I think, received such strong Clergy, which is the principal design and unfeigned marks of affection and re- of the discourse, to enforce ihe neceffpect from all denominations of people. fity of its celebration upon their leveFor, let me say it to their praise, no one ral hearers. The reader will perceive, body of Diflenters, at all refpeétable, has from the following extracts, that Mr. ever been backward to 'manifeft its attach- Clapham has not been educated in the ment when his Perton has been threaten

Houdleian School : ed, his Government traduced, or his Life

“ Under


“ Under the Chriftian Covenant, and and from that deplorable condition in what we believe ratified, when we partie which, instead of peacf, they have great cipate the body and blood of Christ, is bitterness Who does not feel himself given us that great and precious promise constrained tu let before then the horror which He hath promised us, even eternal of so thamefully and perversely disregard. life.' Christ, by his death, became an ex- ing the voice, and transgreting the law, piatory facrifice, by which He eftablished of their Redeemner and Judge? It seems, this new and better Covenant, called the indeal, scarcely posible that the feelings New Covenant in his Blood. Whojo çateth and sențibility of a minister of a parith mny flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eter- should be more keenly excited than when nal life; and I will raise him up at the last he perceives, some of his pätishioners live

ing in an entire neglect of the Sacrament In the following sentence the Au

of the Lord's Supper; people too, whose thor Thews, in full flronger terms, the behaviour, according as it is exemplary or

profligate, pious or profane, is productive indispensable necesiity of derout cum

of abundant good, or of most pernicious munion :

evil. And, whilst we contemplate their “ Our Lord gives us a positive com- insa uation, do we noi, instinctively, ex- . mand to observe this ordinance-Do this

tend our concern to their children and far jn remembrance of Me. Now, whosoever milies? Do we not look forward to the fall keep the whole Law, shall be moft

next generation, and anticipate them, punctual in the observance of moral du

like their fathers, absenting themiélves ties, and yet shall, intentionally and wil- from God's holy ordinance? To prevent fully, offend or transgress, in one point, then, if it be in our power, a thoughilels shall be considered as suilty of all. Is parent from entailing upon bis oftisforing a not every command then deserving of disregard of God's commands, let us, my equal regard ? He who issued the prohi- Reverend Brethren, thus reason with ourþition, Do not commit adultery, enjoined selves :~Hath the Lord ordained nie to the precept, Do this in remembrance of preach the Gospel? lath lie given me a Me. Now, if thou cummit no adultery, tongue, that I should know how to speak a yet if thou contemn the authority of the word in seafon io him that is riiloledient? Law-giver, in respect to another com- I will pour out my soul before Him to mand, thou art a tranfgreffor of the me with his grace; and, however !

After elucidating the subject of the may be opposed by Irreligion, derided hy Sacrament, Mr. Clapham calls upon

Thoughtleilness, or ineered at by Formathe Clergy, in the following earnelt lity, I not that I shall not, in fuch a manner, to inculcate the necellity of caule, ye nafhamed," receiving it :

Mr. Claphain's folicinde for the fpi5. To enforce a devout and frequent ce

rinial velfare of ihe inferior orders of lebration of Christ's death in the Holy Sa-fociety is for amiabile and praise-worthy crament, the Ministers of the Geipciale

Die onr renders will, we are sure, impelled by the most powerful and urgent perute by's ob errutions with as much motives. When we look around on our pleasure as we did ourselves. flocks, and perceive, more especially the " Whilft we are jusly solicitous to prehigher, and, in a worldly sense, the more. vail with the higher clailes of the comrespectable, parts of our congregations, munity to celco: ie worthily the Holy Saimitated; unhappily, where imitation is crament, it is equally our duty to direct inoit culpable, voluntarily depriving then. our attention and devote our thoughts to selves, with an unaccountabie infatuation, those in the lowest (phere, who usually of that fpiritual nourisiment, which en- live in an entire negicct of it. Of them it dureth unto everlasting life; when we con- may, unhappily, with certain limitations, template the train of evils which usually be laid, ihat when they hear, they do not pursues such astonishing insensibility--in- understand; their ignorance is indeed dedifference to public worship, neglect of plorable, their insensibility is truly alarmfamily prayer, absence of religious princi- ing. That this order of mien nould, ple-who, interefted in the house of God, above all others, feel the confolations of and solicitous for the salvation of man, Religion--that they should be entitled to does not feel himself constrained to em- forgiveness of fins, should be supported ploy, according to the state of his several by the aliiftance of God's Holy Spirit, heareis, all those powers with which the and should, through the observance of Gospel has supplied him, mild persuasion, the dying command of their Redeemer, vehement, exhortation, urgent reprooi have a well-grounded hope in futurity is that he may, in love to their fouls, be- an impression which, it might be fupcome an instrument in the hand of God, posed, cannot but be made upon the to delįver them from the pit of corruption, mind of every clergyman-an impresion

