Page images


Second Stage of the Captivity : At Holmby House : Feb. 1646-7

June 1647. -The King's Manner of Life at Holmby-New

Omens in his favour from the Relations of Parliament to

its own Army-Proposals to disband the Army and recon-

struct part of it for service in Ireland-Summary of Irish

Affairs since 1641-Army's Anger at the Proposal to dis-

band it-View of the State of the Army : Medley of Reli-

gious Opinions in it : Passion for Toleration : Prevalence of

Democratic Tendencies : The Levellers-Determination of

the Presbyterians for the Policy of Disbandment, and Votes

in Parliament to that effect-Resistance of the Army :

Petitions and Remonstrances from the Officers and Men :

Regimental Agitators-Cromwell's Efforts at Accommoda-

tion : Fairfax's Order for a General Rendezvous-- Cromwell's

Adhesion to the Army-The Rendezvous at Newmarket,

and Joyce's Abduction of the King from Holmby – West-

minster Assembly Business: First Provincial Synod of

London: Proceedings for the Purgation of Oxford


Third Stage of the Captivity : The King with the Army : June

--Nov. 1647. -Effects of Joyce's Abduction of the King-

Movements of the Army: their Denunciation of Eleven of

the Presbyterian Leaders : Parliamentary Alarms and Con.

cessions-Presbyterian Phrenzy of the London Populace:

Parliament mobbed, and Presbyterian Votes carried by Mob.

law : Flight of the two Speakers and their Adherents : Re.

storation of the Eleven-March of the Army upon London :

Military Occupation of the City : The Mob quelled, Parlia-

ment reinstated, and the Eleven expelled-Generous Treat-

ment of the King by the Army : His Conferences with

Fairfax, Cromwell, and Ireton- The Army's Heads of Pro-

posals, and Comparison of the same with the Nineteen Pro-

positions of the Parliament- The King at Hampton Court, still

demurring privately over the Heads of Proposals, but playing

them off publicly against the Nineteen Propositions: Army

at Putney --Cromwell's Motion for a Recast of the Nineteen

Propositions and Re-application to the King on that Basis :

Consequences of the Compromise--Intrigues at Hampton

Court : Influence of the Scottish Commissioners there: King

immoveable--Impatience of the Army at Putney : Cromwell

under Suspicion : New Activity of the Agitatorships :

Growth of Levelling Doctrines among the Soldiers : Agree.

ment of the People-Cromwell breaks utterly with the King :

Meetings of the Army Officers at Putney : Proposed Con-

cordat between the Army and Parliament- The King's

Escape to the Isle of Wight .

Fourth Stage of the Captivity : In the Isle of Wight : Nov. 1647

-Nov. 1648. -Carisbrooke ('astle, and the King's Letters

thence-Parliament's New Method of the Four Bills-

Indignation of the Scots: their Complaints of Breach of

the Covenant-Army Rendezvous at Ware: Suppression of

a Mutiny of Levellers by Cromwell, and Establishment of

the Concordat with Parliament-Parliamentary Commis-

sioners in the Isle of Wight : Scottish Commissioners also

there : the King's Rejection of the Four Bills-Firmness of

Parliament: their Resolutions of No Farther Addresses to

the King: Severance of the Scottish Alliance--The Engage-

ment, or Secret Treaty between Charles and the Scots in

the Isle of Wight-Stricter guard of the King in Carisbrooke

Castle : His Habits in his Imprisonment-First Rumours of

The Scottish Engagement : Royalist Programme of a SECOND


Royalist Risings : Cromwell in Wales : Fairfax in the South-

east : Siege of Colchester--Revolt of the Fleet: Commotion

among the Royalist Exiles abroad : Holland's attempted

Rising in Surrey-Invasion of Engiand by Hamilton's Seot-

tish Army : Arrival of the Prince of Wales off the South-

east Coast : Blockade of the Thames---Consternation of the

Londoners : Faintheartedness of Parliament: New Hopes

of the Presbyterians: their Ordinance against Heresies and

Blasphemies: their Leanings to the King: Independents in

a struggling minority : Charge of Treason against C'romwell

in his absence–The Three Days' Battle of Preston and utter

Defeat of the Scots by Cromwell: Surrender of Colchester

to Fairfax: Return of the Prince of Wales to Holland :

Virtual End of THE SECOND CIVIL WAR-Parliamentary

Treaty with the King at Newport : Unsatisfactory Results

- Protests against the Treaty by the Independents-Disgust

of the Army with the Treaty: Revocation of their Concordat

with Parliament, and Resolution to seize the Political

Mastery : Formation of a Republican Party-Petitions for

Justice on the King: The Grand Army Remonstrance-

Cromwell in Scotland : Restoration of the Argyle Govern.

ment there : Cromwell at Pontefract: His Letter to Ham-

mond- The King removed from the Isle of Wight to Hurst

Castle, The Army again in possession of London .

II. Troubles in the Barbican Household: Christopher Milton's

Composition Suit : Mr. Powell's Composition Suit: Death

of Mr. Powell : His Will : Death of Milton's Father-Sonnet

XIV. and Ode to John Rous-- Italian Reminiscences : Lost

Letters from Carlo Dati of Florence : Milton's Reply to the

last of them--Pedagogy in the Barbican : List of Milton's

knowu Pupils : Lady Ranelagh - Educational Reform still a

Question : Hartlib again : The Invisible College : Young

Robert Boyle and William Petty-Removal from Barbican to

High Holborn-Meditations and Occupations in the House in

High Holborn: Milton's Sympathies with the Army Chiefs

and the Expectant Republicans-Still under the Ban of the

Presbyterians : Testimony of the London Ministers against

Heresies and Blasphemies : Milton in the Black List-

Another Letter from Carlo Dati : Translation of Nine Psalms

from the Hebrew-Milton through the Second Civil War:

His personal Interest in it, and Delight in the Army's

Triumph : His Sonnet to Fairfax - Birth of Milton's Second

Child : Another Letter from Carlo Dati .

III. The Two Houses in the Grasp of the Army: Final Efforts for

the King: Pride's Purge and its Consequences—The King

brought from Hurst Castle to Windsor : Ordinance for his Trial

passed by the Commons alone: Constitution of the Court-

The Trial in Westminster Hall : Incidents of the Seven suc-

cessive Days: The Sentence--Last Three Days of Charles's

Life: His Execution and Burial

« PreviousContinue »