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Associated with Saui
(Paul) in missionary work, ii,
415, 421, 424, 425.
"Barnaby Rudge," Dickens's novel,
vii, 367.

Barras, Paul Jean.-(1755-1829.)
French revolutionist, member of
the Directory, vii, 235; ix, 113.
Barré, Isaac.-(1726-1802.) Brit-
ish officer (of French descent)
and politician, xi, 83.
"Barton, Amos," "The Sad For-
tunes of," by George Eliot, vii,
357, 358.

Barrie, James M.- (1860) Scot-

tish novelist, xiii, 117.


Baruch, the Scribe, ii, 342, 352.
"Bas Bleu," Hannah More's, vii,
306, 327.
Barton, Clara. (1821-1912.)
Founder of American Red Cross,
xvi, 170; family history, 170;
service in Civil War, 171, 172;
on lecture platform, 172;
Franco-Prussian War, 172; de-
velopment of Red Cross, 174;
retirement and death, 174;
character, 175.

Basil, Saint.-(326-380.)



of Cæsarea, and great scholar, v,
142; friendship with Gregory
Nazienzen, and Julian the Apos-

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torney-General in Lincoln's Cab-
inet, xii, 276.

Baths, Roman (of Caracalla), iii,
103, 107, 226; of Titus
Diocletian, and Agrippa, 224,
225, 227, 229.

Bathsheba.-Wife of David and
mother of Solomon, ii, 203.
Baxter, Richard.-(1615-95.) Eng-
lish divine and author, vii, 141.
Bayard, James A. (1799-1880.)
American politician, xii, 97.
Bayreuth, Bavaria, musical festi
vals at, xiv, 56, 57.

Bazaine, Marshal.-Commander-in-
chief of French army, x, 242,

Beaconsfield, Lord

Disraeli), (1804-81). English
statesman and novelist, x, 96,
97, 334-336, 351, 354..
"Beagle," voyage of the, Darwin's,
xiv, 161.

Beatrice.-Dante's adoration of, vi,
35, 41; vii, 24, 58, 285.
Beau Brummell (George Bryan).-
English leader of fashion (died
1840), ix, 251.
Beaumont, Dr. William.
1853.) American surgeon, ex-
periments in digestion, xiv, 450.
"Beauty and Taste," treatise on, 1

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Beauvais, Bishop of, vii, 96.
Bec, Normandy, Abbey of, Anselm

prior and abbot of, v, 178, 175.

For location of Volumes in Books,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.


Becket, Thomas. Archbishop of
Canterbury (1118-70.) Prelati-
cal power, v, 251; birth and
origin, 252, 253; intimacy with
Henry II, who makes him chan-
cellor, 254; rivals the king in
magnificance, 255; becomes
archbishop of Canterbury, and
as such he changes his habits,
261; resigns the chancellorship,
263; conflict between the
Crown and the Church, 266;
Council and "Constitutions of
Clarendon," 266; Becket at first
refuses, but later promises to ac-
knowledge its decrees, 268; re-
fusing to do this the king brings
charges against him, fines him,
and Becket quits the kingdom,
269-271; appeals to Pope Alex-
ander III and retires to a Cister-
cian abbey, 272, 273; a truce
and hollow reconciliation, 277;
returns to England but excites
causes of discord between him-
self and the king, 279;
the latter (at the time in Nor-
mandy), four knights left the
court, crossed the Channel and
murdered the archbishop, 280-
282; the assassination a shock
to Christendom, the king mean-
while disavows the act and does
penance at Becket's tomb, 282,
283; canonized as a saint, the
case of the martyr, 283; vii, 62.
Bede, "The Venerable."-English
monk and ecclesiastical writer
(1673-735), priest of the abbey
of Wearmouth, viii, 33; his
Ecclesiastical History of the
English Nation, 33.


Bedford, Duke of, vii, 75, 76,
94, 96.

Bee, Judge, of U. S. Circuit Court,
Charleston, S. C., xii, 336, 337.

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see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

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French physiologist, on nervous
system, xiv, 451.