which, it might equally be furposed, amount of !,!11,3881. on an average would ftimulate him to convince them ci of seven yeais 19 1778, when the the rearonlenets, and likewile perfuadeamber of people was about five them to the observance, of ihat holy ordi- minions. Bélides woich, ihere has nance. Thele' men constitute the great been, for several years pist, a confidermats of the community ; on the upright ahe and annually-increasing exvortaness of their principles, and che regularity tion of that article of food (poinces), of their behaviour, the comforts of fociety

on which the lower onders almost in no small degree depend; and it will incontrovertibly be allowed, that Religion wholly fitblist. T}is probable increale

of population is not liliciertly refere is the only foundation on which we can

redio in ihe representation of Ireland creét a permanent fuperftrućture of civil obedience and moral duty. I must far- by the Act of Union. Ireland has als ther affume, that pure and undefiled Reii- mofi miformly exhaljitel, thronghout

the course of the last century, a combigior, that Religion that will attage the horrors of Death, and exempt us from the

naiion of all thote circumsiances which doom of Judgment, is derived from a de- are acknowledged:o be pre-eminently vout participation of the Body and Blood auspicious to a rapid in reale' of peoe of Chrift. Our Church reprelents the ple; and the ordinary effects of such commemoration of our Lord's death in the circumfiarces have, in that country, Sacramental Feaft, as generally neccjjory been but partially frusirated by wars to salvation : the Redeemer of the World,

and enigrations. The climate is in à comprehending every defcription of peo

high degree falubrious; there is plenty ple to whom the Gospel Mould be preach of food; marriages increase anyong the ed, lays, Except ac eat of the Hejh of the

lower orders. Emigrations, in the latt Son of Mait, inil dink his litovel, ye have

century, either by convivance at levyno life in you : uhofi , eateth my fejl and

ing men for French lervice, or by eini. drinketh my lioni, 'hath eternal life, and I will raise him up at the luji day!"

grittion 10 America, or by continual

efflux to England and other countes, The peroration is liill more affecting; have decreased tince 1783, or fince the it is an imprelive and an awakening

commerce of Ireland began to aume call to the Clergy to lead their people

a respectable appearance, ils nianutacinio the paths of duts and falvation. The Son oi Man could vint, we think, tencel, and its agriculture porfied

tures hagan u be moltiplied and exbe heard willi indillerence; and it wili

with fuirit ant luccels." Ireland (1003. not, we hope, be rear by any cierzy; actually prefent to our vicw, in a fule man withont producing a powerful of unfruirutet agercy, every p!usical, and lasting effect.

moral, and political cafe that can con

tribute to u jedy reduplication of pro20. Elays on the Population of Ireland, ple" (p). 30.)

and the Churactor of the Irish. by a The Bwest class of people in Iree Member of the laji Irish Parliament. land, including all perfons delow the

THE population of Ireland is here condition of the fubftantial peomin, fiated an upwards of five millions, and will, if cindidered in rery point of likely to increase to even befine the vici", Pear :o) merit a greater share of laple of 20 years. The importation of artension, on the part o Ges; ernmeni, coa!s is brought as a collateral proof of ihan the central class. The crue chathe rapid increale of people in lielini. racter of ile Trilh i viknown to the The extremely fertile fuil of Irelais English. Their lisbilery and a netracapable of great imprimement is til- oui, inquisitive and cominticative fuil culture. Nearl, ove zuillion acres dilpofi'on, relen ise no mories, fondo of bos and mountain ay yet be con.. ness for wit and learning, their allowa verted, will considerable protit, indeed courage, their exte Ljive hospitaliiy, good meadow and uillige land. Ii nalive good humour, loundlejš clarity, abounds with natural manures. Its uniform readiness to obliga and aliji, fifleries would furnith fly times more generul benevolence, fingulur foculity, than at prefint. It anuually exports vnconmun propensity to commiserution, provisions to the amount of bont which fien, at i he risk of their lives, three millions fierling. Its exportation and frequently, it musi be orond, to the of provisions, and increale of people, detrirent of society, they rrill gratify intiead of proceeding inversely, have in lehalf of the perfreuded, whether in. been, we may fay, commentirate with nocent or in fault, are all, contelediy, gach opier; the former being to the more or less incompatible with a lan


« PreviousContinue »