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AN INTRODUCTION to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, by THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE, M. A. Published, in four large volumes, by E. LITTELL, 88, Chesnut

Street, Philadelphia-at Twelve Dollars, bound in cloth.


the particular editions. They are all referred to as authorities, for the statem "Of the works cited in the notes to the following pages, care has been taken by tained in the text; many of them furnish details which the limits of the present would not admit; and some few give accounts and representations which the thought he had reason to reject. All these references, however, are introdunt convenience of those readers, who may have inclination and opportunity for ting more minute inquiries.

lic. The author has prosecuted his labours under a deep sense of the respote
Such are the plan and object of the work now submitted to the candour of
have avoided mistake, yet he can with truth declare that he has anxiously enders
tacked to such an undertaking; and though he dares not hope that he can al
not to mislead any one

value. They enable the reader to turn so readily to any article he may wish to
We regard the Indexes and Appendices of these volumes as greatly enhancing
that he is not discouraged from seeking what he desires, by any difficulty in Endle it.
find in these volumes much with which they are already familiar. Were il olar
Those who have been deeply versed in biblical studies and inquiries, will doul
the work would certainly be less valuable than it is; for its avowed design is in
musicate biblical and theological knowledge of the most useful kind. Erudite
gians, hrwever, will here find not a little, which, if not absolutely new in its mul
is frequently presented under a new aspect; and much in a condensed form, wh
probably they bad gleaned from the laborious perusal of many volumes. They
likewise find a reference to recent writers, of the highest authority in certain pans
biblical criticism, by which their further researches will be facilitated.

VOLUME I. contains a Critical Inquiry into the Gemeineness, Authenticity, Unterrupted Preservation, and Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures including, among other subjects, a copious investigation of the testimonies from profane authors to the leading facts recorded in the Scriptures, particularly a new branch of evidence for their credibility, which is furnished by coins, medals, inscriptions, and ancient structures. This is followed by a full view of the arguments afforded by miracles and prophecy, for the inspiration of the Scriptures, and by a discussion of the internal evidence for their inspiration, furnished by the sublimity and excellence of the doctrines, and by the purity of the moral precepts, revealed in the Bible;-the harmony subsisting between every part-the preservation of the Scriptures to the present time; and their tendency to promote the present and eternal happiness of mankind, as evinced by an historical holy ministry, these volumes will prove an invaluable treasure. If carefully rea, the But to the young biblical student, whether layman, clergyman, or candidate for t review of the beneficial effects actually produced in every age and country by a cordial will furnish him at once with the most useful part of knowledge, on the subj reception of the Bible; together with a refutation of the very numerous objections which they relate; they will greatly aid him in the choice of other books for Bislama which have been urged against the Scriptures in recent deistical publications. An Ap-ry; and whenever information is desired, more particular and extensive that pendix to this volume comprises a particular, examination of the miracles supposed to which the volumes impart, they will direct him to the authors which he may mad have been wrought by the Egyptian magicians, and of the contradictions which are vantageously consult. Supposing a theological student to possess the originals of falsely alleged to exist in the Scriptures, whether historical or chronological;-contra- Sacred Scriptures with the usual helps for studying them, Craden's Concordance, dictions between prophecies and their accomplishments;-contradictions in morality; -apparent contradictions between the sacred writers themselves, and between sacred that the next money which he expends for books, would better be laid out in the your one good English commentator, we have no hesitation in giving it as our judgme and profane writers, or seeraing contradictions to philosophy and the nature of things. chase of these volumes than of any other with which we are acquainted. This discussion is followed by a table of the chief prophecies relative to the Messiah, both in the Old and New Testament, and by an examination of the pretensions of the nence. His own style is easy and perspicuous; his sentiments, so far as we have k Mr. Horne's work abounds, as it ought to do, with quotations from writers ef me apocryphal books of the Old and New Testament. "VOLUME II. in two parts, treats, first, on Sacred Criticism; including an Histori- a minister in the established church of England, and his attachment to it is appa able to collect them, are pious and evangelical, but not peculiarly Calvinistica. Hel eal and Critical Account of the Original Languages of Scripture, and of the Cognate or yet he is not bigotted or sectarian. He appears as ready to bestow merited praise of Kindred Dialects;-an account (with numerous fac-similes) of the principal Manu- writers of other communions, as on those of his own. He states that it was his ow scripts of the Old and New Testaments, together with a bibliographical and critical want of such assistance as, in this work, he has endeavoured to furnish, which fret pu otice of the chief printed editions; and of the divisions and marks of distinction oc-him (and principally with a view to his own improvement) on making the inquirin curring in manuscripts and printed editions of Scriptures; together with a history of and researches, the result of which he has here given to the world. We should as the ancient and modern Versions of the Scriptures, and their application to the criticism deemed ourselves fortunate to have met with such a publication in our early years and and interpretation of the sacred volume, illustrated with facsimile specimens of the we therefore feel it to be a duty to recommend it to our younger clerical brethren, in oriental versions executed at the Serampore press. In this part of the work, the history terms of no equivocal import. of the authorized English version of the Bible is particularly considered, and the literary character of its venerable translators is satisfactorily vindicated against the cavils of some late writers. The benefit to be derived from Jewish and Rabbinical authors is next discussed, and the genuineness of the celebrated Jewish historian's account of Jesus Christ is vindicated and established. These discussions are followed by dissertations, -On the Various Readings occurring in the Scriptures, with a digest of the chief eriti cal canons for weighing and applying them:-On the Quotations from the Old Testament in the New, with New Tables of the Quotations at length, in Hebrew, Greek, and English, from new types cast expressly for the purpose; showing, first, their relative agreement with the Hebrew and with the Septuagint; and secondly, whether they are prophecies eited as literally fulfilled; prophecies typically or spiritually applied; proThe Hebrews; its construction, nature, and genius; different species of Hebrew poetry; phecies accommodated; or simple allusions to the Old Testament:-On the Poetry of with observations for better understanding the productions of the Hebrew poets:-and On Harmonies of the Scriptures, including remarks on the principles on which they

