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LITERARY LEAVES

FOR

GENERAL READERS.

WITH COMPARATIVE FORMS IN OTHER LANGUAGES.

Compiled from the best authorities.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS HAVE BEEN RECEIVED FROM

eral Sir Henry Ponsonby, K.C.B., on behalf of HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE QUEEN. GRACE THE LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY. N BEAMES, ESQ., C.S.I., Collector of Bardwan, Author of " A Comparative Grammar of the Modern

Aryan Languages of India," &c. WALTER ELLIOT. FESSOR WHITNEY, of Yale College, U.S.A. HOP CALDWELL, Author of " A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian Languages," remarks that

this very valuable Vocabulary" is "a most important contribution to general Philology." Very Revp. DR PAYNE SMITH, Dean of Canterbury, calls it "a very valuable work, and well

executed." ESSOR SIR MONIER WILLIAMS (of Oxford), calls it " a useful compilation." FESSOR COWELL (of Cambridge) remarks that "many kindred words are undoubtedly such as all will accept," and that

dubious etymologies could hardly be avoided where so many languages are included in the range of view." ressor F. W. NEWMAN remarks, “The idea of it is excellent, and the perseverance of the writer

worthy of all praise." ROST, of the India Office, writes, " The plan appears to me good, especially from the standpoint of the

student of comparative Philology." CUST, of the Asiatic Society, remarks, “It appears to me to be a very valuable work." HEAD MASTER OF MARLBOROUGH COLLEGE writes, “I envy you the enthusiasm and patience needful for a work of such labour and research. Its value is enormously increased by the very full apparatus of indices."

PRICE Is. 6d.

HE TREASURY OF LANGUAGES,

A Rudimentary Dictionary of Universal Philology.

in industrious and faithful repertory of known facts which have never before been presented to English ers in a compendious, accessible, and connected form."-Civil Service Gazette. The arrangement is of course alphabetical; the locality of each language and dialect is given, its relation e received classification is indicated, and grammars, vocabularies, &c., are mentioned."-The Watchman. t gives briefly not only the main features of every language and dialect written and spoken, but a list of s bearing on the history or elucidation of such a tongue."-Standard.

handy book of reference for readers."-Eng’ish Churchman. t would be impossible to lavish too much praise upon the industrious and indefatigable compiler."useful compilation."--Athenæum.

Court Journal En alphabetical list of all the known languages and dialects of the world, past and present, each language

classified iu accordance with the conclusions of the latest researches. In all important cases the chief acteristics of the language are noted, and the best authorities upon it given."The Academy.

IALL & CO., 13, PATERNOSTER ROW.

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Literary Leabes for General Readers.

MARCH 1, 1870.

PRICE 6d.

The Basque Problem Solved.

PROFESSOR HUXLEY has stated, in his recent Lecture on the British races, that “the Basque Language is the despair of philologists." However true this statement may be, it is only because inquirers have perseveringly looked in every direction but the right one.

The solution of the mystery really lies in a nutshell; for, while those who have, at different times, investigated the question, have done so with a pre-conceived idea that Basque cannot be Celtic, it will, I think, be proved that it is really the parent of modern Celtic, as spoken by the Welsh, the Bretons of N. W. France, the Irish, and the Highlanders of Scotland, as also by the Manxmen, and some others of our islanders.

To illustrate this position, I have prepared three comparative vocabularies, giving illustrations of Basque, Celtic, English, and some other varieties, selected with a view to offer a contrast of results.

I. The first vocabulary is taken from an interlineal translation, which will be found at the end of an « Essai"

" Essai” on the Basque language, by Van Eys, printed in French, and published by Van Goch, of Amsterdam, in 1867.

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