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Melic Tálút had two sons, one called Berkia, and the other Irmia, who seryed David, and were beloved by him. He sent them to fight against the infidels; and by God's allistance they were victorious.

• The son of Berkia was called Afghàn, and the son of Irmia was named Usbec. These. youths distinguished themselves in the reign of David, and were employed by Solomon. Afghan was distinguished by his corporeal strength, which fruck terror into demons and genii. Usbec was eininent for his learne ing.

Afglàn used frequently to make excursions to the mountains; where his progeny, after his death, established themselves, lived in a state of independence, built forts, and exterminated the infidels.

“ To this account we shall subjoin a remark of the late Henry Vanfittart, Esq. He observes, that " A very particular account of the Afghans has been written by the late Há Fiz Rahmat Khan, a chief of the Rohillas, from which the curious reader may

derive much information. They are Mussulmen, partly of the Sunni, and partly of the Shiah persuasion. They are great boasters of the antiquity of their origin, and reputation of their tribe ; but other Mussulmen entirely reject their claim, and consider them of modern and even base extraction. However their character may be collected from history. They have distinguished themselves by their courage, both singly and unitedly, as principals and auxio liaries. They have conquered for their own princes and for foreigners, and have always been considered the main strength of the army in which they have served. As they have been applauded for virtues, they have also been reproached for vices, having sometimes been guilty of treachery, and even acted the base part of aflallins.'

A specimen of their language (the Pushio) is added ; and the following note is inserted by the president,

• This account of the Afghàns may lead to a very interesting discovery. We learn from Esdras, that the ten tribes, after a wandering journey, came to a country called Arfareth, where we may fuppose they settled. Now the Afghàns are said by the best Perfian historians to be descended from the Jews; they have traditions among themselves of such a descent; and it is even asserted, that their families are distinguished by the names of Jewish tribes, although, since their conversion to the Isláin, they studiously conceal their origin.' The Pufilito language, of which I have seen a dictionary, has a manifest resemblance to the Chaldaic; anda con fidcrable district under their dominion is called Hazárch, or Hazáret, which might easily have been changed into the word used by Esdras. I strongly recommend an inquiry into the literature and hiftory of the Afghans.'

That after the space of more than 2500 years the ten tribes of Ifrael, should be first restored to notice juft at this period, when tu many figns indicate the approach of their restoration, may be designed as a hint to us to be ready for what is coming. Let the trifling think what thcy may, 1 am sure that the diligent student in the writings of the prophets will be far from eleeming this singular circumstance unworthy of attention; and especially as it appears in company with so many others which press upon us, and

urge us to watch.

Among other signs of the {peedy gathering and restoration of Ifrael, this is not the least, that we are threatened with troubles such as have not been since there was a nation. Never did such animolity prevail in any war as has manifefted itself in this. And if we consider the slaughter of human beings in this one campaign, beside the wretchedneds to which thousands of unhappy fugitives, who had long been used to all the accummodations and elegancies of life, have been reduced, the prospect is melancholy indecd, and seems to be peak some visitation more than common.

It appears that a greater number of men have perished in little more than

e year, than in both the late wars which raged in America and Europe for more than fourteen. Should the destruction and cả. lamity go on with an accelerating devastation, as we have reason


to expeér, if it be that day of troubles which we are taught to look for, who can calculate the quantum of human misery to be endured before the cellation of this tempeft in which we have fo unhappily mingled!

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THUS, my countrymen, we have confidered some of those figns of the times which, at this season of general agitation, folicit our attention with singular urgency. Signs which intimate nothing less than the general shaking and renovation of things. It becomes us therefore to attend to them with peculiar seriousness, that we may know the measures which we ought to pursue, and avoid precipitating ourselves into the dreadful consequences of opposing the providence of God, who in his word has forewarned us of his purposes, and by his dispensations is indicating their speedy accomplishment; it becomes us to observe them with devout attention, that we may hereby be excited to turn to God by a sincere and general repentance, and thus be hid until the indignation be overpaft: “ For behold, the Lord cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity; the earth also shall disclose her blood, and no longer cover her slain.”+ Now therefore consider your ways:

I acknowledge that my apprehensions pespeating our prospects are not so much from the opinion ļ may entertain of the wisdom os folly, the justice of injustice, the piety or impiety, of the prefent war, in a detached view, as from the impression which the general appearance of things, compared with the writings of the prophets, produces on my mind; for, did I believe the present war (according to the general rule of estimating things) to be, be

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yond all doubt, both politic and just, even this would not mucha lelten my apprehension of danger. When we look back on ancient history, and trace the progress and fall of those empires and states which Inspiration has noticed, we shall find that the long threatened judgments which fell upon them were not for the blame of those particular wars in which they perished, but forthe accumulated guilt of fucceflive ages, and for the general corruption of their inanncrs. Thote wars might be perfcaly jutt, because defensive. If we examine the predictions of the prophets which refer lo the chastisement of the nations, and the destruction of Babylon the Grcat, in the latter days, we shall find that those dreadful judgments which are then to be inflicted, are to be for the lins of centuries—for blood which has never been avenged. The fovereigns and rulers of that day may, perhaps, be among the mon mild and just that have ever exercised power; but we must be strangers to the history of nations if we do not know that this will be no certain fecurity. To instance only the case of Israel : Hofhca was the best prince that ever reigned over that people; the only one that had any mixture of good ; yet, in his days their

lf the great body of the nation be corrupt; if we approve the deeds of our fathers, and our iniquity be fi:11 ; it is not the piety, or virtue, or justice, of our princes and rulers that can secure us.

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But though this is the case, yet our obligations and our interest, as they refpeé both the policy and the morality of the war, remain the fame. And if it be found that we are acting contrary to the principles both of policy and the eternal obligations of morality, we are certainly precipitating our fate, and aggravating our ruin. It becomes us then, with great seriousness, to consider our ways: for it is not what the French are that ascertains the safety or'danger of our situation : they may be all that they are represented to be, and yet our case be never the better: the worle they are, the Hure fit are they, in some relpects, to be the instruments of God's threatened judgments.

The wisdom or folly, the policy or impolicy, of the present war certainly deserves the most serious confideration of all who


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