Bernard, Saint.-French ecclesias-
tic (1091-1153). Crusade against
infidels, ii, 143; "Song of
Songs," delight of, 225; Monas-
tic Institutions, v, 135; their
aim and objects, 135; genius of
to propitiate the Deity, who
seeks to punish rather than to
forgive, 140; birth and parent-
age, 158; enters Benedictine
monastery, 158; becomes Abbot
of Clairvaux and Saint, 159;
counsellor of kings and nobles,
bishops and popes, 160; his elo-
quence and boldness, 160;
humanity as marked as his
fanaticism, 161; dwells in his
sermons and exhortations
equally on the wrath of God
and the love of Christ, 162; vii,
33, 61, 117, 123.
Bernhardt, Sarah. (1845-1923.)


French actress, xvi, 91; family
history, 91, 92; debut, 92;
childhood, 92; attends Conser-
vatoire, 92; wins first public
otice, 92, 93; mistress of
comedy as well as tragedy, 93;
physical characteristics, 93; first
tour of United States, 94, 95;
love for son, 96, 97; cares little
for money, 97, 98; versatility,
98; home, 98, 99; light side of
nature, 101; faults, 101, 102;
compared to Duse, 102, 103;
love for companionship and peo-
ple, 103; interests, 104; mis-
tress of technique, 105; imagi-
nation, 105, 106; sensitive na-
ture, 106, 107; enjoyment of
good food, 107; considered
work almost a religion, 107, 108;

illness, 108; sense of humor,
108; boundless curiosity, 109;
energy, 109, 110; friendship
with Rostand, 110; marriage,
110, 111; appeal of youth to,
111; stands apart from most
brilliant rivals, 111, 112; late
career, 112; place can never be
filled, 112.

Bernstorff, Count von.-(1862- .)
German Ambassador to U. S.,
xvi, 42, 45.

Berri, Duchesse de.-(1798-1870.)
Revolutionary attempt in favor
of her son, the Comte de Cham-
bord (1832), ix, 338.
Bertinora, Countess of, vii, 70.
Bes.-Egyptian god of death, i, 34.
Bethel, Altar of, ii, 36.

Bethlehem, long residence and

labors at, of Paula and Saint
Jerome, iv, 200-202.

Bethsura, Judas Maccabæus meets
and defeats the Syrians at, ii,

Beust, Count. Austrian chancel-
lor (1809-86), x, 239.
Bible. Wyclif's translation of, v,
412-414; cost of translating,
417; never a sealed book to
monks, vi, 223; full of diffi-
culties, 236.

Bickerdike, Mother, Nurse in Civil
War, xvi, 169.

Biology, Principles of, H. Spen
cer's, xiv, 118, 128, 133.
Birch, Samuel.. (1813-85.) Eng.
lish Egyptologist, i, 33.
Birkenhead, Lord.

(1872- .)
English statesman, part in set-
tlement of Irish question, xv, 50.
Bismarck, Otto E. L., Prince von.-

(1815-98.) Prussian statesman.
The German Empire, x, 251;
member of the National Diet,
268; birth and youthhood, 269;
friendship with J. L. Motley,

For location of Volumes in Books,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

270; marriage, and member of
the Landtag, 271; belief in the
feudalistic right of royalty to
rule, 272; unpopular, opposes
reforms and emancipation of
Jews, 273; represents Prussia at
Diet of Germanic Confederation
at Frankfort, 275; makes Metter-
nich's acquaintance, 277; ambas-
sador at St. Petersburg (1859),
279; ambassador to France
(1862), 280; premier, 280; in-
duces Austria to join Prussia
in invading Schleswig-Holstein,
283; surrender of, by treaty of
Vienna, 284; war with Austria
(1866) and battle of Königgratz
(Sadowa), 286-288; war with
France (1870-71), 299, 300;
created Prince, 302; later
career, 304-312; struggles with
the Catholics, 307; fall and re-
tirement, 312; last honors, 313;
trains William II, xv, 233.
Black and Tans, xv, 47.
Black, William.-(1841-98.)
lish novelist, vii, 348.
Blackfriar's Theatre, London,
Shakspeare's interest in, xiii,



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Blanc, Louis.-(1811-82.) French
historian and politician, ix, 365,
367; x, 30.

Blantyre, African town of, de-
scribed by Livingstone, xiv, 314;
Missionary Scott of, 315.
Blenheim, Battle of (Aug., 1704),
viii, 286.

Harman.—(17 64-

1831.) Anglo-Irishman connected
with Burr's conspiracy, xi, 303.
"Blessed Damozel," The, Rossetti's,
xiv, 88.

