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[From the death of Queen Alexandra to the death of Antigonus,]
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The war between .flr'isiobulus and Hyrcanua about the kinoe down,‘ and how they made an agreement that Aristobulzs should be king, and Hyrcanus live a private life; as also how Hyrcanus, a little afterward, was persuaded by Anti' pater to fly to .Hretas.

K} 1. W1: have related the affairs of queen Alexandra, and her death, in the foregoing book, and will now speak of what followed, and was connected with those histories; declaring, before we proceed, that we have nothing so much at heart as this, that we may * omit no facts either through ignorance for we are upon the history and explication of such things as the greatest part are unacquainted withall, because of their distance from our times; and we aim to do it with a proper beauty of style, so far as that is derived from proper words harmonically disposed, and from such ornaments of speech also as may contribute to the pleasure of our readers, that they may entertain the knowledge of what we write with some agreeable satisfaction and pleasure. But the principal scope that authors ought to aim at above all the rest, is to speak accurately, and to speak truly, for the satisfaction of those that are otherwise unacquainted with

such transactions, and obliged to believe what these writers inform them of.

* Reland lakes notice here, very justly, how Josephus’s declarationL that it was his great concern not only to write an agreeable, an .accurate, and a true history, but also distinctly not to omit any Ihmg

of conrequence,] either through ignoranse or laziness, implies, that he could not, consistently with that resolution, omit the mention of so famous a person as] Jesus Christ.


. good-will to Hyrcanus.

2. Hyrcanus then began his high-priesthood on the third year of the hundred seventy-seventh Olympiad, when Quinaus Hortensius, and Quintus Metellus, who was called Metellus of Crete, were consuls at Rome : when presently Aristobulus began to make war against him; and it came to a battle with Hyrcanus at Jericho, many of his soldiers deserted him, and went over to his brother ; upon which Hyrcanus fled into the citadel, where Aristobulus’s wife and children were imprisoned by their mother, as we have said already, and attacked and overcame those his adversaries that had fled thither, and lay within the walls of the temple. So when he had sent a message to his brother about agreeing the matters between them, he laid aside his enmity to him, on these conditions, that Aristobulus should be king; that he should live without intermeddling with public affairs, and quietly enjoy the estate he had acquired. When they had

agreed upon these terms in the temple, and had confirmed

the agreement with oaths, and the giving one another their right hands, and embracing one another, in the sight of the whole multitude, they departed, the one, Aristobulus, to the palace, and Hyrcanus, as a private man, to the former house of Aristobulus.

3. But there was a certain friend of Hyrcanus’s, an Idumean, called .lintipater, who was very rich, and in his nature an active and a seditious ‘man; who was at enmity with Aristobulus, and had differences with him on account of his It is true that Nicolans of Damascus says, that Antipater was of the stock of the principal

Jews who came out of Babylon into Judea ; but that asset"

tion of his was to gratify Herod, who was his son, and who, by certain revolutions of fortune, came afterward to be king of the Jews, whose history we shall give you in its proper place hereafter. However, this Antipater was at first called ‘1* .Hntipas, and that was his father’s name also ; of whom they relate this, that king Alexander, and his wife, made him general of all Idurnea, and that he made a league of friendship with those Arabians, and Gazites, and Aseolonites, that were of his own party, and had, by many and large presents, made them his fast friends. But now, this younger Antipa

. * That the famous Antipater’s, or Antipas’s father, was also A“t1paier or Anhpas, (which two may justly be esteemed one and the same name, the former with a Greek or Gentile, the latter with an

Hebrew or Jewish termination) Josephus here assures us, though
Eusebius indeed says it was Herod. '



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