should be constructed.

"PART II. treats on the political and military affairs of the Jews, and other nations Theidentally mentioned in the Scriptures. "PART IIL discusses the sacred antiquities of the Jews, arranged under the heads of Sacred Places, Sacred Persons, Sacred Times and Seasons, and the Corruptions of Religion among the Jews, their idolatry and various sects, together with a description of their moral and religious state in the time of Jesus Christ.

PART IV. discusses the domestic antiquities, or the private life, manners, customs, amusements, &c. of the Jews, and other nations incidentally mentioned or alluded to in the Holy Scriptures.

As APPENDIX to this Third Volume contains (besides chronological and other tables, of money, weights, and measures,) a Geographical Index of the principal place inentioned in the Bible, especially in the New Testament; including an abstract of proTane oriental history, from the time of Solomon to the captivity, illustrative of the fils tory of the Hebrews as referred to in the prophetic writings, and presenting historical notices of the Assyrian, Chaldee, Median, and Persian empires.


From the Christian Observer. November, 1819.

much to assert of these volumes, that they constitute the most important thecloped
It is saying much-yet as far as our knowledge of Biblical works extends, it
publication of their kind, which has appeared in this or any other country for some
No well-assorted theological library can be long without it; andeve
those students in divinity, whose pecuniary resources are too limited to admit of wab-
ton expenditure, would do well, even on the score of economy, to include these walume
in the list of their library. We say even on the score of economy, because Mr. Horu
has contrived to condense and concentrate in these volumes, the real information of
those who desire to obtain more detailed information.
many quartos and folios; and what is of not less importance, he has furnished woch me
merous and minute references to his authorities as must be of very extensive service ta

pected treasures which await him.
This outline is very inadequate to give the reader an idea of the copious and und

From the Eclectic Review. January, 1819. This work we bring forward with confidence to the notice of our readers, as the roy best introduction to the critical study of the Holy Scriptures, in the whole compas English literature. It is a comprehensive digest of the labours of the most ex writers, both foreign and domestic, on subjects of Biblical criticism, It has engaged the attention of the author for a considerable number of years, and is replete with pro his industry; nor is this the only qualification for the undertaking which is display the execution of the work: it exhibits a sound judgment and considerable ability. D is altogether an invaluable work, and cannot fail of procuring for the auther the was commendation of every liberal scholar. To the Biblical student it may be safely te commended, as affording him more assistance in the pursuit of his proper object, a knowledge of the Scriptures, than any other publication whatever, and as entitled place in his library, whether it be large or small, among the books which he will st regret having purchased.

We are greatly pleased with the serious spirit which pervades these volumes; rit which, we regret to say, has not always distinguished the labours of Biblical ca Too many of them have treated the literature of the Scriptures as a subject of spons tion, apart from its real utility in msisting the understanding to apprehend the dem and import of Revelation, for the purpose of applying its truths and influence to heart. To how great advantage, compared with some other writers, d the present author appear.

From the English Wesleyan Methodist Magazine.

it, this elaborate work will form a most valuable addition; but to the Biblical Stude To the library of every lover of the Holy Scriptures, who has the leisure to pen any of the four main branches of Biblical Study which are here so copiously treated, and to young Ministers, it is at once indispensable and invaluable; no single werk tion in itself, or points out, by references so ample, where that information may be of having, we believe, ever issued from the press, which comprehends so much informa Almost every author of note has been consulted by the industry of the Author, and fe tained without which the Scriptures can neither be fully understood, nor explaine most important contributions of the learning, research, and observation of others, will be here found collected, and arranged with a sober and temperate judgment, aml ver the guidance of the light of evangelical truth. The last is an important circumstan and renders the work safe as well as instructive.

In recommending, in the strongest manner, this very important work to the careful study of young Ministers, we feel ourselves discharging an important duty, not merels to the praiseworthy labours of the author himself, but to those on whom the hope f the Church of Christ, as to future years, principally reposes.


The work before us is certainly one of the most valuable ever published, to smie such attainments; and the Christian world owes to its excellent and indeistune author its best thanks. For ourselves, we think it an indispensable addition to the 1 brary of every young Minister; and it will be more creditable to him to

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Clark & Raser, Printers, Philadelphia,

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