"Blood Covenant, The," Trumbull
on, i, 81; ii, 45.
Blücher, G. L. von.-(1742-1819.)
Prussian field-marshal, vii, 291;
at battle of Leipsic, ix, 158.
Blumenthal, Count Leonhard von.-
(1810-1900.) Prussian field-
marshal, xv, 211, 212.
Boer War, opposed by Lloyd
George, xv, 31; General Smuts
activities in, 302-307; William
II refuses to receive Transvaal
envoys during, 222,
Bohemia, size and location, IV,

363, 364; army of, in Russia,
367, 368, 371-373; Allies give
recognition, 372, 373; educated
army of, 376.

Boileau, Nicholas. (1636-1711.)
French poet and critic, vii, 157.
Boleyn, Anne.-(1507-36.) Mother
of Queen Elizabeth, execution of,
viii, 67, 100.

Bolingbroke, Lord. See St. John,

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Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

"incarnate genius of war," 253,
298. See Napoleon I.
"Bonaparte and the Bourbons,"
Châteaubriand's pamphlet on, ix,


Bonaventura.-vii, 35.

"Bon Homme Richard," The, xi, 94.
Bonner, Edmund. · (1495-1569.)
Bishop of London and chaplain
to Wolsey, opposes the Reforma-
tion, vi, 276; persecutes the Prot-
estant reformers under Queen
Mary, 278; short triumph of,
282; deprived of his See and
imprisoned under Elizabeth, 285;
his persecutions; viii, 69.
"Book of Changes" (Yih-King),
Confucius's, i, 175.

Book of History (Shoo-King), i,

Book of Poetry (She-King), i, 175.
Book of Rites (Le-King), i, 175.
"Book of Sentences," of Peter the
Lombard, v, 400.
Borgia, vii, 137.

Bosquet, General, in the Crimea, x,

Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne.-(1627-

1704.) French prelate and theo-
logical writer, vii, 33, 138, 139,
157, 160, 169, 171, 174, 390;
disputes with Fénelon, viii, 284;
death, 285.

Boston, Mass., xi, 39, 79, 226.
Boston Massacre (Mar. 5, 1770),
xi, 225.

Boswell, James.-(1740-95.)


"Life of Dr. Johnson," Macau-
lay's attack on, xiii, 258.
Botha, Christian. (1864-1902.)

Boer General, xv, 302; person-
ality, 302, 303; close associa-
tion with Smuts, 302, 307; re-
fuses seat in the Legislative
Council of the Transvaal, 308;
begins campaign against Chinese
labour, 309; made Prime Minis-

ter in the Transvaal, 309; work
in forming constitution for the
self-government of South Africa,
311; head of first Cabinet of
the Union, 312, 313; undertakes
campaign in German South-West
Africa, 318; death, 334.
Botta, Paul Émile.-French assyri-
ologist, xiv, 358; excavations of
King Sargon's palace, 363, 381.
Boulanger, Georges.-(1837-1891.)
French political adventurer, xv,

Bourbons, Restoration and Fall of
the. See Châteaubriand, Vicomte
de, ix, 77; distinguished men
under the, 109-113.

Bourbons, throne of, Napoleon on
the, ii, 150.
Bourdaloue, Louis.


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French theologian, vii, 157, 174.
Bowdoin, James. (1 7 2 7-9 0.)
American politician and governor
of Mass. (1786-87), xi, 227.
Bowring, Sir John.-(1792-1872.)

English linguist and diplomat.
Governor of Hong-Kong, xiv,

"Boxer" rising in China, The, xiv,

Boyne, Battle of the (July, 1690),
vii, 189.

Bozzaris, Marco. (1 7 8 8-1823.)

Greek patriot, ix, 298, 300; sur-
prises Turks at Missolonghi, 307.
Braddock, Edward.-(1695-1755.)
British general. Operates against
French and Indians, xi, 110.
Bradley, Justice. On the United
States Constitution, xii, 350.
Bradstreet, Anne Dudley.-(1612-
1672.) American poet, xvi,
149; style of verse, 151.
Bragg, General Braxton. (1815-
76.) xii, 339.

Brahe, Tycho.-(1546-1601.) Dan-
ish astronomer, vi, 427, 431.

For location of Volumes in Books,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

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